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Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea in east. It was known as British Honduras until 1973. Belize was granted independence on 21 September 1981, it is since then a Commonwealth realm, with Queen Elizabeth II as its monarch and head of state.
Flag of Belize
Border countries are Guatemala and Mexico, and it shares maritime borders with Honduras.
The country occupies an area of 22,966 km², it is about twice the size of Estonia, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Massachusetts.
Belize has a population of just 361,000 (census 2015), making it the least populated nation in Central America.
Capital city is Belmopan, largest city is Belize City. Spoken languages are English (official), Kriol, Spanish, Garifuna, and Maya.
On this page you will find comprehensive information about Belize in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government, and history.
Belize lies on the eastern or Caribbean coast of Central America, bounded on the north and part of the west by Mexico, and on the south and the remainder of the west by Guatemala. Belize is the most sparsely populated nation in Central America otherwise a melting pot of many races with an estimated population of approximately 274 000.
Territorial disputes between the UK and Guatemala delayed the independence of Belize until 1981. Guatemala refused to recognize the new nation until 1992.
border countries: Guatemala, Mexico
related countries: United Kingdom
other Central American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
formerly: British Honduras
ISO Country Code: bz
Local Time = UTC -6h
Actual Time: Wed-May-23 22:07
Country Calling Code: +501
Capital City: Belmopan (pop. 2010 census 16,500)
Belize City (57,000), Corozal (10,000), Orange Walk (14,000), San Ignacio & Santa Elena (18,000), Dangriga (9,500), Punta Gorda (5,000), San Pedro (11,000).
Type: Parliamentary democracy
Independence: 21 September 1981 from the UK.
Constitution: 21 September 1981.
Location: Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Mexico.
Area (mainland and cayes): 23,000 km²
(8,867 sq. mi.)
Terrain: plain coastline covered with mangrove swamps, low mountains in interior, highest point Doyle's Delight (1124 m).
Climate: Tropical, hot and humid. Rainy season May to November; dry season February to May.
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Belizean(s).
Population: 361,000 (2015)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 7 635 (year)
Ethnic groups: Mestizo, Creole, Ketchi, Yucatec and Mopan Mayas, Garifuna and East Indian.
Religions: Roman Catholic, Anglican, Methodist, other Protestant, Muslim, Hindu, and Buddhist.
Languages: English (official), Creole, Spanish, Garifuna, Mayan.
Natural resources: Arable land, timber, seafood, minerals.
Agriculture Products: Sugar, citrus fruits and juices, bananas, mangoes, papayas, honey, corn, beans, rice, cattle (12.7% of GDP).
Industries: Garment production, food processing, tourism, construction.
Exports partners: UK 30.8%, USA 18.7%, Nigeria 6.7%, Trinidad and Tobago 4.8%, Ireland 4.2%, Jamaica 4.2% (2015)
Imports partners: USA 26.6%, Mexico 11.7%, Cuba 10.2%, Guatemala 9%, China 7.5%, Trinidad and Tobago 5.6% (2015)
Currency: Belizean Dollar (BZD)
Image: Haakon S. Krohn
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of BelizeGovernment of Belize
Official Belize government site.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Belize
Official site of the ministry.
Embassy of Belize
Site of Belize's Embassy in Washington D.C.
Embassies and Consulates of Belize
Adresses of Belize embassies and consulate abroad, and embassies and consulates accredited to Belize.
Visas/ Entry Requirements
Visas for Belize.
Map of Belize
Political map of Belize.
Google Earth Belize
Searchable map and satellite view of Belize.
Google Earth Belmopan
Searchable map and satellite view of Belize's capital city.
Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean.
Belize's weekly newspaper, voice of the new government.
Channel5 with Belize news.
News from Belize.
News and music power from Belize.
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & Culture
The Belize International Film Festival
Festival for Caribbean and Central American filmmakers.
Site about the indigenous Mopan and Q´eqchi´ Maya of Southern Belize.
Official Website of the National Kriol Council of Belize
Seine Bight Village
Site about the Garifuna village and culture.
Garifuna Cultural Survival
The story of the Garinagu of the Garifuna nation.
© Belize Tourism Board
Business & Economy
Central Bank of Belize
Official website ofthe bank offers information on Belize's economic and financial system.
Belize Chamber of Commerce and Industry
The "One Stop" business connection for Belize.
Maya Island Air
Belize's largest airline.
Image: Seann McAuliffe
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Belize - Country Guides
Discover Belize: Ambergris Caye (Belize's largest island); Great Blue Hole (giant submarine sinkhole); Xunantunich (Ancient Maya archaeological site);
Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, cruising, diving, hiking, adventure tours and much more.
Catch the Adventure - The Official Web Site of the Belize Tourism Board.
Guided vacation tours of Belize.
Travel and tourist information on Belize.
A glimpse into Belize, an in-depth look into the more remote and unknown world's of Belize.
Belize by Naturalight
A Belize portal with comprehensive country and travel information.
Extensive information about travel and tourism of Southern Belize.
UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Belize
Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System
The largest barrier reef in the northern hemisphere with offshore atolls, several hundred sand cays, mangrove forests, coastal lagoons and estuaries.
University of Belize (UB)
University of Belize Home Page. The University of Belize is a national, autonomous and multi-location institution in Belize. UB's main campus is located in the capital city, Belmopan.
Image: Bernard Dupont
Environment & Nature
Belize National Parks, Natural Reserves, & Wildlife Sanctuaries
This guide explores the most popular state reserves, covering all the main habitats, from all areas of the country - from spectacular Toledo District to the forest highlands of Mountain Pine Ridge, and the Five Blues Lake National Park, to the corals of the reef, atolls and cayes.
Toledo Ecotourism Association
The Toledo Ecotourism Association is one of the first and most successful Community-Based Ecotourism operators in the region.
History of Belize
Wikipedia about Belizes history.
A Brief History of Belize
From Mayan civilisation until the 20th century.
A History of Belize
Comprehensive site about the history of Belize.
Belize-Guatemala Territorial Issue
The Anglo-Belize/Guatemala Territorial Issue - The Cost of Conflict: A treaty on the history and present day implications of the Belize-Guatemala Territorial Issue.
Directory of Belize related sites.
Latin American Network Information Center - Resources
Sources and additional Information on Belize:
Amnesty International: Belize
BBC Country Profile: Belize
The Heritage Foundation: Belize
Human Rights Watch: Belize
Reporters Without Borders: Belize
The Commonwealth: Belize
Worldbank Data: Belize
The World Factbook -- Belize
Other Countries of Middle and Central America:
Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama
Major Cities in Middle and Central America:
Belmopan, Guatemala City, Managua, Mexico City, Panama City, San José, San Salvador, Tegucigalpa
Countries of South America:
Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Uruguay | Suriname | Venezuela
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