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___ Democratic Republic of the Congo

A virtual travel guide to Democratic Republic of the Congo, formerly known as Zaire. This page aims to give you a broad overview of this Central African country's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile you find links to sources that will provide you with in-depth information about this war-torn nation, e.g.: official web sites of DRC, addresses of foreign embassies in DRC, country guides and more like maps, int'l and local media with news from Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Congo Rainforest
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is by far the most biologically rich country in Africa.
© Photo: wcs.org
 

Democratic Republic of the Congo (DROC)
République Démocratique du Congo

Country Profile


Flag of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Flag of Democratic Republic of the Congo

Background:
Established as a Belgian colony in 1908, the Republic of the Congo gained its independence in 1960, but its early years were marred by political and social instability.
Col. Joseph MOBUTU seized power and declared himself president in a November 1965 coup. He subsequently changed his name - to MOBUTU Sese Seko - as well as that of the country - to Zaire. MOBUTU retained his position for 32 years through several subsequent sham elections as well as through the use of brutal force. Ethnic strife and civil war, touched off by a massive inflow of refugees in 1994 from fighting in Rwanda and Burundi, led in May 1997 to the toppling of the MOBUTU regime by a rebellion led by Laurent KABILA.
He renamed the country the Democratic Republic of the Congo, but in August 1998 his regime was itself challenged by an insurrection backed by Rwanda and Uganda. Troops from Zimbabwe, Angola, Namibia, Chad, and Sudan intervened to support the Kinshasa regime. A cease-fire was signed in July 1999 by the DROC, Zimbabwe, Angola, Uganda, Namibia, Rwanda, and Congolese armed rebel groups, but sporadic fighting continued.
Laurent KABILA was assassinated in January 2001 and his son Joseph KABILA was named head of state. In October 2002, the new president was successful in negotiating the withdrawal of Rwandan forces occupying eastern Congo; two months later, the Pretoria Accord was signed by all remaining warring parties to end the fighting and establish a government of national unity.
A transitional government was set up in July 2003; Joseph KABILA remains as president and is joined by four vice presidents representing the former government, former rebel groups, and the political opposition.
Source: CIA World Fact Book

The Democratic Republic of Congo remains a humanitarian disaster despite the presence of UN troops and the recent approval of a new constitution that paved the way for elections in April.
Source: UN Mission MONUC

The war in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo) has cost millions of lives. Hundreds of thousands of people have been shot dead. Millions have died from the indirect consequences of war.
Source: Amnesty International


border countries: Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia
 
Where in Africa is Democratic Republic of the Congo?

Official Name:
République Démocratique du Congo
abbreviation: RDC
former: ZaÏre, Congo belge
int'l long form: Democratic Republic of the Congo
abbreviations: DROC, DRC
also in use: Congo Kinshasa, DR Congo
former: Congo Free State, Belgian Congo, Congo/Leopoldville, Congo/Kinshasa, Zaire


ISO Country Code: cd

Time:
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Sat-Dec-20  14:38

Country Calling Code: +243

Capital City: Kinshasa (pop. 6.5 million)

Other Cities: Bandundu, Bukavu, Goma, Kananga, Kindu, Kisangani, Lubumbashi, Matadi, Mbandaka, Mbuji-Mayi.

Government:
Type: Republic; transitional regime highly centralized with executive power vested in the president.
Independence: 30 June 1960 (from Belgium).
Constitution: 18 February 2006

Geography:
Location: Central Africa, northeast of Angola
Area: 2,344,000 km² (905 000 sq. mi)
Terrain: Varies from tropical rainforests to mountainous terraces, plateau, savannas, dense grasslands, and mountains.
Highest point: Pic Marguerite 5 110 m on Rwenzori Range's Mont Ngaliema (Mount Stanley).

Climate: Equatorial; ranges from tropical rainforest in the Congo River basin, hot and humid in much of the north and west, cooler and drier in the south central area and the east.

People:
Nationality: Congolese
Population: 66 million (2011)
Ethnic groups: More than 200 African ethnic groups; the Luba, Kongo, and Anamongo are some of the larger groupings of tribes.
Religions: Chrisinity 70%, other sects and traditional beliefs 10%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%.
Languages: French (Official). National languages: Lingala, Swahili, Kikongo, Tshiluba.
Literacy: 64%

Natural resources: Cobalt, copper, Columbite-tantalite (coltan) refined, coltan becomes tantalum, niobium, petroleum, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, uranium, coal, hydropower, timber.

Agriculture products: Coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, tea, quinine, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, bananas, root crops, corn, fruits; wood products.

Industries: mining (diamonds, copper, zinc), mineral processing, consumer products (including textiles, footwear, cigarettes, processed foods and beverages), cement, commercial ship repair.

Exports partners: Belgium 47.5%, Finland 20.8%, USA 10.9%, China 7.5% (2004)

Imports partners: South Africa 17.2%, Belgium 14.5%, France 10.1%, Zambia 8.5%, Kenya 5.9%, USA 5.6%, Germany 5.5% (2004)

Currency: Congolese Franc (CDF)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Democratic Republic of the Congo

Présidence de la République Démocratique du Congo
Official website of the Presidency of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Ministére des Finances
Official website of the Ministry of Finance DRC.


Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of DR Congo to the UN
Official site, !!! has violently graphic images of war victims.
Foreign Embassies at Democratic Republic of the Congo
Address list of Foreign Embassies accredited to DRC.


Gouvernorat Bas-Congo
Official website of the Government of Bas-Congo province.


UN Mission
UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo - MONUC
The largest U.N. peacekeeping operation - site about the UN mandate on the 1999 Ceasefire Agreement for a cessation of hostilities between all belligerent forces in DRC.



Maps

profile Map of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Political map of Democratic Republic of the Congo.
profile Administrative Map of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Map showing the administrative divisions of Democratic Republic of the Congo.


Google Earth Google Earth Democratic Republic of the Congo
Searchable map/satellite view of Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Google Earth Google Earth Kinshasa
Searchable map/satellite view of Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of the Congo's capital city.

Map of Africa
Political Map of Africa.
Relief Map of Africa

Voters Registration Centre
A symbol for the future: a kid playing in a voters registration centre in Equateur province.
© Photo: Photo Myriam Asmani / MONUC

News

Congo Vision
Recent news from the DR Congo (in French).
Groupe de Presse L'Avenir 
DROC online news (in French)
Le Potentiel
DR Congo current news (in French)
Le Soft International
Online version of the newspaper (in French)
societecivile.cd
Portal site with extensive news from the DR Congo (in French)


Radio/TV
Digitalcongo.net

Info Radio/TV Digital Congo portal site with current news (in French and English)
Radio Okapi
SIte of the radio station with current news (in French)


Int'l News Sources
BBC News Africa
Africa news by BBC.
CongoDaily
Part of the World News Network offering current news about the region.
IRIN News org
Great Lakes region and DRC recent news by the UN press agency.
Reuters AlertNet - Democratic Republic of the Congo
AlertNet provides news, information and analysis.
 
 

Arts & Culture

Congo. Nature & Culture
Exhibition to raise public awareness of the enormous natural and cultural diversity in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the protection of this unique heritage.
Nostalgie Ya Mboka
A weekly radio programme featuring the 'belle epoch' of music from the two Congos.
Papa Wemba
Site of the musician born in Congo-Kinshasa.
 

 

Business & Economy

Ministére des Finances
Official website of the Ministry of Finance DRC (in French).

La Cellule Technique de Coordination et de Planification Minière.
Official website of the ministry of mining with information on mineral resources and mining in Congo-Kinshasa (in French).

Banque Centrale du Congo
Central Bank of the DRC (in French).

Agence Nationale pour la Promotion des Investissements
The national agency for the promotion of investments in DRC (in French).

 
kid in goldmine
Child labor in a DRC gold mine.
© From The Curse of Gold
Photo: Marcus Bleasdale hrw.org

About the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Country Profile: DRC World Heritage Sites
UNESCO information on DRC's five World Heritage Sites: Salonga National Park, Virunga National Park, Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Okapi Faunal Reserve in the Ituri forest and Garamba National Park.

Congonline
Belgium based site with comprehensive information about DRC (in French).

Congo-Pages
An introduction to Congolese life and culture.

Kongo Kinshasa
A comprehensive guide to Congo-Kinshasa (in German)

Kinshasa
Ville de Kinshasa
Official website of the city of Kinshasa. (in French)

Katanga
Katanga: The Congo's Forgotten Crisis
Int'l Crisis Group report about Katanga province as one of the most violent yet neglected regions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
DRC: The peculiar terror that is northern Katanga
A remote wilderness of shallow lakes, marshes and quagmires near the source of the Congo River has become Katanga's newest battleground.
 


Education

Ministère de l'Enseignement primaire, secondaire et professionnel
Official website of the Ministry for Education. (in French)


The American University of Kinshasa
Established since 1994.

INHEA: Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire) Higher Education Profile
About the state of higher education in Congo-Zaire.

Université de Kinshasa
Site is offline.
Université Kongo
Site with information about the Kongo University at Kinshasa.
Université Protestante au Congo
Protestant University of Congo, Kinshasa
 
 

Environment

Ministère de l’Environnement
Official website of the Ministry of Environment (in French)

The Bonobo Conservation Initiative
"Our mission is to promote conservation of the bonobo and its tropical forest habitat in the Congo Basin."

Conservation et utilisation rationnelle des Ecosystèmes Forestiers d'Afrique Centrale - ECOFAC
ECOFAC's mission is the protection and rational utilization of Central Africa's forest ecosystems.
.
DRC Conservation
Comprehensive guide to the Democratic Republic of Congo by WCS (pdf).


ECOFAC, Conservation et utilisation rationnelle des Ecosystèmes Forestiers d'Afrique Centrale
Conservation and development of the Forest Ecosystems of Central Africa, the European Union's commitment to a sustainable exploitation of natural resources.

Wildlife Conservation Society
WCS in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
 

Gorillas
Tourism based on gorilla-viewing has enormouspotential for economic developemnt.
© Photo: wcs.org

History

Histoire
Timeline and history of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (in French)
Our History
History of the Democratic Republic of the Congo since Leopold II.

American Museum of Natural History. Congo Expedition, May 1909-November 1915
The American Museum of Natural History sponsored an expedition to the Belgian Congo with Herbert Lang leading the expedition and James P. Chapin as his assistant. Between 1909-1915, Lang and Chapin collected nearly 23 000 vertebrate specimens and over 100 000 invertebrates. They also collected thousands of anthropological objects and took thousands of photographs in the field.


DRC Recent History
Anatomy of a rebellion
CNN report on the 1997 revolt that toppled Mobutu Sese Seko and brought the late Laurent Kabila to power.
Year in Brief, July - Dec 2005
A chronology of key events in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

 
burning small weapons
A symbol of hope for ending the war in DRC.
Small arms captured in DDR operations in Isiro were destroyed at the Simi-Simi Senegalese Camp at Kisangani.
© Photo: William Elachi Alwiga / MONUC

Human Rights

The Curse of Gold
HRW report documents human rights abuses linked to efforts to control two key gold mining areas, Mongbwalu (Ituri District) and Durba (Haut Uélé District), both bordering Uganda.
Essential Background
Overview of human rights issues in Democratic Republic of Congo.
Human Rights Watch: Democratic Republic of Congo
Articles related to human rights issues in the DRC.
Journaliste En Danger
Kinshasa based NGO for the defense of the freedom of press (in French).
The call for tough arms controls
Voices from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (AI report).

Amnesty International DRC
News, reports, public statements, press releases.
ReliefWeb » Countries & Emergencies » Dem. Rep. Congo
News, key documents and background information in various sectors.
 
 

Additional Information on Democratic Republic of the Congo

Africa South of the Sahara: Democratic Republic of the Congo
List of annotated links to DRC related information by Stanford University.
BBC News Country Profile: DRC
Governments on the WWW: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Index on Africa: Congo-Kinshasa
Site offers news, background and feature articles from African sources.
MBendi Profile: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Including economic overviews and directories of companies.
Open Directory Project: Democratic Republic of the Congo
Wikipedia: Democratic Republic of the Congo
The World Factbook -- Democratic Republic of the Congo
 
 

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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.