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___ Chile

Destination Chile, a virtual travel guide to the long coastal strip between the Andes mountains and the Pacific Ocean. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Chilean art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, the page contains links to sources which provide you with all the information you need to know about this South American nation, e.g.: official web sites of Chile, addresses of Chilean and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Chile.

Moon Valley
Moon Valley © visit-chile.org
 

Republic of Chile

Country Profile



Flag of Chile
Flag of Chile

Background:
A three-year-old Marxist government was overthrown in 1973 by a dictatorial military regime led by Augusto PINOCHET, which ruled until a freely elected president was installed in 1990.
Sound economic policies, first implemented by the PINOCHET dictatorship, led to unprecedented growth in 1991-97 and have helped secure the country's commitment to democratic and representative government. Growth slowed in 1998-99, but recovered strongly in 2000.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Peru
 
where in South America is Chile?

Official Name:
República de Chile
short form: Chile
int'l long form: Republic of Chile

ISO Country Code: cl

Time:
Local Time = UTC -4h
Actual Time: Wed-July-30  23:20

Country Calling Code: +56

Capital City: Santiago (pop. metropolitan area est. 6 million)
The legislative body operates in Valparaíso.

Other Cities: Concepcion-Talcahuano (840 000), Vina del Mar-Valparaíso (800 000), Antofagasta (245 000), Temuco (230 000).

Government:
Type: Republic.
Independence: 18 Sept 1810 (from Spain).
Constitution: Promulgated 11 September 1980; effective 11 March 1981; amended in 1989, 1993, and 1997.

Geography:
Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Argentina and Peru.
Area: 756,100 kmĀ² (291,931 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Desert in north; fertile central valley; volcanoes and lakes toward the south, giving way to rugged and complex coastline; Andes Mountains on the eastern border.

Climate: Arid in north, Mediterranean in the central portion, cool and damp in south.

People:
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Chilean(s).
Population: 17.4 million (2012)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 11 537 (year)
Ethnic groups: Spanish-Native-American (mestizo), European, Native-American.
Religions: Roman Catholic 69.9%; Protestant 15%.
Languages: Spanish.
Literacy: 95.8%.

Natural resources: Copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, wine, garlic, asparagus, beans, beef, poultry, wool; fish; timber.

Industries: Copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles.

Currency: Chilean Peso (CLP)

Chile in Figures
More Chile statistical data.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Chile

Gobierno de Chile
The Government of Chile.

Presidencia de la República de Chile
Ricardo Lagos Escobar's Office.

Congreso Nacional
The National Congress of Chile. (in Spanish)



Ministerio de Planificación y Cooperación
MIDEPLAN - Ministry of Planning and Cooperation (in Spanish)


Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
Official site of the ministry.

Diplomatic Missions
Misión Permanente de Chile ante Naciones Unidas
Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations.
Embassy of Chile in the U.S.
Washington D.C.
Diplomatic Missions of Chile Abroad
Address list of Chile's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Chile
Address list of Foreign Diplomatic Missions accredited in Chile.


Statistics
Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas
The National Institute of Statistics.
Chile in Figures
Chile key statistical data.

Maps
Map of Chile
Political map of Chile.
Administrative Map of Chile
Map showing the primary administrative regions of Chile.
Google Earth Google Earth Chile
Searchable map and satellite view of Chile.
Google Earth Google Earth Santiago de Chile
Searchable map and satellite view of Chile's capital city.

Map of South America
Reference map of South America.

Pucon Lake District
Pucon Lake District © visit-chile.org
 

Chile News

Diario Mercurio
National and international news. (in Spanish)
Diario Chañarcillo
La Nación
Chilean daily newspaper. (in Spanish)
La Tercera
Chilean daily with national and international news. (in Spanish)
Las Últimas Noticias
One of the major Chilean dailys. (in Spanish)
 

 

Arts & Culture

Biblioteca Nacional de Chile
Chile's National Library (in Spanish)
Stockholm Challenge Award Memoria Chilena
A web site based on the digitalization of the Chilean cultural inheritance. (in Spanish)

www.chilearte.com
Online gallery of Chilean Art.
Pueblos del Sur
Art, craft, decoration and culture created by hands of Chilean artisans.

Pablo Neruda
Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto
The biography web site of Pablo Neruda. (in Spanish)
Pablo Neruda - Biography
A brief, hypertext-annotated biography at the Electronic Nobel Museum Project website.
Fundación Pablo Neruda
Neruda Foundation.

 
Atacama Desert
Another world: Atacama Desert © visit-chile.org
 

Business & Economy

Banco Central de Chile
Central Bank of Chile.
Bolsa de Comercio de Santiago
Santiago Stock exchange.

Cámara de Comercio de Santiago
Santiago Chamber of Commerce.

Transportation
__Airline
LanChile Airlines

__Railroad
Empresa de los Ferrocarriles del Estado
Chile State Railway.
 
 

Destination Chile - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Chile: the Andes, Atacama desert, volcanoes and lakes, Santiago, Valparaíso, Farellones/El Colorado, island of Chiloé, Valle del Encanto, Parque Nacional Lauca, Patagonia, Torres del Paine National Park, Easter Island, Isla de Pascua, Rapa Nui, Juan Fernández archipelago.
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, mountaineering, climbing, skiing, cruising, diving, adventure tours and much more.


Chile Touristico
Tourist Information by the National Service for Tourism. (in Spanish)

Chilean Tourism Promotion Corporation
Chile Tourism and Travel Information with links and information about Chilean tour operators, e.g.:

Mountaineering in Chile
Information on mountaineering and climbing the Andes mountain range.


NoevoAnden
A Chile guide by Carlos Lowry (in Spanish).

CHIP Travel
Chile Information Project (CHIP) Travel Guide.

 Go Chile
Chile Travel Guide.

VisitChile.com
The site offers country information and touristic services.

Kids
Chile Para Niños
A Chile foe kids portal site (in Spanish).


Santiago
Santiago
The Municipality of Santiago.
Sewell
The former mining settlement in the Andes became an UNESCO World Heritage site.

Easter Island - Rapa Nui (3700km (2294mi) west of the Chilean mainland)
Easter Island Foundation and Easter Island Guidebook
Visitor's guide with information on Easter Island.

 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Easter Island
Easter Island monument © visit-chile.org

Education

Universidad de Chile
Santiago.
Universidad de Santiago de Chile
Official site of the University of Santiago de Chile.
Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO)
CTIO is a complex of astronomical telescopes and instruments available for use for approved projects by qualified astronomers.
European Southern Observatory (ESO)
ESO an intergovernmental, European organisation for astronomical research operates the La Silla Observatory and the Paranal Observatory in Chile.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Natural Resources Information Center (CIREN)
Government funded research institute, focusing in natural resources inventory.
Comisión Nacional del Medio Ambiente (CONAMA)
Official website of the National Commission of Environment. (in Spanish)
Bosque Modelo Chiloé
Organization for biodiversity conservation and sustainable management of forests, while improving the quality of life of rural families and indigenous communities.
Futafriends - Conservation Efforts in Southern Chile
Grassroots community campaigning to defend the Futaleufu River in Chile against a proposed hydroelectric power plant.
Pumalin Park
A guide to the Pumalin Park, and about the private environmental protection project of the Conservation Land Trust (a U.S. environmental foundation)
WWF, Valdivian Ecoregion Program
Conservation project for the rainforest ecoregion of Chile and Argentina.
 
Bird of prey 

History

Stockholm Challenge Award Memoria Chilena
A web site based on the digitalization of the Chilean cultural inheritance.
Biblioteca virtual del Bicentenario 1810 - 2010
200 years of Literature and History of Chile, Chile's National Library provides books and essays for download (in Spanish) .
WWW-VL History Index
Comprehensive index of sites related to Chile's history.
 
 

Search

Buscar.c l
Indice temático de sitios y páginas web chilenas.
La Brújula
El índice de webs en Chile (Spanish/Engl.)
Chile Lindo
ChileLindo Multimedia Magazine. (in Spanish)

Newsgroup of Chile
soc.culture.chile

Additional Information on Chile

BBC News Country Profile: Chile
Chile - LANIC
Latin American Network Information Center on Chile.
Background Notes: Chile
Governments on the WWW: Chile
Open Directory Project: Chile
Wikipedia: Chile
The World Factbook -- Chile
 
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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.