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___ El SalvadorA virtual guide to El Salvador the "Land of the volcanoes", a mountainous country in western Central America bordering the Pacific ocean roughly in south, Guatemala in west and Honduras in north and it shares maritime borders with Nicaragua.
With an area of 21,000 sq km it is the smallest Central American country about the size of Slovenia or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Massachusetts. Its highest point is Cerro El Pital with 2,730 m.
El Salvador's population of 6 million people consists of 90% mestizo, 9% white , and just 1% Amerindian. Spoken languages are Spanish (official), and native languages such as Nahuan and Maya.
Read on to get comprehensive information on the nation in its diversity: the Salvadoran culture, history and geography, its economy, education, environment, population, and government.
Republic of El Salvador | República de El Salvador
Flag of El Salvador
El Salvador is the smallest Central American country it achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839.
A 12-year civil war, which cost the lives of some 75 000 people, was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a United Nations-brokered peace agreement that provided for military and political reforms.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
border countries: Guatemala, Honduras
República de El Salvador
short form: El Salvador
int'l long form: Republic of El Salvador
int'l short form: El Salvador
ISO Country Code: sv
Local Time = UTC -6h
Actual Time: Sun-Jan-22 08:07
Country Calling Code: +503
Capital City: San Salvador (pop. 600 000).
Santa Ana (pop. 237 000), San Miguel (pop. 222,000), Ahuachapán (pop. 100 000), Soyapango (pop. 222,096), La Union.
Independence: on 15 September 1821 (from Spain). Constitution: 20 December 1983.
Location: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean in the south, between Guatemala and Honduras.
Area: 21,041 km² (8,123 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Mountains separate country into three distinct regions--southern coastal belt, central valleys and plateaus, and northern mountains.
Climate: Semitropical, tropical on coast; temperate in uplands, distinct wet and dry seasons.
Population: 6.4 million (2015)
Ethnic Groups: mixed Indian and Spanish 90%, indigenous 1%, Caucasian 9%.
Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestants
Natural resources: hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land.
Agriculture products: Coffee, sugar, livestock, corn, poultry, and sorghum
Industries: Food and beverage processing, textiles, footwear and clothing, chemical products, petroleum products, electronics.
Exports partners: USA 67.8%, Guatemala 11.5%, Honduras 5.9% (2003)
Imports partners: USA 50%, Guatemala 8.1%, Mexico 5.5% (2003)
Currency: Salvador Colon (SVC) and US Dollar (USD)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of El SalvadorEl Salvador
Presidencia de la República de El Salvador - El Salvador's Presidency (in Spanish).
Asamblea Legislativa de la República de El Salvador
El Salvador's Legislative Assembly.
Ministerio de Gobernacion
Ministry of the Interior - e-government site with information and services on various topics related to El Salvador's government administration (in Spanish).
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of El Salvador.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in El Salvador
List of Foreign Embassies and Missions accredited in El Salvador.
Salvadoran Embassies and Missions Abroad
List of Salvadoran Diplomatic Missions Abroad.
Embajada de El Salvador
El Salvador's Embassy in the US, Washington D.C.
Map of El Salvador
General Map of El Salvador with department borders.
Google Earth El Salvador
Searchable map and satellite view of El Salvador.
Google Earth San Salvador
Searchable map and satellite view El Salvador's capital city.
Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean.
NewsAccording to BBC the press freedom in El Salvador is guaranteed under the constitution, and the media freely and routinely criticise the government and report on opposition activities.
El Diario de Hoy
El Salvador News paper (in Spanish)
Weekly with local and Latin American news (in Spanish)
Diario Co Latino
El Salvador News (Spanish)
Diario El Mundo
El Salvador News (in Spanish).
La Prensa Gráfica
El Salvador News paper (in Spanish)
Agape TV (Canal 8)
Canal Cuatro (Canal 4)
A group of local television stations formed by channels 2, 4, 6, and VTV.
Group of Salvadoran radio stations.
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Arts & CultureCuscatlán
Cuscatlán, the "Land of Precious Things" with Literature and Art of El Salvador. (in Spanish)
League of Salvadoran Artists and Writers - UNARTES
Association of writers and other Salvadoran artists.
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Business & EconomyBanco Central de Reserva de El Salvador
The Central Bank of El Salvador controls the currency rate and regulates certain economic activities within the country.
Bolsa de Valores de El Salvador
El Salvador Stock Exchange.
Camara de Comercio e Industria de El Salvador
Chamber of Commerce and Industry El Salvador.
Fundación Salvadoreña para Investigaciones del Café
All about Salvadoran coffee.
The flag airline of El Salvador. TACA International is a group of airlines, with a hub at Comalapa International Airport in San Salvador.
Destination El Salvador - Country Guides
El Salvador Tourism
The Official Visitor Guide to El Salvador.
Ministerio de Turismo de El Salvador
Ministry of tourism of El Salvador (in Spanish).
Site of the city government of San Salvador (in Spanish).
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
EducationUniversidad Centroamericana "José Simeón Cañas"
Official website of the San Salvador located private university.
Universidad de El Salvador UES
The official site of the university, the oldest and one of the most prominent educational institutions in El Salvador. It serves as the national university of the country (in Spanish).
Universidad Francisco Gavidia
The official university site (in Spanish).
Universidad Tecnologica de El Salvador
Official site with university, library and campus information (in Spanish).
Environment & NatureMinisterio de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales - MARN
El Salvador's Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources.
Salvadoran Research Program on Development and Environment (PRISMA)
Non-governmental organization seeks to influence local actions and national and regional initiatives, by promoting and developing territorial and resource management approaches that can strengthen rural livelihoods while furthering the sustainable management of natural resources.
Volcanoe Izalco © Ministerio de Turismo El Salvador
HistoryHistory of El Salvador
A Country Study, the Library of Congress.
History of El Salvador
Wikipedia article about the history of El Salvador.
Wikipedia article about the Salvadoran Archbishop Oscar Romero, a well-known critic of violence and injustice in El Salvador, he was assassinated on 24 March 1980.
Maya ruin Tazumal near Chalchuapa, Santa Ana
© Ministerio de Turismo El Salvador
Motor de Búsqueda Salvadoreño (in Spanish).
Directorio y Listado de Sitios Web de El Salvador - Index of El Salvador websites (in Spanish).
Additional Information on El SalvadorBBC News Country Profile: El Salvador
LANIC: El Salvador
Latin American Network Information Center on El Salvador.
Open Directory Project: El Salvador
Wikipedia: El Salvador
The World Factbook -- El Salvador
Other Countries of Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama
Countries in South America:
Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Uruguay | Suriname | Venezuela
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