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Pakistan, a country in South Asia with a coastline on the Arabian Sea in south. Pakistan is bordered by Afghanistan, China, India, and Iran.
Flag of Pakistan
The country occupies an area of 796,095 km², compared it is slightly larger than Turkey (783,562 km²) or slightly less than twice the size of the U.S. state of California.
Pakistan has a population of 188 million people (data from Statistics Division, 2015).
Capital is Islamabad. Main port, largest city and business capital of Pakistan is Karachi, second largest city is Lahore.
Spoken languages are Urdu, English (both official), Punjabi, Sindhi, and Pashto.
Islamic Republic of Pakistan - (Urdu: اسلامی جمہوریہ پاکستان)
The separation in 1947 of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan (with two sections West and East) and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved.
A third war between these countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan seceding and becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. A dispute over the state of Kashmir is ongoing. In response to Indian nuclear weapons testing, Pakistan conducted its own tests in 1998.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
related countries: UK
short form: Pakistan
int'l long form: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
ISO Country Code: pk
Local Time = UTC +5h
Actual Time: Tue-Dec-6 01:37
Country Calling Code: +92
Capital City: Islamabad (pop. 1 million) and adjacent Rawalpindi (1 400 000) comprise the national capital area with a combined population of 3.7 million.
Karachi (9 million), Lahore (5 million), Faisalabad (2 million) and Hyderabad (1 million)
Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Independence: 14 August 1947.
Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north.
Area: 796,000 km² (311,000 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west.
Climate: Mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north.
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Pakistan(i).
Population: 188,1 million (2015)
Ethnic groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pathan (Pushtun), Baloch, Muhajir (i.e., Urdu-speaking immigrants from India and their descendants), Saraiki, Hazara.
Religions: Muslim 97%; small minorities of Christians, Hindus, and others.
Languages: Urdu (national and official), English, Punjabi, Sindhi, Pushtu, Balochi, Hindko, Brahui, Saraiki (Punjabi variant).
Literacy: 45.7%; male 59.8%; female 30.6%.
Natural resources: Extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone.
Cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; milk, beef, mutton, eggs.
Industries: Textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer.
Exports - commodities: textiles (garments, bed linen, cotton cloth, yarn), rice, leather goods, sporting goods, chemicals, manufactures, carpets and rugs
Exports - partners: US 13.1%, UAE 9.1%, Afghanistan 9.1%, China 8.8%, UK 5.4%, Germany 4.9% (2015)
Imports - commodities: petroleum, petroleum products, machinery, plastics, transportation equipment, edible oils, paper and paperboard, iron and steel, tea.
Imports - partners: China 28.1%, Saudi Arabia 10.9%, UAE 10.8%, Kuwait 5.6% (2015)
Currency: Pakistani Rupee (PKR)
Pakistan in Figures
Pakistan key statistical data.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of PakistanThe Government of Pakistan
The Official Government Site.
President of Pakistan
Official Website of the presidency of the Islamic Republic.
Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
The information gateway to Pakistan.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Pakistan
Official site of the ministry.
Permanent Mission of Pakistan to the UN
Pakistan's representation to the United Nations.
Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in the U.S.
Official site of the Embassy in Washington D.C.
Pakistani Embassies and Missions Abroad
Address list of Pakistani Embassies and Missions Abroad.
Foreign Embassies in Islamabad
Address list of Foreign Embassies in Islamabad.
Foreign Missions in Pakistan
List of Foreign Missions in Pakistan.
Government of the Punjab
Official site of the Government of the Punjab.
Government of Sindh
Official site of the Government of Sindh.
Population Libraries Network of Pakistan (POPLIBNET)
Pakistan's population in facts and figures.
National Statistical Office of Pakistan.
Pakistan in Figures
Pakistan key statistical data.
Pakistan Meteorological Department
Climate in Pakistan.
Map of Pakistan
Political map of Pakistan.
Administrative Map of Pakistan
Map showing Pakistan's administrative divisions.
Map of the Kashmir Region
Political map of the Kashmir Region.
Google Earth Pakistan
Searchable map/satellite view of Pakistan.
Google Earth Islamabad
Searchable map/satellite view of Pakistan's capital city.
Google Earth Abbottabad
Searchable map/satellite view of Abbottabad, hiding place of Osama bin Laden.
Google Earth Karachi
Searchable map/satellite view of Karachi, largest city and business capital of Pakistan.
Google Earth Lahore
Searchable map/satellite view of Lahore, second largest city of Pakistan.
Map of Asia
Reference map of Asia.
NewsAssociated Press of Pakistan - APP
Pakistan News Agency, Islamabad.
The Friday Times
Pakistan's independent weekly paper (Subscribers Only).
English-language, publishes in Lahore and Karachi.
The Frontier Post
English daily published from Peshawar and Quetta.
National and international news.
The News International
The News International Pakistan.
The Pakistan Link
First Pakistan newspaper on the internet.
Pakistan News in Urdu
Pakistan News (in Urdu)
Pakistan News (in Urdu)
International News Sources
BBC News Country Profile: Pakistan
With links to Pakistan related news and background information.
Karachi and Pakistan News by World News Network
Reuters AlertNet - Pakistan violence
Yahoo! News Full Coverage-Pakistan
Press agencies news on Pakistan
Amnesty International: Pakistan
Amnesty International Reports.
Human Rights Watch: Pakistan
UN humanitarian news and analysis.
Reporters sans frontières - Pakistan
Annual report 2007 about Press freedom in the country.
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & CulturePakPositive
Simple Pakistani news and stories without religious, political or military tones - presented unmodified and unedited at their sources.
Pakistan youth culture: music, ghazals, films, fashion and more.
Business & Economy
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Pakistan - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Pakistan: Pakistan's main attractions include cultural and archaeological tourism as found in Taxila, Moenjodaro, Harrappa, and early Muslim and Mughal heritage at Multan, Lahore, Thatta, Peshawar and Swat.
Adventure tourism in the Northern Areas: Hunza valley, Mt. Rakaposhi, Nanga Parbat, Khyber Pass, Karakoram, K-2.
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards,
adventure, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.
Pakistan Tourism Development.
Country information by Instec Digital Systems.
Pakistan Travel Web
US based Pakistan portal - Its All About Pakistan.
Lonely Planet Pakistan
The backpackers guide 2 Pakistan.
News and pictures from Balochistan.
A city guide to Islamabad.
The city of Karachi.
The capital of Punjab and the second largest city in the country.
Hotels in Pakistan
Find a Hotel in Pakistan.
EducationFederal Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education - FBISE
FBISE Islamabad, Pakistan.
Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education Board Dera Ghazi Khan
B.I.S.E D . G . Khan
Board Of Intermediate Education Karachi
Board Of Intermediate & Secondary Education Lahore
Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education, Peshawar
Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute Institute - GIK
Institute of Engineeering Sciences and Technology.
Official site of Hamdard University, Karachi.
Lahore University of Management Sciences
The Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS) is a national university.
National University of Science and Technology
Official site of NUST, Islamabad.
Pakistan's most prestigious university.
Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute
Institute of Science & Technology.
University of Balochistan
Official website of the university.
University of Karachi
Pakistan's biggest university established in 1951.
English-Urdu Dictionary and Translations.
Environment & NaturePakistan Water Gateway
Information related to water resources and issues in Pakistan.
Wildlife of Pakistan
Comprehensive website about Pkistan's nature and wildlife.
HistoryQuaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Father of the Nation.
History of Pakistan
Comprehensive collection of information on Pakistan's History.
National Fund for Cultural Heritage
Places of Historic Interest and Natural Beauty in Pakistan.
History of the Pakistan region, including Pakistani provinces, etc.
Pakistan's Historical Background.
Story of Pakistan
Comprehensive Reference on the Political History of Pakistan.
Additional Information on Pakistan
BBC Pakistan country profile
Open Directory: Pakistan
World Bank Pakistan
The World Factbook -- Pakistan
Other Countries in South Central Asia:
Afghanistan | Bangladesh | Bhutan | India | Iran | Kazakhstan | Kyrgyzstan
Maldives | Nepal | Sri Lanka | Tajikistan | Turkmenistan | Uzbekistan
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