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A virtual guide to Norway, one of the Scandinavian kingdoms. The country is situated in Northern Europe, the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, with coastlines at the North Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Sweden, Finland, and Russia and it shares maritime borders with the United Kingdom, Iceland, and Denmark.
Location map of Norway
Norway's landscape offers rocky wilderness with mountains and glaciers and its coast is dented by coastal fjords, long, narrow inlets with steep cliffs, some of the fjords reach deep into the interior of the country.
Norway's mainland covers an area of 323,802 km², making it somewhat smaller than Germany, or slightly larger than the US state of New Mexico.
Just 5.2 million people live in this sparsely populated country, most of Norway's population is concentrated in the southern portion of the country. Capital and largest city is Oslo, spoken language is Norwegian, a North Germanic language.
Kingdom of Norway | Kongeriket Norge
The Viking period (9th to 11th centuries) was one of national unification and expansion. The Norwegian royal line died out in 1387, and the country entered a period of union with Denmark. By 1586, Norway had become part of the Danish Kingdom.
In 1814, as a result of the Napoleonic wars, Norway was separated from Denmark and combined with Sweden. The union persisted until 1905, when Sweden recognized Norwegian independence.
The Norwegian Government offered the throne of Norway to Danish Prince Carl in 1905. After a plebiscite approving the establishment of a monarchy, the parliament unanimously elected him king. He took the name of Haakon VII, after the kings of independent Norway.
Norway was a nonbelligerent during World War I, but as a result of the German invasion and occupation during World War II, Norwegians generally became skeptical of the concept of neutrality and turned instead to collective security.
Norway was one of the signers of the North Atlantic Treaty in 1949 and was a founding member of the United Nations. The first UN General Secretary, Trygve Lie, was a Norwegian. Under the terms of the will of Alfred Nobel, the Storting (Parliament) elects the five members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee who award the Nobel Peace Prize to champions of peace.
Discovery of oil and gas in adjacent waters in the late 1960s boosted Norway's economic fortunes. In a referendum held in 1972 and 1994, Norway's people rejected joining the EU.
(Source: various sources)
short form: Norge
int'l long form: Kingdom of Norway
int'l short form: Norway
ISO Country Code: no, nor
Time Zone: Central European Time (CET)
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Thu-May-25 05:00
Daylight Saving Time (DST) 27 March - 30 October (UTC +2h)
Country Calling Code: +47
Capital City: Oslo
Bergen (236 000), Trondheim (153 000), Stavanger (111 000), Bærum (102 000).
Type: Hereditary constitutional monarchy.
Constitution: 17 May 1814.
Location: Northern Europe.
Area: : 323,802 km² (125,020 sq. mi.)
(not included the island territories of Svalbard and Jan Mayen (62,422 km²))
Terrain: Rugged with high plateaus, steep fjords, mountains, and fertile valleys.
Climate: Temperate along the coast, colder inland.
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Norwegian(s).
Population: 5,2 million (2016)
Ethnic Groups: Norwegian, Sami 20 000; foreign nationals (315 000) from Nordic and other countries.
Religions: Evangelical Lutheran, 86%; other Christian, 4%; Muslim.
Languages: Bokmaal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities, English is widely spoken.
Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, fish, timber, hydropower.
Agriculture products: Barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish.
Industries: Petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing.
Exports - commodities: petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment, metals, chemicals, ships, fish
Exports partners: UK 22%, Germany 17%, Netherlands 10.2%, France 6.6%, Sweden 6%, Belgium 5%, USA 4.5% (2015)
Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs
Imports partners: Sweden 12%, Germany 11.8%, China 10.9%, UK 6.7%, USA 6.6%, Denmark 6% (2015)
Currency: Norwegian kroner, NOK
Norway is considered to be one of the most developed democracies and states of justice in the world. The country has a hereditary constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democratic system of governance. Executive power is exercised by the King's council and the cabinet, which is headed by the Prime Minister. Head of State is the monarch.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of NorwayDet Norske Kongehus
The Royal Family of Norway.
The Norwegian Parliament.
Statsministerens kontor (SMK)
Office of the Primeminister.
Government Administration Services, Norway's official government information portal.
Norwegian public information.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Norway.
Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI)
Established in 1959 in order to promote a better understanding of international issues in Norway.
Norway - Mission to the United Nations
Site of the Permanent Mission of Norway to the UN.
The Royal Norwegian Embassy, Washington, D.C.
Norwegian Mission to the European Union
Norway is not a member state of the EU, but maintains close relations to the European Union.
Norwegian Embassies and Delegations on the web
Norwegian Diplomatic Missions around the World.
Statistics Norway, Norway in figures.
Norwegian Meteorological Institute.
Norway MapsMap of Norway
Political Map of Norway.
Google Earth Norway
Searchable map and satellite view of Norway.
Google Earth Oslo
Searchable map and satellite view of Norway's capital city.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
Norway's largest newspaper with national and international news (in Norwegian and English).
Norwegian News (in Norwegian).
Norway's second largest tabloid newspaper.
Norwegian largest tabloid newspaper.
Norway's leading business publication.
Norwegian online news in English.
Norwegian online portal with news in Norwegian.
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & Culture
All about Henrik Ibsen
All about Ibsen, the author of Peer Gynt.
Culture Net Norway, a gateway to Norwegian culture (in Norwegian).
Lillehammer Art Museum
Norwegian visual art from the 1830s up until today.
The Edvard Munch Museum in Oslo.
Part of Kulturnett Norge, offers information about more than 800 Norwegian museums.
The National Museum
Norway's largest collection of art, architecture and design.
Best source to know more about the mythical world of the Norse pantheon.
The Kon-Tiki Museum
Thor Heyerdahl and the Kon-Tiki Museum Institute for Pacific Research and Cultural history.
The Northern Lights Planetarium, Norway's foremost planetarium, Tromsø.
The Norwegian Company of Contemporary Dance.
Den Norske Opera
Official site of the Norwegian National Opera.
Business & Economy
The Norwegian central bank.
Norway's Stock Exchange.
Oslo Chamber of Commerce.
Scandinavian Airlines (SAS)
Europe's second most efficient airport in 2008.
NSB - Norges Statsbaner
Hurtigruten - Coastal Express
The world's most beautiful voyage - all along the Norwegian coast.
Products of Norway
Dale of Norway
Norwegian sweaters and cardigans.
Image: Svein-Magne Tunli
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Norway - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Norway: Arctic Circle, midnight sun, northern lights, Helgeland, Lofoten, West Norway, Spitsbergen, Svalbard, Jan Mayen
The Norwegian Tourist Guide
Official travel guide to Norway, a unique and exotic destination.
Northern Norway Tourist Board
Tourist guide to Northern Norway.
Touristinformation on Helgland part of Nordland county and the most southerly district in Northern Norway.
The official website for Oslo.
The city of Bergen, the Gateway to the Fjords.
City of Sortland
To celebrate the millennium, the city of Sortland, is being painted blue.
Sorrisniva Igloo Hotel
The worlds northern most ice hotel, reindeer inclusive.
Homepage of the Sami Nation.
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
A research university with specialization in technology and the natural sciences, campuses are located in Trondheim, Gjøvik and Ålesund.
Universitetet i Bergen
University of Bergen is a public university located in the city of Bergen.
University of Oslo
Norway's largest and oldest university, founded in 1811.
Universitetet i Tromsø
The Arctic University of Norway is the world's northernmost university, founded in 1968.
Study in Norway
All about study in Norway.
Image: Guttorm Raknes
Environment & Nature
Ministry for the Environment
Official website of the ministry with information about Norway's environmental policy.
Fjords, mountains, waterfalls and glaciers.
Institute of Marine Research (IMR)
Marine resources, marine environment, and aquaculture.
Norway Polar Institute
Norway's central institution for research, environmental monitoring and mapping of the polar regions.
Odin - The history of Norway
Article about Norway's history.
National Archives of Norway.
A Short History of Norway
Provided by the Royal Norwegian Embassy in London.
History of Norway
Comprehensive Wikipedia article about Norway's history.
Learn more about the mythical world of the Norse pantheon.
Image: Martin Stoltze
Norwegian Search Engine
Open Directory: Norway
Sources and additional Information on NorwayThe Heritage Foundation: Norway
Human Rights Watch: Norway
The World Factbook -- Norway
Other Countries and Regions of Northern Europe:
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