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A virtual guide to Brazil, this page is about many aspects of "Brasil", the largest country in South America and the fifth largest country in the world, both in terms of territory and population.

Read on to get comprehensive information about the nation in its diversity: Brazilian culture, history and geography. Get key information on Brazil's economy, education, science, environment, population, and government.

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Sugar Loaf - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Federative Republic of Brazil | Republica Federativa do Brasil

Country Profile

Flag of Brazil
Flag of Brazil

Following three centuries under the rule of Portugal, Brazil became an independent nation in 1822. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil has overcome more than half a century of military intervention in the governance of the country to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development of the interior.
Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, Brazil became Latin America's leading economic power by the 1970s. Highly unequal income distribution remains a pressing problem.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela

related countries: Portugal
where in the world is Brazil?
Official Name:
Republica Federativa do Brasil
short form: Brasil
international long form: Federative Republic of Brazil
international short form: Brazil

ISO Country Code: br

Actual Time:
Brasilia, Rio de Janeiro Tue-May-24  05:58

Local Time = Brazil lies within 4 different time zones.
Southern Brazil uses daylight saving time from October until February: +1 hour

Country Calling Code: +55

Capital City: Brasilia (pop. 2.1 million)
GDF - Governo do Distrito Federal
The Federal District Government. (in Portuguese)

Other Cities:
Sao Paulo (11.3/20.8 million), Rio de Janeiro (6.3/11.6 million), Belo Horizonte (2.5/5.2 million), Salvador (2.6/3.5 million), Fortaleza (2.5/3.6 million), Recife (1.5/3.7 million), Porto Alegre (1.5/4 million), Curitiba (1.8/3.2 million). Figures are from 2010/2012 - Municipality/ metropolitan area

Type: Federative Republic.
Independence: 7 September 1822 (from Portugal).

Location: Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean.
Area: 8.5 million km² (3 290 000 sq. mi.); slightly smaller than the USA
Terrain: Dense rain forests in northern regions including the Amazon Basin; semiarid along the northeast coast; mountains, hills, and rolling plains in the southwest, including Mato Grosso; and coastal lowland.

Climate: Mostly tropical or semitropical with temperate zone in the south.

Nationality: Brazilian.
Population: (2011) 192 million.
GNI per capita PPP: $ 8,745 (year)
Ethnic groups: Brazil's population is derived from three main ethnic sources. To the original inhabitants (Indians) were added successive waves of Europeans (mainly Portuguese) and Africans (mostly from the sub-Saharan west coast, belonging to the Bantu and to the Sudanic (Yoruba) ethnic groups).
Religion: Roman Catholic (80%).
Language: Brazilian Portuguese.
Literacy: 81% of adult population.

Natural resources: Iron ore, manganese, bauxite, nickel, uranium, gemstones, oil, wood, and aluminum. Brazil has 12% of the world's fresh water.

Agriculture products: Brazil is the biggest exporter of coffee, soybeans, beef, sugar cane, ethanol and frozen chickens.
Other products: wheat, rice, corn, cocoa, and citrus.

Industries: Textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment.

Exports partners: China 17%, US 11.1%, Argentina 7.4%, Netherlands 6.2% (2012)

Imports partners: China 15.3%, US 14.6%, Argentina 7.4%, Germany 6.4%, South Korea 4.1% (2012)

Currency: Brazilian Real (BRL)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Brazil

República Federativa do Brasil
Federal Republic of Brazil, the official Brazil Government Page.

Presidência da República
The President of the Federal Republic of Brazil. (in Portuguese)

Ministério das Relações Exteriores
The Ministry of Foreign Relations.

Diplomatic Missions
Missão do Brasil junto às Nações Unidas
Brazilian Mission to the UN
Embassy of Brazil in the USA
Washington D.C.
Embassy of Brazil in the United Kingdom
Brasilianische Botschaft in Deutschland
Ambassade du Brésil en France

Brazilian Missions Abroad
Brazilian Missions around the World.
Foreign Missions in Brazil
Diplomatic Missions accredited in Brazil.

Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
Up-to-date statistics and geographical data. (in Portuguese and English)


Map of Brazil
Political Map of Brazil.
Administrative Map of Brazil
Map is showing Brazil's 26 states plus the location of the Federal district.

Google Earth Google Earth Brazil
Searchable map and satellite view of Brazil.
Google Earth Google Earth Brasilia
Searchable map and satellite view of Brazil's capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Rio de Janeiro
Searchable map and satellite view of Rio de Janeiro.
Google Earth Google Earth São Paulo
Searchable map and satellite view of São Paulo, largest city in Brazil.

Information and searchable maps with satellite views of other Brazilian cities:
Aracaju, Belém, Belo Horizonte, Boa Vista, Campo Grande, Cuiabá, Curitiba, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Goiânia, João Pessoa, Macapá, Maceió, Manaus, Natal, Palmas, Porto Alegre, Porto Velho, Recife, Rio Branco, Salvador (da Bahia), São Luís, Teresina, Vitória

Map of South America
Reference map of South America.
Online News from Brazil
Agência Nacional de Notícias
National News (in Portuguese)
Brazil magazine.
Correio Braziliense
News from Brazil. (in Portuguese)
O Estado de S. Paulo
Brazilian news. (in Portuguese)
Folha de São Paulo
Brazil's largest daily. (in Portuguese)
Analysis and opinion on Brazilian current affairs.
Jornal do Brasil
Rio's daily newspaper, with Brazilian and international news. (in Portuguese)
Globo Online
Brazilian and international news. (in Portuguese)

International News sources
The Rio Times
Daily news on Brazil from WorldNews Network.
The Guardian: Brazil
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Arts & Culture

Art & culture of Brazil
A guide to Brazil's culture from the cultural heritage to popular art.
Brazilian movies.
Fundação Biblioteca Nacional
The National Library.
Official site of the Independent League of Rio de Janeiro's Samba Schools.
Official site of the Afro-Brazilian creators of samba-reggae from Bahia.
Brazil's heavy metal band.

The Afro-Brazilian dance and martial art.

Soccer - Futebol
Confederação Brasileira de Futebol
Football Federation of Brazil.
Federação Metropolitana de Futebol - FMF
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Business & Economy

Banco Central do Brasil
The Central Bank of Brazil.
The National Bank for Economic and Social Development (BNDES)
The most important state-owned development bank in Brazil.

Rio De Janeiro Stock Exchange
São Paulo Stock Exchange

Ministério do Desenvolvimento, Indústria e Comércio Exterior
The Ministry of Development and Foreign Trade offers foreign trade statistics and economic data. (in Portuguese)

Offers a wide range of business opportunities, useful addresses, news, links and other information, aimed at the needs of Brazilian exporters and Non-Brazilian importers and investors.

Business Guide

Major airlines in Brazil
Varig Brasil
Latin America's largest carrier serves 79 destinations within Brazil as well as 20 countries throughout the Americas.
the former VARIG CARGO - transportation and distribution services.
VASP - Viação Aérea São Paulo
A regional carrier.

Destination Brazil - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Brazil: Brasilia, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Recife, Porto Alegre, Bahia.
Accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tours and much more.

The Brazilian Tourist Board
Brazil information on travel and tourism with news and photos.

Brazil in Brief
Comprehensive information about Brazil by the Ministry of Foreign Relations.

General country information.
An educational and informative portal on Brazilian development issues.
The hip gringo's guide to Brazil, a travel website with a focus on roots tourism--eco, cultural, historical, rural, adventure, mature and business.
Meu Brasil
A travellers guide to to the various regions of Brazil by Sergio Koreisha.
A comprehensive travel and tourism guide to Brazil.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio De Janeiro, founded in 1941.
UCAM - Universidade Candido Mendes
Candido Mendes University, since 1902.
Universidade de São Paulo
Sao Paulo University.

Environment & Nature

Amazonia - Amigos da Terra
Friends of the Earth Brazil acts to promote the sustainable use of forest products, the prevention of fire, supporting isolated communities and the development and monitoring of public policies.
Greenpeace Brazil
The Brazilian section of Greenpeace.


The cradle of Brazil's history
Brazil's history in the São Paulo region.
Museu Histórico Nacional
The National Museum of History. (in Portuguese)
Native indigenous people
FUNAI Fundação Nacional do IÍndio
National Indio Foundation.
Map of Indian Tribes of Brazil
Museo do Índio
The Indian museum with information about Brazilian's indigenous people.
Instituto Socioambiental
Socio-Environmental Institute, a private non-profit institution, established to propose integrated solutions to social and environmental issues.
Operação Amazônia Nativa promotes supports projects of the aboriginal communities in the regions Center-West and North of Brazil. (in Portuguese)

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Other Countries of South America:
Argentina | Bolivia | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Suriname | Uruguay | Venezuela

Countries of Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama

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