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___ Countries of Europe

Area: 23 million km2 (8 876 000 mi2)

Population: 739 million people live in Europe.

Highest Point: 1. El'brus in Russia, (5 642 m/18 510 ft.);
2. Mont Blanc, France-Italy: 4 807m (15 771 ft.).

Largest Lake: Lake Balaton, Hungary, largest lake of Central Europe, 592 km2.

Longest Rivers: 1. Volga (3,690 km (2,293 miles), 2. Danube 2850 km (1770 miles)

 Languages of Europe: English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Nordic Languages, East European languages.

Capital Cities of Europe
Links to Europe's capitals.

Flags of Europe
European national flags.

Map
Map of Europe
Political map of Member States of the European Union and EFTA, with cities and capitals.

keywords: countries of europe, european nations, travel europe, destination europe, visit europe, population of europe, capitals of europe, central europe, north europe, southern europe, eastern europe
Cologne Cathedral
European Flag in front of Cologne Cathedral


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States and Territories of Europe

(as used by the United Nations when categorizing geographic subregions)
 

Eastern Europe

  Country Population Maps Capital City
Largest City
Currency
   Belarus 9,500,000 Belarus Map Minsk Belarusian Ruble
* Bulgaria 7,500,000 Bulgaria Map Sofia Lev
* Czech Republic 10,500,000 Czech Republic Map Prague Czech Koruna
* Hungary 10,000,000 Hungary Map Budapest Forint
   Moldova 4,100,000 Moldova Map Chisinau Moldovan Leu
* Poland 38,200,000 Poland Map Warsaw Złoty
* Romania 21,500,000 Romania Political Map Bucharest Romanian Leu
   Russian Federation 141,900,000   Moscow Russian Ruble
* Slovakia 5,400,000 Slovakia Map Bratislava Euro
   Ukraine 46,000,000 Ukraine Map
Crimea Map
Kiev Hryvnia
 

Northern Europe

  Country Population Maps Capital City
Largest City
Currency
* Denmark 5,500,000 Denmark Map Copenhagen Danish Krone
* Estonia 1,300,000 Estonia Map Tallinn Euro
   Faroe Islands (Denmark) 43 000 Faroe Islands Map Tórshavn Faroese Króna
* Finland 5,400,000   Helsinki Euro
   Greenland (Denmark) 56 854 Greenland Map Nuuk (Godthab, Godthåb) Danish Krone
+ Iceland 300,000 Iceland Map Reykjavik Icelandic Króna
* Ireland 4,500,000 Ireland Map Dublin (City) Euro
* Latvia 2,200,000 Latvia Map Riga Euro, since 1 January 2014
* Lithuania 3,300,000 Lithuania Map Vilnius Lithuanian litas (Lt)
Euro (applied in 2015)
   Northern Ireland (UK) 1 690 000 UK Map Belfast Pound Sterling
+ Norway 4,900,000 Oslo Norwegian Krone
   Scotland (UK) 5 200,000 UK Map Edinburgh - Glasgow Pound Sterling
* Sweden 9,400,000 Stockholm Swedish Krona
* United Kingdom 62,200,000 UK Map London Pound Sterling
   Wales (UK) 2 750 000 UK Map Cardiff Pound Sterling
 

Southern Europe

  Country Population Maps Capital City
Largest City
Currency
   Albania 3,200,000 Albania Map Tirana Lek
   Andorra 100,000   Andorra la Vella Euro
   Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,800,000 Sarajevo Convertible Mark
   Croatia (Hrvatska) 4,400,000 Croatia Map Zagreb Croatian Kuna
* Cyprus (actually Western Asia) 1,100,000 Cyprus Map Nicosia (Lefkosia) Euro / Turkish lira
   Gibraltar (UK) 25 000   Gibraltar Gibraltar Pound
* Greece 11,300,000 Greece Map Athens Euro
  Vatican City State 1 000 Vatican City State Map Vatican City Euro
* Italy 60,500,000 Italy Map Rome - Milan (Metro) Euro
   Macedonia, Rep. of 2,100,000 Macedonia Map Skopje Macedonian Denar
* Malta 400,000 Valletta Euro (1 January 2008)
   Montenegro 600,000 Montenegro Map Podgorica Euro
* Portugal 10,700,000 Portugal Map Lisbon Euro
   San Marino 30,000   San Marino Euro
   Serbia 7,300,000 Serbia Map Belgrade Serbian Dinar
* Slovenia 2,100,000 Slovenia Map Ljubljana Euro
* Spain 47,100,000 Spain Map Madrid Euro
   Turkey 73,600,000 Turkey Map Ankara - Istanbul Turkish Lira
 

Western Europe

  Country Population Maps Capital City
Largest City
Currency
* Austria 8,400,000 Austria Map Vienna (Wien) Euro
* Belgium 10,800,000 Belgium Map Brussels Euro
* France 63,000,000 France Map Paris Euro
* Germany 81,600,000 Germany Map Berlin Euro
+ Liechtenstein 40,000 Vaduz Swiss Franc
* Luxembourg 500,000   Luxembourg Euro
   Monaco 40,000 Monaco Euro
* Netherlands 16,600,000 Netherlands Map The Hague, Amsterdam Euro
+ Switzerland 7,800,000 Switzerland Map Bern - Zürich Swiss Franc

* Member States of the European Union (EU)
+ Member States of European Free Trade Association (EFTA)


Population Sources see:  Population by Country
A List of up-to-date population figures from the most to the least populated countries in the world.

Related Categories:
World Population
List of population figures of the most populated countries, and the most densely populated countries in the world.
World Currencies
 


Other Continents:


Africa The Americas Asia Oceania




Official Sites of Europe

European Union
Gateway to the European Union.

A Constitution for Europe
Official information on the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe.

The European Parliament
The European Parliament represents the peoples of the States brought together in the European Community.

European Commission
The European Commission embodies and upholds the general interest of the Union.

Council of the European Union
The Council is the main decision-making body of the European Union. It is one of the two chambers of the EU's legislative branch, the other is the European Parliament.

Court of Justice of the European Communities
The Court of Justice of the European Communities.

European Central Bank
The European Central Bank and the national central banks together constitute the Euro system, the central banking system of the euro area.


Continent Guide

VisitEurope.com
The Official Gateway to Europe, presented by the European Travel Commission and its 33 member government tourist offices.

European Cultural Foundation
The European Cultural Foundation initiates and supports cultural expression and interaction that empower people to realise a shared future in Europe.
 


Council of Europe
The Council of Europe is based in Strasbourg (France), it comprises 47 countries of Europe including amongst others Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Russian Federation, Ukraine, and Turkey. The Council is an international organization promoting cooperation between all countries of Europe in the areas of legal standards, human rights, democratic development, the rule of law and cultural cooperation. It was founded in 1949. Note: Not to be confused with the European Council (Council of the European Union)

European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
The EFTA Convention established a free trade area among its Member States in 1960.

OSCE - Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
The organization with 55 participating States from Europe, Central Asia and North America is active in early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation.  
 

 Mediterranian Sea
Mediterranean Sea



Torre Guaita - San Marino
Torre Guaita - San Marino



Grindelwald
Grindelwald, Switzerland


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