Continents Asia Kingdom of Thailand
Flag of Thailand
Thailand covers an area of 513,120 km², the country is just slightly larger than Spain or slightly more than twice the size of the U.S. state of Wyoming. Until 1939 the country was known as Siam.
The Kingdom has a population of 68 million people, by far the largest city is Bangkok, the national capital with estimated 12 million citizens. Spoken language is Thai.
Adventure Thailand - the Land of Smiles, this is a virtual guide to "Muang Thai" - often translated as the "Land of the Free", as the Thais call their country. Despite the fact that Thailand was governed by martial law until March 2015, after a military coup in May 2014. The Royal Thai Armed Forces dissolved the elected caretaker government, likewise the senate, repealed the constitution, and established a military junta. Amazing Thailand!
On 13 October 2016 His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej died, he was the ninth monarch of Thailand from the Chakri Dynasty. On 1 December 2016 Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn was appointed as the new King of Thailand.
Kingdom of Thailand | Muang Thai | ประเทศไทย
Siam, "the land of the White Elephant" or the country of Muang Thai (Land of the Free).
The Thais have their own culture (including literature, drama, architecture, music, painting, sculpture, folk dances, and many handicrafts), their own language, their own cuisine, their own martial arts, and their own beliefs, with influences from China and India.
After the short-lived kingdom of Sukhothai founded in 1238, a unified Thai kingdom (Ayutthaya) was established in the mid-14th century; it was known as Siam until 1939. Thailand is the only southeast Asian country never have been taken over by a European power.
A bloodless revolution in 1932 led to a constitutional monarchy. In alliance with Japan during World War II, Thailand became a US ally following the conflict.
Muang T'hai; Prathet T'hai
Int'l long form: Kingdom of Thailand
Int'l short form: Thailand
ISO Country Code: th, tha
Actual Time: Wed-June-28 05:40
Local Time = UTC +7
Thailand does not operate Daylight-Saving Time.
Country Calling Code: +66
Capital City: Bangkok
(in Thai: Krung Thep; pop. 10 million est.)
Nakhon Ratchasima (2.5 million), Chiangmai (1.6 million), Songkla (1.2 million).
Type: Constitutional monarchy.
Constitution: New constitution promulgated 11 October 1997.
Independence: Never colonized; traditional founding date 1238.
Location: Southeastern Asia mainland, bordering the Andaman Sea (West) and the Gulf of Thailand (East), southeast of Burma (Myanmar)
Area: 513,115 km² (198,114 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Densely populated central plain; northeastern plateau; mountain range in the west; southern isthmus joins the land mass with Malaysia.
Thailand is a warm and rather humid tropical country with monsoonal climate. Seasons--Dry: March to May, Rainy: June to October, Cool: November to February.
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Thai(s)
Population: 68 million (2015)
Ethnic groups: Thai 89%, other 11%.
Religions: Theravada Buddhist 95%, Muslim 4%, Christian, Hindu, other
Languages: Thai (official language); English is the second language of the elite; regional dialects.
Education: Literacy: 96% male, 92% female.
Tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, gypsum, lignite, fluorite; fish, arable land.
Rice, cassava (tapioca), rubber, corn, sugarcane, coconuts, soybeans.
Tourism, textiles and garments, agricultural processing, beverages, tobacco, cement, light manufacturing such as jewelry, electric appliances and components, computers and parts, integrated circuits, furniture, plastics, world's second-largest tungsten producer, and third-largest tin producer.
Exports - commodities: electronics, computer parts, automobiles and parts, electrical appliances, machinery and equipment, textiles and footwear, fishery products, rice, rubber
Exports - partners: US 11.2%, China 11.1%, Japan 9.4%, Hong Kong 5.5%, Malaysia 4.8%, Australia 4.6%, Vietnam 4.2%, Singapore 4.1% (2015)
Imports - commodities: capital goods, intermediate goods and raw materials, consumer goods, fuels
Imports - partners: China 20.3%, Japan 15.4%, US 6.9%, Malaysia 5.9%, UAE 4% (2015)
Thailand in numbers
Thailand statistical key figures.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of ThailandOffice of His Majesty's Principal Private Secretary
Official website of the Thai Monarchy.
The Royal Court of Thailand
His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej's Golden Jubilee Home Page.
Palaces of the King
The residences of King Bhumibol.
Royal Thai Government
The Office of the Prime Minister.
The Thai National Assembly - National Reform Steering Assembly.
Office of Electronic Government. (in Thai)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
The site offers an overview of the country and information
on regulations for foreign visitors to Thailand.
Thailand's Visa Information
Information for visitors to Thailand.
More Official Websites:
Ministries of the Kingdom of Thailand
List of Thailand's National Government Agencies and Ministries.
Royal Thai Embassy
Foreign Missions in Thailand
Addresslist of Foreign Diplomatic Missions.
Thailand's Missions Abroad
List of Thai Embassies and Consulates abroad.
National Statistical Office
Responsible for country's statistical activities including
the collection and compilation, disemination of basic statistical data.
Thailand in Figures
Thailand statistical key figures.
Thai Meteorological Department
The official Thai weather.
Maps of ThailandMap of Thailand
Political Map of Thailand.
Region Map of Thailand
Map showing Thailand and the surrounding countries with international borders,
the regions of Thailand, major cities, expressways, and major airports.
Google Map Thailand
Searchable map/satellite view of Thailand.
Google Map Bangkok
Searchable map/satellite view of Thailand's capital city.
Google Map Chiangmai
Searchable map/satellite view of the "Northern Capital".
Google Map Phuket
Searchable map/satellite view of Thailand's biggest island.
Map of Southeast Asia
Map of the Southeast Asia region.
Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.
One of Thailand's leading English language newspaper.
Thailand's only business newspaper in English.
Thai News Agency (TNA)
Thailand related news.
Online News & Information Service in English.
Thai News in Thai:
National and international news. (in Thai)
Asian and national news.
International News Sources
BBC News Country Profile: Thailand
With links to Thailand related news and background information.
Thomson Reuters Foundation
Reuters news covers the world’s under-reported stories.
Amnesty International Thailand
Amnesty International Reports.
Human Rights Watch: Thailand
Reporters sans frontières - Thailand
Report about Press freedom in the country.
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & Culture
The Fine Arts Department
Responsible for cultural heritage and artistic creation.
Bangsai Arts and Crafts Centre
Arts and culture Thai style.
Khon Masks of Thailand
Khon masks comprise part of the costume of performers of the classical dance-drama.
National Library of Thailand (NLT)
The site provides information about the institution's history, organisation, services, and online catalogs. National Library of Thailand is located in Bangkok.
The Siam Society
Established in 1904, under Royal Patronage, as an organization for those interested in the artistic, scientific, and cultural affairs of Thailand and neighboring countries.
Thai Classical Dance
The Rituals and Traditions of Thai classical dance.
Regional Food with recipes.
Vegetarian Thai Cuisine
Site with information about Kin Jay, the Thai variant of vegetarian food.
Wikipedia page about the traditional handicraft and art of silk weaving in Thailand.
Chinese New Year Bangkok
Images of street scenes, Chinese temples, people and places in Bangkok's Chinatown by Valeska Gehrmann.
Loi Krathong Festival
A festival celebrated nationwide in Thailand, the floating of a ‘Krathong' – a banana–leaf cup – is intended to float away ill fortune.
The River of King
One of Thailand's grandest spectacles, the Royal Barge Procession on Chao Phraya River.
Site about the Songkran, Thailand's New Year and Water Festival.
Worldfilm Festival of Bangkok
Annual Worldfilm Festival Bangkok, with mostly Asian contemporary films.
Rama IX Art Museum Foundation
Contemporary and modern Thai art.
The Karens (Ka-rans)
Indigenous people of the southeast Asian countries of Thailand and Burma.
Muaythai & Boxing Sports Magazine (Muay Thai - Thai Kick Boxing, the national sport.)
Business & EconomyThailand has a well-developed infrastructure, okay kind of, a free-enterprise economy, generally pro-investment policies, and strong export industries. Thailand achieved steady growth due largely to industrial and agriculture exports - mostly electronics, agricultural commodities, automobiles and parts, and processed foods. Unemployment is less than 1%, with a nation-wide 300 baht ($9) per day minimum wage. The Thai economy has weathered internal and external economic shocks in recent years. The global economic recession severely cut Thailand's exports, with most sectors experiencing double-digit drops. In late 2011 Thailand's recovery was interrupted by historic flooding in the industrial areas in Bangkok and its five surrounding provinces, crippling the manufacturing sector.
Bank of Thailand
Central Bank of Thailand.
The Stock Exchange of Thailand
Ministry of Energy
Ministry of Industry
List of State Enterprises of the Kingdom of Thailand
List of Thailand's State Enterprises.
Thailand in Figures
Thailand statistical key figures.
Thai Chamber of Commerce
The Thai Chamber of Commerce and Board of Trade of Thailand (Bangkok).
Thai Board of Investment (BOI)
Thai Investment and business information.
The Federation of Thai Industries (FTI)
The Gem and Jewelry Institute of Thailand
The leading institute in the development and promotion of the country's gem and jewelry industry.
Thailand Business Pages
Thai Industry, Companies, Products.
Thaitrade - Department of export promotion
Trade and Export information.
Thai regional low fare airline.
Orient Thai Airlines
Scheduled and chartered domestic airline.
Phuket Air (betrieb eingestellt 2013)
A regional carrier.
The national carrier.
State Railway of Thailand
Official website of the State Railway of Thailand.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Thailand - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Thailand: Ayutthaya, Bangkok, Muang Boran, Cha-Am (Muang Phetch), Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Chon Buri, Hat Yai, Hua Hin, Isaan, Kanchanaburi, Khao Lak, Khon Kaen, Krabi, Khorat, Lanna, Nong Khai, Krabi, Pattaya, Phang-Nga, Ranong, Satun, Sukhothai, Trang, Ubon Ratchathani, the Golden Triangle.
Islands: Ko Chang, Koh Phangan and Koh Tao, Koh Samui, Koh Phi Phi, Phuket.
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, adventure, islands, for more information see the links below.
The Official Website for Tourism in Thailand with comprehensive country information.
Tourism Authority of Thailand
The Newsroom of the Tourism Authority of Thailand features news and information on Thai tourism, events in Thailand, Thai culture, cuisine, art, and way of life.
Official website, designed and developed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to serve as a one-stop source of comprehensive and reliable facts and information about Thailand.
Thailand Grand Festival
Tourism Authority calender of Thai Festivals plus Travel Guides, Stories & Trips.
An information source for and about Thailand.
The Ancient City - meet the past of Muang Thai.
Sacred Sites in Thailand
Spiritual travel to sacred sites, temples and healers in Thailand.
Tourism portal with extensive information on Thailand's major tourist destinations, tourist attractions, islands, people, hotels and resorts accommodation.
Thai portal site with travel and tourism information.
Hotels in Thailand
Find a Hotel in Thailand.
Do's and Don'ts
Facts for Travelers
Some specific do's and don'ts worth pointing out.
Do's and Don'ts in Thailand
Some special advice by the Tourism Authority.
Pleasure Holiday Tour
Bangkok based tour and travel company.
Education and ResearchBangkok is Thailand's center of culture and education. The city is the seat of six major universities: Chulalongkorn, Thammasat, Silpakorn, Kasetsart, Mahidol, and the Asian Institute of Technology (1959).
Asian Institute of Technology (สถาบันเทคโนโลยีแห่งเอเชีย)
Technical university,and an international institution for higher education in engineering, advanced technologies, and management and planning.
Frst international university of Thailand, AU is led by the Brothers of St. Gabriel - founded in 1969.
Thailand's first institution of higher learning - founded in 1917.
Known as Kaset University is a top-ranked Public University in Thailand, it was founded in 1943.
Kasetsart University (english version)
Mahidol University, the public research university originated from the first institution of higher learning in Thailand.
Thailand's second oldest university - founded in 1934. Thammasat has often been involved in Thai national politics. Its campus was the site of the 14 October 1973 uprising and the 6 October 1976 Massacre.
Leading Thai university in the fine arts and archaeology.
Chiang Mai University
Chiang Mai, founded in 1964.
Chiang Mai - founded in 1934.
Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency (GISTDA)
GISTDA is Thailand's public organization in space technology and geo-informatics.
GISTDA in English
Theos Pilot Project
Thailand Earth Observation System, has been launched its geo data satellite on 1 October 2008.
Environment & NatureThailand Environment Institute
Non-profit organization focusing on environmental issues.
Elephant Reintroduction Foundation
A project to reintroduce domestic elephants back into the wild.
Plant Genetics Conservation Project
A project to classify and protect plant genetics.
HistoryHistory of Thailand
Thailand's History from the early kingdoms until today, plus links to additional information about the history of Thailand.
LanguageThe official language of Thailand is the Thai language, it is a Tai-Kadai language, closely related to the Lao language and the Shan language in Burma (Myanmar), and numerous smaller languages spoken in the area from Hainan and Yunnan south to the Malaysian border. It is the principal language of education and government and spoken throughout the country. The standard is based on the dialect of the Central Thai people, and it is written in Thai alphabet.
The site offers English speakers a high-quality non-commercial Thai language resource with discussion forums, dictionary, and learning materials support. Very useful.
SearchOpen Directory Project: Thailand
DMOZ's Thailand directory.
Sources and additional information on Thailand
Amnesty International: Thailand
BBC Country Profile: Thailand
British Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO): Thailand
The Heritage Foundation: Thailand
Human Development Reports (HDR): Thailand
Human Rights Watch: Thailand
Reporters Without Borders: Thailand
The World Bank: Thailand
The World Factbook: Thailand
Other Countries in Southeast Asia:
Brunei | Cambodia | East Timor | Indonesia | Laos | Malaysia | Myanmar | Philippines | Singapore | Vietnam
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