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___ Tunisia


Coast of Mahdia, Tunisia
Coast of Mahdia, a coastal city south of Monastir and southeast of Sousse in Tunisia.
Image: Diego Delso
 

Tunisia Flag
Flag of Tunisia
 

Location map of Tunisia. Where in the Africa is Tunisia?
Location map of Tunisia
Destination Tunisia, a virtual guide to the smallest country in Northern Africa situated between Algeria and Libya. The country shares also maritime borders with Italy.

Tunisia covers an area of 163,610 km², making it about two-thirds the size of the United Kingdom, or slightly larger than the US state of Georgia.

Tunisia's landscape is mountainous in north west, where is the eastern extension of the Atlas Mountains, within the mountain range is Jebel ech Chambi at 1,544 m, the highest point in the country. Further to the east along Tunisia's eastern Mediterranean coast is a broad coastal plain, known as the Tunisian Sahel, the area is famous for its Olive cultivation. To the south lies a hot and dry central plain, the semiarid area merges into the Sahara.

Tunisia has a population of 11.3 million people (in 2016), capital and largest city is Tunis. Spoken languages are Arabic (official) and French, English and other languages in tourist regions.

 

Tunisian Republic | Al Jumhuriyah at Tunisiyah


Country Profile



Background:
Following independence from France in 1956, President Habib BOURGIUBA established a strict one-party state. He dominated the country for 31 years, repressing Islamic fundamentalism and establishing rights for women unmatched by any other Arab nation.
In November 1987, BOURGUIBA was removed from office and replaced by Zine el Abidine BEN ALI in a bloodless coup.

Street protests that began in Tunis in December 2010 over high unemployment, corruption, widespread poverty, and high food prices escalated in January 2011, culminating in rioting that led to hundreds of deaths.

This protests spread in the Arab world to Libya, Egypt, Syria and Yemen. The wave of both violent and non-violent demonstrations, protests, and riots were all meant to remove the corrupt leaders of those countries, and to find more democratic political solutions. This movements were coined the Arab Spring.

In Tunisia, parliamentary and presidential elections for a permanent government were held at the end of 2014. Beji CAID ESSEBSI was elected as the first president under the country's new constitution.

Tunisia is a member state of the League of Arab States
 
 

Official Name:
Al Jumhuriyah at Tunisiyah
short form: Tunis
int'l long form: Tunisian Republic
int'l short form: Tunisia

ISO Country Code: tn, tun

Time:
Local Time = UTC +1h (summer UTC +2h)
Actual Time: Thu-May-25  05:16

Country Calling Code: +216

Capital City: Tunis

Other Cities: Sfax

Government:
Type: Republic
Independence: 20 March 1956 (from France)

Geography:
Location: Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea
Area: 163,610 km² (63,170 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Arable land in north and along central coast; south is mostly semiarid or desert.

Climate: Hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters.

People:
Nationality: Tunisian(s).
Population: 11.3 million (2016)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 8223 (year)
Ethnic Groups: Arab-Berber 98%, European 1%, other 1%.
Religions: Muslim 98%, Christian 1%, Jewish less than 1%.
Languages: Arabic (official), French.
Literacy: male 77%; female 55%

Natural resources: Petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt.

Agriculture products: Olives, olive oil, grain, dairy products, tomatoes, citrus fruit, beef, sugar beets, dates, almonds.

Industries: Petroleum, mining, tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages.

Exports - commodities: clothing, semi-finished goods and textiles, agricultural products, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, hydrocarbons, electrical equipment

Exports - partners: France 28.5%, Italy 17.2%, Germany 10.9%, Libya 6.1%, Spain 4.2% (2015)

Imports - commodities: textiles, machinery and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, foodstuffs

Imports - partners: France 19.4%, Italy 16.4%, Algeria 8.2%, Germany 7.4%, China 6% (2015)

Currency: Tunisian Dinar (TND)

Tunisia in Figures
Tunisia key statistical data.
 

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Tunisia


Gouvernement Tunisien
The Tunisian Government Portal (in French and Arabic)

République Tunisienne Ministère des Affaires Étrangères
Tunisia's Ministry of Foreign Affairs Tunisia.

Diplomatic Missions:
Embassy of Tunisia in Washington, D.C.
Embassy of Tunisia U.S.A.
Embassy of the Republic of Tunisia in Japan
Official website of the embassy.
The Embassy of Tunisia, New Delhi
Official website of the embassy.
Embassy of Tunisia In London
Officical website of the embassy.

Statistics
Institut National de la Statistique
Tuisia statistics (French)

Tunisia in Figures
Tunisia key statistical data.

Weather
Institut National de la Météorologie
Tunisia's National Institute of Meteorology (NIM).


Maps

Map of Tunisia
Political Map of Tunisia.
Administrative Map of Tunisia
Administrative Map of Tunisia showing the country's govermnorates (Wilayah).

Google Earth Google Earth Tunisia
Searchable map/satellite view of Tunisia.
Google Earth Google Earth Tunis
Searchable map/satellite view of Tunisia's capital.

Map of Northern Africa and the Middle East
Political Map of of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East.
Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.


Medina Hammamet, Tunisia
Hammamet, the medina (old town), with the minaret of the Great Mosque in center.
Image: Marc Ryckaert
 

News


Under the authoritarian regimes of Habib Bourguiba, and then Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, the media was prone to Tunisian censorship. Today the Tunisian media enjoys much greater freedom than before the 2011 popular revolt, but the country is still behind due to some of the legislation which has been enforced over the years.

Arabic-language news

Assabah
Daily news.
Essahafa
Tunisian Arabic-language daily.
Alchourouk
Private daily.

French-language news

Kapitalis
Tunisia news.
Le Temps
National and international News.
Le Quotidien
Daily news.

English-language news
Aljazeera
Current Tunisia News.
Tunis Daily News
News Agencies Feed.

TV/Radio
Radio Tunis
Tunisia National Radio, the official voice.
Al-Watania
State-run TV (National).

 

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Arts & Culture


Tunisian Culture Website
Site provides information about Tunisian art, culture and festivals (in French).
Dar Cherait Museum - Tozer
Private museum shows treasures of the Tunisian civilization.
Festival de Carthage
Music and film festival in the amphitheatre of Carthage.
Village Kèn
A city of arts - architecture and crafts.
 

Business & Economy


Banque Centrale de Tunisie
The Central Bank of Tunisia. Komme nicht auf seite
Bourse de Tunis
Tunis Stock Exchange

Investir en Tunisie
Invest in Tunisia (country and economy information)

Transportation
Tunisair
Owned by Tunisian State with almost 65%, serves most major cities of Western Europe and the Middle East.
 
 
Ruins of the Baths of Antoninus, Carthage
Carthage, Tunisia. Ruins of the thermae of Antonius. The Archaeological Site of Carthage is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Image: Kike's

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Destination Tunisia - Travel and Tour Guides


Discover Tunisia: Bizerte, Carthage, Djerba, Dougga, El Jem, Kairouan, Ksours, Mahdia, Matmata, Nefta, Sousse, South Tunisia, Tozeur.
Seaside resort areas: Sousse, Monastir, Hammamet, Nabeul, Djerba and Tabarka.
Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Travel and Tourism Guide to Tunisia
by Tunisian National Tourism Office.

Tunisia Online
News and information on Tunisia.

 

Education


Réseau National Universitaire RNU
The National University Network.

Higher Education Index
Links to websites of Tunisian higher education, scientific research institutions, students and university services.

Higher Education in Tunisia
Information on Higher Education in Tunisia in Arabic, French and English.
Université de Tunis
The University of Tunis, leading institution of higher education in Tunisia.
Université Libre de Tunis
ULT will offer academic programs that are the equivalent in content and quality to those in Europe and the US.
 
 

Environment & Nature


Centre International des Technologies de l'Environnement de Tunis
CITET - Tunis International Centre for Environmental Technologies. 
 
 

History


History of Tunisia
Wikipedia page about Tunisia's history.

The Leptiminus Archaeological Project
Leptiminus was an important port town which flourished under Roman rule.
 
 

Sources and additional Information on Tunisia


BBC Country Profile: Tunisia

African Studies: Tunisia Page

GlobalEDGE: Tunisia

The Heritage Foundation: Tunisia

Human Rights Watch: Tunisia

OEC: Tunisia

Open Directory Project: Tunisia

Wikipedia: Tunisia

The World Factbook -- Tunisia
 
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Other Countries of Northern Africa
Algeria | Egypt | Libya | Morocco | Sudan | Western Sahara

Other Countries in the Mediterranean:
Albania | Algeria | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Croatia | Cyprus | Egypt | France | Gaza Strip | Greece | Israel | Italy | Lebanon | Libya | Malta | Monaco | Montenegro | Morocco | Portugal | Slovenia | Spain | Syria | Turkey
 
 
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