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___ GreeceGreece, officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country in Southern Europe, politically considered part of Western Europe.
Destination Greece, this page is about many aspects of Greece. Here you will find comprehensive information about Greece in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and history.
You will have access to newspapers from Greece and you will find extensive travel and tourism information for Greece.
Acropolis of Athens Temple Complex
© Greek National Tourism Organization
Hellenic Republic | Elliniki Dhimokratia | Hellas
Flag of Greece
Greece has been inhabited since the Paleolithic era. In ancient times in Greece there have been three main civilizations, the Trojan civilization in Troy, the Cretan or Minoan civilization centered on Crete, and the Helladic or Mycenaean civilization of the Greek mainland. Greek's victory against the Persian invaders at the beginning of the 5th century strengthens Athens role as the leader of the Greek world and marks the beginning of an epoch that was called "The Golden Age of Pericles" in which Athens became the cradle of democracy itself. In the following Hellenistic Period Greek civilization has spread and Greek language became official in the eastern Mediterranean.
Followed by the Greco-Roman civilization and a long period of foreign occupation through Romans, French, Spanish and the Ottomans, Greece achieved its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830.
During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories with Greek-speaking populations. In 1945, Greece becomes a member of the UN.
Following the defeat of communist rebels in 1949, Greece joined NATO in 1952.
In 1967 a putsch takes place resulting in the military dictatorship that lasted seven years, suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country. Student anti-governmental revolts break out in the fall of 1973 and leads to the fall of the junta in July 1974.
Democratic elections in 1974 and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy; Greece joined the European Community or EC in 1981 (which became the EU in 1992).
border countries: Albania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Macedonia, Rep. of
short form: Ellas or Ellada
int'l long form: Hellenic Republic
int'l short form: Greece
former: Kingdom of Greece
ISO Country Code: gr
Time Zone: EET - Eastern European Time
Local Time = UTC +2h
Actual Time: Fri-May-6 10:21
DST from March - October; UTC +3h
Country Calling Code: +30
Capital City: Athens
Greater Athens (pop. 3 566 000)
Municipality of Athens - local government cultural executive body.
Thessaloniki (750 000), Piraeus (880 000), Patras (170 000), Larissa (113 000), Iraklion (132 000).
Type: Parliamentary republic.
Independence: 1830 (from the Ottoman Empire).
Constitution: 11. June 1975, amended March 1986, April 2001.
Location: Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey.
Area: 132,000 km² (51,146 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Mountainous interior with coastal plains; 1,400 plus islands.
Highest point: Mytikas on Mount Olympus
Climate: Mediterranean; mild, wet winter and hot, dry summer.
Population: 11 million (2011 census)
Languages: Greek 99% (official); Turkish (Northern Greece), English.
Religions: Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%.
Bauxite, lignite, magnesite, oil, marble; Agriculture Products.
Wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, olives, tomatoes, wine, tobacco, potatoes; beef, dairy products.
Tourism; food and tobacco processing, textiles; chemicals, metal products; mining, petroleum.
Exports partners: Germany 13.1%, Italy 10.3%, UK 7.5%, Bulgaria 6.3%, USA 5.3%, Cyprus 4.6%, Turkey 4.5%, France 4.2%
Imports partners: Germany 13.3%, Italy 12.8%, France 6.4%, Netherlands 5.5%, Russia 5.5%, USA 4.4%, UK 4.2%, South Korea 4.1%
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of GreecePrime Minister of the Hellenic Republic
George A. Papandreou's' Office.
The Greece Parliament's official site.
Hellenic Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Official site of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece.
Permanent Mission of Greece to the United Nations
Greece representation to the UN.
Embassy of Greece in the U.S.
Greek Diplomatic and Consular Missions
Address list of Greek Missions Abroad.
Foreign Missions in Greece
Address list of Foreign Missions in Greece.
The National Statistical Service of Greece
NSSG gives you Greece in figures.
Map of Greece
Political map of Greece
Administrative Map of Greece
Map of Greece with its first level administrative divisions.
Google Earth Greece
Searchable map and satellite view of Greece.
Google Earth - Athens
Searchable map and satellite view of the Greek capital city.
Google Earth - Acropolis of Athens
Labeled satellite view of the monuments of Acropolis of Athens.
Map of Cyprus
Map of the Mediterranean
Political Map of the Mediterranean.
Map of the Balkan Peninsula
Political Map of the Balkans.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
NewsAthens-Macedonian News Agency
The national news agency of Greece.
Greek daily (in Greek).
Greek news (in Greek).
Greek daily (in Greek).
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & Culture
The New Acropolis Museum (NAM) officially opened 20 June 2009.
see: Labeled satellite view of the monuments of Acropolis of Athens.
Greek National Opera
Home page of the Greek National Opera.
by the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
National Art Gallery
The Department of Conservation and Restoration of the National Gallery and Alexander Soutzos Museum.
The Hellenic Culture information server by the Hellenic Ministry of Culture.
Mycenae Mask of Agamemnon
Business & EconomyBank of Greece
Greece Central Bank.
National Bank of Greece (NBG)
Greek's largest commercial bank.
Athens Stock Exchange
Athens Chamber of Commerce and Industry
The Greek Carrier.
Athens International Airport
Athens International Airport Eleftherios Venizelos.
Boat or Ferry to and from Greece.
Hellenic Railways OSE
Official site of the Hellenic Railways Organisation.
Destination Greece - Travel and Tour GuidesGreece has an abundance of resources that tourists with ecological and cultural interests will find attractive.
Greek National Tourism Organization
The Official Site of the Greek National Tourism Organization.
Greek Travel Guide
The official travel & tourism guide to Greece.
A source of information and insight into all aspects of contemporary Greece.
Hellenic Resources Network
Foundation of the Hellenic World
Promote the understanding of the past, to shape the present and the future.
Site on travel and tourism in Greece.
Profile of the Republic of Cyprus.
City Guides Athens
City of Athens
City of Athens portal.
City Guide to Athens.
Athens Survival Guide
How to survive in Athens.
Municipality of Thessaloniki (in Greek)
The Piraeus Prefecture.
Hotels in Greece
Find Hotels in Greece.
|Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Santorini Island, located in the southern Aegean Sea
EducationAristotle University of Thessaloniki
The second Greek university, established 1925.
Athens University of Economics and Business
University level education in Economics and Business, founded 1920.
National and Capodistrian University of Athens
The first University in the newly-established Greek State, founded 1837.
National Technical University of Athens N.T.U.A.
Oldest educational institution of Greece in the field of technology, founded 1836.
Parthenon temple in Athens, part of the Acropolis complex was dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena.
Hellinic Ministry for the Enviroment
Official website of the ministry.
National Center for Marine Research Institute of Oceanography
Site provides information about the Greek Poseidon Marine Monitor System.
Environmental Research and Awareness Society
All about the old Greeks.
The Ancient City of Athens
A photographic archive of the archaeological and architectural remains of ancient Athens.
Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki
Explore the cultural heritage of Central Macedonia.
Acropolis of Athens - 360 Virtual Tour
Multimedia tour of the Athens Acropolis.
Site about all the protagonists of the Greek mythology.
Site about Greece history from Stone Age to Contemporary Greece.
Index of Ancient Greek Philosophers and Scientists
Archaeological Site of Delphi, site of the most important oracle in the classical Greek world.
Hellenic Resources Network
An Hellenic information network by the Hellenic Resources Institute.
A comprehensive Greek index.
Greek related news and information.
Additional Information on GreeceBBC NEWS Country profile: Greece
Open Directory: Greece
The World Factbook -- Greece
Other Countries in the Mediterranean:
Albania | Algeria | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Croatia | Cyprus | Egypt | France | Gaza Strip | Israel | Italy
Lebanon | Libya | Macedonia, Rep. of | Malta | Monaco | Morocco | Slovenia | Spain | Syria | Tunisia | Turkey
Other countries in the Balkan region:
Bulgaria | Macedonia, Rep. of | Montenegro | Romania | Serbia
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