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Eruption of the Great Geysir, Haukadalur valley, Iceland
Eruption of the Great Geysir in Haukadalur valley, Iceland. It is the first geyser known to scholarship, i.e., it is the first geyser ever described in a printed source and the earliest geyser known to Europeans..

Image: Dieter Schweizer

___ Iceland

Destination Iceland, an island country in the North Atlantic Ocean, just south of the Arctic Circle, at the northern end of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR, where the Eurasian tectonic plate meets the North American Plate), therefore volcanically active, only about 20 percent habitable.

This page is about the many aspects of this nordic island. Here you will find comprehensive information about Iceland in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and history.
You will have access to newspapers from Iceland and you will find extensive travel and tourism information for Iceland.
 

Republic of Iceland | Lydhveldidh Island

Country Profile


Flag of Iceland
Flag of Iceland

Background:
Settled by Norwegian and Celtic (Scottish and Irish) immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Iceland boasts the world's oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althing, established in 930.
Independent for over 300 years, Iceland was subsequently ruled by Norway and Denmark.
Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Icelandic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island's population emigrated, mostly to Canada and the United States.
Limited home rule from Denmark was granted in 1874 and complete independence attained in 1944.
Literacy, longevity, income, and social cohesion are first-rate by world standards.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

related countries: Denmark, Faroe Islands, Greenland, Ireland, Norway, United Kingdom
 

Where in Europe is Iceland?

Official Name:
Lydhveldidh Island
local short form: Island
int'l long form: Republic of Iceland
int'l short form: Iceland

ISO Country Code: is

Actual Time: Sat-Dec-20  12:14
Local Time = UTC +0h

Country Calling Code: +354

Capital City: Reykjavik
The Municipality of Reykjavik (pop. 112,000).

Other Cities:
Kopavogur (24,950), Hafnarfjordur (20,675), Akureyri (15,840).

Government:
Type: Semi-presidential, parliamentary.
Independence: 1918 (became "sovereign state" under Danish Crown); 1944 (establishment of republic).

Geography:
Location: Iceland is a volcanic island in the North Atlantic Ocean east of Greenland and immediately south of the Arctic Circle.
Area: 103,000 kmĀ² (39,600 sq. mi.); slightly larger than Ireland.
Terrain: Rugged.
Highest elevation: Hvannadalshnjukur at Vatnajokull Glacier, at 2,119 meters (6,952 ft.).

Climate: temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers.

People:
Nationality: Noun--Icelander(s). Adjective--Icelandic.
Population: 320,000 (2012)
Ethnic group: Relatively homogenous mixture of descendants of Norwegians and Celts.
Religion: Evangelical Lutheran, 87%.
Language: Icelandic.
Literacy: 100%.

Natural resources: Marine products, hydroelectric and geothermal power, diatomite. Agriculture products: Potatoes, green vegetables, mutton, dairy products, fish.

Industries: Fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production, geothermal power; tourism.

Exports partners: Germany 17.4%, UK 17.4%, Netherlands 11.2%, USA 9.8%, Spain 6.3%, Denmark 5%, Norway 4.5%, France 4% (2003)

Imports partners: Germany 11.8%, Denmark 8%, USA 7.5%, UK 7.5%, Norway 7%, Sweden 6.5%, Netherlands 6.2%, Italy 4.7% (2003)

Currency: Iceland Krona (ISK)



Official Sites of Iceland

Forsaetisraduneyti
Prime Minister David Oddsson's office.

Althingi
The Icelandic Parliament.

Government Offices of Iceland Iceland.is
The official gateway to Iceland.


Utanrikisraduneyti
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Iceland.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Iceland to the UN
Icelands Mission to the United Nations.
Embassy of Iceland
Washington D.C.


Statistics
Statistics Iceland
Iceland in figures.


Weather
Vedurstofa Íslands
The Icelandic Meteorological Office, founded in 1920, Reykjavík.


Maps
Map of Iceland
Political Map of Iceland.
Google Earth Google Earth Iceland
Searchable satellite view and map of Iceland.
Google Earth Google Earth Reykjavik
Searchable satellite view and map of Iceland's capital city Reykjavik.
Google Earth Google Earth Eyjafjallajökull
Satellite view of Eyjafjallajökull, by now Iceland's most infamous volcano.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
 

Iceland News

Morgunbladid
Icelandic news paper (in Icelandic)
Vìsir.is
National and international news (in Icelandic)
 

 

Arts & Culture

Björk
Exceptional contemporary Icelandic Artist.
Islenski thjodbuningurinn
Site about Icelandic traditional costumes by the National Icelandic Costume Board.
Eyrarbakki Maritime Museum
A collection of artifacts connected with fisheries, crafts, the social and cultural life of the people during the last 100 years
Leifur Eiríksson Heritage Project
Iceland's Viking Age culture
Living Art Museum
Contemporary art, Reykjavik
Listasafn Ìslands
The National Gallery of Iceland
The National Museum of Iceland
 
 

Business & Economy

Sedlabanki slands
Central Bank of Iceland.
Iceland Stock Exchange


Iceland Chamber of Commerce

International Federation of Icelandic Horse Associations
All about Icelandic Horses.

__Transportation
Airlines
Icelandair
Iceland's airline and travel services company serving Europe and North America via their hub at Keflavík, Iceland.
Iceland Express
Iceland's low fare airline.

Airport
Keflavík International Airport
Keflavik is Iceland's principal international airport.

Maritime
The Icelandic Maritime Administration (Siglingastofnun slands)
The authority is administrating Iceland's maritime, harbour and lighthouse affairs.
 
 

Destination Iceland - Country Guides

Iceland Tourist Board
Information for Iceland visitors.
Visit Iceland
Iceland Tourist Board North America
Visit Reykjavík
The official tourist website of Reykjavik - Iceland's capital.

Explore Iceland
A travel agency's comprehensive travel and tourism guide to Iceland.
Icelandic Foreign Service
All about Iceland and its economy and foreign policy.
Iceland Worldwide
Nice made Iceland guide.
Nordic Adventure Travel
Island travel and tour guide.
South Iceland
A guide to Iceland's South.

Hotels
Hotels in Iceland
Find a Hotel in Iceland.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information



Education

Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Ministry for the Environment
Official website of the ministry with information about Iceland's environment policy.

Nordic Volcanological Institute
Research and training in volcanology and related fields.
Geology of Iceland
Overview of Icelands Geology.
 
 

History

History & People of Iceland
Brief overview of Iceland's history.
 
 

Search

Best of Iceland
A guide to Icelandic web sites.
Iceland on the Web
Index of Iceland web sites.
The Web Collection
Database of Icelandic resources on the Web.


Iceland related Newsgroup
soc.culture.nordic

Additional Information on Iceland

BBC News Country Profile: Iceland
Governments on the WWW: Iceland
Iceland Basic Facts
Open Directory Project: Iceland
Wikipedia: Iceland
The World Factbook -- Iceland
 
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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.