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Photo from Mera Peak (Nepal)
Photo from summit of Mera Peak in the Mahalangur section of the Himalaya (Nepal).
Image: Andrew Grandison
Nepalese Flag
Flag of Nepal
Destination Nepal, a virtual guide to the former Kingdom in the Himalayas between India and China. With an area of 147,181 km² Nepal is slightly larger than 1.5 times the size of Portugal, or slightly larger than the U.S. state of Arkansas.

Nepal has a population 31 million (2016 est.). Largest city and national capital is Kathmandu.

Spoken languages: about half of the population speaks the official language Nepali, the rest is using one of the several other Tibeto-Burman languages.

Where in Asia is Nepal?

Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal | Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl

Country Profile


Official Name:
Sanghiya Loktāntrik Ganatantra Nepāl
Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
short form: Nepal
formerly: Kingdom of Nepal (Nepal Adhirajya)

ISO Country Code: np

Local Time = UTC + 5:45h
Actual Time: Thu-May-25  09:44

Country Calling Code: +977

Capital City: Kathmandu (pop 1.5 million)

Other Cities:
Biratnagar, Patan, Pokhara, Birganj, Dharan, Nepalganj.

Type: Republic

Location: Southern Asia, between China and India
Area: 147,181 km² (56,826 sq.mi.)
Terrain: Tarai or flat river plain of the Ganges in south, central hill region, rugged Himalayas in north.

Climate: The climate in Nepal varies with elevation, tropical in the lower southern part Tarai, mid-hills alpine and the high mountains polar; elevation ranges from 90 to 8848 meters.

Nationality: noun: Nepalese (singular and plural), adjective: Nepalese or Nepali.
Population: 31 million (2016)
Refugee Population: Bhutanese (94 000), Tibetans (20 000 approx.)
Ethnic Groups: sixty ethnic groups, major groups are Sherpas, Kirats or Limbus, Rais, Magars, Newars, Tamangs, Gurungs, the Bahuns and Chhetries and the Tharus the inhabitants of the Tarai.
Religions: Hinduism (predominant 86%), Buddhism 8%, Tibetan Lamaism (Bon)
Languages: Nepali (official and lingua franca of the country), sixty ethnic groups, who speak seventy different dialects and eleven major languages like Tibeto-Burman, Lhotsamkha, Nepalbhasa, Tamang languages.
Literacy: 40%

Natural resources: Quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore.

Agriculture products: Rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, root crops; milk, water buffalo meat.

Industries: Tourism, carpet, textile; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarette; cement and brick production.

Currency: Nepalese Rupee (NPR)

(Source: Nepal Embassy and others)

Nepal in Figures
Nepal key statistical data.

Nepal, the landlocked multiethnic, multilingual, multi-religious country, is situated north of India in the Himalayas, in the region where, about 40 to 50 million years ago, the Indian subcontinent has crashed into Asia. Because of that accident, Nepal has some of the world's highest mountains including Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest, 8848m, which it shares with Tibet (by now a province of China). The highest mountain on Earth is towering above populated valleys and forested plains.
Somewhere here in the Kapilavastu district, there is a place called Lumbini where in about 500 B.C.E. Queen Mayadevi is said to have given birth to Siddhartha Gautama, better known as Buddha.

Nepal can be divided broadly into three ecological zones: the lowland, the midland and the highland.
The altitude of the Himalayan Region (the highland) ranges between 4877 m - 8848 m, It includes 8 of the highest 14 summits in the world, which exceed altitude of 8000 meters including Mount Everest.

The mountain region accounts for about 64 percent of total land area, which is formed by the Mahabharat range that soars up to 4877 m and the lower Churia range.
The lowland Terai, the flat river plain of the Ganges with a belt of marshy grasslands, savannas, and forests, occupies about 17 percent of the total land area of the country.

border countries: China (Tibet Autonomous Region (Xizang), India

other countries close to Nepal: Bhutan, Bangladesh

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Nepal

Office of The Prime Minister and Council of Ministers
Official website of Nepal's Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Responsible for the foreign policy of the kingdom of Nepal.
Institute of Foreign Affairs (IFA)
IFA was founded in 1993 as an integral part of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs; the dissemination of information on foreign policy related issues is another major responsibility of the Institute.

Diplomatic Missions
The Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of Nepal to the UN
Nepal's representation to the United Nations.
Nepal Embassy in the US
The site provides also comprehensive information on Nepal.
Nepal Embassy in the UK
Embassy of Nepal in the United Kingdom.
Nepal Missions
Nepalese Missions world wide.
Foreign Missions in Nepal
Address list of foreign Missions in Kathmandu.

Central Bureau of Statistics of Nepal
Nepal in figures.

Department of Hydrology and Meteorology
Weather information for Nepal.

Nepal Maps
profile Map of Nepal
Political Map of Nepal.
Google Earth Google Earth Nepal
Searchable map and satellite view of Nepal.
Google Earth Google Earth Kathmandu
Searchable map and satellite view of Nepal's capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Mount Everest
Satellite view and map of Mt. Everest region.

Map of Southeast Asia
Map of the Southeast Asia region.
profile Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.

Bagmati River, Kathmandu 
Bagmati River, Kathmandu.
Image: Toni Hagen

Nepal News

Radio Stations
Hits FM 100
Kathmandu Radio Station.
Radio Nepal
National radio station.

Online News
Info Nepal
News from Nepal.
Kantipur Online
Part of the democratic media of Nepal.
The Kathmandu Post
News from Nepal as it happens.
Nepali Times
Weekly updated news.

Nepal News
Online news.

Rastriya Samachar Samiti (RSS)
National News Agency.


Cyber Nepal
First Nepal Internet Magazine.

International News Sources
BBC News Country Profile: Nepal
With links to Nepal related news and background information.
Reuters AlertNet - Nepal peace
Reuters news.
Yahoo! News Full Coverage-Nepal
Press agencies news on Nepal

Human Rights
Amnesty International: Nepal
Amnesty International Reports.
Human Rights Watch: Nepal
Background Briefings.
IRINnews Nepal
UN humanitarian news and analysis.

Press freedom
Reporters sans frontières - Nepal
Annual report 2007 about Press freedom in the country.

Bookmark/share this page

Arts & Culture

Buddhism, Nepal, and its Sacred History
Sculptures, shrines and stupas.

Nepali Calendar (Bikram Sambat)
Events and Festivals, Nepal follows a different calendar system, according to this system, 2001-2002 is Bikram Sambat 2058.

Nepal National Library
Has collections of books, journals and other materials in Nepali, English, Sanskrit and Hindi.

A Veil in Time Nepal
Places, People, Prayer - Nepal Photography, Arts and a diary.

Ethnic Groups

Comprehensive site about the culture of the Newars one of the ethnic groups of Nepal.
Sherwa mi
Website on the Sherpas (Sherwa) of Nepal.
Swayambhunath Stupa
Swayambhunath Stupa
© Nepal Tourism Board

Business & Economy

Nepal Rastra Bank
Central Bank of Nepal
Nepal Stock Exchange

Federation of Nepalese Chambers of Commerce & Industry
Trade Promotion Center
Provides trade information for Nepal.



Nepal Airlines
Serves Asia and Europe.

Agni Air
Regional airline.
Cosmic Air
Serves regional airports in Nepal and has sceduled flights to Dhaka, Bangladesh and Delhi, India.
Gorkha Airlines
Charter flights to domestic destinations.
Sita Air
Domestic airline.
Yeti Airlines
Regional airline.


Destination Nepal - Country Guides

Discover Nepal: Kathmandu, Dhulikhel, Chomolungma, Everest,
accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, Himalaya, mountaineering, paragliding, rafting, hiking, climbing, trekking, jungle adventure tours and much more.

Nepal Tourism Board
Information on Nepal.
Kathmandu Metropolitan City.

 Nepal Home Page
Frontdoor to Nepalese news, information, travel guide, economy, society, politics.
Nepal Travel and Tourism information
A very comprehensive guide for all things Nepal.
Shangri La Home Page
Shangri La is my idea of abstracting the Nature of the entire Himalaya Range.
View Nepal
Another Nepali portal with news and views of Nepal.
Nepal travel information.
Lonely Planet Nepal
The backpackers bible guide to Nepal.

Do's and Don'ts in Nepal
Nepal a World of Its own
Some DOs & DON'Ts.

Nepal Mountaineering Association
National alpine association of Nepal.
Trekking Agents Associations of Nepal
Official list of trekking agencies.

Hotels in Nepal
Find a Hotel in Nepal.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Nepal Chomolungma - Mt. Everest
Mount Everest
© Nepal Tourism Board


Kathmandu University
Nepal's Nationla University, Dhulikhel, Kavre.
Kathmandu University
Centre for Buddhist Studies at Rangjung Yeshe Institute.
Kathmandu University
School of Management.

Environment & Nature

National Trust for Nature Conservation
The National Trust for Nature Conservation (NTNC), previously known as the King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation was established in 1982 by a Legislative Act as an autonomous, not-for-profit and non-¬government organization, mandated to work in the field of nature conservation in Nepal.

UNDP in Nepal
UNDP Nepal site with information about various UNDP programs in Nepal.
Mountain District of Dolpa
© Nepal Tourism Board


The nation-state of Nepal was the creation of King Prithvi Narayan Shah. The ruler of the small principality of Gorkha, campaigned to unite the various kingdoms that dotted the geographical area defined by modern Nepal. The conquest of Kathmandu Valley, which took a total of ten years of planning, siege and diplomacy, was the highlight of his conquests (1769). The work begun by King Prithvi Narayan was continued by his descendants. At the greatest extent the Nepali (then known as the Gorkhali) Empire covered an area that was at least a third more than its present confines.

Nepal, the nation-state of dismissed governments.
Nepal, the world's only Hindu monarchy, was controlled by a hereditary prime ministership until 1951. The nation's first election was held in 1959, but in 1960, King Mahendra dismissed the cabinet, dissolved parliament, and banned political parties.
A 1962 constitution created a nonparty panchayat (council) system of government.
After a 1980 referendum approved a modified version of the panchayat system, direct parliamentary elections were held in 1981.
A dispute with India led to India's closing of most border crossings from March 1989 to July 1990, and the resultant economic crisis fueled demands for political reform. After months of violence, King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev dissolved parliament. The opposition formed an interim government in April 1990, and a new constitution creating a constitutional monarchy and a bicameral legislature became effective on 9 Nov. 1990. Multiparty legislative elections held in May 1991 were won by the centrist Nepali Congress party; the Communists became the leading opposition party.
Mid-term elections in November 1994, which were called after the government lost a parliamentary vote, resulted in a hung parliament and the communists, who emerged as the single largest party, formed a minority government.

In January 2005 Nepal's King Gyanendra sacked Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba, dismissed the country's government, assumed power himself and declared a state of emergency.

King Gyanendra's direct rule ended under public pressure in April 2006, the monarchy was abolished in May 2008 and a Maoist-dominated government took office in August
(Source: Grolier's Encyclopedia and other sources)

History of Nepal
From the time of the Aheer until today Nepal, brief Nepalese history by the Royal Nepal Embassy.
From Ancient to Modern Nepal.
A Brief History of Nepal
A chronology of important events.
The Shah Kings of Nepal
Biography of the Nepal Kings.
Temple area Kathmandu Temple area Kathmandu

Issues Nepal

Democratic Movement
Provides information on Nepali politics, government and civil society.

Nepali Maoists
The People's War in Nepal
Revolutionary Worker Online with Maoist Rebels' View of The People's War in Nepal.


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