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Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is a long streched country along the eastern coast of the Indochinese Peninsula.
Flag of Vietnam
Vietnam borders China in north, Laos and Cambodia in west. The nation is bordering the South China Sea in east, and the Gulf of Tonkin with the island of Hainan Dao (China) in north-east. The country shares maritime borders with Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand.
With an area of 331,689 km² Vietnam is about three times the size of Bulgaria or slightly larger than the U.S. state of New Mexico.
Vietnam has a population of 90.7 million people (in 2014), it is the 13th most populous country in the world.
Spoken language is Vietnamese, English is increasingly favored as a second language, and there are still people speak some French.
Capital city of Vietnam is Hanoi (Ha Noi), former capital of the Republic of Vietnam and largest city is Ho Chi Minh City (also known as Saigon).
Socialist Republic of Vietnam | Viet Nam
France occupied all of Vietnam by 1884. Independence was declared after World War II, but the French continued to rule until 1954 when they were defeated by communist forces under Ho Chi MINH, who took control of the north.
US economic and military aid to South Vietnam grew through the 1960s in an attempt to bolster the government, but US armed forces were withdrawn following a cease-fire agreement in 1973. Two years later North Vietnamese forces overran the south. Economic reconstruction of the reunited country has proven difficult as aging Communist Party leaders have only grudgingly initiated reforms necessary for a free market. The shift away from a centrally planned economy to a more market-oriented economic model has slowly improved the quality of life for many Vietnamese.
Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam
short form: Việt Nam
int'l long form: Socialist Republic of Vietnam
int'l short form: Vietnam
ISO Country Code: vn, vnm
Local Time = UTC +7h
Actual Time: Thu-May-25 10:15
Country Calling Code: +84
Capital City: Hanoi (Ha Noi)
Other Cities: Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon; 5.4 million), Hai Phong (1.8 million), Can Tho (1.1 million), Da Nang (720 000)
Type: Communist Party-dominated constitutional republic.
Independence: 2 September 1945.
New constitution: 15 April 1992.
Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Tonkin and South China Sea.
Area: 332,000 km² (127 243 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Varies from mountainous to coastal delta.
Climate: Tropical monsoon
Population: (2014) 90 million
Ethnic Groups: Vietnam is a multi-nationality country with 54 ethnic groups. Viet (Kinh) (87%), Chinese (3%), Tay, Thai, Muong, Hoa, Khmer, Nung, other mountain people.
Religions: Buddhism, Hoa Hao, Cao Dai, Christian, animism, Islam.
Languages: Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages.
Natural resources: Phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, forests, hydropower.
Agriculture products: Paddy rice, coffee, fish and seafood, rubber, cotton, tea, pepper, soybeans, cashews, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas, poultry.
Industries: Food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building, mining, cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, coal, steel, paper.
Exports - commodities: clothes, shoes, electronics, seafood, crude oil, rice, coffee, wooden products, machinery
Exports - partners: US 21.2%, China 13.3%, Japan 8.4%, South Korea 5.5%, Germany 4.1% (2015)
Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, petroleum products, steel products, raw materials for the clothing and shoe industries, electronics, plastics, automobiles
Imports - partners: China 34.1%, South Korea 14.3%, Singapore 6.5%, Japan 6.4%, Hong Kong 5.1%, Thailand 4.5% (2015)
Currency: Dong (VND)
Vietnam in numbers
Viet Nam keys tatistical data.
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a one-party Communist state. The Communist Party of Vietnam plays the central role in politics and society. Head of state, nominal commander of the armed forces and chairman of the Council of National Defense and Security is the president. Head of government is the prime minister, he is appointed by the president. In recent years Vietnam's National Assembly has become gradually more active and influential in Vietnam's political life.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of Viet NamThe National Assembly of Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Official site of the National Assembly.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Permanent Mission of the S.R of Vietnam to the United Nations
Vietnam's representation to the UN.
Embassy of Vietnam in the U.S.
The Embassy in Washington D.C.
Vietnamese Embassies & Consulates Abroad
Address list of Vietnamese Diplomatic Missions.
Foreign Embassies and Consulates General in Vietnam
Address list of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Vietnam.
Visa and Customs
Visa and Customs procedures in Vietnam.
Map of Vietnam
Political Map of Vietnam.
Region Map of Vietnam
Big Vietnam map showing regions, region boundaries, major cities, main roads,
railroads and major airports.
Google Earth Vietnam
Searchable map and satellite view of Vietnam.
Google Earth Hanoi
Searchable map and satellite view of Vietnam's capital city.
Google Earth Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)
Searchable map and satellite view of Vietnam's largest city.
Map of Southeast Asia
Map of the Southeast Asia region.
Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.
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The media is regulated by the Communist Party, it controls the press and broadcasting, journalists risk sanctions for addressing sensitive topics and for criticising the government. Bloggers and citizen-journalists are the targets of extremely harsh forms of persecution including police violence. “Decree No. 72” restricts Internet use to “personal information” while “abusing democratic freedoms” is punishable by imprisonment under the criminal code.
(Sources: BBC and Reporters without borders)
Ha Noi Moi
Hanoi Daily News (Vietnamese)
Central Organ of the Communist Party of Vietnam.
Saigon Times Weekly - Vietnam this week.
Vietnam News Agency (VNA)
The official news service of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam covers local and international news.
National English Daily by VNA.
Voice of Vietnam (Vietnamese / English)
International News Sources
BBC News Country Profile: Vietnam
Vietnam related news and background information.
Amnesty International: Vietnam
Amnesty International Reports.
Human Rights Watch: Vietnam
Reporters sans frontières - Vietnam
Annual report 2007 about Press freedom in the country.
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Arts & Culture
The Ha Noi Opera House
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Official site of the National Opera.
Thang Long Water Puppetry Theatre
Hanoi Vietnam water puppetry performances.
Tieng Hat Que Huong
Performance group devoted to preserve, develop and promote Vietnamese Traditional Music.
Vietnam Art Books
The Vietnamese art scene.
Site with comprehensive information on Vietnemese culture.
Business & Economy
State Bank of Vietnam
Central Bank of Vietnam.
Industrial and Commercial Bank of Vietnam, a state-owned commercial bank.
The Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam.
Vietnam Yellow Pages - Business directory
Serves Indochina and Asia regions.
Destination Viet Nam - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Vietnam: Hanoi (Ha Noi), Song Hong, Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Hai Phong, Da Nang, Tonkin, Bach Ma National Park, Hue, Purple City, Nha Trang, the Mekong Delta.
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Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.
Vietnam National Administration of Tourism.
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Vietnam - Useful Information
Comprehensive country information for Vietnam visitors.
Bach Ma National Park
The site of Bach Ma National Park in central Vietnam.
Living in Vietnam
Expat life in Vietnam, an insight guide to the country.
Website promoting Vietnam tourism, trade, and investment.
The New Hanoian
Hanoi's Community Produced Local Expat Guide.
Tour Operator specializing in Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand and Myanmar.
An Online Vietnam Travel Services and Hotel Reservation System.
Provides useful information and descrtiptions of destinations in Vietnam, has travel tips, advises about tours and travel in Vietnam.
Lonely Planet's guide to Vietnam.
UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Vietnam
Ha Long Bay includes some 1,600 islands and islets, most of which are uninhabitated and mostly unaffected by humans, they form a really spectacular seascape of limestone pillars within the Gulf of Tonkin in northeast of Vietnam.
Complex of Hué Monuments Hue at the Pearl River was the former capital of unified Vietnam, the city was not only the political, cultural and religious center under the Nguyen dynasty until 1945. The Complex is located in and around Hue City in Thua Thien-Hue Province in central Vietnam.
Hoi An Ancient Town Hoi An is located on the north bank of the Thu Bon River in Viet Nam’s central Quang Nam Province, its Ancient Town is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a South-East Asian trading port dating from the 15th to the 19th century.
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Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park protects one of the world's two largest karst regions with 300 caves and grottoes and also protects the ecosystem of limestone forest of the Annamite Range region in North Central Coast of Vietnam.
My Son Sanctuary
Jungle Temples and Sanctuary, a complex of ruins of tower-temples of the religious and political capital of the Champa Kingdom, located 40 km west of Hoi An in the mountainous area of Quang Nam Province, in central Vietnam.
Trang An Landscape Complex
Trang An is a scenic area near Ninh Bình, a spectacular landscape of limestone karst peaks near the Red River Delta.
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Hanoi University of Technology (HUT)
Official site of the University.
National University of Ho Chi Minh City
The Vietnam National University comprises several universities and faculties in Ho Chi Minh City, founded in 1995.
University of Technology Hochiminh City
Official site of HUTECH with all the university information.
Environment - Environmental organizations Viet Nam
NEA (Vietnam Environment Protection Agency)
Vietnamese state organization for environment protection.
Cuu Long Delta
Environmental projects for rural water supply and sanitation and water resources management in the Cuu Long Delta (Mekong). The project was completed in January 2008.
Endangered Primate Rescue Center
The EPRC based at Cuc Phuong National Park is dedicated to the rescue, rehabilitation, breeding, research and conservation of the endangered primates of Vietnam.
Protected areas and development in the Lower Mekong River region
Examining approaches for integrating protected area management with socio-economic planning and development in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Vietnam.
Archive of Vietnamese Boat People
Story and history of Vietnamese refugees.
Orange Agent - Enduring Pain
Vietnamese site about Agent Orange victims.
Diên Biên Phú
Dien Bien Phu - 1953-54: a description of the Battle.
The Vietnam War Internet Project
Information and documents about the various Indochina Wars.
The Vietnam War was part of the Indochina Wars and the Cold War. Wikipedia pages on the Viet Nam War, offers students an opportunity to examine the history of the war and find sources, including numerous official documents.
Vietnam websites index.
Open Directory: Vietnam
Sources and additional Information on Viet Nam
BBC Country Profile: Vietnam
The Heritage Foundation: Vietnam
Wikipedia: Viet Nam
The World Factbook -- Vietnam
Other Countries in Southeast Asia:
Brunei | Cambodia | East Timor | Indonesia | Laos | Malaysia | Myanmar | Philippines | Singapore | Thailand
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