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___ El Salvador

A virtual guide to El Salvador the "Land of the volcanoes", a mountainous country in western Central America bordering the Pacific ocean roughly in south, Guatemala in west and Honduras in north and it shares maritime borders with Nicaragua.
With an area of 21,000 sq km it is the smallest Central American country about the size of Slovenia or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Massachusetts. Its highest point is Cerro El Pital with 2,730 m.

El Salvador's population of 6 million people consists of 90% mestizo, 9% white , and just 1% Amerindian. Spoken languages are Spanish (official), and native languages such as Nahuan and Maya.

Read on to get comprehensive information on the nation in its diversity: the Salvadoran culture, history and geography, its economy, education, environment, population, and government.

San Salvador at Night, El Salvador
San Salvador at Night
© Ministerio de Turismo El Salvador


Republic of El Salvador | República de El Salvador

Country Profile

Flag of El Salvador
Flag of El Salvador

El Salvador is the smallest Central American country it achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839.
A 12-year civil war, which cost the lives of some 75 000 people, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a United Nations-brokered peace agreement that provided for military and political reforms.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Guatemala, Honduras
Where in Central America is El Salvador?

Official Name:
República de El Salvador
short form: El Salvador
int'l long form: Republic of El Salvador
int'l short form: El Salvador

ISO Country Code: sv

Time Zone:
Local Time = UTC -6h
Actual Time: Sun-Nov-29  09:52

Country Calling Code: +503

Capital City: San Salvador (pop. 600 000).

Other Cities:
Santa Ana (pop. 237 000), San Miguel (pop. 222,000), Ahuachapán (pop. 100 000), Soyapango (pop. 222,096), La Union.

Type: Republic.
Independence: on 15 September 1821 (from Spain). Constitution: 20 December 1983.

Location: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean in the south, between Guatemala and Honduras.
Area: 21,041 km² (8,123 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Mountains separate country into three distinct regions--southern coastal belt, central valleys and plateaus, and northern mountains.

Climate: Semitropical, tropical on coast; temperate in uplands, distinct wet and dry seasons.

Nationality: Salvadoran(s).
Population: 6.2 million (2011)
Ethnic Groups: mixed Indian and Spanish 90%, indigenous 1%, Caucasian 9%.
Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestants
Languages: Spanish.
Literacy: 75-80%

Natural resources: hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land.

Agriculture products: Coffee, sugar, livestock, corn, poultry, and sorghum

Industries: Food and beverage processing, textiles, footwear and clothing, chemical products, petroleum products, electronics.

Exports partners: USA 67.8%, Guatemala 11.5%, Honduras 5.9% (2003)

Imports partners: USA 50%, Guatemala 8.1%, Mexico 5.5% (2003)

Currency: Salvador Colon (SVC) and US Dollar (USD)

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Official Sites of El Salvador

El Salvador
Presidencia de la República de El Salvador - El Salvador's Presidency (in Spanish).

Asamblea Legislativa de la República de El Salvador
El Salvador's Legislative Assembly.

Ministerio de Gobernacion
Ministry of the Interior - e-government site with information and services on various topics related to El Salvador's government administration (in Spanish).

Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of El Salvador.

Diplomatic Missions
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in El Salvador
List of Foreign Embassies and Missions accredited in El Salvador.
Salvadoran Embassies and Missions Abroad
List of Salvadoran Diplomatic Missions Abroad.
Embajada de El Salvador
El Salvador's Embassy in the US, Washington D.C.


profile Map of El Salvador
General Map of El Salvador with department borders.
Google Earth Google Earth El Salvador
Searchable map and satellite view of El Salvador.
Google Earth Google Earth San Salvador
Searchable map and satellite view El Salvador's capital city.

Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean. 


According to BBC the press freedom in El Salvador is guaranteed under the constitution, and the media freely and routinely criticise the government and report on opposition activities.

News papers
El Diario de Hoy
El Salvador News paper (in Spanish)
El Faro
Weekly with local and Latin American news (in Spanish)
Diario Co Latino
El Salvador News (Spanish)
Diario El Mundo
El Salvador News (in Spanish).
La Prensa Gráfica
El Salvador News paper (in Spanish)

Agape TV (Canal 8)
Canal 12
Canal Cuatro (Canal 4)
Telecorporación Salvadoreña
A group of local television stations formed by channels 2, 4, 6, and VTV.

Corporación YSKL
Group of Salvadoran radio stations.
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Arts & Culture

Cuscatlán, the "Land of Precious Things" with Literature and Art of El Salvador. (in Spanish)
League of Salvadoran Artists and Writers - UNARTES
Association of writers and other Salvadoran artists.
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Business & Economy

Banco Central de Reserva de El Salvador
The Central Bank of El Salvador controls the currency rate and regulates certain economic activities within the country.
Bolsa de Valores de El Salvador
El Salvador Stock Exchange.
Camara de Comercio e Industria de El Salvador
Chamber of Commerce and Industry El Salvador.

Fundación Salvadoreña para Investigaciones del Café
All about Salvadoran coffee.

__ Transportation
Grupo TACA
The flag airline of El Salvador. TACA International is a group of airlines, with a hub at Comalapa International Airport in San Salvador.

Destination El Salvador - Country Guides

El Salvador Tourism
The Official Visitor Guide to El Salvador.

Ministerio de Turismo de El Salvador
Ministry of tourism of El Salvador (in Spanish).

San Salvador
San Salvador
Site of the city government of San Salvador (in Spanish).

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Universidad Centroamericana "José Simeón Cañas"
Official website of the San Salvador located private university.
Universidad de El Salvador UES
The official site of the university, the oldest and one of the most prominent educational institutions in El Salvador. It serves as the national university of the country (in Spanish).
Universidad Francisco Gavidia
The official university site (in Spanish).
Universidad Tecnologica de El Salvador
Official site with university, library and campus information (in Spanish).

Environment & Nature

Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales - MARN
El Salvador's Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources.

Salvadoran Research Program on Development and Environment (PRISMA)
Non-governmental organization seeks to influence local actions and national and regional initiatives, by promoting and developing territorial and resource management approaches that can strengthen rural livelihoods while furthering the sustainable management of natural resources.
Volcanoe Izalco, El Salvador
Volcanoe Izalco © Ministerio de Turismo El Salvador


History of El Salvador
A Country Study, the Library of Congress.

History of El Salvador
Wikipedia article about the history of El Salvador.

Oscar Romero
Wikipedia article about the Salvadoran Archbishop Oscar Romero, a well-known critic of violence and injustice in El Salvador, he was assassinated on 24 March 1980.
Tazumal Chalchuapa Santaana, El Salvador
Maya ruin Tazumal near Chalchuapa, Santa Ana
© Ministerio de Turismo El Salvador

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Other Countries of Middle and Central America:
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