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Lope National Park, one of Gabon's 13 game reserves and national parks. - Image: Minilza73
Gabon, a country at the Equator in West-Central Africa bordering the Atlantic Ocean in west is bordered by Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, and the Republic of the Congo.
Flag of Gabon
With an area of 267,668 km², the country is somewhat larger than the United Kingdom, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Colorado.
Because of its oil and mineral reserves and a relatively small population, Gabon is one of Africa's wealthier nations, which is able to protect and preserve its pristine rain forests with a rich biodiversity. More than 10% of Gabon's area is protected parkland, there are 13 National Parks in the country, among them the forested coastal terrain of the Loango National Park, 'Africa's Last Eden' shelters a diversity of wildlife from gorillas and hippos to whales. Lopé National Park consists of mostly rainforest, but in in the north the park contains the last remnants of grass savannas. Akanda Park is known for its mangroves and tidal beaches. Highest mountain in Gabon is Mont Iboundji with 1,575 m.
Gabonese Republic | République Gabonaise
short form: Gabon
int'l long form: Gabonese Republic
ISO Country Code: ga
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Wed-July-29 07:51
Country Calling Code: +241
Capital City: Libreville (pop. 580 000)
Other Cities: Port-Gentil (120 000), Lambaréné, Franceville, Mouila, Tchibanga, Makokou, Koulamoutou, Port-Gentil, Oyem.
Type: Republic; multiparty presidential regime.
Independence: 17 August 1960 (from France).
Location: Western central Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean at the Equator, between Republic of the Congo and Equatorial Guinea
Area: 267,667 km² (103,347 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Narrow coastal plain; hilly and heavily forested interior (about 80% forested); some savanna regions in east and south.
Climate: Hot and humid with two rainy (February - May main rainy season)
and two dry seasons (May - September main dry season).
Population: 1.5 million (2010 UN estimate)
Ethnic groups: Over 40 ethnic groups: Fang (34%), Bapounou (22%), M'Bete (14%), Bandjabi (11%), Bakota (6%), and Myene (5%).
Religions: Christianity, Muslim, animist.
Languages: French (official), Fang, Myene, Bateke, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi.
Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, diamond, niobium, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore, hydropower.
Agriculture products: Cocoa, coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber; cattle; okoume (a tropical softwood); fish.
Industries: Petroleum extraction and refining; manganese, and gold mining; chemicals; ship repair; food and beverage; textile.
Exports - commodities: crude oil, timber, manganese, uranium
Exports partners: Japan 21.7%, USA 10.7%, Australia 9.7%, India 8.8%, China 8.5%, Spain 6.3%, France 4.3%, Trinidad and Tobago 4.2% (2013)
Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, construction materials
Imports partners: France 21.8%, Cote dIvoire 16.6%, China 10%, Belgium 5.6%, US 5.5%, Netherlands 5.1% (2013)
Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine Francs CFA (XAF)
Only two autocratic presidents have ruled Gabon since independence from France in 1960. Gabon's current President, El Hadj Omar BONGO Ondimba - one of the longest-serving heads of state in the world - has dominated Gabon's political scene for almost four decades. President BONGO introduced a nominal multiparty system and a new constitution in the early 1990s. However, the low turnout and allegations of electoral fraud during the most recent local elections in 2002-03 have exposed the weaknesses of formal political structures in Gabon. Presidential elections scheduled for 2005 are unlikely to bring change since the opposition remains weak, divided, and financially dependent on the current regime. Despite political conditions, a small population, abundant natural resources, and considerable foreign support have helped make Gabon one of the more prosperous and stable African countries.
related countries: France
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of GabonGabon
The official site of the Republic of Gabon.
Sénat de la République Gabonaise
Official website of the senate.
Assemblée Nationale du Gabon
Official website of the National Assembly (in French).
Ambassade de France au Gabon
The French Embassy at Gabon.
Météo Gabon - Direction de la Météorologie Nationale
Weather in Gabon (in French)
Map of Gabon
Political map of Gabon.
Administrative Map of Gabon
Map of Gabon showing the country's administrative regions.
Google Earth Gabon
Searchable map and satellite view of Gabon.
Google Earth Libreville
Searchable map and satellite view of Gabon's capital city.
Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.
Radio Africaine, a pan-African broadcaster based in Gabon (in French).
Gabon related website with news from the country (in French)
Gabon related news by the UN news agency.
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Arts & CultureNative
A people of hunters and gatherers, Baka Pygmies live in the rain forest of Cameroon, Gabon and Congo.
Business & EconomyBanque Centrale des Etats d'Afrique Centrale - BEAC
Central Bank of Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.
Banque Gabonaise de Développement
Gabonese Bank of Development at Libreville.
IZF.net, le portail de la Zone Franc CFA
Information about business and investment in the Western African countries within the monetary system of the Franc Zone - CFA. (in French)
Destination Gabon - Travel and Tour GuidesDiscover Gabon: Estuaire, Haut-Ogooué, Moyen-Ogooué, Ngounié, Nyanga, Ogooué-Ivindo, Ogooué-Lolo, Ogooué-Maritime, Woleu-Ntem.
Gabon information and promotion site.
Gabontour (Flash version)
Official website of Gabon Tourism with all the travel and tourism information (in French and English)
Gabon National Parks
About the National Parks of Akanda, Monts Birougou, Ivindo, Loango, Mayumba, Monts de Cristal and more.
Société d'Exploitation du Parc de la Lékédi
Information on the Park of Lékédi near Bakoumba, a small provincial town of Haut-Ogooué province in the south-east of Gabon.
Gabonese community website for the exchange of ideas for citizens, friends and travellers of Gabon.
Located in the Petit Loango National Park in Gabon.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
EducationOmar Bongo University
An autonomous state institution and the national university, Libreville (no website).
INHEA: Gabon Higher Education Profile
Profile of higher education practice in Gabon by International Network for Higher Education in Africa.
Environment & NatureECOFAC, Conservation et utilisation rationnelle des Ecosystèmes Forestiers d'Afrique Centrale
Conservation and development of the Forest Ecosystems of Central Africa, the European Union's commitment to a sustainable exploitation of natural resources.
Gabon National Parks
Gabon National Parks - 10% of the Gabon's area is set aside for gorillas, elephants and chimps.
Help Protect Gabon's Langoué Bai
Page with information about Langoué Bai, one of the five most important forest clearings in Africa.
Wildlife Conservation Society
Information about field work of the society in Gabon.
HistoryHistoire du Gabon
Time line of Gabonese history (in French)
History of Gabon
Gabon's history; Wikipedia encyclopedia entry.
Additional Information on Gabonafrika.no - the Index on Africa - Gabon
Africa South of the Sahara: Gabon
BBC News Country Profile: Gabon
Mbendi Profile: Gabon
Including economic overviews and directories of companies.
Open Directory Project: Gabon
The World Factbook -- Gabon
Other Countries of Central Africa
Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa)
Congo, Rep. (Brazzaville), Equatorial Guinea, São Tomé and Príncipe
Other Countries of Eastern Africa
Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique
Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
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