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___ Greece

Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country in Southern Europe, politically considered part of Western Europe.

Destination Greece, this page is about many aspects of Greece. Here you will find comprehensive information about Greece in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and history.
You will have access to newspapers from Greece and you will find extensive travel and tourism information for Greece.
Athens - Greece
Acropolis of Athens Temple Complex
© Greek National Tourism Organization
 

Hellenic Republic | Elliniki Dhimokratia | Hellas

Country Profile


Flag of Greece
Flag of Greece

Background:
Greece has been inhabited since the Paleolithic era. In ancient times in Greece there have been three main civilizations, the Trojan civilization in Troy, the Cretan or Minoan civilization centered on Crete, and the Helladic or Mycenaean civilization of the Greek mainland. Greek's victory against the Persian invaders at the beginning of the 5th century strengthens Athens role as the leader of the Greek world and marks the beginning of an epoch that was called "The Golden Age of Pericles" in which Athens became the cradle of democracy itself. In the following Hellenistic Period Greek civilization has spread and Greek language became official in the eastern Mediterranean.
Followed by the Greco-Roman civilization and a long period of foreign occupation through Romans, French, Spanish and the Ottomans, Greece achieved its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830.
During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories with Greek-speaking populations. In 1945, Greece becomes a member of the UN.
Following the defeat of communist rebels in 1949, Greece joined NATO in 1952.
In 1967 a putsch takes place resulting in the military dictatorship that lasted seven years, suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country. Student anti-governmental revolts break out in the fall of 1973 and leads to the fall of the junta in July 1974.
Democratic elections in 1974 and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy; Greece joined the European Community or EC in 1981 (which became the EU in 1992).
  

border countries: Albania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Macedonia, Rep. of

 

Location of Greece in Europe

Official Name:
Elliniki Dhimokratia
short form: Ellas or Ellada
int'l long form: Hellenic Republic
int'l short form: Greece
former: Kingdom of Greece

ISO Country Code: gr

Time:
Time Zone: EET - Eastern European Time
Local Time = UTC +2h
Actual Time: Wed-Oct-1  19:15
DST from March - October; UTC +3h

Country Calling Code: +30

Capital City: Athens
Greater Athens (pop. 3 566 000)
Athens
Municipality of Athens - local government cultural executive body.

Other Cities:
Thessaloniki (750 000), Piraeus (880 000), Patras (170 000), Larissa (113 000), Iraklion (132 000).

Government:
Type: Parliamentary republic.
Independence: 1830 (from the Ottoman Empire).
Constitution: 11. June 1975, amended March 1986, April 2001.

Geography:
Location: Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey.
Area: 132,000 kmĀ² (51,146 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Mountainous interior with coastal plains; 1,400 plus islands.
Highest point: Mytikas on Mount Olympus

Climate: Mediterranean; mild, wet winter and hot, dry summer.

People:
Population: 11 million (2011 census)
Languages: Greek 99% (official); Turkish (Northern Greece), English.
Religions: Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%.
Literacy: 95%.

Natural resources:
Bauxite, lignite, magnesite, oil, marble; Agriculture Products.

Agriculture products:
Wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, olives, tomatoes, wine, tobacco, potatoes; beef, dairy products.

Industries:
Tourism; food and tobacco processing, textiles; chemicals, metal products; mining, petroleum.

Exports partners: Germany 13.1%, Italy 10.3%, UK 7.5%, Bulgaria 6.3%, USA 5.3%, Cyprus 4.6%, Turkey 4.5%, France 4.2%

Imports partners: Germany 13.3%, Italy 12.8%, France 6.4%, Netherlands 5.5%, Russia 5.5%, USA 4.4%, UK 4.2%, South Korea 4.1%

Currency: Euro (EUR)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.  

Official Sites of Greece

Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic
George A. Papandreou's' Office.

Hellenic Parliament
The Greece Parliament's official site.


Hellenic Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Official site of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Greece to the United Nations
Greece representation to the UN.
Embassy of Greece in the U.S.
Washington D.C.
Greek Diplomatic and Consular Missions
Address list of Greek Missions Abroad.
Foreign Missions in Greece
Address list of Foreign Missions in Greece.

Statistics
The National Statistical Service of Greece
NSSG gives you Greece in figures.

Maps
Map of Greece
Political map of Greece
Administrative Map of Greece
Map of Greece with its first level administrative divisions.
Google Earth Google Earth Greece
Searchable map and satellite view of Greece.
Google Earth Google Earth - Athens
Searchable map and satellite view of the Greek capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth - Acropolis of Athens
Labeled satellite view of the monuments of Acropolis of Athens.

Map of Cyprus
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
 

News

Athens-Macedonian News Agency
The national news agency of Greece.

Athens News
English-language weekly.
Adesmeytos
(in Greek)
Eleftherotypia
Greek daily (in Greek).
Kathimerini
Greek Daily.
Naftemporiki
Greek news (in Greek).
Ta Nea
Greek daily (in Greek).
 

 

Arts & Culture


Acropolis Museum
The New Acropolis Museum (NAM) officially opened 20 June 2009.
see: Labeled satellite view of the monuments of Acropolis of Athens.

Greek National Opera
Home page of the Greek National Opera.

Greek Philosophy
by the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

National Art Gallery
The Department of Conservation and Restoration of the National Gallery and Alexander Soutzos Museum.

cultural reference ODYSSEUS
The Hellenic Culture information server by the Hellenic Ministry of Culture.
 
Gold Mask
Mycenae Mask of Agamemnon
 

Business & Economy

Bank of Greece
Greece Central Bank.

National Bank of Greece (NBG)
Greek's largest commercial bank.

Athens Stock Exchange

Athens Chamber of Commerce and Industry


__Transportation

Airlines
Olympic Air
The Greek Carrier.

Airport
Athens International Airport
Athens International Airport Eleftherios Venizelos.

Ferries
Greek Ferries
Boat or Ferry to and from Greece.

Rail
Hellenic Railways OSE
Official site of the Hellenic Railways Organisation.
 



 

Destination Greece - Travel and Tour Guides

Greece has an abundance of resources that tourists with ecological and cultural interests will find attractive.

Greek National Tourism Organization
The Official Site of the Greek National Tourism Organization.

Greek Travel Guide
The official travel & tourism guide to Greece.

 GreeceNow
A source of information and insight into all aspects of contemporary Greece.
Hellenic Resources Network
Greek Information.
Foundation of the Hellenic World
Promote the understanding of the past, to shape the present and the future.
Travelling Greece
Site on travel and tourism in Greece.

Cyprus
Profile of the Republic of Cyprus.

City Guides Athens
City of Athens
City of Athens portal.
Athens Greece
City Guide to Athens.
Athens Survival Guide
How to survive in Athens.

Other Cities:
Thessaloniki
Municipality of Thessaloniki (in Greek)
Piraeus
The Piraeus Prefecture.

Hotels
Hotels in Greece
Find Hotels in Greece.
 
Travel and Tour Consumer Information



Aegean Santorini
Santorini Island, located in the southern Aegean Sea


Education

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
The second Greek university, established 1925.
Athens University of Economics and Business
University level education in Economics and Business, founded 1920.
National and Capodistrian University of Athens
The first University in the newly-established Greek State, founded 1837.
National Technical University of Athens N.T.U.A.
Oldest educational institution of Greece in the field of technology, founded 1836.
 
Parthenon
Parthenon temple in Athens, part of the Acropolis complex was dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena.

Environmet & Nature

Hellinic Ministry for the Enviroment
Official website of the ministry.

National Center for Marine Research Institute of Oceanography
Site provides information about the Greek Poseidon Marine Monitor System.

ECOTOPIA
Environmental Research and Awareness Society

 
 

History

cultural reference Ancient Greece
All about the old Greeks.
The Ancient City of Athens
A photographic archive of the archaeological and architectural remains of ancient Athens.
Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki
Explore the cultural heritage of Central Macedonia.
Acropolis of Athens - 360 Virtual Tour
Multimedia tour of the Athens Acropolis.
Greek Mythology
Site about all the protagonists of the Greek mythology.
Hellenic History
Site about Greece history from Stone Age to Contemporary Greece.


Greek Philosophy
Index of Ancient Greek Philosophers and Scientists

 
Delphi
Archaeological Site of Delphi, site of the most important oracle in the classical Greek world.

Search

Hellas
Greek links.
Hellenic Resources Network
An Hellenic information network by the Hellenic Resources Institute.
FORTHnet
A comprehensive Greek index.
Phantis
Greek related news and information.

Additional Information on Greece

BBC NEWS Country profile: Greece
Governments on the WWW: Greece
Open Directory: Greece
Wikipedia: Greece
The World Factbook -- Greece
 
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Other Countries in the Mediterranean:
Albania | Algeria | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Croatia | Cyprus | Egypt | France | Gaza Strip | Israel | Italy
Lebanon | Libya | Macedonia, Rep. of | Malta | Monaco | Morocco | Slovenia | Spain | Syria | Tunisia | Turkey

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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.