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Destination Viet Nam, this page is about many aspects of this south-east asian nation. Find comprehensive information about Viet Nam in its diversity: its geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and history.
Read newspapers from Viet Nam and find extensive travel and tourism information.

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum
Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, the large memorial to the Vietnamese leader in Hanoi's Ba Ðình Square.
Image: © Nations Online Project

Socialist Republic of Vietnam | Viet Nam

Country Profile

Vietnam Flag
Flag of Vietnam

France occupied all of Vietnam by 1884. Independence was declared after World War II, but the French continued to rule until 1954 when they were defeated by communist forces under Ho Chi MINH, who took control of the north.
US economic and military aid to South Vietnam grew through the 1960s in an attempt to bolster the government, but US armed forces were withdrawn following a cease-fire agreement in 1973. Two years later North Vietnamese forces overran the south. Economic reconstruction of the reunited country has proven difficult as aging Communist Party leaders have only grudgingly initiated reforms necessary for a free market.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Cambodia, China, Laos

related countries: France, United States

where in Asia is Vietnam

Official Name:
Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam
short form: Việt Nam
int'l long form: Socialist Republic of Vietnam
int'l short form: Vietnam

ISO Country Code: vn

Local Time = UTC +7h
Actual Time: Tue-Mar-31  19:35

Country Calling Code: +84

Capital City: Hanoi (Ha Noi)

Other Cities: Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon; 5.4 million), Hai Phong (1.8 million), Can Tho (1.1 million), Da Nang (720 000)

Type: Communist Party-dominated constitutional republic.
Independence: 2 September 1945.
New constitution: 15 April 1992.

Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Tonkin and South China Sea.
Area: 332,000 km² (127 243 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Varies from mountainous to coastal delta.

Climate: Tropical monsoon

Nationality: Vietnamese
Population: (2011) 87.8 million
Ethnic Groups: Vietnam is a multi-nationality country with 54 ethnic groups. Viet (Kinh) (87%), Chinese (3%), Tay, Thai, Muong, Hoa, Khmer, Nung, other mountain people.
Religions: Buddhism, Hoa Hao, Cao Dai, Christian, animism, Islam.
Languages: Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages.
Literacy: 91%

Natural resources: Phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, forests, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Paddy rice, coffee, fish and seafood, rubber, cotton, tea, pepper, soybeans, cashews, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas, poultry.

Industries: Food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building, mining, cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, coal, steel, paper.

Currency: Dong (VND)

Vietnam in numbers
Viet Nam keys tatistical data.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Viet Nam

The National Assembly of Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Official site of the National Assembly.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
MOFA Vietnam

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of the S.R of Vietnam to the United Nations
Vietnam's representation to the UN.
Embassy of Vietnam in the U.S.
The Embassy in Washington D.C.

Vietnamese Embassies & Consulates Abroad
Address list of Vietnamese Diplomatic Missions.
Foreign Embassies and Consulates General in Vietnam
Address list of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Vietnam.
Visa and Customs
Visa and Customs procedures in Vietnam.


Map of Vietnam
Political Map of Vietnam.
Region Map of Vietnam
Big Vietnam map showing regions, region boundaries, major cities, main roads,
railroads and major airports.

Google Earth Google Earth Vietnam
Searchable map and satellite view of Vietnam.
Google Earth Google Earth Hanoi
Searchable map and satellite view of Vietnam's capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)
Searchable map and satellite view of Vietnam's largest city.

Map of Southeast Asia
Map of the Southeast Asia region.
profile Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.
Vietnam News

Ha Noi Moi
Hanoi Daily News (Vietnamese)
Nhân Dân
Central Organ of the Communist Party of Vietnam.
Saigon Times
Saigon Times Weekly - Vietnam this week.
VDC Media
Daily News (Vietnamese)
Vietnam News Agency (VNA)
The official news service of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam covers local and international news.
Vietnam News
National English Daily by VNA.
VOV News
Voice of Vietnam (Vietnamese / English)

International News Sources
BBC News Country Profile: Vietnam
With links to Vietnam related news and background information.
Yahoo! News Full Coverage-Vietnam
Press agencies news on Vietnam

Human Rights
Amnesty International: Vietnam
Amnesty International Reports.
Human Rights Watch: Vietnam
Background Briefings.

Press freedom
Reporters sans frontières - Vietnam
Annual report 2007 about Press freedom in the country.

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  Vietnam News
Vietnam Newspapers and magazines.
Image: Nations Online Project

Arts & Culture

The Ha Noi Opera House
Official site of the National Opera.

Thang Long Water Puppetry Theatre
Hanoi Vietnam water puppetryperformances.

Tieng Hat Que Huong
Performance group devoted to preserve, develop and promote Vietnamese Traditional Music.

Vietnam Art Books
The Vietnamese art scene.

Vietnam photos to the world
A photo gallery of Vietnam today, where photographers have contributed the best Vietnam pictures of their lifetime.
Site with comprehensive information on Vietnemese culture.

Ha Noi Opera House, Hanoi
Image: Nations Online Project


Business & Economy

State Bank of Vietnam
Central Bank of Vietnam.
Industrial and Commercial Bank of Vietnam, a state-owned commercial bank.
The Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam.
A Global Marketplace for Trade with Vietnam.

Vietnam Yellow Pages - Business directory

VietNam Airlines
Serves Indochina and Asia regions.


Destination Viet Nam - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Vietnam: Hanoi (Ha Noi), Song Hong, Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Hai Phong, Da Nang, Tonkin, Bach Ma National Park, Hue, Purple City, Nha Trang, the Mekong Delta.
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Vietnam National Administration of Tourism.
Vietnam - Useful Information
Comprehensive country information for Vietnam visitors.

Bach Ma National Park
The site of Bach Ma National Park in central Vietnam.

Living in Vietnam
Expat life in Vietnam, an insight guide to the country.
Vietnam Online
Website promoting Vietnam tourism, trade, and investment.

The New Hanoian
Hanoi's Community Produced Local Expat Guide.

Tour Operators
Asianventure Tours
Tour Operator specializing in Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand and Myanmar.
An Online Vietnam Travel Services and Hotel Reservation System.
Threeland Travel
Provides useful information and descrtiptions of destinations in Vietnam, has travel tips, advises about tours and travel in Vietnam.

Hotels in Vietnam
Find a Hotel in Vietnam.
Lonely Planet
Lonely Planet's guide to Vietnam


Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Temple of Literature
Entrance to the Temple of Literature, Hanoi.
Image: © Nations Online Project



Hanoi University of Technology (HUT)
Official site of the University.
National University of Ho Chi Minh City
The Vietnam National University comprises several universities and faculties in Ho Chi Minh City, founded in 1995.
University of Technology Hochiminh City
Official site of HUTECH with all the university information.

Environment - Environmental organizations Viet Nam

NEA (Vietnam Environment Protection Agency)
Vietnamese state organization for environment protection.

Cuu Long Delta
Environmental projects for rural water supply and sanitation and water resources management in the Cuu Long Delta (Mekong).

Endangered Primate Rescue Center
The EPRC based at Cuc Phuong National Park is dedicated to the rescue, rehabilitation, breeding, research and conservation of the endangered primates of Vietnam.

Protected areas and development in the Lower Mekong River region
Examining approaches for integrating protected area management with socio-economic planning and development in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Vietnam.


Archive of Vietnamese Boat People
Story and history of Vietnamese refugees.

Orange Agent - Enduring Pain
Vietnamese site about Agent Orange victims.

Diên Biên Phú
Dien Bien Phu - 1953-54 : the website of the Battle.

The Vietnam War Internet Project
Information and documents about the various Indochina Wars.

The Wars for Viet Nam
Seminar on the Viet Nam War at Vassar College, offers students an opportunity to examine sources, including numerous official documents.

Vietnam: Yesterday and Today
Vietnam War History.
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