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Zanzibar to form the United Republic of Tanzania, the largest of the East African countries and sadly one of the poorest countries in the world.
Flag of Tanzania
Tanzania is located east of Africa's Great Lakes north of Mozambique and south of Kenya, it has a coastline at the Indian Ocean in east. The nation is bordered by six other African countries: Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Malawi, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zambia, it also shares maritime borders with the Comoros and the Seychelles. It has shorelines at three of the Great Lakes: Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika and Lake Nyassa (Lake Malawi).
The country occupies an area of 945,087 km², compared it is about three times the size of Italy or slightly larger than twice the size of California.
Tanzania has a population of 50.1 million people, capital is Dodoma, largest city, chief port, major economic and transportation hub and de facto capital is Dar es Salaam. Spoken languages are Swahili and English (both official), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar).
United Republic of Tanzania
Shortly after independence, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964.
One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s.
Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
United Republic of Tanzania
Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
short form: Tanzania
former: United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar
ISO Country Code: tz
Local Time = UTC +3h
Actual Time: Sat-Feb-25 23:26
Country Calling Code: +255
Dar es Salaam (executive)
Other Cities: Arusha, Mwanza, Mbeya, Mtwara, Stonetown, Zanzibar
Type: Unitary Republic.
Independence: Tanganyika 1961 (from UK-administered UN trusteeship),
Zanzibar 1963 (from UK).
Union formed 1964.
Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique.
Area: Tanzania mainland: 945 000 km² (378 000 sq. mi.); Zanzibar: 1,658 km² (640 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Coastal plains; a central plateau; highlands in north and south.
Highest point: Kilimanjaro 5 895 m.
Climate: Varies from tropical to arid to temperate.
Nationality: Tanzanian(s); Zanzibari(s).
Population: 50.1 million (2016) includ. Zanzibar.
Ethnic Groups: mainland - native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African.
Religions: mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim.
Languages: Kiswahili (Swahili, Kiunguja), and English (both official), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages.
Literacy: male: 85.9%, female: 70.7% .
Natural resources: Hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel.
Agriculture products: Coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (organic insecticide), cashew nuts, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; livestock.
Industries: Agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine); diamond, gold, and iron mining, oil refining.
Exports - commodities: gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures, cotton.
Exports partners: India 21.4%, China 8.1%, Japan 5.1%, Kenya 4.6%, Belgium 4.3% (2015)
Imports - commodities: consumer goods, machinery and transportation equipment, industrial raw materials, crude oil
Imports partners: China 34.6%, India 13.5%, South Africa 4.7%, UAE 4.4%, Kenya 4.1% (2015)
Currency: Tanzanian Shilling (TZS)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of TanzaniaGovernment of the Republic of Tanzania
Official Online Gateway of the United Republic of Tanzania with information abut the country.
Permanent Mission of the United Republic of Tanzania to the UN
Official website of Tanzania's mission to the United Nations.
Tanzania High Commission in South Africa
Official website of the High Commission.
Tanzania Embassy in the US
Tanzania Embassies Abroad
Address list of Tanzania Embassies Abroad.
Foreign Embassies in Tanzania
Address list of foreign missions accredited to Tanzania.
East African Community (EAC)
Tanzania is a meber state of EAC a regional intergovernmental organization.
National Bureau of Statistics
Official Tanzania statistic.
Tanzania meteorological Agency
Map of Tanzania
Political Map of Tanzania.
Administrative Map of Tanzania
Map showing the Administrative regions of Tanzania, with regional capitals.
Map of Zanzibar and Pemba Islands
Zanzibar and Pemba Islands map.
Google Earth Tanzania
Searchable map/satellite view of Tanzania.
Google Earth Dodoma
Searchable map/satellite view of Tanzania's designated capital city.
Google Earth Dar es Salaam
Searchable map/satellite view of Tanzania's former capital city.
Google Earth Zanzibar and Pemba Island
Searchable view of Zanzibar and Pemba Island.
Google Earth Kilimanjaro
Satellite view and map of Kilimanjaro.
Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.
Image: Fanny Schertzer
Tanzania NewsThe Arusha Times
Weekly News from Tanzania.
Daily News - Sunday News
Tanzania's oldest newspaper online.
Tanazanian national news online.
Local and international News in English and Kiswahili.
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & CultureSukuma Museum
Culture and history of the Sukuma.
Business & EconomyBank of Tanzania
Central Bank of the United Republic of Tanzania.
Dar es Salaam Stock Exchange
Official website of Dar es Salaam Stock Exchange.
Tanzania Investment Centre
Investors guide to Tanzania.
Tanzania Chamber of Commerce Industry & Agriculture
TCCIA's mission is to strengthen the private sector in Tanzania.
Yellow Pages Tanzania
Business online directory.
The Wings of Kilimanjaro - Destinations: in Tanzania--Dar es Salaam, Kilimanjaro, Mtwara, Mwanza, Zanzibar, and Comoros archipelago, Entebbe (Uganda), Johannesburg (South Africa).
Zanzibars Premier Aviation Company.
© Photo: TTB
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Tanzania - Travel and Tour Guides
Tanzania is one of Africa's premier tourist destination. With attractions like Mount Kilimanjaro, the Great Lakes, Ngorongoro, Serengeti National Park, and the islands of Pemba and Zanzibar, to name only some.
Tanzania Tourist Board Official Website.
Tanzania National Parks
Official website of Tanzania's National Parks: Arusha, Mount Kilimanjaro, Lake Manyara, Serengeti and all the others.
The National Park's Official Site - Serengeti includes parts of northern Tanzania and southern Kenya.
A portal with comprehensive information about Tanzania.
Travel resource for Zanzibar.
Official website of the University at Mzumbe.
University Of Dar Es Salaam
The first University of Tanzania consists of six faculties, five institutes and two colleges, established in 1970.
Environment & NatureAfrican Blackwood Conservation Project (ABCP)
Replenishing African Blackwood, the premier wood of choice for fine concert-quality woodwind instruments.
Lake Victoria Environmental Management Project
Objective of the Project is to restore a healthy, varied lake ecosystem.
HistoryHistory of Tanganyika/Tanzania
History of Tanzania and Zanzibar.
Summary of Tanzania's history.
SearchTanzania startpage for East Africa
Designed by University of Dar es Salaam Computing Centre.
Additional Information on TanzaniaAfrica South of Sahara (Karen Fung) Tanzania
African Studies Tanzania
BBC News Country Profile: Tanzania
Background Notes: Tanzania
The World Factbook -- Tanzania
Yale Africa Guide
Other Countries of Central Africa
Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa), Congo, Rep. (Brazzaville)
Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe
Other Countries of Eastern Africa
Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique
Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
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