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Image: Turismo Chile
Argentina and Bolivia in east and it shares a short border with Peru in north.
Flag of Chile
The country has an area of 756,102 km², compared it is slightly smaller than Turkey or slightly smaller than twice the size of the U.S. state of Montana.
The Republic of Chile (its official name) has a population of 18 million people (official estimates 2015). Capital and largest city is Santiago (Santiago de Chile). National language is Spanish.
Republic of Chile
A three-year-old Marxist government was overthrown in 1973 by a dictatorial military regime led by Augusto PINOCHET, which ruled until a freely elected president was installed in 1990.
Sound economic policies, first implemented by the PINOCHET dictatorship, led to unprecedented growth in 1991-97 and have helped secure the country's commitment to democratic and representative government. Growth slowed in 1998-99, but recovered strongly in 2000.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
República de Chile
short form: Chile
int'l long form: Republic of Chile
ISO Country Code: cl
Local Time = UTC -4h
Actual Time: Thu-Apr-19 07:50
Country Calling Code: +56
Capital City: Santiago (pop. metropolitan area est. 6 million)
The legislative body operates in Valparaíso.
Other Cities: Concepcion-Talcahuano (840 000), Vina del Mar-Valparaíso (800 000), Antofagasta (245 000), Temuco (230 000).
Independence: 18 Sept 1810 (from Spain).
Constitution: Promulgated 11 September 1980; effective 11 March 1981; amended in 1989, 1993, and 1997.
Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru.
Area: 756,100 km² (291,931 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Desert in north; fertile central valley; volcanoes and lakes toward the south, giving way to rugged and complex coastline; Andes Mountains on the eastern border.
Climate: Arid in north, Mediterranean in the central portion, cool and damp in south.
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Chilean(s).
Population: 18 million (2015)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 11 537 (year)
Ethnic groups: Spanish-Native-American (mestizo), European, Native-American.
Religions: Roman Catholic 69.9%; Protestant 15%.
Natural resources: Copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower.
Agriculture products: Grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, wine, garlic, asparagus, beans, beef, poultry, wool; fish; timber.
Industries: Copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles.
Exports partners: China 26.3%, US 13.2%, Japan 8.5%, South Korea 6.5%, Brazil 4.9% (2015)
Imports partners: China 23.4%, US 18.8%, Brazil 7.8%, Argentina 4% (2015)
Currency: Chilean Peso (CLP)
Chile in Figures
More Chile statistical data.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of Chile
Gobierno de Chile
The Government of Chile.
Presidencia de la República de Chile
Office of the President of Chile.
The National Congress of Chile is the bicameral legislative branch of the government of the Republic of Chile.
Senado de la República de Chile
The Senate of the Republic of Chile is the upper house of Chile's bicameral Congress
Cámara de Diputados de Chile
The Chamber of Deputies of Chile is the lower house of Chile's bicameral Congress.
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
Official site of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile.
Misión Permanente de Chile ante Naciones Unidas
Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations.
Embassy of Chile in the U.S.
Diplomatic Missions of Chile Abroad
Address list of Chile's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.
Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas
The National Institute of Statistics - Chile in numbers.
Chile in Figures
Chile key statistical data.
Map of Chile
Political map of Chile.
Administrative Map of Chile
Map showing the primary administrative regions of Chile.
Google Earth Chile
Searchable map and satellite view of Chile.
Google Earth Santiago de Chile
Searchable map and satellite view of Chile's capital city.
Map of South America
Reference map of South America.
Image: Edrahil Nargothrond
National and international news. (in Spanish)
Chilean daily newspaper. (in Spanish)
Afternoon daily owned by El Mercurio SAP.
Chilean daily with national and international news. (in Spanish)
Las Últimas Noticias
One of the major Chilean dailys. (in Spanish)
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & Culture
Biblioteca Nacional de Chile
Chile's National Library (in Spanish)
A web site based on the digitalization of the Chilean cultural inheritance. (in Spanish)
Online gallery of Chilean Art.
Pueblos del Sur
Art, craft, decoration and culture created by hands of Chilean artisans.
Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto
The biography web site of Pablo Neruda. (in Spanish)
Pablo Neruda - Biography
A brief, hypertext-annotated biography at the Electronic Nobel Museum Project website.
Fundación Pablo Neruda
Business & Economy
Banco Central de Chile
Central Bank of Chile.
Bolsa de Comercio de Santiago
Santiago Stock exchange.
Cámara de Comercio de Santiago
Santiago Chamber of Commerce.
Empresa de los Ferrocarriles del Estado
Chile State Railway.
Moon Valley © visit-chile.org
Image: Turismo Chile
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Chile - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Chile: the Andes, Atacama desert, volcanoes and lakes, Santiago, Valparaíso, Farellones/El Colorado, island of Chiloé, Valle del Encanto, Parque Nacional Lauca, Patagonia, Torres del Paine National Park, Easter Island, Isla de Pascua, Rapa Nui, Juan Fernández archipelago.
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, mountaineering, climbing, skiing, cruising, diving, adventure tours and much more.
Tourist Information by the National Service for Tourism. (in Spanish)
Official Chile Tourism and Travel site with links and information about Chilean tour operators, e.g.:
Mountaineering in Chile
Information on mountaineering and climbing the Andes mountain range.
A Chile guide by Carlos Lowry (in Spanish).
Chile Travel Guide.
The site offers country information and touristic services.
Chile Para Niños
A Chile foe kids portal site (in Spanish).
Education & Research
Universidad de Chile
University of Chile, the oldest (founded in 1842) and one of the most prestigious universities in the country, the public university is located in Santiago.
Universidad de Santiago de Chile
Official site of the University of Santiago de Chile, the former Spanish School of Arts and Crafts was founded in 1849.
Andrés Bello National University
Chilean private university created in 1988.
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile (UC)
Major university and one of the six Catholic Universities in Chile.
Astronomical Observatories in Chile
Image: Turismo Chile
Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO)
CTIO is a complex of astronomical telescopes and instruments available for use for approved projects by qualified astronomers.
European Southern Observatory (ESO)
ESO an intergovernmental, European organisation for astronomical research operates the La Silla Observatory and the Paranal Observatory in Chile.
Center for Mathematical Modeling CMM
A prosperous department of Mathematical Engineering at Universidad de Chile.
Environment & Nature
Natural Resources Information Center (CIREN)
Government funded research institute, focusing in natural resources inventory.
Comisión Nacional del Medio Ambiente (CONAMA)
Official website of the National Commission of Environment. (in Spanish)
Bosque Modelo Chiloé
Organization for biodiversity conservation and sustainable management of forests, while improving the quality of life of rural families and indigenous communities.
A guide to the Pumalin Park, and about the private environmental protection project of the Conservation Land Trust (a U.S. environmental foundation)
Protecting the Valdivian forests of Chile and Argentina
World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF) conservation project for the rainforest ecoregion of Chile and Argentina.
A web site based on the digitalization of the Chilean cultural inheritance.
Biblioteca virtual del Bicentenario 1810 - 2010
200 years of Literature and History of Chile, Chile's National Library provides books and essays for download (in Spanish).
History of Chile
Wikipedia page about Chile's history (in many languages, even in Latin).
WWW-VL History Index
Comprehensive index of sites related to Chile's history.
Sources and additional Information on Chile
Amnesty International: Chile
BBC Country Profile: Chile
The Heritage Foundation: Chile
Human Rights Watch: Chile
Report ers Without Borders: Chile
Chile - LANIC
Latin American Network Information Center on Chile.
The World Factbook -- Chile
Other Countries in South America:
Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Suriname | Uruguay | Venezuela
Major Cities in South America:
Belo Horizonte, Bogotá, Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Caracas, La Paz, Lima, Manaus, Montevideo, Paramaribo,
Porto Alegre, Quito, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador (da Bahia, Santiago, São Paulo, Sucre
Countries in Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama
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