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 Home Earth Continents Countries The United Nations Human Development Index (HDI) rankings for 2011 (Top 50 countries high human development)

Human Development Index (Low human development)
 

___ The Human Development Index - going beyond income

Norway, Australia and the Netherlands lead the Human Development Index (HDI) rankings in 2011, while the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Niger and Burundi are at the bottom.

Each year since 1990 the Human Development Report has published the Human Development Index (HDI) which was introduced as an alternative to conventional measures of national development. The HDI represents a broader definition of well-being and provides a composite measure of three basic dimensions of human development: health, education and income.

The latest HDI report is from 2011 with emphasis on Sustainability and Equity, titled: A Better Future for All.
The three Human Development Indicators are: 1. Life Expectancy Index (LEI): Life expectancy at birth (in years); 2. Education Index (EI) Mean years of schooling (in years), and Expected years of schooling (in years), and 3. Income Index (II): Per capita income (PPP $).
Below is the list of countries with a "Very High Human Development" including Barbados (rank 47), followed by three countries with "High Human Development".

Definitions:
Human Development Index (HDI): A composite index measuring average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development-a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living.

Life expectancy at birth: Number of years a newborn infant could expect to live if prevailing patterns of age-specific mortality rates at the time of birth stay the same throughout the infant's life.

Mean years of schooling: Average number of years of education received by people ages 25 and older, converted from education attainment levels using official durations of each level.
Expected years of schooling: Number of years of schooling that a child of school entrance age can expect to receive if prevailing patterns of age-specific enrolment rates persist throughout the child's life.

Gross national income (GNI) per capita: Aggregate income of an economy generated by its production and its ownership of factors of production, less the incomes paid for the use of factors of production owned by the rest of the world, converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity (PPP) rates, divided by midyear population.

GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank: Difference in rankings by GNI per capita and by the HDI. A negative value means that the country is better ranked by GNI than by the HDI.

Nonincome HDI: Value of the HDI computed from the life expectancy and education indicators only.

For comparsion, the third table is the UN Human Development Report 2002 updated 2004.

 
 

Human Development Index - Top 50 Countries with high human development in 2011
HDI rank   Country Human Development Index (HDI) Life expectancy at birth Mean years of schooling Expected years of schooling Gross national income (GNI) per capita GNI per capita rank minus HDI Nonincome HDI
                   
1
Norway 0.943 81.1 12.6 17.3 47,557 6 0.975
2 10 Australia 0.929 81.9 12.0 18.0 34,431 16 0.979
3
Netherlands 0.910 80.7 11.6 16.8 36,402 9 0.944
4
United States 0.910 78.5 12.4 16.0 43,017 6 0.931
5
New Zealand 0.908 80.7 12.5 18.0 23,737 30 0.978
6
Canada 0.908 81.0 12.1 16.0 35,166 10 0.944
7
Ireland 0.908 80.6 11.6 18.0 29,322 19 0.959
8
Liechtenstein 0.905 79.6 10.3 14.7 83,717 –6 0.877
9
Germany 0.905 80.4 12.2 15.9 34,854 8 0.940
10
Sweden 0.904 81.4 11.7 15.7 35,837 4 0.936
11
Switzerland 0.903 82.3 11.0 15.6 39,924 0 0.926
12
Japan 0.901 83.4 11.6 15.1 32,295 11 0.940
13
Hong Kong, China (SAR) 0.898 82.8 10.0 15.7 44,805 –4 0.910
14
Iceland 0.898 81.8 10.4 18.0 29,354 11 0.943
15
Korea, Republic of 0.897 80.6 11.6 16.9 28,230 12 0.945
16
Denmark 0.895 78.8 11.4 16.9 34,347 3 0.926
17
Israel 0.888 81.6 11.9 15.5 25,849 14 0.939
18
Belgium 0.886 80.0 10.9 16.1 33,357 2 0.914
19
Austria 0.885 80.9 10.8 15.3 35,719 –4 0.908
20
France 0.884 81.5 10.6 16.1 30,462 4 0.919
21
Slovenia 0.884 79.3 11.6 16.9 24,914 11 0.935
22
Finland 0.882 80.0 10.3 16.8 32,438 0 0.911
23
Spain 0.878 81.4 10.4 16.6 26,508 6 0.920
24
Italy 0.874 81.9 10.1 16.3 26,484 6 0.914
25
Luxembourg 0.867 80.0 10.1 13.3 50,557 –20 0.854
26
Singapore 0.866 81.1 8.8 14.4 e 52,569 –22 0.851
27
Czech Republic 0.865 77.7 12.3 15.6 21,405 14 0.917
28
United Kingdom 0.863 80.2 9.3 16.1 33,296 –7 0.879
29
Greece 0.861 79.9 10.1 16.5 23,747 5 0.902
30
United Arab Emirates 0.846 76.5 9.3 13.3 59,993 –27 0.813
31
Cyprus 0.840 79.6 9.8 14.7 24,841 2 0.866
32
Andorra 0.838 80.9 10.4 11.5 36,095 –19 0.836
33
Brunei Darussalam 0.838 78.0 8.6 14.1 45,753 –25 0.819
34
Estonia 0.835 74.8 12.0 15.7 16,799 13 0.890
35
Slovakia 0.834 75.4 11.6 14.9 19,998 8 0.875
36
Malta 0.832 79.6 9.9 14.4 21,460 4 0.866
37
Qatar 0.831 78.4 7.3 12.0 107,721 –36 0.757
38
Hungary 0.816 74.4 11.1 15.3 16,581 11 0.862
39
Poland 0.813 76.1 10.0 15.3 17,451 7 0.853
40
Lithuania 0.810 72.2 10.9 16.1 16,234 10 0.853
41
Portugal 0.809 79.5 7.7 15.9 20,573 1 0.833
42
Bahrain 0.806 75.1 9.4 13.4 28,169 –14 0.806
43
Latvia 0.805 73.3 11.5 15.0 14,293 12 0.857
44
Chile 0.805 79.1 9.7 14.7 13,329 14 0.862
45
Argentina 0.797 75.9 9.3 15.8 14,527 9 0.843
46
Croatia 0.796 76.6 9.8 13.9 15,729 5 0.834
47
Barbados 0.793 76.8 9.3 13.4 17,966 –3 0.818
48
Uruguay 0.783 77.0 8.5 15.5 13,242 12 0.828
49
Palau 0.782 71.8 12.1 14.7 9,744 29 0.853
50
Romania 0.781 74.0 10.4 14.9 11,046 20 0.841
Source: UN Human Development Report 2011 Download Human Development Report 2011

Inequality-adjusted HDI 2011

The 2010 Report introduced the Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI), a measure of the level of human development of people in a society that accounts for inequality (in countries with inequality in the distribution of health, education and income. It includes economic inequality which is also known as the gap between rich and poor).

The IHDI is the actual level of human development (taking into account inequality), while the HDI can be viewed as an index of the potential human development that could be achieved if there is no inequality.

    Country IHDI HDI Loss
(%)
Rank
change
 
1
Norway 0.890 0.943 5.6 0  
2
Australia 0.856 0.929 7.9 0  
3
Sweden 0.851 0.904 5.9 5 up
4
Netherlands 0.846 0.910 7.0 -1 down
5
Iceland 0.845 0.898 5.9 5 up
6
Ireland 0.843 0.908 7.2 0  
7
Germany 0.842 0.905 6.9 0  
8
Denmark 0.842 0.895 6.0 4 up
9
Switzerland 0.840 0.903 7.0 0  
10
Slovenia 0.837 0.884 5.3 7 up
11
Finland 0.833 0.882 5.6 7 up
12
Canada 0.829 0.908 8.7 -7 down
13
Czech Republic 0.821 0.865 5.0 9 up
14
Austria 0.820 0.885 7.4 1 up
15
Belgium 0.819 0.886 7.6 -1 down
16
France 0.804 0.884 9.1 0  
17
Spain 0.799 0.878 8.9 2 up
18
Luxembourg 0.799 0.867 7.8 3 up
19
United Kingdom 0.791 0.863 8.4 4 up
20
Slovakia 0.787 0.834 5.7 7 up
21
Israel 0.779 0.888 12.3 -8 down
22
Italy 0.779 0.874 10.9 -2 down
23
United States 0.771 0.910 15.3 -19 down
24
Estonia 0.769 0.835 7.9 2 up
25
Hungary 0.759 0.816 7.0 3 up
26
Greece 0.756 0.861 12.2 -2 down
27
Cyprus 0.755 0.840 10.1 -2 down
28
South Korea 0.749 0.897 16.5 -17 down
29
Poland 0.734 0.813 9.7 0  
30
Lithuania 0.730 0.810 9.8 0  


The Human Development Index 2002


Human development is first and foremost about allowing people
to lead the kind of life they choose - and providing them with the
tools and opportunities to make those choices.


Human development is about much more than the rise or fall of national incomes. It is about creating an environment in which people can develop their full potential and lead productive, creative lives in accord with their needs and interests. People are the real wealth of nations. Development is thus about expanding the choices people have to lead lives that they value. And it is thus about much more than economic growth, which is only a means - if a very important one - of enlarging people's choices.

Fundamental to enlarging these choices is building human capabilities - the range of things that people can do or be in life. The most basic capabilities for human development are to lead long and healthy lives, to be knowledgeable, to have access to the resources needed for a decent standard of living and to be able to participate in the life of the community. Without these, many choices are simply not available, and many opportunities in life remain inaccessible.
(cited from UN Human Development Report 2004)

Below you will find the chart of the Human Development Index (HDI) about the world's nations state of developing. The Index, published annually by the UN, is a summary measure of human development. It measures the average achievements in a country in three basic dimensions of human development:
 A long and healthy life
as measured by life expectancy at birth.

 Knowledge
as measured by the adult literacy rate (with two-thirds weight) and the combined primary, secondary and tertiary gross enrolment ratio (with one-third weight).

 A decent standard of living
as measured by GDP per capita* (PPP US$).

* Gross Domestic Product, the value of all goods and services produced in the economy divided by the population.

Each year, countries are ranked according to these measures.
HDI Human Development Index Map
Worldmap of Human Development Index (click to enlarge)

Human Development Index - Top 30 Countries with high human development in 2002

#

Country

Life expectancy at birth (years) 2002

Adult literacy rate (%ages 15 and above) 2002

Combined gross enrolment ratio for primary, secondary and tertiary schools (%) 2001/02

GDP per capita (PPP US$) 2002

Life
expectancy
index

Education index

GDP index

Human development index (HDI) value 2002

GDP per capita (PPP US$) rank minus HDI rank

 
1 Norway
78.9
..
98
36,600
0.90
0.99
0.99
0.956
1
2 Sweden
80.0
..
114
26,050
0.92
0.99
0.93
0.946
19
3 Australia
79.1
..
113
28,260
0.90
0.99
0.94
0.946
9
4 Canada
79.3
..
95
29,480
0.90
0.98
0.95
0.943
5
5 Netherlands
78.3
..
99
29,100
0.89
0.99
0.95
0.942
6
6 Belgium
78.7
..
111
27,570
0.90
0.99
0.94
0.942
7
7 Iceland
79.7
..
90
29,750
0.91
0.96
0.95
0.941
1
8 USA
77.0
..
92
35,750
0.87
0.97
0.98
0.939
-4
9 Japan
81.5
..
84
26,940
0.94
0.94
0.93
0.938
6
10 Ireland
76.9
..
90
36,360
0.86
0.96
0.98
0.936
-7
11 Switzerland
79.1
..
88
30,010
0.90
0.95
0.95
0.936
-4
12 UK
78.1
..
113
26,150
0.88
0.99
0.93
0.936
8
13 Finland
77.9
..
106
26,190
0.88
0.99
0.93
0.935
6
14 Austria
78.5
..
91
29,220
0.89
0.96
0.95
0.934
-4
15 Luxembourg
78.3
..
75
61,190
0.89
0.91
1.00
0.933
-14
16 France
78.9
..
91
26,920
0.90
0.96
0.93
0.932
0
17 Denmark
76.6
..
96
30,940
0.86
0.98
0.96
0.932
-12
18 New Zealand
78.2
..
101
21,740
0.89
0.99
0.90
0.926
6
19 Germany
78.2
..
88
27,100
0.89
0.95
0.94
0.925
-5
20 Spain
79.2
97.7
92
21,460
0.90
0.97
0.90
0.922
5
21 Italy
78.7
98.5
82
26,430
0.89
0.93
0.93
0.920
-3
22 Israel
79.1
95.3
92
19,530
0.90
0.94
0.88
0.908
5
23 Hong Kong
79.9
93.5
72
26,910
0.91
0.86
0.93
0.903
-6
24 Greece
78.2
97.3
86
18,720
0.89
0.95
0.87
0.902
5
25 Singapore
78.0
92.5
87
24,040
0.88
0.91
0.92
0.902
-3
26 Portugal
76.1
92.5
93
18,280
0.85
0.97
0.87
0.897
6
27 Slovenia
76.2
99.7
90
18,540
0.85
0.96
0.87
0.895
3
28 Korea, South
75.4
97.9
92
16,950
0.84
0.97
0.86
0.888
9
29 Barbados
77.1
99.7
88
15,290
0.87
0.95
0.84
0.888
11
30 Cyprus
78.2
96.8
74
18,360
0.89
0.89
0.87
0.883
1
Source: UN Human Development Report 2004
 



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Universal Declaration of Human Rights

First, Second and Third World


For in-depth information about the report please go to:
United Nations Human Development Report
Cultural Liberty in Today's Diverse World.
Country Profiles and International Human Development Indicators
 
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Article I
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Article 2
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