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A virtual destination guide to Brazil, this page is about many aspects of "Brasil", the fifth largest country in the world, both in terms of territory and population. Search and locate official web sites from the country, and find comprehensive information on the nation in its diversity: the Brazilian culture, history and geography. Get key information on Brazil's economy, education, science, environment, population, and government.
You will have access to news from Brazil, and you may visit Brazilian cities. Find maps and other tourism information for sightseeing, travel and holidays in Brazil.

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Sugar Loaf - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
 

Federative Republic of Brazil | Republica Federativa do Brasil

Country Profile


Flag of Brazil
Flag of Brazil

Background:
Following three centuries under the rule of Portugal, Brazil became an independent nation in 1822. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil has overcome more than half a century of military intervention in the governance of the country to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development of the interior.
Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, Brazil became Latin America's leading economic power by the 1970s. Highly unequal income distribution remains a pressing problem.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela

related countries: Portugal
 
where in the world is Brazil?
Official Name:
Republica Federativa do Brasil
short form: Brasil
international long form: Federative Republic of Brazil
international short form: Brazil

ISO Country Code: br

Actual Time:
Brasilia, Rio de Janeiro Thu-Apr-17  07:34

Local Time = Brazil lies within 4 different time zones.
Southern Brazil uses daylight saving time from October until February: +1 hour

Country Calling Code: +55

Capital City: Brasilia (pop. 2.1 million)
GDF - Governo do Distrito Federal
The Federal District Government. (in Portuguese)

Other Cities:
Sao Paulo (17.9 million), Rio de Janeiro (10.7 million), Belo Horizonte (2.6 million), Salvador (2.6 million), Fortaleza (2.1 million), Recife (2.9 million), Porto Alegre (3 million), Curitiba (1.6 million).

Government:
Type: Federative Republic.
Independence: 7 September 1822 (from Portugal).

Geography:
Location: Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean.
Area: 8.5 million km² (3 290 000 sq. mi.); slightly smaller than the USA
Terrain: Dense forests in northern regions including Amazon Basin; semiarid along northeast coast; mountains, hills, and rolling plains in the southwest, including Mato Grosso; and coastal lowland.

Climate: Mostly tropical or semitropical with temperate zone in the south.

People:
Nationality: Brazilian.
Population: (2011) 192 million.
GNI per capita PPP: $ 8,745 (year)
Ethnic groups: Brazil's population is derived from three main ethnic sources. To the original inhabitants (Indians) were added successive waves of Europeans (mainly Portuguese) and Africans (mostly from the sub-Saharan west coast, belonging to the Bantu and to the Sudanic (Yoruba) ethnic groups).
Religion: Roman Catholic (80%).
Language: Brazilian Portuguese.
Literacy: 81% of adult population.

Natural resources: Iron ore, manganese, bauxite, nickel, uranium, gemstones, oil, wood, and aluminum. Brazil has 12% of the world's fresh water.

Agriculture products: Coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef.

Industries: Textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment.

Exports partners: USA 23%, Argentina 6.1%, China 6%, Netherlands 5.8%, Germany 4.2% (2003)

Imports partners: USA 20%, Argentina 9.8%, Germany 8.7%, Japan 5.2%, China 4.4% (2003)

Currency: Brazilian Real (BRL)


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Brazil

República Federativa do Brasil
Federal Republic of Brazil, the official Brazil Government Page.

Presidência da República
The President of the Federal Republic of Brazil. (in Portuguese)



Ministério das Relações Exteriores
The Ministry of Foreign Relations.

Diplomatic Missions
Missão do Brasil junto às Nações Unidas
Brazilian Mission to the UN
Embassy of Brazil in the USA
Washington D.C.
Embassy of Brazil in the United Kingdom
London
Brasilianische Botschaft in Deutschland
Berlin
Ambassade du Brésil en France
Paris

Brazilian Missions Abroad
Brazilian Missions around the World.
Foreign Missions in Brazil
Diplomatic Missions accredited in Brazil.



Statistics
Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
Up-to-date statistics and geographical data. (in Portuguese and English)



Maps
Map of Brazil
Political Map of Brazil.

Google Earth Google Earth Brazil
Searchable map and satellite view of Brazil.
Google Earth Google Earth Brasilia
Searchable map and satellite view of Brazil's capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Rio de Janeiro
Searchable map and satellite view of Rio de Janeiro.
Google Earth Google Earth São Paulo
Searchable map and satellite view of São Paulo, largest city in Brazil.

Map of South America
Reference map of South America.
 

Online News from Brazil
Agência Nacional de Notícias
National News (in Portuguese)
Brazzil
Brazil magazine.
Correio Braziliense
News from Brazil. (in Portuguese)
O Estado de S. Paulo
Brazilian news. (in Portuguese)
Folha de São Paulo
Brazil's largest daily. (in Portuguese)
InfoBrazil
Analysis and opinion on Brazilian current affairs.
Jornal do Brasil
Rio's daily newspaper, with Brazilian and international news. (in Portuguese)
Globo Online
Brazilian and international news. (in Portuguese)

International News sources
Brazil Post
Daily news on Brazil from WorldNews Network.
Yahoo! Full Coverage: Brazil
 


Arts & Culture

Art & culture of Brazil
A guide to Brazil's culture from the cultural heritage to popular art.
Cinemabrasil
Brazilian movies.
Fundação Biblioteca Nacional
The National Library.
LIESA
Official site of the Independent League of Rio de Janeiro's Samba Schools.
Olodum
Official site of the Afro-Brazilian creators of samba-reggae from Bahia.
Sepultura
Brazil's heavy metal band.

Sports
Abadá-Capoeira
The Afro-Brazilian dance and martial art.

Soccer - Futebol
Confederação Brasileira de Futebol
Football Federation of Brazil.
Federação Metropolitana de Futebol - FMF
 

 

Business & Economy

Banco Central do Brasil
The Central Bank of Brazil.
The National Bank for Economic and Social Development (BNDES)
The most important state-owned development bank in Brazil.

Rio De Janeiro Stock Exchange
São Paulo Stock Exchange

Ministério do Desenvolvimento, Indústria e Comércio Exterior
The Ministry of Development and Foreign Trade offers foreign trade statistics and economic data. (in Portuguese)

BrazilTradeNet
Offers a wide range of business opportunities, useful addresses, news, links and other information, aimed at the needs of Brazilian exporters and Non-Brazilian importers and investors.

Business Guide

Transportation
Airlines
Major airlines in Brazil
GOL
TAM
Varig Brasil
Latin America's largest carrier serves 79 destinations within Brazil as well as 20 countries throughout the Americas.
VARIG LOG
the former VARIG CARGO - transportation and distribution services.
VASP - Viação Aérea São Paulo
A regional carrier.
 
 

Destination Brazil - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Brazil: Brasilia, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Recife, Porto Alegre, Bahia.
Accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tours and much more.

The Brazilian Tourist Board
Brazil information on travel and tourism with news and photos.

Brazil in Brief
Comprehensive information about Brazil by the Ministry of Foreign Relations.

Brazil
General country information.
Brazilink
An educational and informative portal on Brazilian development issues.
brazilmax.com
The hip gringo's guide to Brazil, a travel website with a focus on roots tourism--eco, cultural, historical, rural, adventure, mature and business.
Meu Brasil
A travellers guide to to the various regions of Brazil by Sergio Koreisha.
 Vivabrazil
A comprehensive travel and tourism guide to Brazil.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information



Education

Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio De Janeiro, founded in 1941.
UCAM - Universidade Candido Mendes
Candido Mendes University, since 1902.
Universidade de São Paulo
Sao Paulo University.
 
 

Environment

Amazonia - Amigos da Terra
Friends of the Earth Brazil acts to promote the sustainable use of forest products, the prevention of fire, supporting isolated communities and the development and monitoring of public policies.
Greenpeace Brazil
The Brazilian section of Greenpeace.
 
 

History

The cradle of Brazil's history
Brazil's history in the São Paulo region.
Museu Histórico Nacional
The National Museum of History. (in Portuguese)
 
 

Native indigenous people
FUNAI Fundação Nacional do IÍndio
National Indio Foundation.
Map of Indian Tribes of Brazil
Museo do Índio
The Indian museum with information about Brazilian's indigenous people.
Instituto Socioambiental
Socio-Environmental Institute, a private non-profit institution, established to propose integrated solutions to social and environmental issues.
OPAN
Operação Amazônia Nativa promotes supports projects of the aboriginal communities in the regions Center-West and North of Brazil. (in Portuguese)
 
 

Search

Cadê
Brazilian search engine. (in Portuguese)
Exploora
Brazilian internet directory and search engine. (in Portuguese)
Universo Online
The largest on line service in Brazil. (in Portuguese)
 
Newsgroup of Brazil
rec.music.brazilian
Newsgroup about Brazilian music.
soc.culture.brazil

Additional Information on Brazil

BBC News Country Profile: Brazil
LANIC: Brazil
Latin American Network Information Center on Brazil.
Open Directory Project: Brazil
Oxford University's - Centre for Brazilian Studies
US Library of Congress / Country Studies / Brazil
Wikipedia: Brazil
The World Factbook -- Brazil
 
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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.