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A virtual guide to the "promised land". Here you will find comprehensive information about Israel in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and history.
You will have access to newspapers from Israel and you will find extensive travel and tourism information for Israel.

Western-Wall, Jerusalem
Western-Wall, Jerusalem © IMOT

State of Israel | Medinat Yisra'el

Country Profile

Flag of Israel
Flag of Israel

The Name of Israel in Hebrew Character
where in the Middle East is Israel

Official Name:
Medinat Yisra'el
short form: Yisra'el
int'l long form: State of Israel
int'l short form: Israel

ISO Country Code: il

Actual Time: Sat-Apr-29  10:29
Local Time = UTC +2h
Daylight Saving Time (DST) April - Oktober (UTC +3).

Country Calling Code: +972

Capital City: Jerusalem
(Israel proclaimed Jerusalem as its capital in 1950. But nearly all countries maintain their embassies in Tel Aviv)

Other Cities:
Haifa, Nazareth, Tel Aviv

Type: Parliamentary democracy
Independence: 14 May 1948
Constitution: no formal constitution

Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Lebanon.
Area: 22,000 kmĀ² (8,494 sq. mi.); including the Golan Heights and East Jerusalem.
Terrain: Plains, mountains, desert, and coast.

Climate: Temperate, except in desert areas.

Nationality: Israeli(s)
Population: 7.9 million (2012)
Ethnic groups: Jewish and non Arab Christians: 80%; Arabs 20%.
Religions: Judaism, Islam, Christianity, Druze
Languages: Hebrew (official), Arabic (official), Russian, English
Literacy: total population 95% (female 93%; male 97%).

Natural resources: Timber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand.

Agriculture products: Citrus, vegetables, cotton; beef, poultry, dairy products.

Industries: High-technology projects (including aviation, communications, computer-aided design and manufactures, medical electronics), wood and paper products, potash and phosphates, food, beverages, and tobacco, caustic soda, cement, diamond cutting.

Currency: (New) Israeli Sheqel (ILS)

Israel in numbers
Israel key statistical data.

Following World War II, the British withdrew from their mandate of Palestine, and the UN partitioned the area into Arab and Jewish states, an arrangement rejected by the Arabs.
Subsequently, the Israelis defeated the Arabs in a series of wars without ending the deep tensions between the two sides. The territories occupied by Israel since the 1967 war are not included in the Israel country profile, unless otherwise noted. In keeping with the framework established at the Madrid Conference in October 1991, bilateral negotiations are being conducted between Israel and Palestinian representatives (from the Israeli-occupied West Bank and Gaza Strip) and Israel and Syria, to achieve a permanent settlement.
On 25 April 1982, Israel withdrew from the Sinai pursuant to the 1979 Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty. Outstanding territorial and other disputes with Jordan were resolved in the 26 October 1994 Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace. On 25 May 2000, Israel withdrew unilaterally from southern Lebanon, which it had occupied since 1982.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Egypt, Gaza Strip, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, West Bank .
related countries: Germany, United Kingdom United States of America

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Israel

State of Israel
Government Gate Site.

The Israeli Parliament.

The Prime Minister
Ariel Sharon's office.

Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Basic information about Israel and its people, offering material on the Israeli government and its policies.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Israel to the United Nations
Embassy of Israel
USA, Washington D.C.
Israeli diplomatic missions abroad
List of Israel's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.
Foreign Missions In Israel
Address List of Foreign Missions In Israel.
Requirements for a Visa
Consular information for travellers.

The Geneva Accord
Text of the "unofficial" peace agreement of the Geneva Initiative drafted by moderate Israeli and Palestinian leaders to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Central Bureau of Statistics
Statistical Israel.

Israel Meteorological Service
IMS provides meteorological information for Israel.
Israel Weather
with 7 days forecast. (in English and Hebrew)
Today's Weather in Israel
Weather in Israel. (in Hebrew)


Map of Israel
Politcal Map of Israel.
Above Map of Israel as PDF
(Get Acrobat PDF Reader)

Google Earth Google Earth Israel
Satellite view of Israel.
Google Earth Google Earth Jerusalem
Satellite view of Jerusalem.
Google Earth Google Earth Tel Aviv
Satellite view of Jerusalem.

Google Earth Google Earth Temple Mount
Annotated satellite view of Jerusalem's Temple Mount/Noble Sanctuary.

More Maps of Israel
Israeli Security Barrier -- Current Status
Map of the Israeli Security Fence (April 2006).

profile Map of Western Asia
Map of South Western Asia and the Middle East region.
Map of Northern Africa and the Middle East
Political Map of of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East.

Historical maps of Palestine/Israel
Six small maps: From Palestine in Biblical Times until now.

Online News from Israel

Arutz Sheva
Israel National News.
Israeli business paper in English.
Daily Newspaper - English Internet Edition.
israel wire
The latest news from Israel.
Jerusalem Post
The Jerusalem Post Daily Internet Edition.
News portal for Israel, the Middle East and international news.

News in Hebrew
An Israeli Daily.
Yediot Aharonot
Israeli Daily Newspaper.

International News on Israel
Yahoo! News Full Coverage-Israel
Bookmark/share this page

Arts & Culture

Breaking the Ice
Extreme Peace Mission, an Israeli-Palestinian expedition to Antarctica.
Organization with a holistic vision for Jerusalem.
Israel Museums Guide.
 The Jewish Virtual Library
Most comprehensive online Jewish encyclopedia in the world, covering everything from anti-Semitism to Zionism.
Kibbutz Net
Israels egalitarian communities.
Kosher Cooking
Passover Recipes, Cooking Resources and more.
The Israel Museum
Encylopedic museum of art and archeology, Jerusalem.

Business & Economy

Bank of Israel
Central Bank of Israel.

Federation of Israeli Chambers of Commerce (FICC)
Israel Export Institute
Information for doing business with Israel.
Tel Aviv Stock Exchange


El Al Israel Airlines
Israel's national airline.

Israel Airports Authority
Official website of Israel's airport authority, the public authority is responsible of Israel's main airports.

Israel Railways

Destination Israel - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Israel: accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tours and much more.

Israel's official North American Tourism web site.

Dead Sea
Guide to the largest "Natural Spa" in the world.

Israel's travel and tourism guide.

The Noble Sanctuary
A tour guide to Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock.

Virtual Jerusalem
Jewish life, Israel, Judaism, news and more.

Western Galilee Tourist Guide
A travel and tourism guide to the Galilee region. (in Hebrew)

City Guides
The Municipality of Jerusalem.
Jerusalem Tourism
Official tourism information for Jerusalem.
Municipality of Haifa.
Nazareth City.
Tel Aviv
City of Tel Aviv-Jaffa.

Hotels in Israel
Find a Hotel in Israel.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Al-Quds University
The Arab University in Jerusalem.
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
Internationally recognized institution of higher learning, established 1970.
Geophysical Institute of Israel (GII)
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Well established research and teaching institution.
Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities
Israel Science and Technology Homepage
National database and directory of science and technology related sites in Israel.
Israel's oldest and premier institute of science and technology.
Tel-Aviv University
The largest university in Israel and the biggest Jewish university in the world.
University of Haifa
Liberal arts university in northern Israel.
Weizmann Institute
One of the worlds top-ranking multidisciplinary research institutions.

Israel Education Directory
Page provides links to Israel education institutions.

Israel's Guide to Higher Education
A guide to Higher education in Israel.

Environment & Nature

National Parks
Israel Nature & National Parks Protection Authority
Site with information about Israel's national parks and nature reserves.


History of Israel
Overview of Israels History by the Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Israels History
From ancient to modern Jewish History by "The Jewish Virtual Library".
Jewish National and University Library
Collected materials of all types which reflect or represent the history of the Jewish people.

Dead Sea Scrolls - Qumran
The Dead Sea Scrolls Project
established by the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago.
Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls
Established in 1995 as part of the Institute for Jewish Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
Scrolls From the Dead Sea
The Library of Congress exhibition describes the historical context of the scrolls and the Qumran community from whence they may have originated.

Holocaust (International sources)
Documentary Resources on the Nazi Genocide and its Denial
The Holocaust History Project
Archive of documents, photographs, recordings, and essays regarding the Holocaust, including direct refutation of Holocaust-denial.
Holocaust Photos
Acts of the most terrible offence against humanity sculptured in photos.
Shoah Foundation
Steven Spielberg's Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation.
Yad Vashem
The Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority, Jerusalem.

Israeli-Arab Conflict
Indymedia is a collective of independent media ogranizations and hundreds of journalists offering grassroots, non-corporate coverage of major protests.
The only joint Palestinian-Israeli public policy think-tank in the world.
Institute for Palestine Studies
Promoting research, analysis, and documentation on the Arab-Israeli conflict and its peaceful resolution.
The Origin of the Palestine-Israel Conflict
The search for an equitable solution must come to grips with the root cause of the conflict.

Guardian Unlimited (UK) - Special report: Israel & the Middle East
Interactive history of conflict: How the Israelis and Palestinians came to war.

Judaism and Jewish Issues
Dedicated to answering the vital question, "Why be Jewish?"
The Jewish Universe
Arutz Sheva's index of Jewish related sites.
Judaism and Jewish Resources
A gates toJewish resources.

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