Image: Christian Mehlführer
a small country in southeastern Europe south of Austria. Formerly a constituent republic of Yugoslavia, it is also bordered by Croatia, Hungary, and Italy. The country is almost landlocked, it has a short (46 km) coastline at the Adriatic Sea between Italy and Croatia.
Flag of Slovenia
Slovenia occupies an area of 20,273 km², this is about half the size of Switzerland or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of New Jersey.
The country has a population of 2,064,000 people (in 2016). Largest city and capital is Ljubljana with about 278,000 residents (in 2015). Spoken languages are Slovenian (official; 91%) and Serbo-Croatian (4.5%). The major religion is Christianity (about 60%).
Slovenia's weather is influenced by the Alps and the Adriatic Sea, it has a Mediterranean climate on the coast, and a continental climate in the plateaus and valleys to the east.
Republic of Slovenia | Republika Slovenija
The south central European country Slovenia stretches between the Adriatic Sea and the Alps. In 1918 the Slovenes joined the Serbs and Croats in forming a new nation named Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, the country was renamed to Yugoslavia in 1929.
After World War II, Slovenia became a republic of the renewed Yugoslavia, which though communist, distanced itself from Moscow's rule. Dissatisfied with the exercise of power of the majority Serbs, the Slovenes succeeded in establishing their independence in 1991. Since then, Slovenia has successfully integrated into the international community and is becoming a full member of the European Union and joins NATO.
related countries: Germany
short form: Slovenija
int'l short form: Slovenia
int'l long form: Republic of Slovenia
ISO Country Code: si
Time Zone: CET - Central European Time
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Sun-Jan-22 15:12
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)
Country Calling Code: +386
Capital City: Ljubljana (pop. 267 000)
Maribor (110 668), Kranj (51 225), Celje (48 081), Koper (47 539).
Type: Parliamentary democratic republic.
Independence: 25 June 1991, Slovenia declared independence from Yugoslavia.
Constitution: 23 December 1991.
Location: Central Europe, eastern Alps bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Austria and Croatia.
Area: 20,273 km² (7,906 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Alps mountains rising to more than 2 800 meters (8 200 ft.) in the north, wide plateaus over 1000 meters (3 280 ft.) high in the southeast, Karst limestone region of caves in the south-southwest, hills in the east, and approximately 50 kilometers (39 mi.) of coastline on the Adriatic Sea.
Climate: Mixture of continental, Alpine and Mediterranean climate, with cold winters and warm summers.
Nationality: Noun--Slovene(s). Adjective--Slovenian.
Population: 2 million (in 2016)
Ethnic groups: Slovenes 83.06%, Croats 1.81%, Serbs 1.98%, Bosniaks 1.10%, Hungarians 0.32%, Montenegrins 0.14%, Macedonians 0.20%, Albanians 0.31%, Italians 0.11%, Roma 0.17%.
Religions: Roman Catholic 57.8%, refused to reply 15.7%, atheist 10.1%, Orthodox Christian 2.3%, Muslim 2.4%.
Languages: Slovene (official). Hungarian, Italian are spoken in the border regions, and German fluency is common near the Austrian border. Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian are spoken by a minority (6%). English is widely understood by business people and students.
Natural resources: Coal, mercury, timber.
Agriculture products: Potatoes, hops, wheat, sugar beets, corn, grapes; cattle, sheep, poultry.
Industries: Ferrous metallurgy and aluminum products, lead and zinc smelting, electronics (including military electronics), trucks, electric power equipment, wood products, textiles, chemicals, machine tools.
Exports - commodities: manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food
Exports - partners: Germany 19.1%, Italy 10.6%, Austria 8%, Croatia 6.8%, Slovakia 4.7%, Hungary 4.4%, France 4.2% (2015)
Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, chemicals, fuels and lubricants, food
Imports - partners: Germany 16.5%, Italy 13.6%, Austria 10.2%, China 5.5%, Croatia 5.1%, Turkey 4% (2015)
Currency: Euro since 1.1.2007.
Slovenia in Figures
Key statistical data of Slovenia.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of Slovenia
Slovenia is a republic with a parliamentary democracy and a multi-party system. The president is the head of state, he is elected by popular vote.
Predsednik Republike Slovenije
Government of the Republic of Slovenia
The official government's website provides information on important government-related events.
Office of Slovenia's Prime Minister.
The National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia.
Slovenia E-government information portal.
Government Public Relations and Media Office
Comprehensive information about Slovenia and its government.
Ministrstvo za Zunanje Zadeve
Slovenia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Slovenia to the United Nations
Official site of the Permanent Representation of Slovenia to the UN.
Embassy of the Republic of Slovenia in Washington, D.C.
Embassy of the Republic of Slovenia to the U.S.
Embassy of Slovenia in the UK
Slovenia Embassy in London UK.
List of Diplomatic Missions of Slovenia
Adresses of Slovenian Missions abroad.
Foreign Missions in Slovenia
List of Foreign Diplomatic Representations in Slovenia.
Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
Slovenia in figures.
Agencija Republike Slovenije za okolje
Slovenian Hydrometeorological Institute (in Slovene).
Map of Slovenia
Political Map of Slovenia.
Google Earth Slovenia
Searchable map and satellite view and map of Slovenia.
Google Earth Ljubljana
Searchable map and satellite view of Slovenia's capital city.
Map of the Mediterranean
Political Map of the Mediterranean.
Map of the Balkan Peninsula
Political Map of the Balkans.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
Image: Human write
National and international news (in Slovene).
Internet-based daily news (in Slovene).
Economic, political and social news.
Slovenska tiskovna agencija - STA
Slovene Press Agency.
Daily Newspaper (in Slovene).
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & CultureKobilarna LIPICA
Site of the Stud Farm Lipica and Lipizzan horses.
National Museum of Slovenia/Narodni Muzej
Cultural and scientific institution.
National and University Library
The Slovenian Philharmonic
Slovene National Theatre Maribor
Drama, Opera and Ballet at Maribor.
Business & EconomyBanka Slovenije
Bank of Slovenia.
Ljubljana Stock Exchange
Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Slovenia
Slovenian Trade and Investment Promotion Agency (TIPO)
Ljubljana based national carrier of Slovenia.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Slovenia - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Slovenija: Ljubljana, Maribor, Istria, Koper, Lippiza, the Emerald, Wind, Amber, Sun, Peddler, and Goldenhorn routes.
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, rafting, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.
Welcome to Slovenia
Country information by the Slovenian Tourist Board.
A Slovenia profile by Government Public Relations and Media Office.
Slovenia travel and country information.
A virtual guide of Slovenia with images and 3D- 360° panoramas.
Site of the stud farm Lipica and Lipizzan horses.
The Municipality of Ljubljana.
Ljubljana Tourist Information Portal
A visitors guide to Ljubljana.
The Municipality of Koper.
Tourism in Koper
The official tourism information for the city of Koper.
A tourism guide to the city of Maribor.
Hotels in Slovenia
Find a Hotel in Slovenia.
EducationUniverza v Ljubljani
The university of Ljubljana, first Slovenian university, founded in 1917.
Univerza v Mariboru
The university of Maribor (UM)
Science and Research
Jozef Stefan Institute
The leading Slovenian research organisation in the fields of natural sciences and technology.
Slovenian Current Research Information System (SICRIS)
Environment & NatureGovernmental Bodies
Ministrstvo za okolje in prostor
Official website of the Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning.
MOP - Agencija RS za okolje
Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia.
Non Governmental Organizations
Greenpeace na Slovensku
Za Matku Zem
Slovak NGO of natural environment and human rights protectors.
HistoryHistorical Archives Ljubljana
Historical overview of Slovenia's history by the Government Public Relations and Media Office.
A guide to virtual Slovenia.
Slovenia portal (in Slovene).
Another guide to virtual Slovenia (in Slovene).
Additional Information on SloveniaBBC News Country Profile: Slovenia
Open Directory Project: Slovenia
The World Factbook -- Slovenia
Other Countries in the Mediterranean:
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Malta | Monaco | Morocco | Spain | Syria | Tunisia | Turkey
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