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Tanzania is the largest of the East African countries and one of the poorest countries in the world, but also one of Africa's premier tourist destination. With attractions like Mount Kilimanjaro, the Great Lakes, Ngorongoro, Serengeti National Park, and the islands of Pemba and Zanzibar, to name only some.
This page aims to give you a broad overview of Tanzanian art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile, the page contains links to sources with information about this Eastern African nation:
Official web sites of Tanzania, addresses of Tanzanian and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, country guides with information on travel, accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Tanzania.

Mount Meru - Arusha - Tanzania
Tanzania - Mount Meru © Photo: TTB

United Republic of Tanzania

Country Profile

Tanzania Flag
Flag of Tanzania

Shortly after independence, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964.
One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s.
Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, Zambia

where in Africa is Tanzania?

Official Name:
United Republic of Tanzania
Swahili: Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
short form: Tanzania
former: United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar

ISO Country Code: tz

Local Time = UTC +3h
Actual Time: Tue-Oct-25  00:51

Country Calling Code: +255

Capital City:
Dar es Salaam (executive)
Dodoma (legislative)

Other Cities: Arusha, Mwanza, Mbeya, Mtwara, Stonetown, Zanzibar

Type: Unitary Republic.
Independence: Tanganyika 1961 (from UK-administered UN trusteeship),
Zanzibar 1963 (from UK).
Union formed 1964.
Constitution: 1982.

Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique.
Area: Tanzania mainland: 945 000 km² (378 000 sq. mi.); Zanzibar: 1,658 km² (640 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Coastal plains; a central plateau; highlands in north and south.
Highest point: Kilimanjaro 5 895 m.

Climate: Varies from tropical to arid to temperate.

Nationality: Tanzanian(s); Zanzibari(s).
Population: 43.2 million includ. Zanzibar.
Ethnic Groups: mainland - native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African.
Religions: mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim.
Languages: Kiswahili (Swahili, Kiunguja), English (both official), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages.
Literacy: male: 85.9%, female: 70.7% .

Natural resources: Hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel.

Agriculture products: Coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (organic insecticide), cashew nuts, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; livestock.

Industries: Agricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine); diamond, gold, and iron mining, oil refining.

Exports partners: India 8.9%, Spain 8.2%, Netherlands 6.4%, Japan 5.7%, UK 4.9%, China 4.7%, Kenya 4.6% (2004)

Imports partners: South Africa 12.6%, China 7.8%, India 6.3%, Kenya 5.4%, UAE 5.3%, USA 4.8%, UK 4.6% (2004)

Currency: Tanzanian Shilling (TZS)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Tanzania

Government of the Republic of Tanzania
Official Online Gateway of the United Republic of Tanzania with information abut the country.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of the United Republic of Tanzania to the UN
Official website of Tanzania's mission to the United Nations.
Tanzania High Commission in South Africa
Official website of the High Commission.
Tanzania Embassy in the US
Washington D.C.
Tanzania Embassies Abroad
Address list of Tanzania Embassies Abroad.
Foreign Embassies in Tanzania
Address list of foreign missions accredited to Tanzania.

East African Community (EAC)
Tanzania is a meber state of EAC a regional intergovernmental organization.

National Bureau of Statistics
Official Tanzania statistic.
Population and Development Website
Tanzania in figures.

Tanzania meteorological Agency
Tanzania weather.


Map of Tanzania
Political Map of Tanzania.
Administrative Map of Tanzania
Map showing the Administrative regions of Tanzania, with regional capitals.
Map of Zanzibar and Pemba Islands
Zanzibar and Pemba Islands map.

Google Earth Google Earth Tanzania
Zoomable map/satellite view of Tanzania.
Google Earth Google Earth Dodoma
Zoomable map/satellite view of Tanzania's designated capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Dar es Salaam
Zoomable map/satellite view of Tanzania's former capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Zanzibar and Pemba Island
Satellite view of Zanzibar and Pemba Island.
Google Earth Google Earth Kilimanjaro
Satellite view of Kilimanjaro.

Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.


Tanzania News

The Arusha Times
Weekly News from Tanzania.
Daily News - Sunday News
Tanzania's oldest newspaper online.
The Express
Tanazanian national news online.
IPP Media
Local and international News in English and Kiswahili.
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Arts & Culture

Sukuma Museum
Sukuma culture.
Culture and history of the Sukuma.
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Business & Economy

Bank of Tanzania
Central Bank of the United Republic of Tanzania.
Dar es Salaam Stock Exchange
Official website of Dar es Salaam Stock Exchange.
Tanzania Investment Centre
Investors guide to Tanzania.

Tanzania Chamber of Commerce Industry & Agriculture
TCCIA's mission is to strengthen the private sector in Tanzania.

Yellow Pages Tanzania
Business online directory.

Air Tanzania
The Wings of Kilimanjaro - Destinations: in Tanzania--Dar es Salaam, Kilimanjaro, Mtwara, Mwanza, Zanzibar, and Comoros archipelago, Entebbe (Uganda), Johannesburg (South Africa).
Zanzibars Premier Aviation Company.

Destination Tanzania - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Tanzania: Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Meru, the Great Lakes, Ngorongoro Crater, Serengeti National Park, Pemba island and Zanzibar.
Links to accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, trekking, climbing, cruising, safari, diving, tours and much more.

Tanzania Tourist Board Official Website.

Tanzania National Parks
Official website of Tanzania's National Parks: Arusha, Mount Kilimanjaro, Lake Manyara, Serengeti and all the others.

The National Park's Official Site - Serengeti includes parts of northern Tanzania and southern Kenya.

A portal with comprehensive information about Tanzania.
Travel resource for Zanzibar.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information
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Mzumbe University
Official website of the University at Mzumbe.
University Of Dar Es Salaam
The first University of Tanzania consists of six faculties, five institutes and two colleges, established in 1970.

Environment & Nature

African Blackwood Conservation Project (ABCP)
Replenishing African Blackwood, the premier wood of choice for fine concert-quality woodwind instruments.

Lake Victoria Environmental Management Project
Objective of the Project is to restore a healthy, varied lake ecosystem.

Flamingos in one of Tanzania's National Parks
Flamingos at Ngorongoro Crater © TTB 


History of Tanganyika/Tanzania
History of Tanzania and Zanzibar.
Tanzania History
Summary of Tanzania's history.

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