Nations Online Logo
One World
Nations Online
 
Home Earth Continents Africa Chad

___ Chad

A virtual guide to Chad. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Chad's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, the page contains links to sources which provide you with all the information you need to know about this African nation, e.g.: official web sites of Chad, addresses of Chad's and foreign embassies, country guides and tourism information and more like maps, statistics and local newspapers from Chad.

Chad River Scenery
River Scenery © Michel Hasson
 

Republic of Chad | Repúblique du Tchad

Country Profile


Flag of Chad
Flag of Chad

Background:
Chad, part of France's African holdings until 1960, endured three decades of civil warfare as well as invasions by Libya before a semblance of peace was finally restored in 1990. The government eventually suppressed or came to terms with most political-military groups, settled a territorial dispute with Libya on terms favorable to Chad, drafted a democratic constitution, and held multiparty presidential elections in 1996 and 1997. In 1998, a new rebellion broke out in northern Chad, which sporadically flares up despite two peace agreements signed in 2002 and 2003 between the government and the rebels. Despite movement toward democratic reform, power remains in the hands of an ethnic minority.


border countries: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Libya, Niger, Nigeria, Sudan

related countries: France
 
Where in Africa is Chad?

Official Name:
Repúblique du Tchad
Jumhuriyat Tashad
short form: Tchad
int'l long form: Republic of Chad
int'l short form: Chad

ISO Country Code: td

Time:
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Thu-Oct-23  06:10

Country Calling Code: +235

Capital City: N'Djamena (pop. 1 million est.)

Other Cities: Sarh, Moundou, Abéché, Faya-Largeau, Doba.

Government:
Type: Republic.
Independence: 11 August 1960 (from France).

Geography:
Location: North central Africa, south of Libya
Area: 1,284,000 km² (496,000 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Chad has of three distinct zones. In the South, a tropical zone with wooded savannas and large equatorial forest. The Center, is dominated by the Sahel zone with steppes, thorn-bushes and baobab trees; in the North, the Saharan desert zone.

Climate: The Northern desert is very dry throughout the year; the central plain is hot and dry, with brief rainy season mid-June to mid-Sept.; southern lowlands are warm and more humid with seasonal rains from late May to early October.

People:
Nationality: Chadian(s).
Population: 11.3 million (2009 census)
Ethnic groups: 200 distinct groups. In the north and center: Gorane (Toubou, Daza, Kreda), Zaghawa, Kanembou, Ouaddai, Arabs, Baguirmi, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Hausa, Boulala, and Maba, most of whom are Muslim.
In the south: Sara (Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye), Moudang, Moussei, Massa, most of whom are Christian or animist.
Religions: Muslim 51%, Christian 35%, animist 7%, other indigenous beliefs 7%.
Languages: French and Arabic (official); Sara (in the south), more than 120 indigenous Chadian languages and dialects.
Literacy: 48%.

Natural resources: Petroleum, natron (sodium carbonate), kaolin, gold, bauxite, tin, tungsten, titanium, iron ore.

Agriculture products: Cotton, gum arabic, livestock, fish, peanuts, millet, sorghum, rice, sweet potatoes, cassava, dates, manioc.

Industries: meat-packing, beer brewing, soap, cigarettes, construction materials, natron mining, soft-drink bottling.

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine Franc CFA (XAF)

Chad in Figures
Chad key statistical data.


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Chad

Republique du Tchad
Official web site of the Chad government (in French)


Cellule Economique du Ministre du Plan du Tchad
Information about economic programs of Chad by the Ministry of Planning (in French)


Diplomatic Missions
Foreign diplomatic Representations accredited in Chad
Address list of foreign Diplomatic Missions.
Diplomatic Representations of Chad abroad
Address list of Chad's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.

La France au Tchad
Web site of the French embassy to Chad.

Statistics
Institut National de la Statistique des Etudes Economiques et Demographiques
National Statistical Office of Chad.


Chad in Figures
Chad key statistical data.

Maps
profile Map of Chad
Political map of the Republic of Chad.
Google Earth Google Earth Chad
Searchable map and satellite view of Chad.
Google Earth Google Earth N'Djamena
Searchable map and satellite view of Chad's capital city.

Map of Africa
Political Map of Africa.
Relief Map of Africa

 

Chad News

Ialtchad Presse
Portal site with Cad news and country information.
Tchadien
Portal site with news (in French)

AfricaTime: Tchad
Chad related news (in French)

IRIN News
Chad related UN news in English and French.
 

 

Arts & Culture

Mega-Tchad
International Network for Multidisciplinary Research on the history and evolution of societies in the Lake Chad basin. (in French and English)

Toumaï the Human Ancestor
Sahelanthropus tchadensis, discovered in 2001 in Chad is estimated to be between 6 and 7 million years old and so the oldest member of the human family.

Music
Ingamadji Némo Mujos
Chadian musician born in Moundou in southern Chad.
Kaar Kaas Sonn
Chadian musician.
 

 

Business & Economy

Banque Centrale des Etats d'Afrique Centrale - BEAC
Central Bank of Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.

Chad/Cameroon Development Project 
Site about exploitation of oilfields in southern Chad, by a consortium of oil companies (Esso, Petronas and ChevronTexaco), and the building of a 1,070 kilometer (663 miles) underground pipeline to a marine terminal off the coast of Cameroon.

IZF.net, le portail de la Zone Franc CFA
Information about business and investment in the Western African countries within the monetary system of the Franc Zone - CFA. (in French)

Energy Information Administration: Chad and Cameroon
Report by the United States Energy Information Administration about Chad's and Cameroon's oil production and the resulting "strong economic growth" of both countries.


La Poste et les Telecommunications du Tchad
Mediocre site of Chad's telecommunications and internet service provider. (French)
 
livestock farming
Chad livestock farming © Michel Hasson

Destination Chad - Country Guides


Chad related Sites

TchadForum
Portal site provides information about Chad's history, geography culture, news and tourism (in French)

Virtual Chad
Portal site gives you a glimpse into the life in Chad.

Chad Travel Information
by Lonely Planet Destination Guide.

Photothèque Tchad-Cameroun
Images of Tchad and Cameroun by Michel Hasson.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Education


Workgroup on Research in Primary Education
About the work of the Free University of Berlin Institute for Research on teaching, learning, and school development in the area of basic education, including the education project "Projet Education de Base" in the Republic of Chad.


University of N'Djamena
The former University of Chad was founded in 1971, it was renamed to University of N'Djamena in 1994, it is the leading institution of higher education in the Republic of Chad.  
school children
School children ©  Projet Education de Base

Environment

Association Tchadienne des Opérateurs du Secteur Agroalimentaire - ATOSA
Chadian Association of Food Industry promotes a regional project for the processing and consumption of local food in the Sahel. (in French)

 
 

History

Afrique Index
List of pages related to Chad's history. (in French)
Chad History
Wikipedia entry of the history of Chad.
Chad - A Country Study
A study done by the US Library of Congress that covers history, geography, culture, politics, economy, etc.
 
 

Additional Information on Chad

Africa South of the Sahara: Chad
Stanford University.
BBC News Country Profile: Chad
Background Notes: Chad

Open Directory Project: Chad
Wikipedia: Chad
The World Factbook -- Chad
 
Travel Links
Top Travel Destinations
Maps of the World
International Airlines
 
Popular Country Pages

Australia
Guam
Canada
USA
Italy
Greece
South Korea
China

Updated Country Profiles
New Zealand
Australia
Namibia
Thailand
 

Search Nations Online
Google
Bookmark/share this page:




 Support UNICEF Valid HTML5!
Valid CSS

Other Countries of Central Africa
Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa), Congo, Rep. (Brazzaville), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe


Other Countries of Eastern Africa
Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe


Countries of the World: A - C | D - G | H - L | M - P | Q - T | U - Z
Continents: Africa | The Americas | Asia | Australia/Oceania | Europe
 
 

Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.