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Iceland Panorama, Skógafoss waterfall
Panorama with Skógafoss waterfall in the south of Iceland at the cliffs of the former coastline.
Image: Dirk.Heldmaier
 
Flag of Iceland
Flag of Iceland
Location map of Iceland. Where in Europe is Iceland?
Location map of Iceland
 
Destination Iceland, an island nation in the North Atlantic Ocean, between Europe and North America. The country is situated about 840 km north west of the United Kingdom and about 460 km south east of Greenland's coast. The island lies just south of the Arctic Circle at the northern end of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR), where the Eurasian tectonic plate meets the North American Plate and therefore there is a lot of volcanic activity in the region. The closest bodies of land in Europe are the Faroe Islands (530 km).

Iceland has 30 active volcanic systems, of which 13 have erupted since the settlement of island in AD 874, only about 20 percent of the country is habitable.

With an area of 103,000 km² Iceland is more than twice the size of Denmark, or about the same size as the US state of Kentucky.

Iceland has a population of 337,610 (3rd quarter 2016), it is the least densely populated country in Europe (beside Greenland). Capital and largest city is Reykjavik. Spoken language is Icelandic, one of the North Germanic languages.


Republic of Iceland | Lydhveldidh Island

Country Profile



Background:
Settled by Norwegian and Celtic (Scottish and Irish) immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Iceland boasts the world's oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althing, established in 930.
Independent for over 300 years, Iceland was subsequently ruled by Norway and Denmark.

Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Icelandic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island's population emigrated, mostly to Canada and the United States.
Limited home rule from Denmark was granted in 1874 and complete independence attained in 1944.

Literacy, longevity, income, and social cohesion are first-rate by world standards.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

 


Official Name:
Lydhveldidh Island
local short form: Island
int'l long form: Republic of Iceland
int'l short form: Iceland

ISO Country Code: is

Actual Time: Mon-Dec-5  20:35
Local Time = UTC +0h

Country Calling Code: +354

Capital City: Reykjavik
The Municipality of Reykjavik (pop. 112,000).

Other Cities:
Kopavogur (24,950), Hafnarfjordur (20,675), Akureyri (15,840).

Government:
Type: Semi-presidential, parliamentary.
Independence: 1918 (became "sovereign state" under Danish Crown); 1944 (establishment of republic).

Geography:
Location: Iceland is a volcanic island in the North Atlantic Ocean east of Greenland and immediately south of the Arctic Circle.
Area: 103,000 km² (39,600 sq. mi.); slightly larger than Ireland.
Terrain: Rugged.
Highest elevation: Hvannadalshnjukur at Vatnajokull Glacier, at 2,119 meters (6,952 ft.).

Climate: temperate; moderated by North Atlantic Current; mild, windy winters; damp, cool summers.

People:
Nationality: Noun--Icelander(s). Adjective--Icelandic.
Population: 337,000 (2016)
Ethnic group: Relatively homogenous mixture of descendants of Norwegians and Celts.
Religion: Evangelical Lutheran, 87%.
Language: Icelandic.
Literacy: 100%.

Natural resources: Marine products, hydroelectric and geothermal power, diatomite. Agriculture products: Potatoes, green vegetables, mutton, dairy products, fish.

Industries: Fish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production, geothermal power; tourism.

Exports - commodities: fish and fish products 40%, aluminum, animal products, ferrosilicon, diatomite (2010 est.)

Exports - partners: Netherlands 26.1%, UK 11.6%, Spain 11.5%, Germany 7.4%, France 5.7%, US 5.7%, Norway 4.7% (2015)

Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, petroleum products, foodstuffs, textiles

Imports - partners: Norway 10.1%, Germany 8.6%, US 7.9%, China 7.9%, Denmark 7.1%, Netherlands 5.9%, Brazil 5.8%, UK 5% (2015)


Currency: Iceland Krona (ISK)



Official Sites of Iceland

Forsaetisraduneyti
Iceland Prime Minister's office.

Althingi
The Icelandic Parliament.

Government Offices of Iceland Iceland.is
The official gateway to Iceland.


Utanrikisraduneyti
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Iceland.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Iceland to the UN
Icelands Mission to the United Nations.
Embassy of Iceland
Washington D.C.


Statistics
Statistics Iceland
Iceland in figures.


Weather
Vedurstofa Íslands
The Icelandic Meteorological Office, founded in 1920, Reykjavík.


Maps

Map of Iceland
Political Map of Iceland.
Google Earth Google Earth Iceland
Searchable satellite view and map of Iceland.
Google Earth Google Earth Reykjavik
Searchable satellite view and map of Iceland's capital city Reykjavik.
Google Earth Google Earth Eyjafjallajökull
Satellite view of Eyjafjallajökull, by now Iceland's most infamous volcano.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.


Eruption of the Great Geysir, Haukadalur valley, Iceland
Eruption of the Great Geysir in Haukadalur valley, Iceland. It is the first geyser known to scholarship, i.e., it is the first geyser ever described in a printed source and the earliest geyser known to Europeans.
Image: Dieter Schweizer
 
 

Iceland News

Morgunbladid
Icelandic news paper (in Icelandic)
Vìsir.is
National and international news (in Icelandic)
 

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Arts & Culture

Björk
Exceptional contemporary Icelandic Artist.
Islenski thjodbuningurinn
Site about Icelandic traditional costumes by the National Icelandic Costume Board.
Eyrarbakki Maritime Museum
A collection of artifacts connected with fisheries, crafts, the social and cultural life of the people during the last 100 years
Leifur Eiríksson Heritage Project
Iceland's Viking Age culture
Living Art Museum
Contemporary art, Reykjavik
Listasafn Ìslands
The National Gallery of Iceland
The National Museum of Iceland
 
 
 

Business & Economy

Sedlabanki slands
Central Bank of Iceland.
Iceland Stock Exchange


Iceland Chamber of Commerce

International Federation of Icelandic Horse Associations
All about Icelandic Horses.

__Transportation
Airlines
Icelandair
Iceland's airline and travel services company serving Europe and North America via their hub at Keflavík, Iceland.
Iceland Express
Iceland's low fare airline.

Airport
Keflavík International Airport
Keflavik is Iceland's principal international airport.

Maritime
The Icelandic Maritime Administration (Siglingastofnun slands)
The authority is administrating Iceland's maritime, harbour and lighthouse affairs.
 
 
Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Destination Iceland - Country Guides

Iceland Tourist Board
Information for Iceland visitors.
Visit Iceland
Iceland Tourist Board North America
Visit Reykjavík
The official tourist website of Reykjavik - Iceland's capital.

Explore Iceland
A travel agency's comprehensive travel and tourism guide to Iceland.
Icelandic Foreign Service
All about Iceland and its economy and foreign policy.
Iceland Worldwide
Nice made Iceland guide.
Nordic Adventure Travel
Island travel and tour guide.
South Iceland
A guide to Iceland's South.

Hotels
Hotels in Iceland
Find a Hotel in Iceland.
 


 

Education

Háskóli Íslands
University of Iceland.
 
 
 

Environment & Nature

Ministry for the Environment
Official website of the ministry with information about Iceland's environment policy.

Nordic Volcanological Institute
Research and training in volcanology and related fields.
Geology of Iceland
Overview of Icelands Geology.
 
 
 

History

History & People of Iceland
Brief overview of Iceland's history.
 
 
 

Search

Best of Iceland
A guide to Icelandic web sites.
Iceland on the Web
Index of Iceland web sites.
The Web Collection
Database of Icelandic resources on the Web.


Additional Information on Iceland

BBC Country Profile: Iceland

Open Directory Project: Iceland

Wikipedia: Iceland

The World Factbook -- Iceland
 
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