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A virtual travel guide to Portugal. Find comprehensive information about Portugal in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and history.
You will have access to newspapers from Portugal and you will find extensive travel and tourism information for Portugal.

Tower of Belem
Belém Tower (Torre de Belé),Lisbon
© Turismo de Lisboa / Gustavo Figueiredo
 

Portuguese Republic | República Portuguesa

Country Profile


Flag of Portugal
Flag of Portugal

Background:
An independent kingdom since 1143, Portugal established its continental frontiers in 1297 and is one of the oldest nations in Europe. The former world power during the 15th and 16th centuries, lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, the occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence in 1822 of Brazil as a colony. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades repressive governments ran the country.
In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is member-country of the European Union since 1986. Today the country enjoys a steady economic growth.

border countries: Spain
countries in which Portuguese is the official language: Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe, Brazil, Timor-Leste
 
where in Europe is Portugal?

Official Name:
República Portuguesa
short form: Portugal
int'l short form: Portugal
int'l long form: Portuguese Republic

ISO Country Code: pt

Time:
Time Zone: WET - Western European Time
Local Time = UTC 0h
Actual Time: Sun-Apr-20  06:42
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +1)

Country Calling Code: +351

Capital City: Lisboa (Lisbon) (metropolitan area pop. 1.9 million)


Other Cities: Faro, Porto (Oporto, metro. area 1.7 million).

Government:
Founding of the Portuguese State: 1143
Founding of the Republic: 1910
Government type: Republic ruled by a Constitution.
Constitution: Effective 25 April 1976; revised 30 October 1982, 1 June 1989, 25 November 1992, and 3 September 1997.

Geography:
Location: Southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula, west of Spain, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean.
Area: 92,090 kmĀ² (35,556 sq. mi.), including the Azores and Madeira Islands.
Terrain: Mountainous in the north; rolling plains in the central south.

Climate: Maritime temperate, average annual temperature is 16°C (61°F)

People:
Nationality: Portuguese (singular and plural).
Population: 10.5 million (2011)
Ethnic groups: Homogeneous Mediterranean stock with small black African and Eastern European minorities.
Religion: Roman Catholic, 97%.
Language: Portuguese; of Latin origin, Portuguese is one of the most widely spoken European language in the world and is mother tongue to about 200 million people.
Literacy: 94%

Natural resources: Fish, tungsten, iron, copper, tin, and uranium ores. Agriculture: Products--forestry, fisheries, cork, wine.

Agriculture products: Grain, potatoes, olives, grapes; sheep, cattle, goats, poultry, beef, dairy products.

Industries: Textiles and footwear; wood pulp, paper, and cork; metalworking; oil refining; chemicals; fish canning; wine; tourism.

Exports partners: Spain 22.7%, Germany 15.2%, France 12.9%, UK 10.5%, USA 5.8%, Italy 4.8%, Belgium 4.6% (2003)

Imports partners: Spain 29.1%, Germany 14.7%, France 9.9%, Italy 6.4%, UK 4.9%, Netherlands 4.6% (2003)

Currency: Euro (EUR)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Portugal

royal  Casa Real Portuguesa
Official site of the Royal House of Portugal.


Presidência da República Portuguesa
Official website of the Presidency of the Portuguese Republic.

Assembleia da República
The Portuguese Parliament.


Portal do Governo
The Portuguese Government Web Portal.
Portal do Cidadão
Portugal's E-Government and Citizen's Portal - a major Portuguese Government project regarding Information Society and Electronic Government strategies. (in Portuguese).


Ministério dos Negócios Estrangeiros
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Portugal (in Portuguese).

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Portugal to the United Nations
Official site of Portugal's Permanent Mission to the United Nations.
Embassy of Portugal
Washington D.C.
Missions of Portugal abroad
Address list of Mission of Portugal around the world.
Foreign Missions in Portugal
Address list of Foreign Missions in Portugal.


Statistics
Instituto Nacional de Estatística Portugal
The National Institute of Statistics.


Weather
Instituto de Meteorologia Português
Portuguese Institute of Meteorology.


Maps
Map of Portugal
Political Map of Portugal.
Google Earth Google Earth Portugal
Zoomable map/satellite view of Portugal.
Google Earth Google Earth Lisboa
Searchable map/satellite view of Lisboa.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
 

Portugal News

Agencia de Noticias Lusa

Portuguese News Agency (in Portuguese).

Correio da Manhã
Online newspaper with national and international news (in Portuguese).
Diario de Noticias
Daily newspaper Lisbon (in Portuguese).
Jornal Expresso
Weekly news, Portugals important newspaper for political and national news (in Portuguese).
Jornal de Notícias
One of the largest newspaper of Portugal.
The Portugal News
Portugal's National Weekend Newspaper in English.
Publico
Portuguese newspaper (in Portuguese)

_TV
RTP
Operates two domestic channels and external services RTP Africa and RTP Internacional. SIC
Commercial, channels include cable news station SIC Noticias. TVI
Commercial TV. TV Cabo
Portugal's main pay-TV operator.

Radio
RDP
Operates three national networks with regional and external services. Radio Comercial
National, commercial radio station. TSF
National, commercial. Radio Clube Portugues
Commercial network. Radio Renascenca
Church-run radio.

 
 

Arts & Culture

Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal
Portugal's National Library. (in Portuguese)
Centro Nacional de Cultura
Dedicated to the defence of Portugal's cultural heritage.
Contemporary Portuguese Culture
About Portuguese culture by Instituto Camões.
Fado
The sound of Portugal.
Museu de Cera de Fatima
30 scenes of the apparitions of Fatima at this Fatima Wax Museum.
Museu de Marinha
Portugals maritime history in the Maritime Museum Lisbon.
List of links to Portuguese museums
(in Portuguese)

Sport
Jogo do Pau
Stick combat martial art, stick fencing the Portuguese way.
 
 

Business & Economy

Banco de Portugal
Portugal Central Bank.

Câmara de Comércio e Indústria Portuguesa
Portugal Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

ICEP
Investimentos, Comércio e Turismo de Portugal is the official organization for the promotion of the Portuguese economy.
portugalinbusiness
ICEP, a government agency promoting Portugal's image internationally as a tourism destinationa nd as a producer of high-quality goods and services.


Transportation
Airlines
TAP Air Portugal
Transportes Aéreos Portugueses - Portugal's National Airline.

Airports
Portela Airport Lisbon
Lisbon Airport (IATA: LIS)
Faro Airport
Portugal's second largest airport.

Rail
Caminhos de Ferro Portugueses
Portuguese Railways.
 
 

Destination Portugal - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Portugal: Algarve, Alentejo, Azores, Beiras, Faro, Lisbon, Madeira, Oporto,
Hotel, accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, nature, tours and much more.

Visit Portugal
Portugal's Official Tourism website.
Portugal InSite
Portugal's electronic travel and tourism magazine.
 Portugal
Information about Portugal, a comprehensive country and travel guide.


Portugal Info
Who what where and when in Portugal.
PortugalVirtual
Portugal information.

City-Guides

Câmara Municipal de Lisboa
The Official Web Site of the City of Lisbon.
Lisboa
The official guide to Lisbon Portugal's capital.
Porto
The Municipality of Porto, Portugal's second largest city.

Azores
DRT-Acores
The official Azores tourism site.

Madeira Island
madeira-island.com
Madeira Island - Straight from Funchal, Madeira, Portugal.
Madeira Web
Madeira Island Information.
Madeira-Infos.de
Madeira-Infos in German.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Education

Universidade Catolica Portuguesa (UCP)
Lisbon
Universidade de Coimbra
Coimbra, founded: 1290.
Universidade de Lisboa
University of Lisbon.
Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Founded 1973.
Universidade do Porto
Founded 1911.
Faculty of Engineering at the University of Porto
The biggest faculty ever made in portugal (in Portuguese).

Universidade dos Açores
University of the Azores.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Instituto do Ambiente
Official website of Portuguese ministry for environment.
Instituto da Água
Water Institute, Lissabon (in Portuguese).
Instituto da Conservação da Natureza
Portuguese Institute for Nature Conservation, Lissabon (in Portuguese).
Liga para a Protecção da Natureza
League for the Protection of Nature, a Portuguese NGO, the oldest environmental association from the Iberian Peninsula.
 
 

History

Cronologia dos Reis de Portugal
Cronology of the Portuguese Kings (in Portuguese).
Portugal History
Time line of Portugal's history.
 
 

Search

Exit
One of the major search engines.
Top 5% Portugal
Index in Portuguese.
Sapo
Portugal search.


Newsgroup of Portugal
soc.culture.portuguese

Additional Information on Portugal

BBC News Country Profile: Portugal
Governments on the WWW: Portugal
Open Directory Project: Portugal
Wikipedia: Portugal
The World Factbook -- Portugal
 
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