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A virtual destination guide to Finland, this page is about many aspects of this Scandinavian country. Explore official web sites from Finland, and find comprehensive information about the nation in its diversity: the Finnish culture, history and geography. Get key information on Finland's economy, education, science, environment, population, and government.
You will have access to news from Finland and you may visit Finnish cities. Find maps and other tourism information for sightseeing, travel and holidays in Finland.

keywords: national pages of finland, suomi, finish newspapers, tourist information for Finland, Finland tourism,
 
 

Republic of Finland | Republiken Finland

Country Profile


Flag of Finland
Flag of Finland

Background:
Ruled by Sweden from the 12th to the 19th centuries and by Russia from 1809, Finland finally won its independence in 1917.
During World War II, it was able to successfully defend its freedom and fend off invasions by the Soviet Union and Germany. In the subsequent half century, the Finns have made a remarkable transformation from a farm/forest economy to a diversified modern industrial economy; per capita income is now on par with Western Europe. As a member of the European Union, Finland was the only Nordic state to join the euro system at its initiation in January 1999.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)



border countries: Norway, Sweden, Russia, maritime border with Estonia

 
where in Europe is Finland

Official Name:
Suomen tasavalta - Republiken Finland
short form: Suomi - Finland
int'l long form: Republic of Finland
int'l short form: Finland

ISO Country Code: fi

Time:
Time Zone: Eastern European Time
Local Time = UTC +2h
Actual Time: Tue-Sept-2  07:15
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +3)

Country Calling Code: +358

Capital City: Helsinki (pop. 560 500)

Other Cities:
Espoo (213 000), Tampere (195 500), Vantaa (178 500), Turku (173 000).

Government:
Type: Constitutional republic.
Independence: 6 December 1917 (from the Russian Empire).
Constitution: 17 July 1919, 1 March 2000.
The new Finnish Constitution

Geography:
Location: Northern Europe
Area: 338,145 kmĀ² (130,558 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Low but hilly, more than 70% forested, with more than 60 000 lakes.

Climate: Northern temperate.

People:
Nationality: Noun--Finn(s). Adjective--Finnish.
Population: 5.4 million (2012)
Ethnic groups: Finns, Swedes, Lapps, Sami, Roma, Tatars.
Religions: Lutheran 89%, Orthodox 1%.
Languages: Finnish 93%, Swedish 6% (both official); small Lapp- and Russian-speaking minorities.
Literacy: 100%

Natural resources: Timber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone.

Agriculture products: Barley, wheat, sugar beets, potatoes; dairy cattle; fish.

Industries: Metal products, electronics, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, copper refining, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, clothing.

Exports partners: Germany 11.8%, Sweden 9.9%, USA 8.2%, UK 8%, Russia 7.5%, Netherlands 4.8% (2003)

Imports partners: Germany 16.2%, Sweden 14.1%, Russia 11.7%, Netherlands 6.3%, Denmark 5.7%, UK 5.3%, France 4.3% (2003)

Currency: Euro (EUR)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Finland

Republiken Finlands President
The President of the Republic of Finland.

Finnish Government
The Finnish Government's web site.

Suomen Eduskunta
The Parliament of Finland.
Valtioneuvoston
The Finnish Council of State.

Suomi.fi - A gateway to public services
Suomi.fi provides access to public sector services. It contains links to the Internet pages maintained by government organisations and agencies and municipal authorities.

Suomen ulkoasiainministeriö
The Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Finland to the United Nations
Finland's Permanent Mission to the UN, New York.
Embassy of Finland in the U.S.
Washington D.C.
Finnish Diplomatic Missions Abroad
List of Finnish Embassies, Permanent Representations and Special Representations and other Diplomatic Missions.
Foreign Embassies and Consulates in Finland
List of Foreign Diplomatic Representations in Finland.

Statistics
Tilastokeskus
Statistics Finland

Weather
Ilmatieteen laitos
The Finnish Meteorological Institute.

Maps
Map of Finland
Political Map of Finland.
Google Earth Google Earth Finland
Searchable map and satellite view of Finland.
Google Earth Google Earth Helsinki
Searchable map and satellite view of Helsinki.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
 

Finland News

Finnish Newspapers Association
With Links to Finnish Newspapers.
Helsingin Sanomat
International Edition.
NewsRoom Finland
Daily news updates.
Finnish News Agency STT
News from Finnish News Agency STT
English language headline news.

YLE Radio Finland
 

 

Arts & Culture


Eurovision
The European Song Contest.

great site Kulttuuri.net
A gateway to Finnish Culture on the Net.
great site Finnish Design
Finnish Design today.
Finnish sauna society
Hot!
Leningrad Cowboys
All about the band with the international recognized bad taste in music.
great site Stupid Finnish Advertisements
With translations and commentary.

Museum
The Finnish Museums Association
The central organization of the museums in Finland.
The Finnish National Gallery
The Museum of Contemporary Art
The National Board of Antiquities
The National Board of Antiquities Preserves Finland's Material Cultural heritage.
The National Museum of Finland
 

 

Business & Economy

Suomen Pankki
Bank of Finland with information on the Finnish economy and banking supervision.
Hex Oyj
Information on trading in Finnish stocks, derivatives, and mutual funds.

Central Finland Chamber of Commerce
Helsinki Chamber of Commerce

Contact Finland
A guide to Finnish Business Services, Organisations and Authorities.

__Finnish Products
Nokia
Connecting not only Finnish People.

__Transportation
Airline
Finnair
Finland's Airline.

Rail
VR Passenger Service
Finnish Railways.

Ferries
Silja Line
Ferry line.
Viking Line
Ferry line.

Bus
Expressbus
Routes cover the whole Finland, Stockholm in Sweden, Vyborg and St. Petersburg in Russia.
 
 

Destination Finland - Country Guides


Finnish tourist board
Official site of the Finnish Tourist Board with information about Finland as a tourist destination.

Enchanting Finland - Lumoava Suomi
Another travel and tourism guide to Finland by the Finnish Tourist Board.
Finnish Tourist Board
with an Online Travel Guide.
Your window on Finland - Virtual Finland
A portal to Finland with comprehensive information on the country by Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.

STN Travel Guide
Comprehensive Finland Travel Guide.

Åland
Åland Islands
Travel Guide to the islands of Åland.

City Guides

Helsinki
Helsinki
Helsinki City Tourist & Convention Bureau provides tourism information for Helsinki.

Other Cities:
Espoo
Espoo is Finland's second largest city.
Tampere
Site of the City of Tampere, third largest city in Finland.
Vantaa
Vantaa's official site.
Turku
Finlands Christmas City.

Hotels
Hotels in Finland
Find a Hotel in Finland.
 
Saami
indigenous peoples Sámediggi
The Saami Parliament in Finland.

Sami Radio
What happens in the Sami community.
Saamiweb
Information on the Saami People.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information




Education

CIMO Discover Finland
Information about education, training and youth issues in Finland
Helsinki School of Economics and Business Administration
Helsinki University of Technology
Official site of the largest, oldest and most diversified university of technology and architecture in Finland.
University of Helsinki
Finland's largest university.
Lapin yliopisto
The University of Lapland with Faculties for Art and Design, Business and Tourism, Education, Law and Social Sciences.
University of Oulu
Official site of this science and learning institution.
University of Vaasa
 
 

Environment

www.environment.fi
Official site of Finland's environmental administration.
Metsähallitus
Metsähallitus is a state enterprise whose main tasks are to supply wood to the forest industry and manage most of Finland's protected areas.

Nature & the Environment
Virtual Finland about Nature & the Environment of Finland.

Finland's National Parks
Site with information on Finland's 35 national parks.

Finnish Nature League
The Finnish Nature League is an environmental NGO dealing with mainly national level environmental problems.

NorNet
NorNet is the co-operation network of the northern Finnish environmental researchers of the University of Oulu and the Finnish Environmental Administration, the umbrella organisation for Finnish Environment Research institutions like:
Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute (RKTL)
Game and Fisheries.
Finnish Forest Research Institute (METLA)
Forests
Geological Survey of Finland (GTK)
Geoscientific information and services.
SYKE
Finnish Environment Institute.
 
 

History

History
Comprehensive site about Finland's History by Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.
Main outlines of Finnish history
Article about Finland's past.

 
 

Search

Finland Links
All Finnish
great site Virtual Finland
Information and facts about Finland.


Additional Information on Finland

BBC News Country Profile: Finland
Finland Basic Facts
Governments on the WWW: Finland
Open Directory: Finland
Wikipedia: Finland
The World Factbook -- Finland
 
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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.