Eruption of the Great Geysir in Haukadalur valley, Iceland. It is the first geyser known to scholarship, i.e., it is the first geyser ever described in a printed source and the earliest geyser known to Europeans..
Image: Dieter Schweizer
___ IcelandDestination Iceland, an island country in the North Atlantic Ocean, just south of the Arctic Circle, at the northern end of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR, where the Eurasian tectonic plate meets the North American Plate), therefore volcanically active, only about 20 percent habitable.
This page is about the many aspects of this nordic island. Here you will find comprehensive information about Iceland in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and history.
You will have access to newspapers from Iceland and you will find extensive travel and tourism information for Iceland.
Republic of Iceland | Lydhveldidh Island
Flag of Iceland
Settled by Norwegian and Celtic (Scottish and Irish) immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Iceland boasts the world's oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althing, established in 930.
Independent for over 300 years, Iceland was subsequently ruled by Norway and Denmark.
Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Icelandic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island's population emigrated, mostly to Canada and the United States.
Limited home rule from Denmark was granted in 1874 and complete independence attained in 1944.
Literacy, longevity, income, and social cohesion are first-rate by world standards.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
related countries: Denmark, Faroe Islands, Greenland, Ireland, Norway, United Kingdom
local short form: Island
int'l long form: Republic of Iceland
int'l short form: Iceland
ISO Country Code: is
Actual Time: Wed-June-19 10:23
Local Time = UTC +0h
Country Calling Code: +354
Capital City: Reykjavik
The Municipality of Reykjavik (pop. 112,000).
Kopavogur (24,950), Hafnarfjordur (20,675), Akureyri (15,840).
Type: Semi-presidential, parliamentary.
Independence: 1918 (became "sovereign state" under Danish Crown); 1944 (establishment of republic).
Location: Iceland is a volcanic island in the North Atlantic Ocean east of Greenland and immediately south of the Arctic Circle.
Area: 103,000 km² (39,600 sq. mi.); slightly larger than Ireland.
Highest elevation: Hvannadalshnjukur at Vatnajokull Glacier, at 2,119 meters (6,952 ft.).
Climate: temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers.
Nationality: Noun--Icelander(s). Adjective--Icelandic.
Population: 320,000 (2012)
Ethnic group: Relatively homogenous mixture of descendants of Norwegians and Celts.
Religion: Evangelical Lutheran, 87%.
Natural resources: Marine products, hydroelectric and geothermal power, diatomite. Agriculture products: Potatoes, green vegetables, mutton, dairy products, fish.
Industries: Fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production, geothermal power; tourism.
Exports partners: Germany 17.4%, UK 17.4%, Netherlands 11.2%, USA 9.8%, Spain 6.3%, Denmark 5%, Norway 4.5%, France 4% (2003)
Imports partners: Germany 11.8%, Denmark 8%, USA 7.5%, UK 7.5%, Norway 7%, Sweden 6.5%, Netherlands 6.2%, Italy 4.7% (2003)
Currency: Iceland Krona (ISK)
Prime Minister David Oddsson's office.
The Icelandic Parliament.
Government Offices of Iceland Iceland.is
The official gateway to Iceland.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Iceland.
Permanent Mission of Iceland to the UN
Icelands Mission to the United Nations.
Embassy of Iceland
Iceland in figures.
The Icelandic Meteorological Office, founded in 1920, Reykjavík.
Map of Iceland
Political Map of Iceland.
Google Earth Iceland
Searchable satellite view and map of Iceland.
Google Earth Reykjavik
Searchable satellite view and map of Iceland's capital city Reykjavik.
Google Earth Eyjafjallajökull
Satellite view of Eyjafjallajökull, by now Iceland's most infamous volcano.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
Icelandic news paper (in Icelandic)
National and international news (in Icelandic)
Exceptional contemporary Icelandic Artist.
Site about Icelandic traditional costumes by the National Icelandic Costume Board.
Eyrarbakki Maritime Museum
A collection of artifacts connected with fisheries, crafts, the social and cultural life of the people during the last 100 years
Leifur Eiríksson Heritage Project
Iceland's Viking Age culture
Living Art Museum
Contemporary art, Reykjavik
The National Gallery of Iceland
The National Museum of Iceland
Central Bank of Iceland.
Iceland Stock Exchange
Iceland Chamber of Commerce
International Federation of Icelandic Horse Associations
All about Icelandic Horses.
Iceland's airline and travel services company serving Europe and North America via their hub at Keflavík, Iceland.
Iceland's low fare airline.
Keflavík International Airport
Keflavik is Iceland's principal international airport.
The Icelandic Maritime Administration (Siglingastofnun slands)
The authority is administrating Iceland's maritime, harbour and lighthouse affairs.
Iceland Tourist Board
Information for Iceland visitors.
Iceland Tourist Board North America
The official tourist website of Reykjavik - Iceland's capital.
A travel agency's comprehensive travel and tourism guide to Iceland.
Icelandic Foreign Service
All about Iceland and its economy and foreign policy.
Nice made Iceland guide.
Nordic Adventure Travel
Island travel and tour guide.
A guide to Iceland's South.
Hotels in Iceland
Find a Hotel in Iceland.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
University of Iceland.
Ministry for the Environment
Official website of the ministry with information about Iceland's environment policy.
Nordic Volcanological Institute
Research and training in volcanology and related fields.
Geology of Iceland
Overview of Icelands Geology.
People of Iceland
Brief overview of Iceland's history.
Best of Iceland
A guide to Icelandic web sites.
Iceland on the Web
Index of Iceland web sites.
The Web Collection
Database of Icelandic resources on the Web.
Iceland related Newsgroup
Additional Information on IcelandBBC News Country Profile: Iceland
Governments on the WWW: Iceland
Iceland Basic Facts
Open Directory Project: Iceland
The World Factbook -- Iceland
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