Nations Online Logo
One World
Nations Online
Home Earth Continents Europe Norway

___ Norway

A virtual destination guide to Norway, this page is about many aspects of the Scandinavian kingdom. Search and locate official web sites from the country, and find comprehensive information on the nation in its diversity: The Norwegian culture, history and geography. Get key information on Norway's economy, education, science, environment, population, and government.
You will have access to news from Norway and you may visit Norwegian cities. Find maps and other tourism information for sightseeing, travel and holidays in Norway.

Kingdom of Norway | Kongeriket Norge

Country Profile

Flag of Norway
Flag of Norway

The Viking period (9th to 11th centuries) was one of national unification and expansion. The Norwegian royal line died out in 1387, and the country entered a period of union with Denmark. By 1586, Norway had become part of the Danish Kingdom.
In 1814, as a result of the Napoleonic wars, Norway was separated from Denmark and combined with Sweden. The union persisted until 1905, when Sweden recognized Norwegian independence.
The Norwegian Government offered the throne of Norway to Danish Prince Carl in 1905. After a plebiscite approving the establishment of a monarchy, the parliament unanimously elected him king. He took the name of Haakon VII, after the kings of independent Norway.
Norway was a nonbelligerent during World War I, but as a result of the German invasion and occupation during World War II, Norwegians generally became skeptical of the concept of neutrality and turned instead to collective security.
Norway was one of the signers of the North Atlantic Treaty in 1949 and was a founding member of the United Nations. The first UN General Secretary, Trygve Lie, was a Norwegian. Under the terms of the will of Alfred Nobel, the Storting (Parliament) elects the five members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee who award the Nobel Peace Prize to champions of peace.
Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. The current focus is on containing spending on the extensive welfare system and planning for the time when petroleum reserves are depleted.
In referenda held in 1972 and 1994, Norway rejected joining the EU.
(Source: various sources)

border countries: Denmark, Finland, Russia, Sweden

where in Europe is Norway

Official Name:
Kongeriket Norge
short form: Norge
int'l long form: Kingdom of Norway
int'l short form: Norway

ISO Country Code: no

Time Zone: Central European Time (CET)
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Thu-Jan-19  01:15
Daylight Saving Time (DST) 27 March - 30 October (UTC +2h)

Country Calling Code: +47

Capital City: Oslo

Other Cities:
Bergen (236 000), Trondheim (153 000), Stavanger (111 000), Bærum (102 000).

Type: Hereditary constitutional monarchy.
Independence: 1905.
Constitution: 17 May 1814.

Location: Northern Europe.
Area: : 323,802 km² (125,020 sq. mi.)
(not included the island territories of Svalbard and Jan Mayen (62,422 km²))
Terrain: Rugged with high plateaus, steep fjords, mountains, and fertile valleys.

Climate: Temperate along the coast, colder inland.

Nationality: Noun and adjective--Norwegian(s).
Population: 5 million (2012)
Ethnic Groups: Norwegian, Sami 20 000; foreign nationals (315 000) from Nordic and other countries.
Religions: Evangelical Lutheran, 86%; other Christian, 4%; Muslim.
Languages: Bokmaal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities, English is widely spoken.
Literacy: 100%

Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, fish, timber, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish.

Industries: Petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing.

Exports partners: UK 21.3%, Germany 13%, Netherlands 9.6%, USA 8.7%, France 8.2%, Sweden 7.4% (2003)

Imports partners: Sweden 16.1%, Germany 13.3%, Denmark 7.9%, UK 7.2%, USA 5.2%, Netherlands 4.5%, China 4.4%, France 4.3%, Italy 4% (2003)

Currency: Norwegian kroner, NOK

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Norway

royal Det Norske Kongehus
The Royal Family of Norway.

The Norwegian Parliament.
Statsministerens kontor (SMK)
Office of the Primeminister.
Government Administration Services, Norway's official government information portal.
Norwegian public information.

Utenriksdepartementet (UD)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Norway.

Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI)
Established in 1959 in order to promote a better understanding of international issues in Norway.

Diplomatic Missions
Norway - Mission to the United Nations
Site of the Permanent Mission of Norway to the UN.
The Royal Norwegian Embassy, Washington, D.C.
Norwegian Embassies and Delegations on the web
Norwegian Diplomatic Missions around the World.

Statistisk sentralbyrå
Statistics Norway, Norway in figures.

Meteorologisk institutt
Norwegian Meteorological Institute.

Norway Maps
Map of Norway
Political Map of Norway.
Google Earth Google Earth Norway
Searchable map and satellite view of Norway.
Google Earth Google Earth Oslo
Searchable map and satellite view of Norway's capital city.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.


Norway's largest newspaper with national and international news (in Norwegian and English).
Norwegian News (in Norwegian).

Norway's second largest tabloid newspaper.
Verdens Gang
Norwegian largest tabloid newspaper.

Dagens Næringsliv
Norway's leading business publication.

The Foreigner
Norwegian online news in English.

Norwegian online portal with news in Norwegian.
Bookmark/share this page

Arts & Culture

Carte Blanche
The Norwegian Company of Contemporary Dance.
All about Henrik Ibsen.
cultural reference The Kon-Tiki Museum
Thor Heyerdahl and the Kon-Tiki Museum Institute for Pacific Research and Cultural history.
Kulturnett Norge
Culture Net Norway, the official gateway to Norwegian culture on the web (in Norwegian).
Lillehammer Art Museum
Norwegian visual art from the 1830s up until today.
The Edvard Munch Museum, Oslo.
Museumsnett Norge
Part of Kulturnett Norge, offers information about more than 800 Norwegian museums.
The National Gallery.
The National Museum of Contemporary Art
Norwegian and international contemporary art from 1945 until present.
The Northern Lights Planetarium, Norway's foremost planetarium, Tromsø.
Norse Mythology
A mythical world - Ultima Thule.
Den Norske Opera
Official site of the Norwegian National Opera.
Norwegian culture (in Norwegian).
Bookmark/share this page

Business & Economy

Norges Bank
The Norwegian central bank.
Oslo Børs
Norway's Stock Exchange.

Oslo Handelskammer
Oslo Chamber of Commerce.


Scandinavian Airlines (SAS)

Oslo Airport
Europe's second most efficient airport in 2008.

NSB - Norges Statsbaner
Norway's Railroad.

Hurtigruten - Coastal Express
The world's most beautiful voyage - all along the Norwegian coast.

Products of Norway
Dale of Norway
Norwegian sweaters and cardigans.


Destination Norway - Travel and Tour Guides

The Norwegian Tourist Guide
Official travel guide to Norway, a unique and exotic destination.

About Norway
All about norway made in norway by norwegians.
Arctic Circle
Touristinformation for Mo i Rana and the Arctic Circle area.
Tourist Magazine Norway
Introduction to Norway inclusive "The History Of The Trolls".

Citiy Guides
The official website for Oslo.
The city of Bergen, the Gateway to the Fjords.
City of Sortland
To celebrate the millennium, the city of Sortland, is being painted blue.

Hotels in Norway
Find a Hotel in Norway.

  indigenous peoples Samefolket
Homepage of the Sami Nation.


Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Universitetet i Bergen
University of Bergen.
University of Oslo
Norway's largest and oldest university, founded in 1811.
Universitetet i Tromsø

Environment & Nature

Ministry for the Environment
Official website of the ministry with information about Norway's environmental policy.

Fjord Norge
Fjords, mountains, waterfalls and glaciers.
Institute of Marine Research (IMR)
Marine resources, marine environment, and aquaculture.
Norway Polar Institute
Norway's central institution for research, environmental monitoring and mapping of the polar regions.


Odin - The history of Norway
Article about Norway's history.

National Archives of Norway.

Norwegian history
A chronology of important dates.

 Support UNICEF

Other Countries and Regions of Northern Europe:
Denmark | Estonia | Faroe Islands | Finland | Greenland | Iceland | Ireland
Latvia | Lithuania | Northern Ireland | Sweden | Scotland | United Kingdom | Wales