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___ TurkmenistanA virtual guide to Turkmenistan. Get an overview of Turkmenistan's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and its government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, this page offers maps, statistics, weather information, and links to sources that provide you with information about this Central Asian nation, e.g.: official web sites of Turkmenistan, addresses of Turkmenistani and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, local news, city- and country guides with travel and tourism information about accomodation, tourist attractions, events and more.
Ertugrul Gazi Mosque in Ashgabat
Turkmenistan - Türkmenistan
Flag of Turkmenistan
Annexed by Russia between 1865 and 1885, Turkmenistan became a Soviet republic in 1925.
It achieved its independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. President NIYAZOV retains absolute control over the country and opposition is not tolerated.
Extensive hydrocarbon/natural gas reserves could prove a boon to this underdeveloped country if extraction and delivery projects can be worked out.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
border countries: Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan
also known as Turkmenia
ISO Country Code: tm
Country Calling Code: +993
Capital City: Ashgabat (pop. 700 000)
Other Cities: Türkmenabat (2900 000), Dashoguz (166 000), Mary (125,000), Türkmenbashi (55 000)
Type: Republic, with a single-party system; the 'Democratic' Party of Turkmenistan, is the only one legally permitted.
Independence: 27 October 1991 (from USSR).
Constitution: 18 May 1992.
Location: central Asia, bordered by the Caspian Sea to the west.
Area: 488,100 km² (188,456 sq mi).
Terrain: Flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes rising to mountains in the south. The Kara Kum (Garagum) desert comprises 80% of the country's total area.
Climate: Subtropical desert.
Population: 5.1 million (2012 est.)
Ethnic Groups: Turkmen 85%, Russians 7%, Uzbeks 5%, other 3%
Religions: Sunni Muslim
Languages: Turkmen. Russian is widely spoken.
Natural resources: Oil, natural gas, coal, precious non-ferrous and rare metals, celestine, sulfur.
Agriculture products: Cotton, wheat, melons; livestock.
Industries: Natural gas, oil, petroleum products, textiles, food processing.
Currency: 1 Manat = 100 Tenesi (TMM)
(Source: Embassy of Turkmenistan in the US and others)
Turkmenistan in Figures
Turkmenistan key statistical data.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Government of Turkmenistan
Official website of Turkmenistan's government, with the electronic newspaper "Turkmenistan: the golden age".
Embassy of Turkmenistan
Map of Turkmenistan
Political Map of Turkmenistan.
Administrative Map of Turkmenistan
Map of Administrative Divisions of Turkmenistan.
Google Earth Turkmenistan
Searchable map and satellite view Turkmenistan.
Google Earth Ashgabat
Searchable map and satellite view of Turkmenistan's capital city.
Caucasus and Central Asia Map
Map of Central Asia and the Caucasus region.
Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.
The Times of Central Asia
More Turkmenistan news.
Local news (Russian/English)
News in Turkmen language
The Turkmen News
Turkmen daily news magazine.
News Central Asia
US based news agency focused at the Greater Central Asian region.
Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty Turkmen Service
Turkmenistan related news by Radio Free Europe.
Google News Search: Turkmenistan
Find news from Turkmenistan.
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & CultureAkhal-Teke
Legendary Turkmen Horses.
Turkmen Rugs and Carpets
Turkmen applied art.
Chronicles of Turkmenistan
Magazine of the "Turkmen Initiative for Human Rights".
The Book of the Soul, written by Saparmurat Niyazov, late president-for-life of Turkmenistan (1990-2006). (An official government website)
Business & EconomyTurkmenistan - Analytic magazine
The monthly magazine provides some business information.
Destination Turkmenistan - Travel and Tour GuidesDiscover Turkmenistan: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.
A foreigners guide to Turkmenistan.
Made to spread information about Turkmenistan, maintained by former Turkmenistan Peace Corps volunteer Greg Lastowka.
A guide to Turkmenistans culture.
Hotels in Turkmenistan
Find a Hotel in Turkmenistan.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
EducationAshgabat International School
Information about the private non-profit institution.
Turkmen State University
Ashgabat, the university does not maintain a homepage.
Environment & NatureCurrent issues:
Contamination of soil and groundwater with agricultural chemicals, pesticides; salination, desertification.
Water logging of soil due to poor irrigation methods;
Caspian Sea pollution;
Diversion of a large share of the flow of the Amu Darya into irrigation contributes to that river's inability to replenish the Aral Sea.
UNDP in Turkmenistan
The United Nations Development Programme supports the Government in achieving environmental goals through assistance in developing environmental policies and in promoting best practices in water and sanitation.
HistoryHistory of Turkmenistan
Culture, Traditions, and History of Turkmenistan
Overview on Turkmenistans history.
BBC News Country Profile: Turkmenistan
Open Directory Project: : Turkmenistan
The World Factbook -- Turkmenistan
Other Countries in South-Central Asia:
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
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