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___ Egypt

Destination Egypt, a country in northeastern Africa on the Mediterranean Sea. The population of Egypt is concentrated chiefly along the fertile valley of the Nile River because the rest of the country is largely desert.
Egypt's history spans 5,000 years: the ancient kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt were ruled successively by 31 dynasties.

This page is about many aspects of the modern and the ancient Egypt. Here you will find comprehensive information about Egypt in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and ancient history.
You will have access to newspapers from Egypt and you will find extensive travel and tourism information for Egypt.
Egypt Cairo
Cairo: Mosque Sultan Hassan and Mosque Al Rifai

Arab Republic of Egypt | Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah

Country Profile

Egypt Flag
Flag of Egypt

In about 3100 B.C., Egypt was united under a ruler known as Mena, or Menes, who inaugurated the 30 pharaonic dynasties into which Egypt's ancient history is divided -- the Old and the Middle Kingdoms and the New Empire. The pyramids at Giza (near Cairo), which were built in the fourth dynasty, testify the power of the pharaonic religion and state.

Egypt is the most populous country in the Arab world. Nominally independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty following World War II.
The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile river in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt.

A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society. The government has struggled to ready the economy for the new millennium through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure.

In January 2011, a popular protest began against the Mubarak government, the objective of the protest was for the removal of Mubarak from power. Hosni Mubarak ruled the country since 14 October 1981. The former Egyptian politician and military commander was ousted after 18 days of demonstrations during the what is today known as the 2011 Egyptian revolution.
(Source: various sources)

Egypt is a member state of the League of Arab States

border countries: Palestinian territory (Gaza Strip), Israel, Libya, Sudan

related countries: United Kingdom
where in Africa is Egypt?

Official Name:
Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah
Short form: Misr
Int'l short form: Egypt
Int'l long form: Arab Republic of Egypt
former: United Arab Republic (with Syria)

ISO Country Code: eg

Actual Time: Tue-Jan-17  19:12
Local Time = UTC +2h
Egypt does not observe Daylight Saving Time (DST) since 2011

Country Calling Code: +20

Capital City: Cairo (al-Qa hirah)
(pop. estimated 19 million in metropolitan area)

Other Cities:
Alexandria (6 million), Aswan, Asyut, Port Said, Suez, Ismailia

Type: Republic run by a Military junta
Independence: 1922 (from the UK)
Constitution: 1971

Location:Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip
Area: 1 million sq. km (386 000 sq. mi.)
Terrain: mostly Desert, except the Nile valley and delta.

Climate: Dry, hot summers; moderate winters

Nationality: Egyptian(s)
Population: 90 million (2015)
Ethnic groups: Egyptian, Bedouin Arab, Nubian
Religions: Sunni Muslim 90%, Coptic Christian
Languages: Arabic (official), English, French
Literacy--total adult: 55.2%, male: 66.6%, female: 43.6%.

Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc.

Agriculture products: Cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits, vegetables; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats.

Industries: Textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals.

Currency: Egyptian Pound (EGP)

Egypt in Figures
Egypt key statistical data.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Egypt

Some of the Government websites are still down or under reconstruction.

The Egyptian Presidency
President of the Arab Republic of Egypt. (the site is under development and reconstruction)

E-GOV Services Portal
Egypt's e-government portal.

Cabinet of Ministers
Official website of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Arab Republic of Egypt.

Egypt's People Assembly
The Egypt Parliament.

Egyptian Shoura Assembly
The Senate.

Egypt State Information Service
Egypt State Information Service.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
MOFA Egypt.

Diplomatic Missions
Egyptian Embassy in Berlin (Germany)
Embassy of Egypt
Embassy of Egypt in the U.S., Washington D.C. (site is down)
Egyptian Missions Abroad
Addresses of Egypt's Missions abroad.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Egypt
Addresses of foreign diplomatic representations in Egypt.

Central agency for public mobilization and statistics.

Egypt in Figures
Egypt key statistical data.

Egyptian Meteorological Authority (EMA)


profile Map of Egypt
Political Map of Egypt.
Administrative Map of Egypt
Map shows the governorates of Egypt.
Map of Sinai Peninsula
Google Earth Google Earth Egypt
Searchable map/satellite view of Egypt.
Google Earth Google Earth Cairo
Searchable map/satellite view of Egypt's capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Alexandria
Searchable map/satellite view of Egypt's second largest city Alexandria.
Google Earth Pyramids near Cairo
Satellite view of the Pyramids.
Google Earth Google Earth: Sahara in Southern Egypt
Satellite view/map of Irrigation in the Sahara in South Egypt.

profile Map of Western Asia
Map of South Western Asia and the Middle East.
Map of Northern Africa and the Middle East
Political Map of of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East.
Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
Relief Map of Africa.


According to BBC, Egypt is a major regional media player. Its press is one of the most influential and widely-read in the region, and its TV and film industry supplies much of the Arab-speaking world with shows from its Media Production City -MPC an information and media complex located near Cairo.
Former President Hosni Mubarak's departure in early 2011 precipitated an editorial u-turn among state media outlets that had served for decades as government mouthpieces.

Al Ahram Daily
News from Egypt. (Arabic)
Al Ahram Weekly
English language weekly online edition.
Daily Newspaper (in Arabic)
Cairo Press Review
Press review of Arabic newspapers by Egypt State Information Service.
The Egyptian Gazette
English-language Egyptian daily, part of the Al Gomhuria group of news publications.
Egypt Today
Egypt monthly magazine covers politics, society, culture, travel, and environment.
Middle East Time
The uncensored online edition of the Egypt based newspaper.
El Tahrir
Home of several Arabic Newspapers.

Middle East News Agency (MENA)
Egyptian publicly-funded news agency, but its service is only for subscribers.

Egypt Radio Television Union (ERTU)
The public broadcaster of Egypt. ERTU operates domestic and satellite networks, including Nile TV International and Nile TV thematic channels, it is operated by the Egyptian government.

Dream TV
A private satellite network, operates two channels: Dream 1 targeting young viewers and Dream 2, an entertainment channel.

Mehwar TV Channel
The private channel covers current events and has a particular focus on Egyptian topics.

Egypt Radio Television Union (ERTU)
ERTU operates eight national networks and external services Radio Cairo and Voice of the Arabs.
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Arts & Culture

__Museums & Libraries
Bibliotheca Alexandrina
The revival of the Ancient Library of Alexandria, dedicated to be a center of culture, science and academic research.
Egyptian Museum
Collections of Egyptian artifacts, established in 1835.
Museums in Egypt
Information about Museums in Egypt by Tour Egypt.

Business & Economy

Bank al-Markaz al-Misr
Central Bank of Egypt.
National Bank of Egypt
NBE is the oldest commercial bank in Egypt.

Cairo and Alexandria Stock Exchanges
The Egypt-based Exchange
Egyptian Stocks
Egyptian capital market stock quotes.
Nile Stock Exchange (NILEX)
The market for growing medium and small companies.

Egyptian Exporters Association
EEA is a nonprofit organization founded by the Egyptian private sector exporters.

Egypt Yellow Pages
Egypt Yellow Pages is the official publisher of Yellow Pages in Egypt.

The Egypt Airline.

Egypt International Airports:
City, Location: Alexandria, El Nhouza Airport, IATA Airport code: ALY
City, Location: Aswan, Daraw Airport, IATA Airport code: ASW
City, Location: Cairo Int'l, IATA Airport code: CAI
City, Location: Hurghada Int'l, IATA Airport code: HRG
City, Location: Luxor, IATA Airport code: LXR
City, Location: Sharm El Sheikh, IATA Airport code: SSH

International Airports around the world

Destination Egypt - Country Guides

Tourists are safe in Egypt In regard to the latest events in Egypt that started on January 25th 2011, it is worth mentioning that Egypt’s guests at any of the tourism destinations were entirely safe from any danger or harassments.
(Statement by the Egyptian Tourist Authority, February 2011)

Egyptian Tourist Authority
Official site for the Government Tourist Offices in the Americas.

Tour Egypt
An Egypt guide with over 15,000 pages of information about every aspect of travel, ancient and modern Egypt.

Cities in Egypt:
Alexandria, Cairo, Luxor, Port Said, Sharm el-Sheikh, Suez
Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Ain Shams University
The third Egyptian University, founded in 1950
Al-Azhar University
Chief centre of Islamic and Arabic learning in the world, founded in 970.
Cairo University
Giza, Middle East's largest University, founded in 1908.
Central Library Cairo University
The website of the library (by now only in Arabic).

Environment & Nature Organizations Egypt

Government Bodies
Ministry of State For Environmental Affairs
Official website of the Ministry for Environmental Affairs.
Egyptian - Italian Environmental Cooperation Programme EIECP
Governments cooperation for the conservation and rehabilitation of natural, cultural and man-made environments.

Egypt NGOs
Wadi Environmental Science Centre
A "sustainable development" and "industrial ecology" demonstration and training center.

Cairo's recollections online - Egypt's first website and a journey into bygone days of Egypt.

additional sites:
A Brief Review of Modern Egyptian History
The middle of the Eighteenth century can be considered as starting point in recounting the history of modern Egypt.

History of Egypt
From Ancient to Modern History of Egypt by Egypt TourismNet.

Ancient Egypt
Stockholm Challenge Award The Archeological Map of Egypt
The project puts all the Egyptian archeological sites on a multimedia geographic information system to document the Egyptian archeological heritage.

Abzu Regional Index: Egypt
Index of resources for the study of ancient Egypt, Oriental Institute, University of Chicago.
Ancient Egypt
The British Museum's web site on ancient Egypt, includes information on Egyptian life, gods and goddesses, mummification, rulers, pyramids, temples, time, trade, and writing.
Ancient Egypt Online
A UK based site dedicated to the culture, language, religion and history of Ancient Egypt.
The Ancient Egypt Site
The history, language and culture of Ancient Egypt by Egyptologist Jacques Kinnaer.
Centre for Computer-aided Egyptological Research (CCER)
The use of Egyptological data on computers.
Eternal Egypt
Site about five thousand years of Egyptian civilization, view artifacts, interactive maps and timelines.
Guardian's Egypt
A cyberjourney to Ancient Egypt
International Association of Egyptologists
Egyptology international.
A modern journal of Ancient Egypt.
The Pharaonic Village
A journey back in time.


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