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A virtual guide to Nigeria. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Nigerian art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile this page contains links to sources that will provide you with in-depth information about this African nation, e.g.: official web sites of Nigeria, addresses of Nigerian and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Nigeria.
Wild-Life Nigeria
Wild-Life Nigeria © Nigeria Tourism

Federal Republic of Nigeria

Country Profile

Nigeria Flag
Flag of Nigeria

Following nearly 16 years of military rule, a new constitution was adopted in 1999 and a peaceful transition to civilian government completed. The new president faces the daunting task of rebuilding a petroleum-based economy, whose revenues have been squandered through corruption and mismanagement, and institutionalizing democracy. In addition, the OBASANJO administration must defuse longstanding ethnic and religious tensions, if it is to build a sound foundation for economic growth and political stability.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Benin, Cameroon, Chad, Niger

where in Africa is Nigeria?

Official Name:
Federal Republic of Nigeria
conventional short form: Nigeria

ISO Country Code: ng
Actual Time: Fri-Oct-24  17:52
Local Time = UTC +1h

Country Calling Code: +234

Capital City: Abuja (pop. 1 million).

Other Cities:
Lagos, Nigerias former capital (12 million), Ibadan (5 million), Kano (1 million), Enugu (500,000).

Type: An elected civilian government took office on 29 May 1999, following 15 years of military rule.
Independence: 1 October 1960.

Administrative Divisions:
Nigeria is divided into 36 administrative divisions (states) and one federal capital territory.

Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon.
Area: 924 000 sq. km. (356 700 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Ranges from southern coastal swamps to tropical forests, open woodlands, grasslands, and semidesert in the far north. The highest regions are the Jos Plateau 1,200-2,000 meters above sea level and the mountains along the border with Cameroon.

Climate: Temperatures 22-36°C, annual rainfall ranges from 381 cm. along the coast to 64 cm. or less in the far north.

Nationality: Noun and adjective--Nigerian(s).
Population (2010): 158 million.
Ethnic groups (374 pure ethnic stocks): Hausa-Fulani, Igbo, and Yoruba are the largest.
Religions: Muslim, Christian, indigenous African.
Languages: English (official), Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba, others.
Literacy: 39%-51%.

Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc.
Agriculture products: Cocoa, peanuts, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava (tapioca), yams, rubber; cattle, sheep, goats, pigs; timber; fish.

Industries: Crude oil, coal, tin, columbite, palm oil, peanuts, cotton, rubber, wood, hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel.

Exports partners: USA 38.3%, India 9.9%, Brazil 6.8%, Spain 6.2%, France 5.6%, Japan 4% (2003)

Imports partners: USA 15.6%, UK 9.6%, Germany 7.3%, China 7.2%, Italy 4.3% (2003)

Currency: Naira (NGN)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.  

Official Sites of Nigeria

The Presidency
The Presidency of the Federal Government of Nigeria, Olusegun Obasanjo's office.

Welcome to Nigeria
Official Website of Federal Government of Nigeria.

Diplomatic Missions
Embassy of the Federal Republic of Nigeria
The Nigerian Embassy in the United States, Washington, D.C.
Embassy of Nigeria
Buenos Aires, Argentina

Political Map of Nigeria
Administrative Map of Nigeria showing provinces, cities, roads and more.

Map of Nigeria in Pdf format

Google Earth Google Earth Nigeria
Zoomable map/satellite view of Nigeria.
Google Earth Google Earth Abuja
Zoomable map/satellite view of Nigeria's capital.
Google Earth Google Earth Lagos
Zoomable map/satellite view of Lagos, primary port and largest city.

Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.

Nigeria News

Champion Newspapers Online
Nigeria Newspaper.
The Guardian
Major Nigerian daily. "Conscience, Nurtured by truth".
Nigeria Today
News and information about Nigeria.
Provides Nigeria news and information.
Regional news.


Arts & Culture

Adire African Textiles
Handmade African textiles.
Fela Kuti
Site dedicated to Fela Kuti the great Nigerian musician.


Business & Economy

News and Business Information Nigeria.

Nigeria Products
Nigeria Oil & Gas.

US based airline provides timely domestic connections to/from Lagos to Abuja, Jos, Enugu, Port Harcourt and Kano.

Destination Nigeria - Travel and Tour Guides

Nigeria Tourism Official Home Page
Rediscover Nigeria - the official tourism site of Nigeria with information on Festivals, People and Wild-Life Parks.

web culture Motherland Nigeria
A wealth of information on Nigeria.

Comprehensive up to date information about Nigeria.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


The National Library of Nigeria

Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU)
Founded in 1962 as the University of Ife.

University of Ibadan
Nigeria's Premier University was founded in 1962, it will be one of the five campuses of the new Pan African University (PAU), founded in 2011.


History and People of Nigeria
from Embassy of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
The Igbo People – Origins and History
Igboland is the home of the Igbo people and it covers most of Southeast Nigeria.
Urhobo Waado - Urhobo History and Culture
The Urhobo people are one of the major ethnic nationalities of the Niger delta.
After The War Was Over
The Biafran war.


Edo Nation
Edo Nation located in the Midwestern part of Nigeria and Benin.
General information on the Hausa nation and Hausa culture.
Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People - MOSOP
By the former Sani Abacha military govt. executed Ken Saro-Wiwa was one of the leaders of the movement.
Egbe Isokan Yoruba
Yoruba culture, language and tradition.
Nigeria Elefants Elefants in one of Nigeria's Wild-Life Parks © Nigeria Tourism


Scam - Advance Fee Fraud, a speciality of some individuals doing business - be careful.
Nigerian Advance Fee Fraud - "4-1-9"
Information about 4-1-9 Schemes by United States Secret Service.
The 419 Coalition Website
Advance Fee Fraud information.

Nigeria portal site.
 Nigeria Infonet
Nigerian information index and search engine.

Additional Information on Nigeria

African Studies WWW - Nigeria Page
Africa South of Sahara (Karen Fung) Nigeria
BBC News Country Profile: Nigeria
Governments on the WWW: Nigeria
Index on Africa: Nigeria
U.S. Library of Congress - NIGERIA - A Country Study
Wikipedia: Nigeria
The World Factbook -- Nigeria
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Top Travel Destinations
Maps of the World
International Airlines
Popular Country Pages

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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley

* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.