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With an area of 132 000 km², Greece is slightly larger than half the size of the United Kingdom, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Alabama.
Greece has a population is about 11.5 million people (in 2016). Largest city and the national capital is Athens, spoken languages are Greek (official) and Turkish (predominantly spoken by a minority of Turks in Western Thrace).
Hellenic Republic | Elliniki Dhimokratia | Hellas
Greece has been inhabited since the Paleolithic era. In ancient times in Greece there have been three main civilizations, the Trojan civilization in Troy, the Cretan or Minoan civilization centered on Crete, and the Helladic or Mycenaean civilization of the Greek mainland. Greek's victory against the Persian invaders at the beginning of the 5th century strengthens Athens role as the leader of the Greek world and marks the beginning of an epoch that was called "The Golden Age of Pericles" in which Athens became the cradle of democracy itself. In the following Hellenistic Period Greek civilization has spread and Greek language became official in the eastern Mediterranean.
Followed by the Greco-Roman civilization and a long period of foreign occupation through Romans, French, Spanish and the Ottomans, Greece achieved its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830.
During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories with Greek-speaking populations. In 1945, Greece becomes a member of the UN.
Following the defeat of communist rebels in 1949, Greece joined NATO in 1952.
In 1967 a putsch takes place resulting in the military dictatorship that lasted seven years, suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country. Student anti-governmental revolts break out in the fall of 1973 and leads to the fall of the junta in July 1974.
Democratic elections in 1974 and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy; Greece joined the European Community or EC in 1981 (which became the EU in 1992).
short form: Ellas or Ellada
int'l long form: Hellenic Republic
int'l short form: Greece
former: Kingdom of Greece
ISO Country Code: gr, grc
Time Zone: EET - Eastern European Time
Local Time = UTC +2h
Actual Time: Fri-Oct-20 20:53
DST from March - October; UTC +3h
Country Calling Code: +30
Capital City: Athens
Greater Athens (pop. 3 566 000)
Municipality of Athens - local government cultural executive body.
Thessaloniki (750 000), Piraeus (880 000), Patras (170 000), Larissa (113 000), Iraklion (132 000).
Type: Parliamentary republic.
Independence: 1830 (from the Ottoman Empire).
Constitution: 11. June 1975, amended March 1986, April 2001.
Location: Southern Europe, bordering the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea, between Albania and Turkey.
Area: 132,000 km² (51,146 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Mountainous interior with coastal plains; 1,400 plus islands.
Highest point: Mytikas on Mount Olympus
Climate: Mediterranean; mild, wet winter and hot, dry summer.
Population: 11,5 million (2016)
Languages: Greek 99% (official); Turkish (Northern Greece), English.
Religions: Greek Orthodox 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%.
Bauxite, lignite, magnesite, oil, marble; Agriculture Products.
Wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, olives, tomatoes, wine, tobacco, potatoes; beef, dairy products.
Tourism; food and tobacco processing, textiles; chemicals, metal products; mining, petroleum.
Exports - commodities: food and beverages, manufactured goods, petroleum products, chemicals, textiles
Exports - partners: Italy 11.2%, Germany 7.3%, Turkey 6.6%, Cyprus 5.9%, Bulgaria 5.2%, USA 4.8%, UK 4.2%, Egypt 4% (2015)
Imports - commodities: machinery, transport equipment, fuels, chemicals
Imports - partners: Germany 10.7%, Italy 8.4%, Russia 7.9%, Iraq 7%, China 5.9%, Netherlands 5.5%, France 4.5% (2015)
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Image: © Thomas Wolf
Official Sites of GreeceNote: External links will open in a new browser window.
Prime Minister of the Hellenic Republic
Office of the Prime Minister of Greece.
The Greece Parliament's official site.
Hellenic Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Official site of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece.
Permanent Mission of Greece to the United Nations
Greece representation to the UN.
Embassy of Greece in the U.S.
Greek Diplomatic and Consular Missions
Address list of Greek Missions Abroad.
Foreign Missions in Greece
Address list of Foreign Missions in Greece.
The National Statistical Service of Greece
NSSG gives you Greece in figures.
Map of Greece
Political map of Greece
Administrative Map of Greece
Map of Greece with its first level administrative divisions.
Google Earth Greece
Searchable map and satellite view of Greece.
Google Earth - Athens
Searchable map and satellite view of the Greek capital city.
Google Earth - Acropolis of Athens
Labeled satellite view of the monuments of Acropolis of Athens.
Map of Cyprus
Map of the Mediterranean
Political Map of the Mediterranean.
Map of the Balkan Peninsula
Political Map of the Balkans.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
Athens-Macedonian News Agency (ANA-MPA)
The national news agency of Greece.
English-language daily news and information from Greece, Cyprus and Southeastern Europe.
Greek and English-language daily news from Greece and Southern Europe.
Greek daily (in Greek).
Greek daily (in Greek).
Greek news (in Greek and English).
Greek daily (in Greek).
The National Herald (Εθνικός Κήρυξ)
Bringing the news to generations of Greek-Americans.
Greek English-language news magazine with region related news and information.
Bookmark/share this page
Image: Christophe Meneboeuf
Arts & Culture
The Acropolis Museum (NAM) officially opened 20 June 2009.
see: Labeled satellite view of the monuments of Acropolis of Athens.
Greek National Opera
Home page of the Greek National Opera.
by the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
National Art Gallery
The Department of Conservation and Restoration of the National Gallery and Alexander Soutzos Museum.
The Hellenic Culture information server by the Hellenic Ministry of Culture.
Business & Economy
Bank of Greece
Greece Central Bank.
National Bank of Greece (NBG)
Greek's largest commercial bank.
Athens Stock Exchange
Athens Chamber of Commerce and Industry
The Greek Carrier.
Athens International Airport
Athens International Airport Eleftherios Venizelos.
Boat or Ferry to and from Greece.
Hellenic Railways OSE
Official site of the Hellenic Railways Organisation.
Image: Leonard G.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Greece - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Greece: Greece has an abundance of resources that tourists with ecological and cultural interests will find very attractive. Most attractive: Athens, the capital with the Acropolis complex, the Ionian Islands, the Cyclades, the Dodecanese islands, and the Sporades.
Greek National Tourism Organization
The Official Site of the Greek National Tourism Organization.
Greek Travel Guide
The official travel & tourism guide to Greece.
A source of information and insight into all aspects of contemporary Greece.
Hellenic Resources Network
Foundation of the Hellenic World
Promote the understanding of the past, to shape the present and the future.
Site on travel and tourism in Greece.
Profile of the Republic of Cyprus.
City Guides Athens
City of Athens
City of Athens portal.
City Guide to Athens.
Athens Survival Guide
How to survive in Athens.
Municipality of Thessaloniki (in Greek)
The Piraeus Prefecture.
Image: Thomas Wolf
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
The second Greek university, established 1925.
Athens University of Economics and Business
University level education in Economics and Business, founded 1920.
National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
The first University in the newly-established Greek State, founded 1837.
National Technical University of Athens N.T.U.A.
Oldest educational institution of Greece in the field of technology, founded 1836.
Environmet & Nature
Hellinic Ministry for the Enviroment
Official website of the ministry.
National Center for Marine Research Institute of Oceanography
Site provides information about the Greek Poseidon Marine Monitor System.
Sea Turtle Protection Society of Greece.
Greek ecological organization which focuses on saving the brown bear and its habitats.
Ecological Movement of Thessaloniki
Eco-political group active in Greece (in Greek).
Acropolis of Athens Temple Complex
© Greek National Tourism Organization
Image: Henrik Berger Jørgensen
All about the old Greeks.
The Ancient City of Athens
A photographic archive of the archaeological and architectural remains of ancient Athens.
Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki
Explore the cultural heritage of Central Macedonia.
Acropolis of Athens - 360 Virtual Tour
Multimedia tour of the Athens Acropolis.
Site about all the protagonists of the Greek mythology.
Site about Greece history from Stone Age to Contemporary Greece.
Index of Ancient Greek Philosophers and Scientists
Image: Arian Zwegers
Hellenic Resources Network
An Hellenic information network by the Hellenic Resources Institute.
Sources and additional Information on Greece
Amnesty International: Greece
BBC Country profile: Greece
The Heritage Foundation: Greece
Human Rights Watch: Greece
Reporters Without Borders: Greece
The World Factbook -- Greece
Other Countries in the Mediterranean:
Albania | Algeria | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Croatia | Cyprus | Egypt | France | Gaza Strip | Israel | Italy
Lebanon | Libya | Macedonia, Rep. of | Malta | Monaco | Morocco | Slovenia | Spain | Syria | Tunisia | Turkey
Other countries in the Balkan region:
Bulgaria | Macedonia, Rep. of | Montenegro | Romania | Serbia
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