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South Korea Profile
___ Korea (South Korea) - Hanguk
Taegeukgi the Flag of South Korea
With an area of 99,678 km² the country is about the size of Iceland, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
South Korea has a population of 50.8 million inhabitants (in 2016), largest city and capital is Seoul, Busan is South Korea's second city and a major port. Official language is Korean.
Republic of Korea | Taehan-min'guk (Daehan-minguk) - 대한민국
The Korean Peninsula extends southward from the northeast part of the Asian continent. The country has a long history and proud tradition. Buddhism and Confucianism have influenced the nation's society and culture.
Koreans, like many other Asian peoples, are descendants of the Mongolian Tungus stock. They differ from the neighboring Japanese and Chinese, however, in that Koreans are a homogeneous ethnic group with their own language, culture, and customs.
Over the last several decades, Korea has transformed herself from an agrarian society to an industrial leader on the world economic scene. Progress is being made in education, science and technology and social welfare.
In 2002 South Korea has co-hosted, the FIFA World CupTM tournament.
After World War II, a republic was set up in the southern half of the Korean Peninsula (in August 15, 1945) while a communist-style government was installed in the north.
The Korean War (1950-53) had US and other UN forces intervene to defend South Korea from North Korean attacks supported by the Chinese. An armistice was signed in 1953 splitting the peninsula along a demilitarized zone at about the 38th parallel. Thereafter, South Korea achieved rapid economic growth, with per capita income rising to 13 times the level of North Korea.
In 1997, the nation suffered a severe financial crisis from which it continues to make a solid recovery. South Korea has also maintained its commitment to democratize its political processes.
In June 2000, a historic first south-north summit took place between the south's then President KIM Dae-jung and the north's leader KIM Chong-il. In December 2000, President KIM Dae-jung won the Noble Peace Prize for his lifelong commitment to democracy and human rights in Asia. He was the first Korean to win a Nobel Prize.
In-depth country profile of South Korea
More information on South Korea's political system, foreign policy, economy, science and technology, and more.
대한민국 - Taehan-min'guk
int'l long form: Republic of Korea
int'l short form: South Korea
note: the South Koreans generally use the term "Han'guk" to refer to their country.
ISO Country Code: kr
Actual Time: Sun-Dec-11 13:11
Local Time = UTC +9h
Country Calling Code: +82
Capital City: Seoul
The Municipality of Seoul (pop. 11 million).
Daejeon (Taejon, pop. 1.3 million),
Incheon (Inchon, pop. 2.4 million)
Gwangju (Kwangju, pop. 1.4 million)
Busan (Pusan, pop. 3.9 million)
Daegu (Taegu, pop. 2.5 million)
Type: Republic with powers shared between the president and the legislature.
Liberation: 15 August 1945 from Japanese rule.
Location: South Korea occupies the southern part of the Korean peninsula, the peninsula is surrounded by Yellow Sea, East China Sea, and East Sea (Sea of Japan).
Area: 99,678 km² (38 375 sq. mi.)
(entire Korean Peninsula including North Korea: 222 154 sq km) (85 774 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Partially forested mountain ranges separated by deep, narrow valleys; cultivated plains along the coasts, particularly in the west and south.
Highest mountains in S. Korea - Hallasan on Jeju Island, 1950 m.
Climate: Temperate, four distinct seasons, and heavier rainfall in the summer.
Population: 50.8 million (2016)
Population growth rate: 0.6%.
Ethnic groups: Korean; small Chinese minority.
Religions: Buddhism 46%, Protestantism 39%, Catholicism 13%, Confucianism 1%, Cheondogyo (the Religion of Heavenly Way) and others 1%
Language: Korean, spoken by 70 million people and 5 million overseas Koreans.
Writing system: Hangeul, the Korean alphabet, was invented by King Sejong the Great in 1443, consisting of 10 vowels and 14 consonants.
Literacy rate: 97.75% (2000 estimate), male: 99.1%, female: 96.4%
Natural resources: Limited coal, tungsten, iron ore, limestone, kaolinite, and graphite.
Agriculture products: Rice, root crops, barley, vegetables, fruit; cattle, pigs, chickens, milk, eggs; fish.
Industries: Electronics, telecommunications, automobile production, chemicals, shipbuilding, steel.
Exports - commodities: semiconductors, petrochemicals, automobile/auto parts, ships, wireless communication equipment, flat display displays, steel, electronics, plastics, computers
Exports - partners: China 26%, US 13.3%, Hong Kong 5.8%, Vietnam 5.3%, Japan 4.9% (2015)
Imports - commodities: crude oil/petroleum products, semiconductors, natural gas, coal, steel, computers, wireless communication equipment, automobiles, fine chemical, textiles
Imports - partners: China 20.7%, Japan 10.5%, US 10.1%, Germany 4.8%, Saudi Arabia 4.5% (2015)
Currency: Won (KRW)
(Source: Korean National Statistical Office and others).
South Korea in numbers
South Korea key statistical data.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of South KoreaChong Wa Dae (Blue House)
Official website of the President's office In Korean and English.
The National Assembly of the Republic of Korea
The site provides a general introduction of the National Assembly and basic materials on Korea's legislative activities.
Korea.net: Korean Government Homepage
Official English-language web site of the Korean Government operated by the Korean Overseas Information Service (KOIS).
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade
In charge of diplomacy, external economic policy, overseas Korean nationals, international situation analysis and overseas promotional affairs.
Permanent Mission of The Republic of Korea to the UN
South Korea's representation to the United Nations.
Embassy of the Republic of Korea
Korean Overseas Missions
Directory of Korean Missions Abroad.
Diplomatic Missions in Korea
List of foreign Consulates, Embassies and Organizations in Korea.
Korea National Statistical Office - KOSTAT
KOSIS KOrean Statistical Information Service
KOSIS is the national statistical database, operated by Statistics Korea.
Map of South Korea
Political Map of South Korea.
Administrative Map of South Korea
Map showing South Korea and the surrounding countries with international borders, provincial boundaries,
provincial capitals, major cities, main roads, railroads and major airports.
Map of the Korean Peninsula
Government of The Republic of Korea. Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade 2001.
Google Earth Korean Peninsula
Searchable map and satellite view of the Korean Peninsula.
Google Earth Seoul
Searchable map and satellite view of South Korea's capital city.
Google Earth Busan
Searchable map and satellite view of South Korea's second largest city.
Map of East Asia
Political Map of East Asia.
Map of Asia
Political Map of Asia.
Image: Alexandre Chambon
Korean NewsChosun Ilbo
Daily News in English about Korea.
In-depth news and information.
The Korea Times Online News.
Covering issues and news affecting the security of Korea.
Yonhap News Agency
Korean News Agency.
National and international news by Korean Broadcasting System.
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & CultureClick Korea
Access to Korean Arts & Culture; comprehensive portal site dedicated to Korean culture.
Korean Culture and Arts Foundation
Korean culture and arts (in Korean)
National Museum of Contemporary Art
Established to show the public the desirable direction into which Korean art and its culture should go forward.
National Museum of Korea
A sanctuary of 5 000 years of Korean art.
A must-see comical performance integrating uniquely Korean traditional drumbeats made with kitchen equipments.
Korea Football Association
Official Site of the Korean Football Association.
World Hapkido Game Federation
Hapkido is a traditional Korean self-defense martial art.
Korean Taekwondo Association
Taekwondo a martial art which has been developed over about 20 centuries in Korea is today a modern, international sport.
Business & EconomyThe Bank of Korea
The Central Bank of South Korea.
The Korea Stock Exchange - KSE
Korea Stock Exchange opened its market March 1956 with twelve listed companies.
Korea Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Korea Trade-Investment Promotion Agency (KOTRA)
Import export emarketplace.
Korea Yellow Pages
Korean phone numbers.
Business Trip to Korea
A guide to Korean culture by LG a Korean business group.
South Korean Industry
Korean cars and electronic.
Korean cars and more.
Korean Global Business Group.
Korea's second largest carrier.
Korea's national airline.
Korea High Speed Rail Construction Authority
Koreas High Speed Rail.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination South Korea - Travel and Tour Guides
Regions from north to south:
Chungcheongnam-do, Chungcheongbuk-do, Gyeongsangbuk-do
Jeollabuk-do, Gyeongsangnam-do, Jeollanam-do, and the island Jeju-do.
City destinations: Seoul, Busan, Jeju, Gyeongju, Gangneung, Chuncheon, Jeonju, Suwon, Andong
Official Korea Travel Site by Korea National Tourism Organization.
The English version.
Korea.net - Korean Overseas Information Service (KOIS)
Extensive information on all things Korean.
Window on Korea
Korea information by Korea Infogate.
Life in Korea
Korean portal with guides to the country's culture.
The Municipality of Seoul.
VisitSeoul.net : Seoul Culture & Tourism
The official cityguide by Seoul Metropolitan Government Tourism Division.
Busan Metropolitan City.
Taegu Metropolitan City Government.
Taejon Metropolitan City Government.
Kwangju Metropolitan Government.
Incheon Metropolitan City.
EducationAndong National University
One of Koreans National Universities.
Chonnam National University
Chungnam National University
Founded in 1905.
Seoul National University (SNU)
Major teaching and research university, founded in 1946; ... designed to provide students with a sound understanding of humankind and the world...
The National Library of Korea
EnvironmentNational Parks of Korea
Official site with extensive information on South Korea's National Park System.
Korean History Project
Comprehensive site about Korean and East Asian history.
National Institute of Korean History
NIKH's mission is to governmental the nation's historical heritage, founded in 1946.
The T'angun Legend
The national foundation myth - The short version.
Korean Myths and Tales: Tangun, The Father of Our Nation
The long version.
History of Korea
Wikipedia entry about Korea's History.
Open Directory Project: South Korea
Additional Information on South Korea
BBC Country Profile: South Korea
Wikipedia: South Korea
The World Factbook -- Korea
Other Countries in East Asia:
China (PRC) | Japan | Mongolia | North Korea | South Korea | Taiwan (ROC)
Special Administrative Regions of China: Hong Kong | Macau | Tibet
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