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___ Finland

Kirkkolahti lake at Petäjävesi
Bay of Kirkkolahti lake at Petäjävesi, a municipality in the province of Western Finland.
Image: Tiia Monto
 
Flag of Finland
Flag of Finland


Location map of Finland. Where in Europe is Finland?
Location map of Finland

Destination Finland, a virtual guide to the parliamentary republic in Northern Europe. The country borders the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Bothnia, and the Gulf of Finland, it maintains land borders with Norway, Sweden, and Russia, and it shares maritime borders with Estonia.
Formerly a grand duchy in the Russian empire, the country became independent in 1917.

Finland covers an area of 338,145 km², making it almost the size of Germany, or slightly smaller than the US state of Montana.

A population of 5.5 million people making Finland one of the most sparsely populated countries in Europe. Capital and largest city is Helsinki, spoken languages are Finnish (89%), Swedish (5.3%), and Sami, a language spoken by the Laplanders (Sami), the indigenous people inhabiting the Arctic area of Sápmi.


Republic of Finland | Republiken Finland


Country Profile



Background:
Ruled by Sweden from the 12th to the 19th centuries and by Russia from 1809, Finland finally won its independence in 1917.

During World War II, Finland was able to successfully defend its freedom and fend off invasions by the Soviet Union and Germany.

In the subsequent half century, the Finns have made a remarkable transformation from a farm/forest economy to a diversified modern industrial economy; per capita income is now on par with Western Europe.

As a member of the European Union, Finland was the only Nordic state to join the euro system at its initiation in January 1999.

 

Official Name:
Suomen tasavalta - Republiken Finland
short form: Suomi - Finland
int'l long form: Republic of Finland
int'l short form: Finland

ISO Country Code: fi, fin

Time:
Time Zone: Eastern European Time
Local Time = UTC +2h
Actual Time: Thu-May-25  06:07
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +3)

Country Calling Code: +358

Capital City: Helsinki (pop. 560 500)

Other Cities:
Espoo (213 000), Tampere (195 500), Vantaa (178 500), Turku (173 000).

Government:
Type: Constitutional republic.
Independence: 6 December 1917 (from the Russian Empire).
Constitution: 17 July 1919, 1 March 2000.
The new Finnish Constitution

Geography:
Location: Northern Europe
Area: 338,145 km² (130,558 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Low but hilly, more than 70% forested, with more than 60 000 lakes.

Climate: Northern temperate.

People:
Nationality: Noun--Finn(s). Adjective--Finnish.
Population: 5.4 million (2016)
Ethnic groups: Finns, Swedes, Lapps, Sami, Roma, Tatars.
Religions: Lutheran 89%, Orthodox 1%.
Languages: Finnish 93%, Swedish 6% (both official); small Lapp- and Russian-speaking minorities.
Literacy: 100%

Natural resources: Timber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone.

Agriculture products: Barley, wheat, sugar beets, potatoes; dairy cattle; fish.

Industries: Metal products, electronics, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, copper refining, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, clothing.

Exports - commodities: electrical and optical equipment, machinery, transport equipment, paper and pulp, chemicals, basic metals; timber

Exports - partners: Germany 13.9%, Sweden 10.1%, USA 7%, Netherlands 6.6%, Russia 5.9%, UK 5.2%, China 4.7% (2015)

Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, transport equipment, iron and steel, machinery, computers, electronic industry products, textile yarn and fabrics, grains

Imports - partners: Germany 17%, Sweden 16%, Russia 11%, Netherlands 9.1%, Denmark 4.1% (2015)

Currency: Euro (EUR)


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Finland

Republiken Finlands President
The President of the Republic of Finland.

Finnish Government
The Finnish Government's web site.

Suomen Eduskunta
The Parliament of Finland.
Valtioneuvoston
The Finnish Council of State.

Suomi.fi - A gateway to public services
Suomi.fi provides access to public sector services. It contains links to the Internet pages maintained by government organisations and agencies and municipal authorities.

Suomen ulkoasiainministeriö
The Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Finland to the United Nations
Finland's Permanent Mission to the UN, New York.
Embassy of Finland in the U.S.
Washington D.C.
Finnish Diplomatic Missions Abroad
List of Finnish Embassies, Permanent Representations and Special Representations and other Diplomatic Missions.
Foreign Embassies and Consulates in Finland
List of Foreign Diplomatic Representations in Finland.

Statistics
Tilastokeskus
Statistics Finland

Weather
Ilmatieteen laitos
The Finnish Meteorological Institute.

Maps

Map of Finland
Political Map of Finland.
Google Earth Google Earth Finland
Searchable map and satellite view of Finland.
Google Earth Google Earth Helsinki
Searchable map and satellite view of Helsinki.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.

West Harbour, Helsinki
West Harbour is a passenger and cargo harbour in the Jätkäsaari district of Helsinki, the capital city of Finland.
Image: Diego Delso 

Finland News

The Finnish government was the first in the world to make broadband internet access a legal right in 2009. Today Finland has one of the highest rates of internet penetration in the European Union.

Helsingin Sanomat
International Edition.
NewsRoom Finland
Daily news updates.
Finnish News Agency STT
News from Finnish News Agency STT
English language headline news.

Finnish Newspapers Association
With Links to Finnish Newspapers.

Radio/TV
YLE Radio Finland
The Finnish Broadcasting Company (yle), is the national public-broadcasting company, founded in 1926.
 

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Arts & Culture


great site This is Finland
Things you should and shouldn't know.

Finnish Design
Guide to Finnish Design of today.
Finnish sauna society
Hot! Site offers information on all you ever want to know about the Finnish Sauna.
Leningrad Cowboys
All about the band with the international recognized bad taste in music.
Due to a system failure their site is not available, read more about the Leningrad Cowboys in this Wikipedia article.
great site Stupid Finnish Advertisements
With translations and commentary.

Ijahis idja
Indigenous peoples music festival in Inari, Finland's largest, most sparsely populated municipality, located in Lapland.
Siida
A Window into Sámi Culture and Arctic Nature.

Museum
The Finnish Museums Association
The central organization of the museums in Finland.
The Finnish National Gallery
The Museum of Contemporary Art
The National Board of Antiquities
The National Board of Antiquities Preserves Finland's Material Cultural heritage.
The National Museum of Finland
Finnish history from before Stone Age to the present day.


Others
Eurovision
The European Song Contest. Finland has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 50 times. Finland won the contest in 2006.
 


Leningrad Cowboys cover
Cover of the 2011 studio album by the Leningrad Cowboys.

Business & Economy


Suomen Pankki
Bank of Finland with information on the Finnish economy and banking supervision.
Hex Oyj
Information on trading in Finnish stocks, derivatives, and mutual funds.

Central Finland Chamber of Commerce
Helsinki Chamber of Commerce

Contact Finland
A guide to Finnish Business Services, Organisations and Authorities.

__Finnish Products
Nokia
Connecting not only Finnish People.

__Transportation
Airline
Finnair
Finland's Airline.

Rail
VR Passenger Service
Finnish Railways.

Port
Port of Helsinki
The Port of Helsinki is the main harbor for foreign trade and passenger traffic services in Finland.

Ferries
Silja Line
Ferry line.
Viking Line
Ferry line.

Bus
Expressbus
Routes cover the whole Finland, Stockholm in Sweden, Vyborg and St. Petersburg in Russia.
 
 
Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Destination Finland - Country Guides


The Official Travel Guide of Finland
Official site of the Finnish Tourist Board with information about Finland as a tourist destination.

Visit Finland
with an Online Travel Guide.

this is Finland - Virtual Finland
A portal to Finland with comprehensive information on the country by Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.


Åland
Åland Islands
Travel Guide to the islands of Åland.

City Guides

Helsinki
Helsinki
Helsinki City Tourist & Convention Bureau provides tourism information for Helsinki.

Other Cities:
Espoo
Espoo is Finland's second largest city.
Tampere
Site of the City of Tampere, third largest city in Finland.
Vantaa
Vantaa's official site.
Turku
Finlands Christmas City.

 
Saami
indigenous peoples Sámediggi
The Saami Parliament in Finland.

Sami Radio
What happens in the Sami community.
Saami Council
The Saami Council is a voluntary Saami organization (NGO), with Saami member organizations in Finland, Russia, Norway and Sweden..
 



Education


CIMO Discover Finland
The Finnish National Agency for Education provides information about education, training and youth issues in Finland.
Helsinki School of Economics and Business Administration
Helsinki University of Technology
Official site of the largest, oldest and most diversified university of technology and architecture in Finland.
University of Helsinki
Finland's largest university.
Lapin yliopisto
The University of Lapland with Faculties for Art and Design, Business and Tourism, Education, Law and Social Sciences.
University of Oulu
Official site of this science and learning institution.
University of Vaasa
A multidisciplinary, business-oriented university in the city of Vaasa.
 

Environment & Nature


www.environment.fi
Official site of Finland's environmental administration.
Metsähallitus
Metsähallitus is a state enterprise whose main tasks are to supply wood to the forest industry and manage most of Finland's protected areas.

Nature & the Environment
Virtual Finland about Nature & the Environment of Finland.

Finland's National Parks
Site with information on Finland's 35 national parks.

Finnish Nature League
The Finnish Nature League is an environmental NGO dealing with mainly national level environmental problems.

NorNet
NorNet is the co-operation network of the northern Finnish environmental researchers of the University of Oulu and the Finnish Environmental Administration, the umbrella organisation for Finnish Environment Research institutions like:
Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute (RKTL)
Game and Fisheries.
Finnish Forest Research Institute (METLA)
Forests
Geological Survey of Finland (GTK)
Geoscientific information and services.
SYKE
Finnish Environment Institute.
 
 

History


History
Comprehensive site about Finland's History by Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland.

Main outlines of Finnish history
Article about Finland's past.

 
 

Search


great site Virtual Finland
Information and facts about Finland.
Open Directory: Finland

Additional Information on Finland

BBC Country Profile: Finland
Finland Basic Facts


Wikipedia: Finland
The World Factbook -- Finland
 

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