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A virtual guide to the German Federal State of Lower-Saxony (in German: Niedersachsen). Beside a state profile, this page offers links to sources that provide you with information about this "Bundesland", e.g.: official web sites, local news, culture, history, education, city- and country guides with travel and visitors information, tourist attractions, events and much more.


Niedersachsen, Lower-Saxony

State Profile

Flag of the German Federal State of Niedersachsen

Lower-Saxony is located in north-western Germany and is the second largest federal state in area. It borders (starting north and clockwise) the North Sea, the federal states of Schleswig-Holstein, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia, Hesse and North Rhine-Westphalia, and shares an international border with the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The federal state of Bremen forms two enclaves (Bremen and Bremerhaven) within Lower Saxony.

neighbouring states:
where in Germany is Niedersachsen?

Official Name: Niedersachsen
en: Lower-Saxony

Abbreviation: NI

Time zone: Central European Time (CET); Central European Summer Time (CEST)

Capital City: Hannover (pop. 500.000)

Other Cities: Braunschweig (Brunswick), Cuxhaven, Emden, Göttingen, Hildesheim, Lüneburg, Osnabrück, Oldenburg, Salzgitter, Wilhelmshaven, Wolfsburg.

Location: north-western Germany bordering the North Sea in north and The Netherlands in west.
Area: 47 618 km² (18 388 sq mi)

Climate: Maritime - continental.

Population (2013): 7.8 million
Religions: 46.8% Protestants, 28.1% Roman Catholic.
Languages: Sater Frisian, Low German (Plattdeutsch)

Natural resources: Lignite, natural gas, crude oil, marine products, peat.

Agriculture products: Dairy products, livestock, horses, grain, potatoes.

Industries: Vehicle construction, carbon fibre reinforced plastics, shipbuilding, wind power. biotechnology

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Niedersachsen

Land Niedersachsen - Official site of Lower-Saxony.

Landtag Niedersachsen
Lower-Saxony's parliament.

Statistisches Landesamt Niedersachsen
Lower-Saxony's state office for statistics (in German).


Google Earth Google Earth Niedersachsen
Searchable map and satellite view of Niedersachsen.
Google Earth Google Earth Hannover
Searchable map and satellite view of Niedersachsen's capital.

 Political Map of Germany
 Administrative Map of Germany   


Lower-Saxony newspapers online (mostly in German)

Bremer Nachrichten
Bremer Nachrichten Online.

Cuxhavener Nachrichten
Newspaper Cuxhaven.

Göttinger Tageblatt
Newspaper Göttingen.

Goslarsche Zeitung
Goslar news.

Grafschafter Nachrichten
Daily news Grafschaft Bentheim.

great site Hannoversche Allgemeine
Newspaper Hannover.

Hildesheimer Allgemeine Zeitung
HAZ Online.

Landeszeitung Lüneburg
Newspaper Lüneburger Heide.

Münsterländische Tageszeitung
Newspaper Cloppenburg.

Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung
Daily for Osnabrück and Emsland.

  Neue Presse
National and regional news, Hannover.
Online service of Braunschweiger Zeitung, Wolfsburger Nachrichten, Salzgitter-Zeitung.

Nordwest Zeitung
Online-News from the north west region; Bremen/Weser-Ems, Ammerland, Friesland, Münsterland, Oldenburg and Wesermarsch.

Oldenburgische Volkszeitung
News from the Oldenburger Münsterland, Vechta.

Ostfriesische Nachrichten
Ostfriesland News.

Peiner Allgemeine Zeitung
Newspaper from Peine.

Schaumburger Nachrichten
SN online.

Newspaper from Stade.

Weser-Kurier Online, Bremen.

Wolfsburger Allgemeine
Newspaper from Wolfsburg.

Wolfsburger Nachrichten
News from Braunschweig/Wolfsburg region.

Norddeutscher Rundfunk NDR
Public radio and television.



Arts & Culture

Niedersächsische Staatstheater Hannover
Opera, Theatre, Ballet and Concert.

MASALA Welt-Beat Festival
Summer in the City of Hannover, World Beat Festival, traditional and modern world music (in German).


Business & Economy

IPA Niedersachsen
Niedersachsen Investment Promotion Agency, the economic development agency of the State of Lower Saxony.

Niedersächsische Industrie- und Handelskammertag (NIHK)
Lower-Saxony's Chamber of Industry and Commerce.

IHK Hannover
Chamber of Industry and Commerce Hanover.

Trade Fairs
The world’s largest IT trade fair.
Hanover Messe
Hanover Industrial Trade Fair.

Important Industries
Tires, Hannover

Meyer Werft
Meyer shipyard, cruise vessels made in Papenburg.

Salzgitter AG
Steel and Technology, Salzgitter.

Varta AG
VARTA Automotive, VARTA Consumer Batteries, VARTA Microbatteries, Hannover.

The automobile manufacturer based in Wolfsburg.

Hannover Airport
Lower Saxony's main airport.

Touristik Union International, one of the world's largest tourist firms, Hannover.

Niedersachsen Ports
Lower Saxony's port authority.
Seaport Emden
Information about Emden's Ro-Ro-Seaport, by Seaport Emden Promotion Society.
Wilhelmshaven Port
Website of Germany's third largest port (in German).


Destination Niedersachsen - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Niedersachsen: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, tours and much more.

Reiseland Niedersachsen
Official tourism guide Lower-Saxony.

East Frisian Islands (official sites):
Borkum, Juist, Norderney, Baltrum, Langeoog, Spiekeroog and Wangerooge

The state capital, guide system and  Hannover Region EXPO visitor`s information system.

The city of Brunswick.
Port city Cuxhaven.
Port city Emden.
Famous university city at Leine river.
Diocesan town Hildesheim.
The city at the Lüneburg Heath (Lüneburger Heide)
Birthplace of Erich Maria Remarque.





TU Braunschweig
Technische Universität Braunschweig, founded in 1745 as the "Collegium Carolinum".
Göttingen, founded in 1737, one of the most renowned universities in Germany.
Universität Hannover
Universität Hildesheim
Universität Lüneburg
Carl von Ossietzky Universität
Universität Osnabrück
Osnabrück , founded in 1973.

Environment & Nature

Naturpark Elbufer-Drawehn
The nature park ranges from the bank of the Elbe river between Bleckede and Schnackenburg and the southern off-shored end moraine Drawehn.

Naturpark Harz
The national park Harz, situated in Saxony Anhalt and Lower-Saxony, combines several nature and landscape reserve areas and the biosphere reserve Karstlandschaft (Karst topography) Südharz (in German).

Naturpark Lüneburger Heide
Nature- and recreation landscape in the middle of the tri-city area of Hamburg, Hanover and Bremen.

Naturpark TERRA.vita
Situated in NRW and Lower-Saxony, with a thematic focus on land and geology (TERRA = land; vita = life)

Naturpark Wildeshauser Geest
One of Germany’s largest nature parks, situated in the southwest of the cities of Oldenburg and Bremen (in German).

Nationalpark Niedersächsisches Wattenmeer
Lower Saxony Wadden Sea National Park (in German).

Naturparke Deutschland
A guide to nature and national parks in Germany.



The state of Lower-Saxony was founded in 1946 by the British military administration, who merged the former states of Brunswick, Oldenburg, and Schaumburg-Lippe with the former Prussian province of Hanover.

Niedersächsisches Landesarchiv
State archive of Lower-Saxony (in German).

Geschichte Niedersachsens
History of Lower-Saxony (in German).

Königreich Hannover
History of the Kingdom of Hanover.

Varusschlacht im Osnabrücker Land
Museum and Park Kalkriese, close to the place of the "Battle of the Teutoburg Forest" (in German).

History of the Frisians
Wikipedia entry about the history of the German tribe.

History of Lower-Saxony
Wikipedia entry about the history of Lower-Saxony.

Additional Information about Niedersachsen

Open Directory Project: Niedersachsen

Wikipedia: Niedersachsen
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Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

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But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

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* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.