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Image: Emilio Piovesan
Mexico. It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean in south, and it has a narrow coastline on the Caribbean Sea. Border countries are Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, and Mexico.
Flag of Guatemala
The country is home to more than 30 volcanoes, many of them still active. With an area of 109,000 km² (42,085 sq. mi.), Guatemala is about the size of Bulgaria, or slightly larger than the US state of Kentucky.
Guatemala has a population of 15.8 million people (in 2014). Capital and largest city is Guatemala (City), it is the most populous city in Central America with about 1 million people. Spoken languages are Spanish (official) and about twenty Mayan languages especially in rural areas.
Republic of Guatemala | República de Guatemala
The Maya civilization flourished in Guatemala and surrounding regions during the first millennium A.D. After almost three centuries as a Spanish colony, Guatemala won its independence in 1821. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments as well as a 36-year guerrilla war.
In 1996, the government signed a peace agreement formally ending the conflict, which had led to the death of more than 100 000 people and had created some 1 million refugees.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
related countries: Spain
República de Guatemala
short form: Guatemala
int'l long form: Republic of Guatemala
ISO Country Code: gt, GTM
Local Time = UTC -6h
Actual Time: Thu-July-20 16:42
Country Calling Code: +502
Capital City: Guatemala (City) (metro area pop. 2.5 million).
Other Cities: Quetzaltenango, Escuintla.
Type: Constitutional democratic republic.
Constitution: May 1985; amended November 1993.
Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain).
Location: Central America, bordering the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) and the North Pacific Ocean.
Area: 109,000 km² (42,085 sq. mi.)
Terrain: fertile coastal plains, mountainous.
Climate: Tropical on coasts, temperate in highlands.
Population: 15,8 million (2014)
Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Spanish-Indian), indigenous.
Religions: Christian, traditional Mayan.
Languages: Spanish, 24 indigenous languages (principally K'iche', Kaqchikel, Q'eqchi', and Mam).
Natural resources: Petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower.
Agriculture products: Sugarcane, corn, bananas, coffee, beans, cardamom; cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens.
Industries: Sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism.
Exports - commodities: sugar, coffee, petroleum, apparel, bananas, fruits and vegetables, cardamom, manufacturing products, precious stones and metals, electricity
Exports - partners: USA 34.9%, El Salvador 8.4%, Honduras 7.3%, Nicaragua 5%, Canada 4.6%, Mexico 4.3%, Costa Rica 4.1% (2015)
Imports - commodities: fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, grain, fertilizers, electricity, mineral products, chemical products, plastic materials and products
Imports - partners: USA 38.3%, China 13.4%, Mexico 11.8%, El Salvador 4.9% (2015)
Currency: Quetzal (GTQ), US Dollar (USD)
Guatemala in numbers
Guatemala key statistical data.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of GuatemalaCongreso de la Republica de Guatemala
The Congress of the Republic of Guatemala (in Spanish).
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in Spanish).
Mision Permanente de Guatemala ante las Naciones Unidas
Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations.
Embassy of Guatemala in the U.S.
Guatemalan Diplomatic Missions Abroad
Address list of Guatemalan Diplomatic Missions Abroad.
Map of Guatemala
Political map of Guatemala.
Administrative Map of Guatemala
Map of Guatemala showing the administrative regions.
Google Earth Guatemala
Searchable map and satellite view of Guatemala.
Google Earth Guatemala (City)
Searchable map and satellite view of Guatemala's capital.
Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean.
Image: Fernando Reyes Palencia
Guate daily (in Spanish).
Guatemala News (in Spanish).
Guatemala News (in Spanish).
Guatemala's English-language Magazine.
Siglo Veintiuno, a Guatemala daily newspaper (in Spanish)
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & Culture
Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes
Official website of the ministry of culture and sport.
Arte Maya Tz'utuhil
Guatemalan Mayan Indian artists. (US server)
Biblioteca Nacional de Guatemala
The national library (in Spanish).
Maya CultureMundo Maya
Site of the Mundo Maya Organization (MMO) with information on Mayan culture and the Organization's aim to achieve social development and sustainable tourism within the Mayan regions.
The Maya Astronomy Page
Site covers many aspects of the ancient Maya, such as how their calendar and math worked.
The Maya Calendar
Information about the Maya astronomical calendar by Maya World Studies Center.
The Maya Ruins Page
Barbara McKenzie's images of Maya archaeological sites in Belize, Guatemala, Honduras and Mexico.
Business & Economy
Banco de Guatemala
Bank of Guatemala
La Casa del Jade
Processing and trade of Guatemala Jade (in Spanish)
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Guatemala - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Guatemala: Guatemala City, Palacio Nacional de la Cultura, Museo Popol Vuh (collections of Maya art); Antigua Guatemala (city in the central highlands and a UNESCO World Heritage Site), Lake Atitlán (best lake in country), Tikal (ancient Mayan citadel), Pacaya (active volcano), Semuc Champey (natural turquoise pools), Las Verapaces (cloud forests), Chichicastenango (craft market and indigenous Maya culture), Amatique Bay (at Gulf of Honduras), Quetzaltenango (Guatemala's second largest city near Santa María volcano), Esquipulas (Black Christ of Esquipulas), Escuintla (department capital), El Peten (Maya culture and jungle), Izabal (Lake Izabal).
Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, and much more.
Official travel and tourism site of Guate, by Instituto Guatemalteco de Turismo (INGUAT).
Puerta al Mundo Maya
Ecotourism handled by Q'eqchi' communities.
Guatemala visitor information by terra TV (in Spanish)
Guatemala tourist magazine.
Fotos de Guatemala
Guatemala On The Web
Site about Guatemala, with a Travel Forum.
Alcaldía Municipal de Guatemala - Official site of Guatemala City.
Guatemalan tourism and travel agency.
Universidad del Istmo
UNIS in Guatemala City.
Universidad del Valle de Guatemala
Founded in 1966.
Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala
The University of San Carlos of Guatemala, founded 1676.
Universidad Francisco Marroquín
Founded in 1971.
Universidad Mariano Gálvez de Guatemala
Universidad Rafael Landívar
Founded in 1961.
Universidad Rural de Guatemala
Ciudad de Guatemala.
Environment & Nature
Instituto Nacional de Bosques
The Guatemalan National institute of Forests.
Fundación Defensores de la Naturaleza
Private Organization dedicated to the protection and conservation of the natural resources of Guatemala.
Parque Natural Ixpanpajul
The Ixpanpajul Natural Park covers an area of nine square kilometers or 450 hectares. It has over 200 hundred species of trees, over 150 species of birds and about 40 species of mammals.
Guatemala: Memory of Silence (pdf)
A report by the Guatemalan Commission for Historical Clarification (CEH) in order to clarify with objectivity, equity and impartiality, the human rights violations and acts of violence connected with the armed confrontation that caused suffering among the Guatemalan people.
History of Guatemala
Wikipedia article about Guatemala's history.
Welcome to the Heart of the Maya World.
Additional Information on Guatemala
Amnesty International: Guatemala
BBC Country Profile: Guatemala
The Heritage Foundation: Guatemala
Human Rights Watch - Guatemala
Reporters Without Borders: Guatemala
The World Factbook -- Guatemala
Other Countries of Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama
Major Cities in Middle and Central America:
Belmopan, Guatemala City, Managua, Mexico City, Panama City, San José, San Salvador, Tegucigalpa
Countries of South America:
Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Uruguay | Suriname | Venezuela
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