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___ Poland

A virtual guide to Poland, a country in central Europe with a coastline on the Baltic Sea in north.Tthe Republic of Poland is bordered by Germany in west, the Czech Republic in south west, Slovakia in south, Ukraine in south east, Belarus in east and Lithuania and Russia in north east.
This page aims to give you a broad overview of Poland's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile, the page contains links to sources which provide you with information you need to know about this Central European nation, e.g.: official web sites of Poland, addresses of Polish and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Poland.

Presidential Palace
Presidential Palace - Warsaw © MFA Poland
 

Republic of Poland | Rzeczpospolita Polska

Country Profile



Flag of Poland
Flag of Poland

Background:
Poland gained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite country following the war, but one that was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union "Solidarity" (Solidarność) that over time became a political force and by 1990 had swept parliamentary elections and the presidency.
A "shock therapy" program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe, boosting hopes for acceptance to the EU. Poland becoming a full member of the EU on 1 May 2004.

 
where in Europe is Poland?

Official Name:
Rzeczpospolita Polska
short form: Polska
int'l long form: Republic of Poland
int'l short form: Poland

ISO Country Code: pl

Time:
Time Zone: Central European Time (CET)
Local Time = UTC +1h (in summer +2h)
Actual Time: Thu-Oct-2  00:19

Country Calling Code: +48

Capital City: Warsaw (Warszawa; pop. 1.7 million)

Other Cities: Lodz (776 000), Krakow (758 000), Wroclaw (637 000), Poznan (573 000), Gdansk (460 000).


Government:
Type: Republic.
Constitution: approved by national referendum on 25 May 1997.

Geography:
Location: Central Europe, east of Germany.
Area: 312,685 km² (120,727 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Flat plain, except mountains along southern border.

Climate: Temperate with both maritime and continental elements.

People:
Nationality: Noun--Pole(s). Adjective--Polish.
Population: 38.5 million (2011 census)
Ethnic groups: Polish 98%, German, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Lithuanian.
Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, Eastern Orthodox, Uniate, Protestant, Judaism.
Languages: Polish.
Literacy: 99%.

Natural resources: Coal, copper, sulfur, natural gas, silver, lead, salt.

Agriculture products: Grains, hogs, dairy, potatoes, horticulture, sugar beets, oilseed.

Industries: Machine building, iron and steel, coal mining, chemicals, shipbuilding, food processing, glass, beverages, textiles.

Exports partners: Germany 30%, Italy 6%, France 6%, UK 5.4%, Czech Republic 4.3%, Netherlands 4.3% (2004)

Imports partners: Germany 24.4%, Italy 8%, Russia 7.2%, France 6.7%, China 4.6% (2004)

Currency: Zloty (PLN)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Poland


President of the Republic of Poland
Poland's President.

Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland
Chancellery of the Prime Minister.

Poland's Parliament
Sejm
The lower chamber of the Parliament.
Senat
The upper chamber of the Parliament.


Ministry of Foreign Affairs
MOFA Poland.

Diplomatic Missions
Polish Missions Abroad
Address list of Polish Missions Abroad.
Foreign Embassies in Poland
Address list of Foreign Embassies in Poland.


Statistics
Polska Statystyka Publiczna
The Central Statistical Office of Poland.

Weather
Instytut Meteorologii i Gospodarki Wodnej (IMGW)
Institute of Meteorology and Water Management.

Maps
profile Map of Poland
Political Map of Poland.
profile Administrative Map of Poland Regions
Map showing the administrative divisions of Poland.
Google Earth Google Earth Poland (Polska)
Searchable map/satellite view of Poland.
Google Earth Google Earth Warsaw (Warszawa)
Searchable map/satellite view of Poland's capital city.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.

Tatra Mountains
Tatra Mountains © MFA Poland

 

Poland News

Gazeta Wyborcza
National and international news (in Polish)
Warsaw Business Journal
Business and finance.
The Warsaw Voice
Polish and Central European Review.
Wprost
National and international news (in Polish).

Poland.pl
Poland portal site provides news in English.

Polska Agencja Prasowa
Polish Press Agency.

TV
TVP.PL - Telewizja Polska S.A.
Polish television (in Polish)
 

 

Arts & Culture

Culture.pl
Portal website about Polish culture.

Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849)
Comprehensive Chopin website, created under the supervision of the Fryderyk Chopin Society, offers a great deal of information about the Poland born composer.

Krzysztof Kieslowski
Wikipedia page about the Polish Filmmaker.

Konrad Korzeniowski - Joseph Conrad
A chronology of Joseph Conrad's life and works.

Joseph Conrad
More information about Joseph Conrad, a Polish-born English novelist, by the Joseph Conrad Society (UK).
Conrad is regarded as one of the greatest novelists.

INTERIA.PL
Poland portal site (in Polish)

Museums:
Poznan National Museum
The museum is a national institution of culture and one of the largest museums in Poland. It comprise a collection of Polish and European art (Italian, Spanish, Dutch and German).
National Museum Warsaw
The museum is a national institution of culture, and one of the largest museums in Poland. It comprise a rich collection of ancient art (Egyptian, Greek, Roman), an extensive gallery of Polish painting since the 16th century and a collection of foreign painting (Italian, French, Dutch, German and Russian).
 
Palace Izrael Poznanski
Palace Izrael Poznanski © MFA Poland
 

Business & Economy

Narodowy Bank Polski
National Bank of Poland
Warsaw Stock Exchange
Official website of the Warsaw Stock Exchange.

Transportation
Airlines
LOT
Polish Airlines.

Airport
Warsaw Frederic Chopin Airport
Poland's busiest airport.

Rail
Polskie Koleje Państwowe SA
PKP Polish Railroad (Polish)
PKP Intercity
PKP Polish Intercity (Polish)
Polrail
The rail travel guide takes you through the basics of taking a train trip in Poland.
 
 

Destination Poland - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Poland: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Polish Tourist Organization
Website of the countrywide system of Internet tourist information and Poland's promotion, presented and managed by the Polish Tourist Organization.


Polska
Informative Poland portal site of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.


Cities
Warszawa
Official site of Poland's capital city.
Gdansk(Danzig)
The city of Gdansk the Polish maritime capital.
Krakow
The city of Krakow is the second largest and one of the oldest cities in Poland.
Poznan
Poznan is one of the richest cities in historical monuments in Poland.
Wroclaw (Breslau)
Official website of the multicultural municipality, the former capital of Silesia.

Hotels
Hotels in Poland
Find a Hotel in Poland.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Bristol Hotel Warsaw
Bristol Hotel Warsaw © MFA Poland

Education

University of Gdansk
Largest institute of higher education in the Pomeranian region.
Uniwersytet Lodzki
University of Lodz
Uniwersytet Wroclawski
University of Wroclaw, largest city in the West of Poland.
Uniwersytet Warszawski
Warsaw University, founded in 1816 is the biggest and most respected university in Poland.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Ministry of the Environment
Website of the ministry.
National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management
Official website of the fund.

Polish Nature
Comprehensive site about Polish nature - its main values and the problems it is facing.

The Board of Polish National Parks
A guide to the Polish National Parks.

Polish Society for the Protection of Birds
Website of the society (in Polish)
Polish Society of Wildlife Friends "pro Natura"
Information about the activities of the society (in Polish).



 
 

History

State Archives Poland
Poland's National Archives.
Polish Archives
"Polish Archives” section of Poland.pl presents the most valuable documents concerning important and interesting facts of Polish history, taken from two central national repositories: the Central Archives of Historical Records and the Archives of Modern Records.
Polish History on the Internet
Annotated links to information about Poland's history.
The History of Poland
Poland's history from the origins to Post War Poland.
Solidarność
Site about the Independent Self-governing Trade Union "Solidarity" originally led by Lech Wałęsa, which has changed Poland.
WWW-Virtual Library - Polish History Index
Index of sites related to Polish art and culture history.
 
Museum of Mazovian Countryside
Museum of Mazovian Countryside © MFA

Search

Polish World
Index - Internet Guide to Poland and Polonia.


Additional Information on Poland

BBC News Country Profile: Poland

Background Notes: Poland

Open Directory Project: Poland

REENIC: Poland
Russian and East European Network Information Center on Poland.

Wikipedia: Poland

The World Factbook -- Poland





 
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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.