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Lake Atitlán near Santa Catarina Palopó, Guatemala
Lake Atitlán seen from Tzam Poc Hotel near Santa Catarina Palopó. The crater lake is Guatemala's most important tourist attraction, situated in the Guatemalan Highlands of the Sierra Madre mountain range.
Image: Emilio Piovesan
 
Guatemala Flag
Flag of Guatemala

Location map of Guatemala. Where in Central America is Guatemala?
Location map of Guatemala
Destination Guatemala, a virtual guide to "alma de la tierra", the soul of the earth. The largely mountainous country is located in Central America south east of Mexico. It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean in south, and it has a narrow coastline on the Caribbean Sea. Border countries are Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, and Mexico.

The country is home to more than 30 volcanoes, many of them still active. With an area of 109,000 km² (42,085 sq. mi.), Guatemala is about the size of Bulgaria, or slightly larger than the US state of Kentucky.

Guatemala has a population of 15.8 million people (in 2014). Capital and largest city is Guatemala (City), it is the most populous city in Central America with about 1 million people. Spoken languages are Spanish (official) and about twenty Mayan languages especially in rural areas.



Republic of Guatemala | República de Guatemala


Country Profile



Background:
The Maya civilization flourished in Guatemala and surrounding regions during the first millennium A.D. After almost three centuries as a Spanish colony, Guatemala won its independence in 1821. During the second half of the 20th century, it experienced a variety of military and civilian governments as well as a 36-year guerrilla war.
In 1996, the government signed a peace agreement formally ending the conflict, which had led to the death of more than 100 000 people and had created some 1 million refugees.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

related countries: Spain

 

Official Name:
República de Guatemala
short form: Guatemala
int'l long form: Republic of Guatemala

ISO Country Code: gt, GTM

Time:
Local Time = UTC -6h
Actual Time: Thu-July-20  16:42

Country Calling Code: +502

Capital City: Guatemala (City) (metro area pop. 2.5 million).

Other Cities: Quetzaltenango, Escuintla.

Government:
Type: Constitutional democratic republic.
Constitution: May 1985; amended November 1993.
Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain).

Geography:
Location: Central America, bordering the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) and the North Pacific Ocean.
Area: 109,000 km² (42,085 sq. mi.)
Terrain: fertile coastal plains, mountainous.

Climate: Tropical on coasts, temperate in highlands.

People:
Nationality: Guatemalan(s).
Population: 15,8 million (2014)
Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Spanish-Indian), indigenous.
Religions: Christian, traditional Mayan.
Languages: Spanish, 24 indigenous languages (principally K'iche', Kaqchikel, Q'eqchi', and Mam).
Literacy: 70%

Natural resources: Petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Sugarcane, corn, bananas, coffee, beans, cardamom; cattle, sheep, pigs, chickens.

Industries: Sugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism.

Exports - commodities: sugar, coffee, petroleum, apparel, bananas, fruits and vegetables, cardamom, manufacturing products, precious stones and metals, electricity

Exports - partners: USA 34.9%, El Salvador 8.4%, Honduras 7.3%, Nicaragua 5%, Canada 4.6%, Mexico 4.3%, Costa Rica 4.1% (2015)

Imports - commodities: fuels, machinery and transport equipment, construction materials, grain, fertilizers, electricity, mineral products, chemical products, plastic materials and products

Imports - partners: USA 38.3%, China 13.4%, Mexico 11.8%, El Salvador 4.9% (2015)

Currency: Quetzal (GTQ), US Dollar (USD)

Guatemala in numbers
Guatemala key statistical data.


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Guatemala

Congreso de la Republica de Guatemala
The Congress of the Republic of Guatemala (in Spanish).


Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in Spanish).

Diplomatic Missions
Mision Permanente de Guatemala ante las Naciones Unidas
Permanent Mission of Guatemala to the United Nations.
Embassy of Guatemala in the U.S.
Washington, D.C.
Guatemalan Diplomatic Missions Abroad
Address list of Guatemalan Diplomatic Missions Abroad.


Maps

Map of Guatemala
Political map of Guatemala.
Administrative Map of Guatemala
Map of Guatemala showing the administrative regions.

Google Earth Google Earth Guatemala
Searchable map and satellite view of Guatemala.
Google Earth Google Earth Guatemala (City)
Searchable map and satellite view of Guatemala's capital.

Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean. 




Metropolitan Cathedral of Guatemala City
Metropolitan Cathedral of Guatemala City.
Image: Fernando Reyes Palencia 

News


elPeriódico
Guate daily (in Spanish).
La Hora
Guatemala News (in Spanish).
Prensa Libre
Guatemala News (in Spanish).
Revue
Guatemala's English-language Magazine.
SigloXXI
Siglo Veintiuno, a Guatemala daily newspaper (in Spanish)

 

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Arts & Culture


Ministerio de Cultura y Deportes
Official website of the ministry of culture and sport.

Arte Maya Tz'utuhil
Guatemalan Mayan Indian artists. (US server)

Biblioteca Nacional de Guatemala
The national library (in Spanish).

Maya Culture

Mundo Maya
Site of the Mundo Maya Organization (MMO) with information on Mayan culture and the Organization's aim to achieve social development and sustainable tourism within the Mayan regions.
The Maya Astronomy Page
Site covers many aspects of the ancient Maya, such as how their calendar and math worked.
The Maya Calendar
Information about the Maya astronomical calendar by Maya World Studies Center.
The Maya Ruins Page
Barbara McKenzie's images of Maya archaeological sites in Belize, Guatemala, Honduras and Mexico.
 
Maya Culture - Tikal Temple
Tikal Temple
© visitguatemala.com




 

Business & Economy


Banco de Guatemala
Bank of Guatemala

Guatemala Products
La Casa del Jade
Processing and trade of Guatemala Jade (in Spanish)
 
 

Cathedral of Antigua Guatemala. The 1773 Guatemala earthquake seriously damaged much of the building, only parts of the cathedral has been rebuilt.
Image: chensiyuan


Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Destination Guatemala - Travel and Tour Guides


Discover Guatemala: Guatemala City, Palacio Nacional de la Cultura, Museo Popol Vuh (collections of Maya art); Antigua Guatemala (city in the central highlands and a UNESCO World Heritage Site), Lake Atitlán (best lake in country), Tikal (ancient Mayan citadel), Pacaya (active volcano), Semuc Champey (natural turquoise pools), Las Verapaces (cloud forests), Chichicastenango (craft market and indigenous Maya culture), Amatique Bay (at Gulf of Honduras), Quetzaltenango (Guatemala's second largest city near Santa María volcano), Esquipulas (Black Christ of Esquipulas), Escuintla (department capital), El Peten (Maya culture and jungle), Izabal (Lake Izabal).

Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, and much more.

Guatemala
Official travel and tourism site of Guate, by Instituto Guatemalteco de Turismo (INGUAT).

Ecotourism
Puerta al Mundo Maya
Ecotourism handled by Q'eqchi' communities.

Conoce Guatemala
Guatemala visitor information by terra TV (in Spanish)

Nuestra Guatemala
Guatemala tourist magazine.

Fotos de Guatemala
Guatemala Pictures.
Guatemala On The Web
Site about Guatemala, with a Travel Forum.

City Guide
Guatemala City
Alcaldía Municipal de Guatemala - Official site of Guatemala City.

Tour Operators
MayanTravel.com
Guatemalan tourism and travel agency.


Santa Catalina Arch in Antigua Guatemala, Volcán de Agua in the background.
Image: Stockhausen
 
Palacio Nacional Guatemala
Palacio Nacional
© visitguatemala.com



Education


Universidad del Istmo
UNIS in Guatemala City.
Universidad del Valle de Guatemala
Founded in 1966.
Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala
The University of San Carlos of Guatemala, founded 1676.
Universidad Francisco Marroquín
Founded in 1971.
Universidad Mariano Gálvez de Guatemala
Founded 1966.
Universidad Rafael Landívar
Founded in 1961.
Universidad Rural de Guatemala
Ciudad de Guatemala.
 
 

Environment & Nature


Instituto Nacional de Bosques
The Guatemalan National institute of Forests.
Fundación Defensores de la Naturaleza
Private Organization dedicated to the protection and conservation of the natural resources of Guatemala.
Parque Natural Ixpanpajul
The Ixpanpajul Natural Park covers an area of nine square kilometers or 450 hectares. It has over 200 hundred species of trees, over 150 species of birds and about 40 species of mammals.
 
 

History


Guatemala: Memory of Silence (pdf)
A report by the Guatemalan Commission for Historical Clarification (CEH) in order to clarify with objectivity, equity and impartiality, the human rights violations and acts of violence connected with the armed confrontation that caused suffering among the Guatemalan people.

History of Guatemala
Wikipedia article about Guatemala's history.
 
 

Search

Guatemala Web
Welcome to the Heart of the Maya World.


Additional Information on Guatemala


Amnesty International: Guatemala

BBC Country Profile: Guatemala

FAO: Guatemala

GlobalEDGE: Guatemala

The Heritage Foundation: Guatemala

Human Rights Watch - Guatemala

OEC: Guatemala

Reporters Without Borders: Guatemala

Wikipedia: Guatemala

The World Factbook -- Guatemala
 
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Other Countries of Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama

Major Cities in Middle and Central America:
Belmopan, Guatemala City, Managua, Mexico City, Panama City, San José, San Salvador, Tegucigalpa

Countries of South America:
Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Uruguay | Suriname | Venezuela
 
 
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