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___ Martinique

Destination Martinique, a virtual travel guide to the Island of Flowers (Madinina). This page aims to give you a broad overview of Martinique's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, the page contains links to sources which provide you with all the information you need to know about this Caribbean nation, e.g.: official web sites of Martinique, addresses of Martinique and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Martinique.

Bay of St. Piere, Martinique
Bay of St. Piere with Mount Pelee © Martinique.org
 

Department of Martinique

Country Profile


Flag of Martinique
Official Flag of Martinique
is the French tricolore.
  Inofficial Flag of Martinique
Inofficial Flag of Martinique

Background:
Martinique belongs to the Windward Islands, the southern group of the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies.
Colonized by France in 1635, the island has subsequently remained a French possession except for three brief periods of foreign occupation.

Timeline
June 15, 1502 Columbus lands at Carbet on the Caribbean side of the island.
1635 First French settlement under Pierre Belain d'Esnambuc.
1636 King Louis XIII permits the introduction of slaves to the French West Indies.
1685 Establishment of Colbert's "Black Code" which, in 60 articles, officially governs the lives of slaves until 1848.
1762 - 1848 Martinique is occupied several times by the British.
May 22, 1848 Abolition of slavery.
May 8, 1902 Eruption of Mt. Pelée destroying St.-Pierre. Fort-de-France becomes the capital.
March 19, 1946 Martinique acquires the status of a French department. Four deputies and 2 senators represent it.
1983 The Regional Council is established following the French decentralization laws of 1982.
(Source: Martinique Promotion Bureau - martinique.org)

Windward Islands: Dominica, Grenada, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
 
Where in the Caribbean is Martinique?

Official Name:
Département d'outre-mer de la Martinique
short form: Martinique
int'l long form: Department of Martinique
alternative name: Madinina (flower island)

ISO Country Code: mq

Time:
Local Time = UTC -4h
Actual Time: Tue-Sept-30  01:55

Country Calling Code: +596

Capital City: Fort-de-France

Other Cities: La Trinite, Le Marin, Le Robert, Le Vauclin, Marigot, Schoelcher, St. Pierre.

Government: Overseas Department of France.

Geography:
Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean.
Area: 1,100 kmĀ² (424 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano.

Climate: Maritime tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to October)

People:
Nationality: Martiniquais
Population: 396,000 (2009)
Ethnic Groups: African and African-white-Indian.
Religions: Christianity 90%
Languages: French (official), Creole patois
Literacy: 98%

Natural resources: Touristy coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land.

Agriculture products: Pineapples, avocados, bananas, flowers, vegetables, sugarcane

Industries: Construction, rum, cement, oil refining, sugar, tourism.

Exports partners: France 45%, Guadeloupe 28% (2000)

Imports partners: France 62%, Venezuela 6%, Germany 4%, Italy 4%, USA 3% (2000)

Currency: Euro (EUR)

Mount Pelee, Martinique
Mount Pelee, Martinique


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Martinique

Prefecture Région Martinique
The prefecture's official web site provides also some information about the island.

Département de la Martinique - Conseil Général
Department of Martinique - General Council (in French)


Région Martinique - Conseil Régional
Regional Council of Martinique.


L'Assemblée Martinique
The Martinique Parliament is a fiction. Visitors should be aware that the Assembly of Martinique described here is not a very institutional parliament. ( mostly in French)


Ministère de l'Outre-Mer
Site of the French ministry for the overseas territories.

Diplomatic Missions
Directory of French representations abroad (in French)
List of French diplomatic missions around the world.
Foreign Embassies and Consulates in France
Address list of Diplomatic Missions accredited in France.


Weather
Meteo Antilles
Antilles weather.

Maps
Map of Martinique, Dominica and Guadeloupe
Political Map of Martinique, Dominica and Guadeloupe.

Google Earth Google Earth Martinique
Searchable map and satellite view of Martinique.
Google Earth Google Earth Fort-de-France
Searchable map and satellite view of Martinique's capital.

Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean. 

News

Caribbean Net News
Caribbean Net News with Caribbean and Martinique related news.
RFO Martinique
Radio Martinique has some regional news (in French).
 

 

Arts & Culture


Centre Martiniquais d'Action Culturelle
Martinique events (in French).

Madina
Cinema complex.

Musée Départemental d'Archéologie et de Préhistoire
Departmental museum of archaeology and prehistory (in French).
 
Martinique Carnival
Carnival Martiniquais © Martinique.org 

Business & Economy

The economy is based on sugarcane, bananas, tourism, and light industry. Agriculture accounts for about 6% of GNI and the small industrial sector for 11%.

Chambre de Commerce et d'Industrie de la Martinique
Official site of the Chamber (in French).


Transportation
Air Caraïbes
Serves destinations in the French Caribbean based in Pointe-à-Pitre in Guadeloupe.

Airport
Aéroport Martinique Aimé Césaire
Official website of Martinique's airport Aimé Césaire.

Ferry
Express des iles
Catamaran high speed link between Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique and Saint Lucia (in French)

Transit Martiniquais
Transit company of Martinique (in French)
 
 

Destination Martinique - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Martinique: Mount Pelee, Fort-de-France, Saint-Pierre, Carnival, Beguine.
Links to accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Martinique Promotion Bureau
Official Martinique tourism web site (in French) but you can switch to
Martinique.org
Island guide by the US Martinique Promotion Bureau (in English).

Office du tourisme Trois-Ilets
Site of the tourism office of Trois-Ilets.

Mount Pelee
Site about Mount Pelee Vulcano
Tourist Martinique
Information about Martinique (in French).
Discover Martinique
An inspired guide to the island of Martinique.
Martinique Nature
Maps, webcams and pictures of the island also called Madinina.
Images de Martinique
A site with images of Martinique.


City Guides
Fort-de-France
Official site of the City of Fort-de-France.
Grand-Rivière
Site of the town of Grand-Rivière.
Mairie du Lamentin
Site of the municipality of Lamentin.
Comune Robert
Tourism site of the village of Robert.
Sainte Marie
Official website of the village of Sainte Marie.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Martinique Island
Landscape © Martinique.org

Education

L'universite des Antilles et de la Guyane - Martinique and Guyana
(in French)
 
 

Environment

Observatoire Volcanologique de la Montagne Pelée
Mount Pelee Volcano Observatory Website.

Eastern Caribbean Coalition for Environmental Awareness
Overall objective of ECCA's programme is to strengthen regional initiatives within the Eastern Caribbean, promote community based nature and heritage tourism, environmental education and to improve the conservation of island ecosystems.
 
 

History

Brief History of Martinique
 
 

Search

Annuaire Martinique
Martinique directory (in French)
Madinina
another Martinique directory (in French)
Martinique-online (in French)


Additional Information on Martinique

BBC News Country Profile: Martinique
Governments on the WWW: Martinique
LANIC - Martinique
Latin American Network Information Center
VICS - The Virtual Institute of Caribbean Studies
An Internet-based Institution for the Development and Study of the Caribbean Region and Its Peoples.
Open Directory Project: Martinique
Wikipedia: Martinique
The World Factbook -- Martinique
 
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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.