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Namib Desert
Ancient dunes in the Naukluft Park in the Namib Namib desert, Namibia. Image: Bjørn Christian Tørrissen
 
Namibia Flag
Flag of Namibia
A virtual guide to Namibia, a nation in southwestern Africa, with a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean. The country is bordered by Botswana, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The Orange River to the south marks the southern border of Namibia to South Africa. The Kunene River and the Okavango River form partly the nations northern border with Angola.

Only on 21 March 1990, Namibia gained independence from South Africa. The country's name is derived from the Namib Desert.

With an area of 824,292 km² (318,260 sq. mi.), Namibia is almost twice the size of Sweden, or slightly more than half the size of the U.S. state of Alaska, it is the second least densely populated country in the world (after Mongolia)
.

Capital and largest city is Windhoek. Spoken languages are English and Afrikaans.
 

Where in Africa is Namibia?

Republic of Namibia

Country Profile


 

Official Name:
Republic of Namibia
short form: Namibia
formerly: German Southwest Africa, South West Africa (SWA)

ISO Country Code: na

Time:
Local Time = UTC +1 in Summer (September to April) +2h
Actual Time: Tue-Apr-28  20:45

Country Calling Code: +264

Capital City: Windhoek (pop. 240 000)

Other Cities: Grootfontein, Katima Mulilo, Keetmanshoop, Luderitz, Ondangwa, Oranjemund, Oshakati, Otjiwarongo, Swakopmund, Tsumeb, Walvis Bay.

Government:
Type: Republic.
Independence: 21 March 1990 (from South African mandate).

Geography:
Location: West Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and South Africa.
Area: 824,292 km² (318,260 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Varies from coastal desert to semiarid mountains and plateau.
Highest point: Konigstein 2 606 m

Climate: hot, varies from hyper-arid and semi-arid to subtropical.

People:
Nationality: Namibian(s).
Population: 2.28 million (2011, UN estimate)
Ethnic groups: Black 87%; white 6%; mixed race 7%. About 50% of the population belong to Ovambo ethnic group, and 9% to the Kavango ethnic group. Other ethnic groups are: Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, San 3%, Baster 2%, and Tswana 0.5%.
Religions: Predominantly Christian; 10% indigenous beliefs.
Languages: English (official; 7%); Afrikaans (lingua franca), German.
Indigenous languages: Setswana, Lozi, Oshiwambo, Otjiherero, Rukwangali, Damara.
Literacy: 65% of total population, Female 31% Male 45%.

Natural resources: Diamonds, copper, gold, uranium, lead, tin, zinc, salt, vanadium, fisheries, and wildlife; suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore.

Agriculture products: Livestock, millet, fish and fish products, grapes, wool.

Industries: Meatpacking, fish processing, dairy products; mining.

Exports - commodities: Diamonds, copper, gold, zinc, lead, uranium; cattle, white fish and mollusks

Exports partners: South Africa (27% of total), United Kingdom (17%), USA, Angola, Netherlands and Spain.

Imports - commodities: foodstuffs; petroleum products and fuel, machinery and equipment, chemicals

Imports partners: South Africa, Switzerland, China, United Kingdom, Germany, Botswana.

Currency: Namibian Dollar (NAD); South African Rand (ZAR)

 

Background:
The Republic of Namibia is a vast, sparsely populated country situated along the south Atlantic coast of Africa. It is the first country in the world that has incorporated the protection of the environment into its constitution.

South Africa occupied the Germany colony of Süd-West Afrika during World War I and administered it as a mandate until after World War II when it annexed the territory.
In 1966 the Marxist South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla group launched a war of independence for the area that was soon named Namibia, but it was not until 1988 that South Africa agreed to end its administration in accordance with a UN peace plan for the entire region. Independence came in 1990.
 

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Namibia

Republic of Namibia
Namibia online.


Office of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Namibia
Official website of the Prime Minister.


Ministry of Foreign Affairs
MOFA Namibia.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Namibia to the UN
Namibia's Permanent Mission to the United Nations.
Namibian Embassies Abroad
Address list of Namibian Embassies Abroad.


Maps

Map of Namibia
Political Map of Namibia.
Administrative Map of Namibia
Map of Namibia showing the country's administrative regions.

Atlas of Namibia
The atlas provides basic reference material on the geography of Namibia , including social, demographic, economic, infrastructural, physical, climatic and biological features of Namibia.

Google Earth Google Earth Namibia
Searchable satellite view of Namibia.
Google Earth Google Earth Windhoek
Searchable satellite view of Namibia's capital city.

Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.


Namib Rand Reserve
A pride of gemsbok (Oryx gazella) in Namib Rand Reserve :: Image: Rui Ornelas
 

Namibia News

Allgemeine Zeitung Namibia
Namibia news. (in German)

The Namibian Newspaper
Namibia's independent daily newspaper (in English and Oshiwambo).

Die Republikein
Namibia news (in Afrikaans)

The Economist
News and views from Namibia's weekly independent business newspaper.


Mail & Guardian
Leading newspaper from South Africa, covers all Africa with current information.

Radio/TV
Namibian Broadcasting Corporation
Radio, TV, News.

 

Bookmark/share this page


Arts & Culture


National Library
Namibia's National Library.

National Museum of Namibia
Namibia's National Museum.
 
Rockpainting near Khauxanas, Warmfontein
Rockpainting near Khauxanas, Warmfontein
Photo: Dr. Klaus Dierks

 

Business & Economy

Namibia's economy is heavily dependent on the extraction and processing of minerals for export. Mining accounts for 11.5% of GDP, but provides more than 50% of foreign exchange earnings. Rich alluvial diamond deposits make Namibia a primary source for gem-quality diamonds. The country is the world's fourth-largest producer of uranium.

Namibia normally imports about 50% of its cereal requirements; in drought years food shortages are a major problem in rural areas.

Bank of Namibia
First National Bank of Namibia
Standard Bank Namibia

The Namibian Stock Exchange

NCCI - Namibian Chamber of Commerce and Industry

NamBizDot.Com
A-Z Namibia Business Directory and Business Resource Center.

Transportation
Air Namibia
Air Namibia the principal airline of SWA / Namibia, the former Namib Air (until 1991) serves destinations in South Africa and Europe.
 
 

Destination Namibia - Travel and Tour Guides

The country is divided into 13 regions:
the Caprivi, Kavango, Kunene, Omusati, Ohangwena, Oshana and Oshikoto regions in the north,
the Omaheke, Otjozondjupa, Erongo and Khomas Regions in the central areas
and the Hardap and Karas regions in the south.

Discover Namibia: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, safari, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.


Namibia Tourism Board
Official website of the Tourism Board with comprehensive tourism information.

Ministry of Environment and Tourism
Official website of the ministry.


Namibia Wildlife Resorts Ltd Online
A guide to Namibia's prime tourist attractions.


NamibWeb
An online guide to Namibia.

Travel in
A guide to Namiba.

Travel News
Travel news, accommodations, facts & info, travel services.

Jacob Holdt's Namibia photos
Impressive images from Namibia and its people.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Himba Girl
Himba Girl © NTB

Rock Giants
Rock Giants © NTB

Education

Polytechnic of Namibia
A Namibian institution in the development of Science and Technology.
SchoolNet Namibia
Establishes a network among schools and allied educational institutions in Namibia
University of Namibia
The National University, Windhoek.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Desert Research Foundation of Namibia
The DRFN works collaboratively in all sectors involved in management and use of natural resources.

Gobabeb Training and Research Centre
40 years of scientific research in the central Namib desert.

Namibia Nature Foundation
The primary aims of the NNF are to promote sustainable development, the conservation of biological diversity and natural ecosystems, and the wise and ethical use of natural resources.


Namibia Wildlife Resorts Ltd Online
A guide to Namibia's prime tourist attractions.


SADC - Southern African Development Community
Southern Africa Development Community of 14 African nations.
 
Kalahari Desert
Kalahari Desert © NTB
Elephants
Elephants in one of Namibia's Wildlife Resorts © NTB

History

Namibia's history
Brief history of Namibia.
Colonial Picture Archive
Keyword searchable database of photographs from the German colonial history, the archive covers Namibia, Tanzania, Cameroon, Togo, and other former German colonies.
Chronology of Namibian History
From Pre-historical Times to Independent Namibia by Dr. Klaus Dierks (in German and English).
History of Namibia
Wikipedia entry about the history of Namibia.

 
 
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