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___ Azerbaijan

A virtual guide to Azerbaijan. The former Soviet republic is an independent state since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. The country is situated in southwestern Asia with the Great Caucasus Mountains to the north.

Historically, the name Azerbaijan refers to a larger region that formed part of Persia (Iran). Azerbaijan is bordered by the Caspian Sea in east, by Iran in south, by Armenia in west, and Georgia and Russia in the north. The Azeri autonomous republic of Naxçivan forms an enclave within the Republic of Armenia, in a small part in west it borders Turkey. Its highest mountain is Bazarduzu Dagi 4,485 m.
With an area of 86,600 km² it is slightly bigger than Austria or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Maine.

Azerbaijan has a population of almost 8.4 million people; capital city is Baku. Spoken languages are Azeri 90% (official), Russian 2%.

Read on and get an overview of Azerbaijan's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.


Republic of Azerbaijan | Azarbaycan Respublikasi

Country Profile

Azerbaijan Flag
Flag of Azerbaijan

The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was established in 1918, it was the first democratic and secular republic in the Muslim world, but was incorporated into the Soviet Union only two years later. The country regained independence in 1991 following the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Azerbaijan is one of the six modern independent Turkic states. 95% of its population are Muslims, 85% are Shia Muslims and 15% Sunni Muslims, making Azerbaijan the country with the second highest Shia population percentage in the world after Iran.

Despite a 1994 cease-fire, Azerbaijan has yet to resolve its conflict with Armenia over Nagorno-Karabakh, a primarily Armenian-populated region that Russia recognized as part of Soviet Azerbaijan in the 1920s after Armenia and Azerbaijan disputed the status of the territory.

Corruption in Azerbaijan is ubiquitous, and the government, which eliminated presidential term limits in a 2009 referendum, has been accused of authoritarianism.

border countries: Armenia, Georgia, Iran, Russia, Turkey
Where in Central Asia is Azerbaijan?

Official Name:
Azarbaycan Respublikasi
short form: Azarbaycan
int'l long form: Republic of Azerbaijan
int'l short form: Azerbaijan

ISO Country Code: az

Local Time = UTC +4h (DST in Summer +5h)
Actual Time: Mon-May-30  04:02

Country Calling Code: +994

Capital City: Baku

Other Cities: Ali Bayramli, Baki, Ganca, Lankaran, Mingacevir, Naftalan, Saki, Sumqayit, Susa, Xankandi, Yevlax.

Type: Republic.
Constitution: Approved in November 1995 referendum.
Independence: 30 August 1991 (from Soviet Union).

Location: South Caucasus; bordered by Russia to the north, the Caspian Sea to the east, Iran to the south, and Georgia and Armenia to the west.
Area: 86,600 km² (33 774 sq. mi.); includes Nakhchivan and Nagorno-Karabakh.
Terrain: Caucasus Mountains to the north, lowland in the central area through which the Kura River flows.

Climate: Dry, subtropical with hot summers and mild winters; forests, meadows, and alpine tundra in the mountains.

Nationality: Azerbaijani, Azeri.
Population: 9.1 million (2011)
Ethnic groups: Azeri 90.6%, Dagestani 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.9%. Note: the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh region is populated almost entirely by Armenians.
Religion: Muslim 93.4% (majority Shi'a), Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox Church 2.3%, and other 1.8%.
Languages: Azerbaijani 89%, Russian 3%, Armenian 2%, and other 6%.
Literacy: 97%.

Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, alumina.

Agriculture products: Cotton, tobacco, grain, rice, grapes, fruit, vegetables, tea, cattle, pigs, sheep, goats.

Industries: Petroleum and natural gas, petroleum products, oilfield equipment; steel, iron ore; cement; chemicals and petrochemicals; textiles.

Currency: Azerbaijan Manat; beginning January 2006, 1 new Manat (AZN) = 5000 old Manats (AZM).

Azerbaijan in Figures
Azerbaijan key statistical data.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Azerbaijan

President of the Republic of Azerbaijan
The Office of President of the Republic of Azerbaijan, with a portrait of the president and information about Azerbaijan.

National Information Communication Technologies Strategy Project
Azerbaijan's e-government project.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Azerbaijan.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Azerbaijan to the UN
Azerbaijan's mission to the United Nations.
Embassy of the Republic of Azerbaijan
Washington D.C.
Diplomatic Missions of Azerbaijan
List of diplomatic missions of Azerbaijan abroad.
Diplomatic Missions accredited in Azerbaijan
Address list of foreign Embassies and Consulates in Azerbaijan.

State Statistical Committee of Azerbaijan Republic
Azerbaijan in figures.


Map of Azerbaijan
Political map of Azerbaijan.

Google Earth Google Earth Azerbaijan
Searchable map and satellite view of Azerbaijan.
Google Earth Google Earth Baku
Searchable map and satellite view of Azerbaijan's capital city.

profile Caucasus and Central Asia Map
Map of Central Asia and the Caucasus region.
profile Map of Western Asia
Map of Western Asia and the Middle East region.
profile Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia. 



State information agency, official news from Azerbaijanian government.
Baku Sun
Azerbaijan's English-Language Newspaper.

Links to Azerbaijan News Papers
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Arts & Culture

AZ Art Gallery
Contemporary Art and Artists in Azerbaijan
KVN - The Rah-rah and Quick-witted Club (Klub Veselykh i Nakhodchivykh)
Comic and jocular performance.
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Business & Economy

National Bank of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan's central bank.

Azerbaijan Development Gateway
AzDG program is aimed at creation of an infrastructure for development of partnership and realization of business interests using IT.

United States - Azerbaijan Chamber of Commerce
The site provides information about Azerbaijan.

Azerbaijan Airlines
AZAL, the Baku based National Air Company.

Destination Azerbaijan - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Azerbaijan: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Tourism in Azerbaijan
Site of the national tourism office of Azerbaijan.

Azerbaijan International Magazine
An independent magazine with issues related to Azerbaijanis around the world
A to Z of Azerbaijan
Encyclopaedic index of Azerbaijan related information.

Baku Pages
Information on Azerbaijan and the City of Baku.
Site about the city of Ganja.

Hotels in Azerbaijan
Find a Hotel in Azerbaijan.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Azerbaijan Academy of Sciences
Official website of with information about the academy.
Baku State University
Azerbaijan's "number one" university.
Khazar University
Khazar University is a leading academic institution of Azerbaijan, established in 1991.
Western University
Western University is one of the leading universities in the country, a private, non-profit officially recognized educational institution, founded in 1991 at Baku.

Environment & Nature

Geology Institute of Azerbaijan (GIA)
GIA is a leading organizations in the fields of Azerbaijan geology study and development of new fundamental trends in geoscience.

Caspian Sea Environment Programme
The CEP's mission is to assist the Caspian littoral states to achieve the goal of environmentally sustainable development and management of the Caspian environment for the sake of long-term benefit for the Caspian inhabitants.

Environmental movement in Azerbaijan
Site with comprehensive information about the main environmental problems of Azerbaijan.

The NGO aims to carry out public monitoring of ecological situation, organize civic activities for protection and improvement of environment and ecological education of the country population.


Azerbaijan History
History of Azerbaijan by the Azerbaijan Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
History of Baku and Azerbaijan
History of Baku from ancient times to present days.
Karabakh Conflict
Background information on the Armenia-Azerbaijan conflict.

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Turkic States:
Azerbaijan | Kazakhstan | Kyrgyzstan | Tajikistan | Turkey | Turkmenistan | Uzbekistan

Other countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia:
Armenia | Georgia