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___ Morocco (المغرب)

Kasbah of the Udayas at Bou Regreg River, Rabat
Kasbah of the Udayas at Bou Regreg River in Rabat, capital city of Morocco.
Image: Pieter Edelman
 
Morocco Flag
Flag of Morocco
Location map of Morocco. Where in Africa is Morocco?
Location map of Morocco
Destination Morocco, a virtual guide to the western part of the Maghreb, officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco. The country in Northern Africa is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean in west, by the Mediterranean Sea in north, by Algeria in east and in south by Western Sahara, the non-self-governing territory claimed by Morocco.

Morocco shares small borders with Spain by the Spanish exclaves of Ceuta and Melilla, it has borders with Mauritania in the the Moroccan-controlled part of Western Sahara, and it shares maritime borders with Portugal.

Morocco covers an area of 446,550 km² (excluding Western Sahara) making it slightly smaller than Sweden or slightly larger than California.

The country has a population of 34.8 million (in 2017); capital city is Rabat, largest city is Casablanca.


Kingdom of Morocco | Al Mamlakah al-Maghribiyah


Country Profile



Background:
Morocco's long struggle for independence from France ended in 1956. The internationalized city of Tangier was turned over to the new country that same year.
Morocco virtually annexed Western Sahara during the late 1970s, but final resolution on the status of the territory remains unresolved.
Gradual political reforms in the 1990s resulted in the establishment of a bicameral legislature in 1997.


Morocco is a member state of the League of Arab States
border countries: Algeria, (Mauritania) Western Sahara, Spain
related countries: France
 
 

Official Name:
Al Mamlakah al-Maghribiyah
short form: Arabic: المغرب‎, al-Maġrib
int'l long form: Kingdom of Morocco
int'l short form: Morocco

ISO Country Code: ma

Time:
Local Time = UTC +0h (no UTC/GMT offset)
Actual Time: Thu-July-20  22:45

Country Calling Code: +212

Capital City: Rabat

Other Cities: Agadir, Casablanca, Fez, Marrakech, Meknes, Tangier (Tanger), Tetouan

Government:
Type: Constitutional Monarchy.
Independence: 2 March 1956 (from France).

Geography:
Location: Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
Area: 446,550 km² (172,413 sq. mi.)
(The disputed territory of Western Sahara comprises another 267,000 km² or 102,700 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Coastal plains, mountains, desert.

Climate: Mediterranean, more extreme in the interior.

People:
Nationality: Moroccan(s).
Population: 34.8 million (2017)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 4 444 (year)
Ethnic groups: Arab, Berber, mixed Arab-Berber.
Religions: Muslim
Languages: Arabic (official), several Berber dialects; French, usually the language of business, government, and diplomacy.
Literacy: 52%

Natural resources: Phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt.

Agriculture products: Barley, wheat, citrus, wine, vegetables, olives; livestock.

Industries: Phosphate rock mining and processing, food processing, leather goods, textiles, construction, tourism.

Currency: Moroccan Dirham (MAD)

Exports - commodities: clothing and textiles, automobiles, electric components, inorganic chemicals, transistors, crude minerals, fertilizers (including phosphates), petroleum products, citrus fruits, vegetables, fish

Exports - partners: Spain 22.1%, France 19.7%, India 4.9%, USA 4.3%, Italy 4.3% (2015)

Imports - commodities: crude petroleum, textile fabric, telecommunications equipment, wheat, gas and electricity, transistors, plastics

Imports - partners: Spain 13.9%, France 12.4%, China 8.5%, USA 6.5%, Germany 5.8%, Italy 5.5%, Russia 4.4%, Turkey 4.3% (2015)

Morocco in Figures
Morocco key statistical data.

Parliament building in Morocco's capital Rabat
Front of the parliament building in Morocco's capital Rabat.
Image: Ludmiła Pilecka

Political system
Morocco is ruled in a framework of an Islamic parliamentary constitutional hereditary monarchy. Chief of state is the king. The king is both, the political and spiritual leader, the "Commander of the Faithful," he presides over the Council of Ministers and appoints various members of government. He can also dissolve the parliament, arrange new elections and rule by decree.
Head of government is the prime minister. The parliament of Morocco is the bicameral legislature located in Rabat. The two chambers are the House of Representatives and the House of Councillors (upper house). The power of parliament is very limited, but has been reinforced by reforms of the constitution in 1992.

Official Sites of Morocco

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Premier Ministre
The Moroccan Prime Ministry (in French and arabic)

La Chambre des Representants - Parlement du Maroc
The Parliament of Morocco (in Arabic and English).

Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication - Kingdom of Morocco
Official Morocco information site by the Ministry of Culture and Communication (in Arabic and French).

Maroc.ma
The national portal of Morocco.

Moroccan Sahara
Moroccan Sahara Portal, '40 years of progress' in Morocco's occupied part of the Western Sahara.

Ministere des Affaires Etrangeres et de la Cooperation
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of Morocco to the UN
Morocco's representation to the United Nations.
Embassy of the Kingdom of Morocco in the US
Embassy of the Kingdom of Morocco in Washington D.C.
Embassy of the Kingdom of Morocco in Seoul
Korea.
Moroccan Embassies & Consulates  abroad
Address list of Embassies & Consulates of Morocco.
Diplomatic corps & Consular accredited in Morocco
Address list of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Morocco.


Statistics
Haut-commissariat au Plan
Offers information about Morocco's statistical figures (in French only).

Morocco in Figures
Morocco key statistical data.

Maps

profile Map of Morocco
Political Map of Morocco.
profile Administrative Map of Morocco
Map of Morocco showing regions and préfectures of Morocco with capital cities.

Google Earth Google Earth Morocco
Searchable map/satellite view of Morocco.
Google Earth Google Earth Rabat
Searchable map/satellite view of Morocco's capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Casablanca
Searchable map/satellite view of Morocco's largest city.
Google Earth Google Earth Marrakesh
Searchable map/satellite view of Morocco's former imperial capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Tangier
Searchable map/satellite view of the portcity of Tangier.

Map of Northern Africa and the Middle East
Political Map of of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East.
Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.
 

News

According to BBC, the broadcast media are either dominated by the state or reflect the official line. However, the private press has succeeded in breaking taboos over some sensitive topics, including allegations of high-level corruption.
Paris-based Reporters Without Borders notes "a slow but steady decline in media freedom in Morocco/Western Sahara. In Morocco, the kingdom’s authorities use political and economic pressure to deter local independent media outlets from covering highly sensitive subjects".

Moroccan News in French:
Al Bayane
National and international news.
Aujourd'hui Le Maroc
Morocco related and international news.
Challenge
Weekly economic news magazine.
Le Matin
National news.
Maroc Hebdo International
Moroccan weekly news (in French).
Yabiladi
Moroccan portal and site (in French).

Maghreb Arabe Presse
The Moroccan government news agency (in Arabic, English, French, and Spanish)
Morocco World News
Middle East and North Africa region news (in English).
 

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Tinghir street life. The city is the capital of Tinghir Province, Morocco
Tinghir street life. The capital of Tinghir Province is situated in the Drâa-Tafilalet region.
Image: mhobl

Arts & Culture


Music
Essaouira Gnaoua and World Music Festival
The Gnawa and World Music Festival of Essaouira is a yearly event for Gnawa and Jazz music.

Festival de Fès des musiques sacrées du monde
Fez Festival of the World Sacred Music.

The Master Musicians of Jajouka
The musicians of Jajouka are the keepers of one of the oldest and most unique surviving musical traditions.

Moroccan music.com
This page is here to promote the traditional music of Morocco.

Film
Moroccan Cinematographic Center
Film shooting in Morocco.
 

Business & Economy

Bank Al-Maghrib
The Central Bank of Morocco, founded in 1959.

Attijariwafa Bank
Leading bank in Morocco and is part of king Mohammed VI's holding company SNI. (in French)
BMCE Bank Group
Large commercial bank in Morocco, (in French)


Ministry of Economy and Finance
Morocco's Ministry of Economy and Finance is a business gateway to the Kingdom of Morocco.

The Moroccan American Business Council Ltd.
A not-for-profit foundation operated by American and Moroccan.

Transportation
Royal Air Maroc (RAM)
The Moroccan Airline.

 

 
Tamnougalt, Draa River valley, Atlas Mountains, Morocco
Tamnougalt, a palm oasis in the Atlas Mountains, located in the Draa River valley near Agdz.
Image: Sergey Pesterev

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Destination Morocco - Travel and Tour Guides


Discover Morocco:
Cities: Agadir (city on the shore of the Atlantic Ocean has a Timitar festival), Casablanca (Hassan II Mosque, largest mosque in Morocco); Essaouira (port city and resort); Fes (the country’s cultural capital, the Medina of Fez is a UNESCO World Heritage Site); Ifrane (city with an Alpine climate);
Marrakesh (old center of Marrakech, Koutoubia Mosque, Saadian Tombs, Bahia Palace, El Badi Palace, Majorelle Garden, Menara gardens, Jemaa el-Fnaa square); Meknès (Bou Inania Madrasa);
Rabat (Kasbah of the Udayas, a 12th century kasbah, Chellah, a fortified Muslim necropolis), Hassan Tower (minaret), Rabat Archaeological Museum;
Tangier (medina of Tangier, Dar el Makhzen palace), and Tétouan.

Atlas Mountains (Mountain range across northwestern Africa with Toubkal, the highest peak in Morocco); Rif (mountainous region); Ouzoud Falls (spectacular waterfall), Todgha Gorge (canyon in the High Atlas), Souss-Massa National Park (national park on the Atlantic coast), Dadès Gorges (scenic route), Oukaïmeden (Moroccan style ski resort in the Atlas mountains)

Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Office National Marocain du Tourisme
Official tourism information


Moroc Net
A tourist guide to Morocco.

City Guides
Essaouira
The city of Essaouira "la Blanche".

Native indigenous peoples
Mondeberbere.com
Sanhaja, Masmoda, and Zenata are the three tribes constituting the Berbers - a Berber culture portal site.

Fes Medina with Bou Inania Madrasa, Fes el Bali
Aerial view of Fes Old Medina with Bou Inania Madrasa in center.
Image: Michal Osmenda
 

Education


Al Akhawayn University
University in the city of Ifrane, founded 1994.

Université Hassan II
Faculté des Sciences et Techniques Mohammadia, City of Mohammadia (in French).

Université Mohammed I
Mohammed First University, City of Oujda.

Université Mohammed V
Ecole Mohammadia d'Ingénieurs, founded in 1959, Agdal-Rabat.
 

Berber alphabet.
Image: Mikael Parkvall
 
Ouzoud Waterfalls, Azilal province, Morocco
The Ouzoud Waterfalls are located near the High Atlas village of Tanaghmeilt, in the Azilal province of Morocco.
Image: Masha Maria

Environment & Nature


Fondation Mohammed VI pour la Protection de l'Environnement
Mohammed VI Foundation for the Protection of the Environment.

Office National de l'Eau Potable
National office of drinking water (in French).

High Atlas Foundation
Organization whose aim is to establish community-based projects in Morocco that local people design and manage.


 
 
Aït Benhaddou in Ouarzazate province, Morocco
Aït Benhaddou is an ancient fortified village (ighrem) in Ouarzazate province in southern Morocco, at the former caravan route between the Sahara and Marrakech. The Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Image: Annabel Symington

History


History of Morocco - Discover an Ancient Land
Major events in Moroccan history.

History of Morocco
Wikipedia: Morocco History.
 
 

Sources and additional Information on Morocco


Amnesty International: Morocco

BBC Country Profile: Morocco

FAO: Morocco

GlobalEDGE: Morocco

The Heritage Foundation: Morocco

Human Rights Watch: Morocco

OEC: Morocco

Reporters Without Borders: Morocco

Wikipedia: Morocco

The World Factbook -- Morocco
 
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Other Countries of Northern Africa
Algeria | Egypt | Libya | Morocco | Sudan | Tunisia | Western Sahara

Major Cities in Northern Africa
Alexandria, Algiers, Benghazi, Cairo, Casablanca, Khartoum, Marrakesh,
Port Said, Rabat, Tangier, Tobruk, Tripoli, Tunis

Other Countries and Territories in the Mediterranean:
Albania | Algeria | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Croatia | Cyprus | Egypt | France | Gaza Strip | Greece | Israel | Italy | Lebanon | Libya | Malta | Monaco | Montenegro | Portugal | Slovenia | Spain | Syria | Tunisia | Turkey
 
 
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