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___ Pakistan

A virtual guide to the Islamic Republic. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Pakistan's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile this page contains links to sources that will provide you with in-depth information about this Southern Asian nation, e.g.: official web sites of Pakistan, addresses of Pakistani and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Pakistan.

Islamabad - Faisal Mosque, Pakistan
Faisal Mosque Islamabad © islamabad.net
 

Islamic Republic of Pakistan - (Urdu: اسلامی جمہوریہ پاکستان)

Country Profile



Pakistan Flag
Flag of Pakistan

Background:
The separation in 1947 of British India into the Muslim state of Pakistan (with two sections West and East) and largely Hindu India was never satisfactorily resolved.
A third war between these countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan seceding and becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. A dispute over the state of Kashmir is ongoing. In response to Indian nuclear weapons testing, Pakistan conducted its own tests in 1998.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Afghanistan, China, India, Iran
 
where in Asia is Pakistan?

Official Name:
Islami Jamhooriya-e-Pakistan
short form: Pakistan
int'l long form: Islamic Republic of Pakistan

ISO Country Code: pk

Time:
Local Time = UTC +5h
Actual Time: Sat-July-26  04:03

Country Calling Code: +92

Capital City: Islamabad (pop. 1 million) and adjacent Rawalpindi (1 400 000) comprise the national capital area with a combined population of 3.7 million. 

Other Cities:
Karachi (9 million), Lahore (5 million), Faisalabad (2 million) and Hyderabad (1 million)

Government:
Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Independence: 14 August 1947.

Geography:
Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north.
Area: 796,000 km² (311,000 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Flat Indus plain in east; mountains in north and northwest; Balochistan plateau in west.

Climate: Mostly hot, dry desert; temperate in northwest; arctic in north.

People:
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Pakistan(i).
Population: 179.5 million
Ethnic groups: Punjabi, Sindhi, Pathan (Pushtun), Baloch, Muhajir (i.e., Urdu-speaking immigrants from India and their descendants), Saraiki, Hazara.
Religions: Muslim 97%; small minorities of Christians, Hindus, and others.
Languages: Urdu (national and official), English, Punjabi, Sindhi, Pushtu, Balochi, Hindko, Brahui, Saraiki (Punjabi variant).
Literacy: 45.7%; male 59.8%; female 30.6%.

Natural resources: Extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone.

Agriculture products:
Cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; milk, beef, mutton, eggs.

Industries: Textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer.

Currency: Pakistani Rupee (PKR)

Pakistan in Figures
Pakistan key statistical data.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Pakistan

The Government of Pakistan
The Official Government Site.


President of Pakistan
Official Website of the presidency of the Islamic Republic.

Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
The information gateway to Pakistan.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Pakistan
Official site of the ministry.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Pakistan to the UN
Pakistan's representation to the United Nations.
Embassy of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in the U.S.
Official site of the Embassy in Washington D.C.
Pakistani Embassies and Missions Abroad
Address list of Pakistani Embassies and Missions Abroad.
Foreign Embassies in Islamabad
Address list of Foreign Embassies in Islamabad.
Foreign Missions in Pakistan
List of Foreign Missions in Pakistan.


Regional Governments
Government of the Punjab
Official site of the Government of the Punjab.
Government of Sindh
Official site of the Government of Sindh.


Statistics
Population Libraries Network of Pakistan (POPLIBNET)
Pakistan's population in facts and figures.
Statistics Division
National Statistical Office of Pakistan.

Pakistan in Figures
Pakistan key statistical data.


Weather
Pakistan Meteorological Department
Climate in Pakistan.


Maps
profile Map of Pakistan
Political Map of Pakistan.
profile Administrative Map of Pakistan
Map showing Pakistan's administrative divisions.

Google Earth Google Earth Pakistan
Searchable map/satellite view of Pakistan.
Google Earth Google Earth Islamabad
Searchable map/satellite view of Pakistan's capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Abbottabad
Searchable map/satellite view of Abbottabad, hiding place of Osama bin Laden.
Google Earth Google Earth Karachi
Searchable map/satellite view of Karachi, largest city and business capital of Pakistan.
Google Earth Google Earth Lahore
Searchable map/satellite view of Lahore, second largest city of Pakistan.

profile Map of Asia
Reference map of Asia.
 

News

Associated Press of Pakistan - APP
Pakistan News Agency, Islamabad.
Dawn
Pakistan news.
The Friday Times
Pakistan's independent weekly paper (Subscribers Only).
Daily Times
English-language, publishes in Lahore and Karachi.
The Frontier Post
English daily published from Peshawar and Quetta.
The Nation
National and international news.
The News International
The News International Pakistan.
The Pakistan Link
First Pakistan newspaper on the internet.

Pakistan News in Urdu
Daily Ausaf
Islamabad-based
Jang
Pakistan News (in Urdu)
Jasarat
Pakistan News (in Urdu)

 
International News Sources
BBC News Country Profile: Pakistan
With links to Pakistan related news and background information.
Karachi.com
Karachi and Pakistan News by World News Network
Reuters AlertNet - Pakistan violence
Reuters news.
Yahoo! News Full Coverage-Pakistan
Press agencies news on Pakistan

Human Rights
Amnesty International: Pakistan
Amnesty International Reports.
Human Rights Watch: Pakistan
Background Briefings.
IRINnews Pakistan
UN humanitarian news and analysis.

Press freedom
Reporters sans frontières - Pakistan
Annual report 2007 about Press freedom in the country.
 

 

Arts & Culture

PakPositive
Simple Pakistani news and stories without religious, political or military tones - presented unmodified and unedited at their sources.

PakVibes
Pakistan youth culture: music, ghazals, films, fashion and more.
 
Harappa
 

Business & Economy


State Bank of Pakistan
Pakistan's Central Bank.

Lahore Stock Exchange
Official website of the Stock Exchange.
Islamabad Stock Exchange
Official website of the Stock Exchange.
Karachi Stock Exchange (Guarantee) Ltd.
Founded 1947, 1949 converted and registered as a company limited by guarantee.


Export Promotion Bureau (EPB)
Export Promotion Bureau of the Government of Pakistan.

__Transportation

Airlines
Pakistan International Airlines
The flag carrier airline of Pakistan, based in Karachi.
Airblue
Private airline based in Karachi.
Shaheen Air International
Another Pakistani private airline based in Karachi, seves cities in Pakistan and countries in the Persian Gulf .

International Airports
Benazir Bhutto International
Islamabad, Rawalpindi, (IATA: ISB)
Jinnah International Airport
Pakistan's largest international and domestic airport Karachi, (IATA: KHI)
Allama Iqbal International
Pakistan's second largest civil airport, Lahore (IATA: LHE)
Other international airports in Pakistan.
Gwadar (IATA: GWD)
Peshawar (IATA: PEW)
Quetta (IATA: UET)

Railroad
Pakistan Railway

Products
Pak Persian Rugs
Picture gallery and shop of Pakistani rugs, provides background information on the different types of rugs manufactured in Pakistan.
 



 

Destination Pakistan - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Pakistan: Pakistan's main attractions include cultural and archaeological tourism as found in Taxila, Moenjodaro, Harrappa, and early Muslim and Mughal heritage at Multan, Lahore, Thatta, Peshawar and Swat.
Adventure tourism in the Northern Areas: Hunza valley, Mt. Rakaposhi, Nanga Parbat, Khyber Pass, Karakoram, K-2.
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards,
adventure, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Pakistan Tourism
Pakistan Tourism Development.

Pakistan
Country information by Instec Digital Systems.
Pakistan Travel Web
Discover Pakistan.
Pakwatan.com
US based Pakistan portal - Its All About Pakistan.

Lonely Planet Pakistan
The backpackers guide 2 Pakistan.

Regions
Balochistan
News and pictures from Balochistan.

City Guides
Islamabad
A city guide to Islamabad.
Karachi
The city of Karachi.
Lahore
The capital of Punjab and the second largest city in the country.

Hotels
 NEW  Hotels in Pakistan
Find a Hotel in Pakistan.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Iskardoo, Pakistan
Iskardoo, a northern area of Pakistan.

Education

Federal Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education - FBISE
FBISE Islamabad, Pakistan.
Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education Board Dera Ghazi Khan
B.I.S.E D . G . Khan
Board Of Intermediate Education Karachi
Board Of Intermediate & Secondary Education Lahore
BISE Lahore
Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education, Peshawar

Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute Institute - GIK
Institute of Engineeering Sciences and Technology.
Hamdard University
Official site of Hamdard University, Karachi.
Lahore University of Management Sciences
The Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS) is a national university.
National University of Science and Technology
Official site of NUST, Islamabad.
Quaid-I-Azam University
Pakistan's most prestigious university.
Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute
Institute of Science & Technology.
University of Balochistan
Official website of the university.
University of Karachi
Pakistan's biggest university established in 1951.

Language
UrduWord.com
English-Urdu Dictionary and Translations.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Pakistan Water Gateway
Information related to water resources and issues in Pakistan.

Wildlife of Pakistan
Comprehensive website about Pkistan's nature and wildlife.
 

History

Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Father of the Nation.
History of Pakistan
Comprehensive collection of information on Pakistan's History.
National Fund for Cultural Heritage
Places of Historic Interest and Natural Beauty in Pakistan.
Pak History
History of the Pakistan region, including Pakistani provinces, etc.
Pakistan History
Pakistan's Historical Background.
Story of Pakistan
Comprehensive Reference on the Political History of Pakistan.
 
 

Search

PakAvenue
Index of Pakistan related sites - the formerly Pakistan Power Page.
PakLinks
Pakistan portal.

Additional Information on Pakistan

Open Directory: Pakistan
Pakistan Virtual Library
Electronically distributed sources of information about Pakistan.
Wikipedia: Pakistan
The World Factbook -- Pakistan
 
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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.