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Eruption of the Great Geysir, Haukadalur valley, Iceland
Eruption of the Great Geysir in Haukadalur valley, Iceland. It is the first geyser known to scholarship, i.e., it is the first geyser ever described in a printed source and the earliest geyser known to Europeans..

Image: Dieter Schweizer

___ Iceland

Destination Iceland, an island country in the North Atlantic Ocean, just south of the Arctic Circle, at the northern end of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR, where the Eurasian tectonic plate meets the North American Plate), therefore volcanically active, only about 20 percent habitable.

This page is about the many aspects of this nordic island. Here you will find comprehensive information about Iceland in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and history.
You will have access to newspapers from Iceland and you will find extensive travel and tourism information for Iceland.

Republic of Iceland | Lydhveldidh Island

Country Profile

Flag of Iceland
Flag of Iceland

Settled by Norwegian and Celtic (Scottish and Irish) immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Iceland boasts the world's oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althing, established in 930.
Independent for over 300 years, Iceland was subsequently ruled by Norway and Denmark.
Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Icelandic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island's population emigrated, mostly to Canada and the United States.
Limited home rule from Denmark was granted in 1874 and complete independence attained in 1944.
Literacy, longevity, income, and social cohesion are first-rate by world standards.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

related countries: Denmark, Faroe Islands, Greenland, Ireland, Norway, United Kingdom
Where in Europe is Iceland?

Official Name:
Lydhveldidh Island
local short form: Island
int'l long form: Republic of Iceland
int'l short form: Iceland

ISO Country Code: is

Actual Time: Tue-May-24  17:39
Local Time = UTC +0h

Country Calling Code: +354

Capital City: Reykjavik
The Municipality of Reykjavik (pop. 112,000).

Other Cities:
Kopavogur (24,950), Hafnarfjordur (20,675), Akureyri (15,840).

Type: Semi-presidential, parliamentary.
Independence: 1918 (became "sovereign state" under Danish Crown); 1944 (establishment of republic).

Location: Iceland is a volcanic island in the North Atlantic Ocean east of Greenland and immediately south of the Arctic Circle.
Area: 103,000 kmĀ² (39,600 sq. mi.); slightly larger than Ireland.
Terrain: Rugged.
Highest elevation: Hvannadalshnjukur at Vatnajokull Glacier, at 2,119 meters (6,952 ft.).

Climate: temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers.

Nationality: Noun--Icelander(s). Adjective--Icelandic.
Population: 320,000 (2012)
Ethnic group: Relatively homogenous mixture of descendants of Norwegians and Celts.
Religion: Evangelical Lutheran, 87%.
Language: Icelandic.
Literacy: 100%.

Natural resources: Marine products, hydroelectric and geothermal power, diatomite. Agriculture products: Potatoes, green vegetables, mutton, dairy products, fish.

Industries: Fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production, geothermal power; tourism.

Exports partners: Germany 17.4%, UK 17.4%, Netherlands 11.2%, USA 9.8%, Spain 6.3%, Denmark 5%, Norway 4.5%, France 4% (2003)

Imports partners: Germany 11.8%, Denmark 8%, USA 7.5%, UK 7.5%, Norway 7%, Sweden 6.5%, Netherlands 6.2%, Italy 4.7% (2003)

Currency: Iceland Krona (ISK)

Official Sites of Iceland

Prime Minister David Oddsson's office.

The Icelandic Parliament.

Government Offices of Iceland
The official gateway to Iceland.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs Iceland.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Iceland to the UN
Icelands Mission to the United Nations.
Embassy of Iceland
Washington D.C.

Statistics Iceland
Iceland in figures.

Vedurstofa Íslands
The Icelandic Meteorological Office, founded in 1920, Reykjavík.


Map of Iceland
Political Map of Iceland.
Google Earth Google Earth Iceland
Searchable satellite view and map of Iceland.
Google Earth Google Earth Reykjavik
Searchable satellite view and map of Iceland's capital city Reykjavik.
Google Earth Google Earth Eyjafjallajökull
Satellite view of Eyjafjallajökull, by now Iceland's most infamous volcano.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.

Iceland News

Icelandic news paper (in Icelandic)
National and international news (in Icelandic)
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Arts & Culture

Exceptional contemporary Icelandic Artist.
Islenski thjodbuningurinn
Site about Icelandic traditional costumes by the National Icelandic Costume Board.
Eyrarbakki Maritime Museum
A collection of artifacts connected with fisheries, crafts, the social and cultural life of the people during the last 100 years
Leifur Eiríksson Heritage Project
Iceland's Viking Age culture
Living Art Museum
Contemporary art, Reykjavik
Listasafn Ìslands
The National Gallery of Iceland
The National Museum of Iceland

Business & Economy

Sedlabanki slands
Central Bank of Iceland.
Iceland Stock Exchange

Iceland Chamber of Commerce

International Federation of Icelandic Horse Associations
All about Icelandic Horses.

Iceland's airline and travel services company serving Europe and North America via their hub at Keflavík, Iceland.
Iceland Express
Iceland's low fare airline.

Keflavík International Airport
Keflavik is Iceland's principal international airport.

The Icelandic Maritime Administration (Siglingastofnun slands)
The authority is administrating Iceland's maritime, harbour and lighthouse affairs.

Destination Iceland - Country Guides

Iceland Tourist Board
Information for Iceland visitors.
Visit Iceland
Iceland Tourist Board North America
Visit Reykjavík
The official tourist website of Reykjavik - Iceland's capital.

Explore Iceland
A travel agency's comprehensive travel and tourism guide to Iceland.
Icelandic Foreign Service
All about Iceland and its economy and foreign policy.
Iceland Worldwide
Nice made Iceland guide.
Nordic Adventure Travel
Island travel and tour guide.
South Iceland
A guide to Iceland's South.

Hotels in Iceland
Find a Hotel in Iceland.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information



Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland.

Environment & Nature

Ministry for the Environment
Official website of the ministry with information about Iceland's environment policy.

Nordic Volcanological Institute
Research and training in volcanology and related fields.
Geology of Iceland
Overview of Icelands Geology.


History & People of Iceland
Brief overview of Iceland's history.

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