Nations Online Logo
One World
Nations Online
Home Earth Continents Africa Nigeria

___ Nigeria

Zuma Rock
Zuma Rock, the huge monolith in Niger State north of Nigeria's capital Abuja.
Image: Jeff Attaway
A virtual guide to Nigeria, a country on the coast of West Africa, bordered by the Bight of Benin and the Gulf of Guinea in south. Nigeria is bordered by Benin, Cameroon, Chad, and Niger, it shares maritime borders with Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, and São Tomé and Príncipe.

With an area of 923,768 km² the country is almost four times the size of the UK or slightly more than twice the size of the U.S. state California. Nigeria's main rivers are the Niger, where it got its name from, and the Benue, the main tributary of the Niger. The country's highest point is Chappal Waddi (or Gangirwal) with 2,419 m (7,936 ft.), located in the Adamawa mountains in the Gashaka-Gumti National Park, Taraba State, on the border with Cameroon.

The Federal Republic of Nigeria (its official name) has a population of of 177.5 million people (UN est. 2014) making it Africa's most populous country. Capital city is Abuja located in the center of the nation, while Lagos is the primary port, economic hub and the largest city.
Spoken languages are English (official), Hausa, Ibo, Yoruba, and others.
where in Africa is Nigeria?

Federal Republic of Nigeria

Country Profile

Nigeria Flag
Flag of Nigeria

Official Name:
Federal Republic of Nigeria
conventional short form: Nigeria

ISO Country Code: ng
Actual Time: Sat-Apr-29  00:39
Local Time = UTC +1h

Country Calling Code: +234

Capital City: Abuja (pop. 1 million).

Other Cities:
Lagos (21 million), Kano (2.5 - 3 million), Ibadan (3.2 million), Abuja (1 million), Port Harcourt (1.4 million), Benin City (1.2 million), Kaduna (800,000)

Type: An elected civilian government took office on 29 May 1999, following 15 years of military rule.
Independence: 1 October 1960.

Administrative Divisions:
Nigeria is divided into 36 administrative divisions (states) and one federal capital territory.

Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon.
Area: 924 000 sq. km. (356 700 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Ranges from southern coastal swamps to tropical forests, open woodlands, grasslands, and semidesert in the far north. The highest regions are the Jos Plateau 1,200-2,000 meters above sea level and the mountains along the border with Cameroon.

Climate: Temperatures 22-36°C, annual rainfall ranges from 381 cm. along the coast to 64 cm. or less in the far north.

Nationality: Noun and adjective--Nigerian(s).
Population: 183.5 million (UN estimate 2015)
Ethnic groups (374 pure ethnic stocks): Hausa-Fulani, Igbo, and Yoruba are the largest.
Religions: Muslim, Christian, indigenous African.
Languages: English (official), Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, others.
Literacy: 39%-51%.

Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc.
Agriculture products: Cocoa, peanuts, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava (tapioca), yams, rubber; cattle, sheep, goats, pigs; timber; fish.

Industries: Crude oil, coal, tin, columbite, palm oil, peanuts, cotton, rubber, wood, hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel.

Exports - commodities: petroleum and petroleum products 95%, cocoa, rubber

Exports partners: US 16.8%, India 11.5%, Netherlands 8.6%, Spain 7.8%, Brazil 7.6%, UK 5.1%, Germany 4.9%, Japan 4.1%, France 4.1% (2012)

Imports - commodities: machinery, chemicals, transport equipment, manufactured goods, food and live animals

Imports partners: China 18.3%, US 10.1%, India 5.5% (2012)

Currency: Naira (NGN)

British influence and control over what would become Nigeria and today Africa's most populous country grew through the 19th century. A series of constitutions after World War II granted Nigeria greater autonomy; independence came in 1960. Most of the next 40 years Nigeria was ruled by two military juntas (1966–79 and 1983–98). Only in 1999 a new constitution was adopted, and a peaceful transition to civilian government was completed. The government continues to face the daunting task of reforming a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition,

Nigeria continues to experience long-standing ethnic and religious tensions. Although both the 2003 and 2007 presidential elections were marred by significant irregularities and violence, Nigeria is currently experiencing its longest period of civilian rule since independence. The general elections of April 2007 marked the first civilian-to-civilian transfer of power in the country's history and the elections of 2011 were generally regarded as credible. In January 2014, Nigeria assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2014-15 term.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.  

Official Sites of Nigeria

State House - Office of the President
The Presidency of the Federal Government of Nigeria, Goodluck Jonathan's office.

Welcome to Nigeria
Official Website of Federal Government of Nigeria.

Diplomatic Missions
Embassy of the Federal Republic of Nigeria
The Nigerian Embassy in the United States, Washington, D.C.


Map of Nigeria
Political Map of Nigeria showing cities, roads and more.
Administrative Map of Nigeria
Map of Nigeria showing the boundary of the administrative divisions and state capitals.

Google Earth Google Earth Nigeria
Searchable map/satellite view of Nigeria.
Google Earth Google Earth Abuja
Searchable map/satellite view of Nigeria's capital.
Google Earth Google Earth Lagos
Searchable map/satellite view of Lagos, primary port and largest city.

Political Map of West Africa
Map of West Africa with countries and major cities in Western Africa.

Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.

Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.

Makoko, a slum neighborhood located in Lagos. In July 2012, Nigerian government officials destroyed dozens of residences after giving residents 72 hours notice of eviction.
Image: Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung (2010)

Nigeria News

The Guardian
Lagos-based privately-owned national daily.

Daily Independent
Lagos based daily.

Daily Trust
Abuja-based daily.

Abuja-based daily

This Day
Nigeria and international news.

The Punch
A widely read newspaper in Nigeria.

Regional news.

News Agency of Nigeria (NAN)
Bookmark/share this page


Arts & Culture

Adire African Textiles
Handmade African textiles.
Fela Kuti
Site dedicated to Fela Kuti the great Nigerian musician.

Ethnic groups of Nigeria
Yoruba (21%)
Hausa (21%)
Igbo (18%)
Fulani (11%)
Efik and Ibibio (7%)
Kanuri (4%)
Tiv (3%)
Edo (3%)


Business & Economy

Nigeria has emerged as Africa's largest economy, with 2013 GDP estimated at US$ 502 billion. Oil has been a dominant source of government revenues since the 1970s. Regulatory constraints and security risks have limited new investment in oil and natural gas, and Nigeria's oil production contracted in 2012 and 2013. Nevertheless, the Nigerian economy has continued to grow at a rapid 6-8% per annum, driven by growth in agriculture, telecommunications, and services.

US based airline provides timely domestic connections to/from Lagos to Abuja, Jos, Enugu, Port Harcourt and Kano.


Destination Nigeria - Travel and Tour Guides

Nigeria Tourism Official Home Page
Rediscover Nigeria - the official tourism site of Nigeria with information on Festivals, People and Wild-Life Parks.

World Heritage Sites in Nigeria

Osun-Osogbo Sacred Grove
The dense forest of the Osun Sacred Grove, on the outskirts of the city of Osogbo, in Yorubaland is one of the last remnants of primary high forest in southern Nigeria. The landscape of the grove and its meandering river is dotted with sanctuaries and shrines, sculptures and art works in honour of Oshun, the goddess of fertility.

Sukur Cultural Landscape
The Sukur Cultural Landscape, with the Palace of the Hidi (Chief) on a hill dominating the villages below, the terraced fields and their sacred symbols, and the extensive remains of a former flourishing iron industry. According to this site, ( the region in the Mandara mountains of northeast Nigeria was assaulted by Boko Haram extremists in 2014.


Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Boko Haram
Boko Haram
Image: AFP
Wild-Life Nigeria
Wild-Life Nigeria © Nigeria Tourism



The National Library of Nigeria

Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU)
Founded in 1962 as the University of Ife.

University of Ibadan
Nigeria's Premier University was founded in 1962, it will be one of the five campuses of the new Pan African University (PAU), founded in 2011.



History and People of Nigeria
from Embassy of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
The Igbo People – Origins and History
Igboland is the home of the Igbo people and it covers most of Southeast Nigeria.
Urhobo Waado - Urhobo History and Culture
The Urhobo people are one of the major ethnic nationalities of the Niger delta.
After The War Was Over
The Biafran war.



Edo Nation
Edo Nation located in the Midwestern part of Nigeria and Benin.

Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People - MOSOP
By the former Sani Abacha military govt. executed Ken Saro-Wiwa was one of the leaders of the movement.

Nigeria Elefants Elefants in one of Nigeria's Wild-Life Parks © Nigeria Tourism


Scam - Advance Fee Fraud, a speciality of some individuals doing business - be careful.
Nigerian Advance Fee Fraud - "4-1-9"
Information about 4-1-9 Schemes by United States Secret Service.
The 419 Coalition Website
Advance Fee Fraud information.
419 scams
Wikipedia entry about the scam.


 Support UNICEF

Other Countries of Western Africa
Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Côte d'Ivoire | Gambia | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau
Liberia | Mali | Mauritania | Niger | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo