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___ Countries of Europe

Area: 23 million km2 (8 876 000 mi2)

Population: 739 million people live in Europe.

Highest Point: 1. El'brus in Russia, (5 642 m/18 510 ft.);
2. Mont Blanc, France-Italy: 4 807m (15 771 ft.).

Largest Lake: Lake Balaton, Hungary, largest lake of Central Europe, 592 km2.

Longest Rivers: 1. Volga (3,690 km (2,293 miles), 2. Danube 2850 km (1770 miles)

 Languages of Europe: English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Nordic Languages, East European languages.

Capital Cities of Europe
Links to Europe's capitals.

Flags of Europe
European national flags.

Map of Europe
Political map of Member States of the European Union and EFTA, with cities and capitals.

keywords: countries of europe, european nations, travel europe, destination europe, visit europe, population of europe, capitals of europe, central europe, north europe, southern europe, eastern europe

Cologne Cathedral
European Flag in front of Cologne Cathedral

States and Territories of Europe

(as used by the United Nations when categorizing geographic subregions)

Eastern Europe

Capital City - Largest City
   Belarus 9,500,000 Minsk
* Bulgaria 7,500,000   Sofia
* Czech Republic 10,500,000 Prague
* Hungary 10,000,000   Budapest
   Moldova 4,100,000 Chisinau
* Poland 38,200,000   Warsaw
* Romania 21,500,000 Bucharest
   Russian Federation 141,900,000   Moscow
* Slovakia 5,400,000 Bratislava
   Ukraine 46,000,000   Kiev

Northern Europe

  Country Population   Capital City - Largest City
* Denmark 5,500,000 Copenhagen
* Estonia 1,300,000   Tallinn
   Faroe Islands (Denmark) 43 000 Tórshavn
* Finland 5,400,000   Helsinki
   Greenland (Denmark) 56 854 Nuuk (Godthab, Godthåb)
+ Iceland 300,000   Reykjavik
* Ireland 4,500,000 Dublin (City)
* Latvia 2,200,000   Riga
* Lithuania 3,300,000 Vilnius
   Northern Ireland (UK) 1 690 000   Belfast
+ Norway 4,900,000 Oslo
   Scotland (UK) 5 200,000   Edinburgh - Glasgow
* Sweden 9,400,000 Stockholm
* United Kingdom 62,200,000   London
   Wales (UK) 2 750 000 Cardiff

Southern Europe

   Albania 3,200,000 Tirana
   Andorra 100,000   Andorra la Vella
   Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,800,000 Sarajevo
   Croatia (Hrvatska) 4,400,000   Zagreb
* Cyprus 1,100,000 Nicosia (Lefkosia)
   Gibraltar (UK) 25 000   Gibraltar
* Greece 11,300,000 Athens
   Holy See (Vatican City State) 1 000   Vatican City
* Italy 60,500,000 Rome - Milan (Metro)
   Macedonia, Rep. of 2,100,000   Skopje
* Malta 400,000 Valletta
   Montenegro 600,000   Podgorica
* Portugal 10,700,000 Lisbon
   San Marino 30,000   San Marino
   Serbia 7,300,000   Belgrade
* Slovenia 2,100,000   Ljubljana
* Spain 47,100,000 Madrid
   Turkey 73,600,000   Ankara - Istanbul

Western Europe

  Country Population   Capital City - Largest City
* Austria 8,400,000 Vienna (Wien)
* Belgium 10,800,000   Brussels
* France 63,000,000 Paris
* Germany 81,600,000   Berlin
+ Liechtenstein 40,000 Vaduz
* Luxembourg 500,000   Luxembourg
   Monaco 40,000 Monaco
* Netherlands 16,600,000   Amsterdam
+ Switzerland 7,800,000 Bern - Zürich

* Member States of the European Union (EU)
+ Member States of European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

Population Sources see:  Population by Country
A List of up-to-date population figures from the most to the least populated countries in the world.

Related Categories:
World Population
List of population figures of the most populated countries, and the most densely populated countries in the world.

Other Continents:


The Americas



Official Sites of Europe

European Union
Gateway to the European Union.

A Constitution for Europe
Official information on the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe.

The European Parliament
The European Parliament represents the peoples of the States brought together in the European Community.

European Commission
The European Commission embodies and upholds the general interest of the Union.

Council of the European Union
The Council is the main decision-making body of the European Union. It is one of the two chambers of the EU's legislative branch, the other is the European Parliament.

Court of Justice of the European Communities
The Court of Justice of the European Communities.

European Central Bank
The European Central Bank and the national central banks together constitute the Euro system, the central banking system of the euro area.

Council of Europe
The Council of Europe is based in Strasbourg (France), it comprises 47 countries of Europe including amongst others Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Russian Federation, Ukraine, and Turkey. The Council is an international organization promoting cooperation between all countries of Europe in the areas of legal standards, human rights, democratic development, the rule of law and cultural cooperation. It was founded in 1949. Note: Not to be confused with the European Council (Council of the European Union)

European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
The EFTA Convention established a free trade area among its Member States in 1960.

OSCE - Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
The organization with 55 participating States from Europe, Central Asia and North America is active in early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation.

Continent Guide
The Official Gateway to Europe, presented by the European Travel Commission and its 33 member government tourist offices.

European Cultural Foundation
The European Cultural Foundation initiates and supports cultural expression and interaction that empower people to realise a shared future in Europe.

 Mediterranian Sea
Mediterranean Sea

Torre Guaita - San Marino
Torre Guaita - San Marino

Grindelwald, Switzerland

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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley

* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.