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Republic of the Congo
___ Republic of the CongoA virtual travel guide to Congo-Brazzaville. This page aims to give you an overview of Congo's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile this page contains links to sources that will provide you with in-depth information about this Western African nation, e.g.: official web sites of Congo, country guides with travel information and more like maps, and local newspapers from Congo.
Republic of the Congo | République du Congo
Flag of Republic of the Congo
Upon independence in 1960, the former French region of Middle Congo became the Republic of the Congo. A quarter century of experimentation with Marxism was abandoned in 1990 and a democratically elected government installed in 1992. A brief civil war in 1997 restored former Marxist President SASSOU-NGUESSO, but ushered in a period of ethnic unrest. Southern-based rebel groups agreed to a final peace accord in March 2003, but the calm is tenuous and refugees continue to present a humanitarian crisis. The Republic of Congo is one of Africa's largest petroleum producers with significant potential for offshore development.
border countries: Angola (enclave of Cabinda), Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa), Gabon
République du Congo
short form: Congo
int'l long form: Republic of the Congo
abbreviation: ROC, CGO
former: Middle Congo, Congo/Brazzaville, Congo
ISO Country Code: cg
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Mon-May-4 10:00
Country Calling Code: +242
Capital City: Brazzaville (pop. 1 million)
Other Cities: Pointe-Noire (450 000), Dolisie (150 000), Djambala, Ewo, Impfondo, Madingou, Ouésso, Owando, Sibiti.
Independence: 15 August 1960 (from France).
Constitution: New constitution adopted in nationwide referendum on 20 January 2002.
Location: Astride the Equator in west-central Africa, west of the Congo and Oubangui (Ubangi) rivers.
Area: 342,000 km² (132,000 sq. mi.)
Terrain: North-East: two thirds of the country are covered by equatorial forest, savanna in the south, coastal plains, fertile valleys, forested flood plains.
Climate: Tropical. (climate is equatorial with two reversed seasons--half of the country lies above, half below the Equator).
Population: 4 million (2012 UN est.)
Ethnic groups: 15 principal Bantu groups: BaCongo, Vili, BaTeke, M'Bochi, and Sangha; more than 70 subgroups. A small population of Pygmies (less than 100 000), ethnically unrelated to the Bantu majority.
Religions: Traditional beliefs 50%, Christianity 45%, Muslim 2%.
Languages: French (official), Lingala and Munukutuba (national), Kikongo, Sangho, Lari, Vili.
Literacy: male: 89%, female: 78%
Natural resources: Oil, wood, potash, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphate, natural gas, hydropower.
Agriculture products: Cassava (tapioca), sugar, rice, corn, peanuts, vegetables, coffee, cocoa; forest products.
Industries: Petroleum extraction, cement, lumber, brewing, sugar, palm oil, soap, flour, cigarettes.
Exports partners: China 26.8%, Taiwan 19.2%, North Korea 8.4%, USA 7.3%, France 5.5%, South Korea 4.8% (2004)
Imports partners: France 32.7%, USA 10.1%, Germany 6.2%, Italy 6%, China 5.2%, Netherlands 4.5% (2004)
Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of Republic of the CongoRépublique du Congo
Official website of Republic of the Congo with General information on Congo's Economy and Policy (in French)
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Congo
Congo's Permanent Mission to the UN (page is still under construction).
Ambassade de France en République du Congo
Embassy of France, Brazzaville with consular information (in French).
Map of Republic of the Congo
Political map of Republic of the Congo.
Administrative Map of Republic of the Congo
Map showing the administrative divisions of the Republic of the Congo.
Google Earth Republic of the Congo
Searchable map and satellite view of Republic of the Congo.
Google Earth Brazzaville
Searchable map and satellite view of the country's capital city.
Map of Africa
Political Map of Africa.
Relief Map of Africa
Congo Brazzaville news (in French).
Les Dépêches de Brazzaville -L'Agence d'Information de l'Afrique Centrale
Congo-Brazzaville news (in French).
Online newspaper of the Association of the Congolese Democrats, with news from Congo-Brazzaville based in France, (in French)
Kinshasa based radio sttion with recent Congo news (in French).
Int'l News Sources
Updates specific to Congo.
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Arts & CulturePierre Savorgnan de Brazza
Site about Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza the founder of Brazzaville.
Business & EconomyBanque Centrale des Etats d'Afrique Centrale - BEAC
Central Bank of Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.
Union Économique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine (UEMOA)
West African Economic and Monetary Union (in French)
IZF.net, le portail de la Zone Franc CFA
Information about business and investment in the African countries within the monetary system of the Franc Zone - CFA. (in French)
Ministère des Petites et Moyennes Entreprises, chargé de l'Artisanat
Ministry for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises and Craft (in French)
Annuaire Téléphonique République du Congo
Yellow Pages ROC.
Destination Republic of the Congo - Travel and Tour Guides
Congo portal site with country information (in French).
A Congo Brazzaville portal site (in French)
Afrique Congo le Voyage en Photos - images of a journey through South-Congo (in French).
Skyblog de congoinfos
Congo Brazzaville blog a "a crossroads of information" (in French)
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
EducationEcole Supérieure de Technologie du Littoral
Information about the advanced technical college, Pointe-Noire (in French).
International Network for Higher Education in Africa - Congo
INHR article about higher education in Congo.
Environment & NatureBushmeat Crisis Task Force
BCTF is dedicated to the conservation of wildlife populations threatened by commercial hunting of wildlife for sale as meat.
Central African Regional Program for the Environment - CARPE
CARPE is a long-term initiative by USAID to address the issues of deforestation and biodiversity loss in the Congo Basin forest zone.
Conservation et utilisation rationnelle des Ecosystèmes Forestiers d'Afrique Centrale - ECOFAC
ECOFAC's mission is the protection and rational utilization of Central Africa's forest ecosystems.
ECOFAC, Conservation et utilisation rationnelle des Ecosystèmes Forestiers d'Afrique Centrale
Conservation and development of the Forest Ecosystems of Central Africa, the European Union's commitment to a sustainable exploitation of natural resources.
Outpost: Congo Trek
A journey through the heart of Central Africa (National Geographic)
Site about the work of the Wildlife Conservation Society in Congo.
HistoryL'Histoire du CONGO (en bref)
Brief history of the Republic of the Congo (in French)
History of the Republic of the Congo
History of the Republic of the Congo by Wikipedia.
Congo internet directory (in French)
Additional Information on Republic of the CongoAfrica South of the Sahara: Republic of the Congo
BBC News Country Profile: Republic of the Congo
Governments on the WWW: Republic of the Congo
Index on Africa: Congo-Brazzaville
MBendi Profile: Republic of the Congo
Including economic overviews and directories of companies.
Open Directory Project: Republic of the Congo
Wikipedia: Republic of the Congo
The World Factbook -- Republic of the Congo
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