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Ukraine and Romania in a region formerly known as Bessarabia.
Flag of Moldova
The country covers an area of 33,850 km² making it somewhat larger than Belgium, or slightly larger than the U.S. state of Maryland.
Moldova has a population of 3,550,000 (in 2017). By far the largest city and capital is Chisinau (Kishinev). Spoken languages are Moldovan (same as Romanian), recognized regional languages are Ukrainian, Russian, and Gagauz (a Turkic language).
Republic of Moldova | Republica Moldova
Formerly ruled by Romania, Moldova became part of the Soviet Union at the close of World War II.
Although independent from the USSR since 1991, Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Nistru (Dnister) River supporting the Slavic majority population, mostly Ukrainians and Russians, who have proclaimed a "Transnistria" republic. One of the poorest nations in Europe, Moldova became the first former Soviet state to elect a communist as its president in 2001.
In 2014 the Moldovan Government signed an Association Agreement with the EU, advancing the Coalition's policy priority of EU integration.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
short form: Moldova
int'l long form: Republic of Moldova
ISO Country Code: md, mda
Local Time = UTC +2h
Actual Time: Sat-May-27 02:43
Country Calling Code: +373
Capital City: Chisinau
Other Cities: Tiraspol, Balti, Tighina, Rîbnita
Constitution: Adopted 28 July 1994.
Independence: 27 August 1991 (from Soviet Union).
Location: Landlocked country in Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania.
Area: 33,850 km² (13,000 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Highland predominating the central part, rolling steppe, gradual hilly slopes south to Black Sea.
Climate: Temperate continental, moderate winters, warm summers.
Population: 3.55 million, (2017) excluding the estimated Transnistrian population of 520,000.
Ethnic groups: Moldovans 75.8%, Minor ethnic groups: Ukrainians 8.4%, Russians 5.8%, Gagauz 4.4%, Bulgarians 1.9%.
Main religions: Christian Orthodox (93.3%), Baptist (1%), others.
Languages: Romanian (officially known as Moldovan), Russian, Ukrainian, Gagauz.
Natural resources: Lignite, phosphorites, gypsum, arable land, limestone.
Agriculture products: Vegetables, fruits, wine, grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, tobacco; beef, milk.
Industries: Sugar, vegetable oil, food processing, agricultural machinery; foundry equipment, refrigerators and freezers, washing machines; hosiery, shoes, textiles.
Exports - commodities: foodstuffs, textiles, machinery
Exports - partners: Romania 23.1%, Italy 10.2%, Turkey 9.4%, Russia 8%, Germany 6.6%, Belarus 6.4% (2015)
Imports - commodities: mineral products and fuel, machinery and equipment, chemicals, textiles
Imports - partners: Russia 22.7%, Romania 18.1%, Ukraine 11.5%, Germany 7%, Italy 4.8%, Turkey 4.4% (2015)
Currency: Moldovan Leu (MDL)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of MoldovaRepublica Moldova
Moldova's Government site.
President of the Republic of Moldova
Official website of the President (in Moldovan and Russian)
Parlamentul Republicii Moldova
Parliament of the Republic of Moldova.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration
Official website of the ministry with information about the Ministry, Foreign Policy, European Integration and Consular Information.
Diplomatic Missions of Moldova Abroad
Address list of Moldova's Diplomatic Missions abroad.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions accredited in Moldova
Address list of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Moldova.
National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova
Moldova in figures.
Serviciul Hidrometeorologic de Stat
State Hydrometeorological Service.
Map of Moldova
Political Map of Moldova.
Google Earth Moldova
Searchable map and satellite view of Moldova.
Google Earth Chisinau
Searchable map and satellite view of Moldova's capital.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
National News Agency.
Media Azi - Independent Journalism Center
Focus the development of news media in Moldova.
Acasă - All Moldova
Moldova news in Moldovan and Russian.
Private Moldovan newspaper headquartered in Chisinau.
Moldovan magazine (in Moldovan).
Daily news (in Moldovan).
Latest News from Moldova
Transnistria government daily news.
Private TV station.
State run TV station.
State run Radio Moldova.
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Arts & Culture
National Art Museum
Moldova's only fine arts museum is located in Chisinau.
National Museum of History of Moldova
Moldova's national museum of archaeology and history in Chisinau.
[ksa:k] Centrul pentru Arta Contemporana
The Center for Contemporary Art, Chisinau provides information about Artists fom Moldova.
Cultural Portal for painters, writers and singers.
Zdob si Zdub
Moldovan musical band.
Business & Economy
Banca Nationala a Moldovei (BNM)
National Bank of Moldova.
Bursa de Valori a Moldovei
Moldova Stock Exchange.
Camera de Comert si Industrie a RM
Chamber of Commerce and Industry Molödova.
National Agency for Attracting Investment
ANAI provides information about the privatisation process for investment in Moldova.
Business portal of Moldova.
Private business company with the focus on attracting foreign direct investment in Moldova.
Yellow pages of Moldova
Air Moldova International
Moldova State Railway
Image: Dorin Nicolaescu
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Moldova - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Moldova: Bâc River, Butesti Gorges, Chisinau, Codru Reservation, Duruito area, The Hundred Knolls, Padurea Domneasca (Princely Forest), Old Orhei Historical and Archaeological landscape, Tipova cave monastery complex, Saharna Monastery, Soroca Fortress, Wineries.
Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, tours and much more.
The Travel Guide to Moldova, official site of the National Tourism Agency.
More about upcountry Moldova by the rural tourism association.
Moldova tour operator.
Project on and about Moldova.
The Saint Trinity Monastery in Saharna, the biggest center for religious pilgrimages in Moldova.
Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Official website of the academy.
Universitatea de Stat din Moldova
Official website of the State University founded in 1946.
TUM - Technical University of Moldova
The only higher technical educational institution in Moldava founded in 1964.
Environment & Nature
Ministry of Environment
Official website of Moldova's Ministry of Environment.
BIOTICA Ecological Society
Society for Scientists and Citizens for Environmental Solutions.
Moldova nature reserves
List of nature reserves in Moldova.
History of Moldova
Wikipedia article on Moldova's history.
Timline of Moldova's history compiled by the BBC.
Moldova’s Transnistrian conflict
Conflict in the Eastern part of the Republic of Moldova, an account on the 'frozen conflict' by ADST (US Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training).
Open Directory Project: Moldova
Yellow pages of Moldova
Sources and additional information on Moldova
Amnesty International: Moldova
BBC Country Profile: Moldova
Background Notes: Moldova
The World Factbook -- Moldova
Other Countries of Eastern Europe:
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