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___ Venezuela

A virtual guide to Venezuela. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Venezuela's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile this page contains links to sources that will provide you with in-depth information about this South America nation, e.g.: official web sites of Venezuela, addresses of Venezuelan and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Venezuela.

Venezuela's National Assembly
The National Assembly ©

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela | República Bolivariana de Venezuela

Country Profile

Venezuela Flag
Flag of Venezuela (since 2007)
Venezuela Flag
Former Flag of Venezuela, in use from 1930–2006.
Where in South America is Venezuela?

Official Name:
República Bolivariana de Venezuela
short form: Venezuela
int'l long form: Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

ISO Country Code: ve

Local Time = UTC -4:30 h
Actual Time: Mon-Oct-24  07:49

Country Calling Code: +58

Capital City: Caracas (pop. 6 million)

Other major Cities:
Maracaibo, Valencia, Barquisimeto.

Type: Federal Republic.
Independence: 5 July 1811.
Constitution: 30 December 1999.

Location: Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean.
Area: 912,050 km² (352,143 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Andes Mountains and Maracaibo Lowlands in northwest; central plains; Guiana Highlands in southeast.

Climate: Varies from tropical to temperate, depending on elevation.

Nationality: Venezuelan(s).
Population: 27 million (2011)
Ethnic groups: Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, Amerindian.
Religion: Roman Catholic 96%, Protestant 2%, other 2%
Languages: Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects.
Literacy: 93%

Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds.

Agriculture products: Corn, sorghum, sugarcane, rice, bananas, vegetables, coffee; beef, pork, milk, eggs; fish.

Industries: Petroleum, iron ore mining, construction materials, food processing, textiles, steel, aluminum, motor vehicle assembly.

Exports partners: USA 58.7%, Netherlands Antilles 4.1%, Canada 2.5% (2004)

Imports partners: USA 33.2%, Colombia 5.7%, Brazil 5%, Germany 4% (2004)

Currency: Bolivar (VEB)

Venezuela was one of the three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others being Colombia and Ecuador).
For most of the first half of the 20th century, Venezuela was ruled by generally benevolent military strongmen, who promoted the oil industry and allowed for some social reforms. Democratically elected governments have held sway since 1959.
Current concerns include: drug-related conflicts along the Colombian border, increasing internal drug consumption, overdependence on the petroleum industry with its price fluctuations, and irresponsible mining operations that are endangering the rain forest and indigenous peoples.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Brazil, Colombia, Guyana

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Venezuela

Ministerio de la Presidencia de la República de Venezuela
Official site of the Presidency of Venezuela (Spanish)

Asamblea Nacional de Venezuela
The National Assembly of Venezuela.

Gobierno en Línea
Venezuela's Government portal site (Spanish)

Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores (MRE)
The Ministry of External Relations

Diplomatic Missions
Misión Permanente de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela ante las Naciones Unidas
Venezuela's representation to the United Nations.
Embassy of the Republic of Venezuela
Embajada de Venezuela en Washington.
Diplomatic Missions of Venezuela
Address list of Venezuela's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.

Oficina Central de Estadística e Informática
Central Office of statistics (in Spanish)


 Map of Venezuela
Political Map of Venezuela.
Google Earth Google Earth Venezuela
Searchable map and satellite view of Venezuela.
Google Earth Google Earth Caracas
Searchable map and satellite view of Venezuela's capital.

Map of South America
Reference map of South America.


El Nacional
Venezuelan News (in Spanish)
El Universal
Venezuelan News and Infos (in Spanish)
Magazine Venevision (in Spanish) Yahoo! News Full Coverage-Venezuela
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Arts & Culture

Biblioteca Nacional de Venezuela
The National Library of Venezuela (in Spanish)
Galería de Arte Nacional
Museum for Venezuelan Art.
Sofía Imber Contemporary Art Museum of Caracas
Caracas contemporary art museum.
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Business & Economy

Banco Central de Venezuela
The Central Bank of Venezuela.
Bolsa de Valores de Caracas
Caracas Stock Exchange.

Camara de Comercio de Caracas Dreccion Ejecutiva
Chamber of Commerce Caracas.

Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A. - PDVSA
Venezuela's state oil company.

Aerovias Venezolanas, S.A

Destination Venezuela - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Venezuela, the Andes and the Amazonas: tourist boards, attractions, festivals, events, accommodation, hotels, biking, hiking, trekking, climbing, diving, tours and much more.

Buró de Convenciones y Visitantes Venezuela (in Spanish)
Venezuela Conventions and Visitors Bureau with information on travel and tourism in Venezuela (in English)

Think Venezuela
A Tourism Directory.
Venezuela Virtual
Virtual Venezuela - in Spanish.
Venezuela Tuya
A Guide to Venezuela.  

Isla Margarita
Isla Margarita
Web Turístico de Margarita - provides information on the islands Margarita, Cubagua and Coche.

City Guides
Caracas Web
Caracas Infos

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Universidad Central de Venezuela
(in Spanish)
Universidad de Los Andes
Mérida, as a study center founded in 1785, 1810 transformed into University
Universidad Nueva Esparta
Universidad Simón Bolívar
Founded in 1968 (Spanish)

Environment & Nature

Ministerio del Ambiente y de los Recursos Naturales Renovables
Ministry of the environment and renewable natural resources (in Spanish)


A brief History of Venezuela
From the Embassy of Venezuela, Washington DC
History of Venezuela
Comprehensive information about Venezuela's history
WWW-VL History Index: Venezuela
Index of links for the History of Venezuela

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Other Countries of South America:
Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Suriname | Uruguay

Countries of Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama