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___ EritreaA virtual guide to Eritrea, an Eastern African country with a coastline on the Red Sea, it is bordered by Sudan in west, by Ethiopia in south and by Djibouti in south east. and Sudan. Eritrea shares also maritime borders with Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Compared its area of 117,000 km2 is almost four times the size of Belgium or slightly larger than the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. Its capital and largest city Asmara is situated on the northwestern edge of the Eritrean highlands.
Its population of 6 million people is made up of Tigrinya (55%), Tigre (30%) and some smaller ethnic groups. Spoken languages are Tigrinya, Arabic, and English.
Read on to learn more about the many aspects of the Eritrean culture, history and geography. Get key information on Eritrea's economy, education, environment, population, and government.
Asmara City Scene
State of Eritrea | Hagere Ertra
Flag of Eritrea
Eritrea is located in Eastern Africa in the Horn of Africa, to the North of Ethiopia and bordering the Red Sea in Northeast. It has a mixed Afro-Asiatic population that is divided by religion and language. The former Italian and British colony gained formal independence from Ethiopia, its last colonizer, in 1993. But independence did not end the wars in Eritrea. Conflicts with Yemen and Ethiopia followed.
Latest UN reports (2005) warned that the humanitarian situation in Eritrea was deteriorating, mainly due to recurrent drought and the protracted stalemate in the peace process with Ethiopia.
Eritrea is run by the People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ) with president Isaias Afewerki, who has been in office since independence in 1993. Other political groups are not allowed to organize, although the unimplemented constitution of 1997 provides for the existence of multi-party politics. National elections have been periodically scheduled and cancelled; none have ever been held in the country.
border countries: Djibouti, Ethiopia, Sudan
related countries: Egypt, Italy, Turkey, UK, Yemen
short form: Ertra
int'l long form: State of Eritrea
int'l short form: Eritrea
former: Eritrea Autonomous Region in Ethiopia.
ISO Country Code: er
Local Time = UTC +3h
Actual Time: Mon-Aug-31 20:45
Country Calling Code: +291
Capital City: Asmara
(2,300 meters (7,500 ft.) above sea level; pop. 435 000)
Keren (57,000); Assab (28,000); Massawa (25,000); Afabet (25,000); Tessenie (25,000); Mendefera (25,000); Dekemhare (20,000); Adekeieh (15,000); Barentu (15,000); Ghinda (15,000).
Ssingle-party presidential republic.
In 2004 the U.S. State Department declared Eritrea a Country of Particular Concern (CPC) for its alleged record of religious persecution.
Independence: Eritrea officially celebrated its independence on May 24, 1993 (from Ethiopia)
Constitution: Ratified 24 May 1997, but not yet implemented.
Location: Eastern Africa, in the Horn of Africa bordering the Red Sea in northeast.
Area: 117,600 km². (45,405 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Central highlands straddle escarpment associated with Rift Valley, dry coastal plains, and western lowlands.
Climate: Temperate in the mountains and hot in the lowlands, hot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast;.
Nationality: Noun and adjective--Eritrean(s).
Population: 5.9 million (about 1 million Eritreans in exile).
Ethnic Groups: Tigrinya 50%, Tigre 31.4%, Saho 5%, Afar 5%, Beja 2.5%, Bilen 2.1%, Kunama 2%, Nara 1.5%, and Rashaida .5%.
Religions: Christian 50% (mostly Orthodox), Muslim 48%, indigenous beliefs 2%
Languages: Tigrinya (Tigrigna), Arabic, English, Tigré (second major language) and other Cushitic languages.
Natural resources: Gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish.
Agriculture products: Sorghum, lentils, vegetables, corn, cotton, tobacco, coffee, sisal; livestock, goats; fish.
Industries: Food processing, beverages, clothing and textiles.
Currency: Nakfa (ERN)
Eritrea in Figures
More Eritrea statistical data.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of Eritrea
The State of Eritrea - Ministry of Information
As it should, the Ministry provides information on Eritrea like national news, and information on history, culture and arts.
The Permanent Mission of the State of Eritrea to the United Nations
Eritrea's representation at the UN.
Embassy of Eritrea in Washington D.C.
Embassy of Eritrea to the U.S.
Embassy of Eritrea, Stockholm
Embassy of Eritrea to Sweden.
Embassy of the State of Eritrea, New Delhi
Embassy of Eritrea to India.
Eritrea in Figures
Eritrea key statistical data.
Map of Eritrea
Political Map of Eritrea.
Google Earth Eritrea
Searchable map and satellite view of Eritrea.
Google Earth Asmara
Searchable map and satellite view of Eritrea's capital city.
Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.
Eritrea is the only African country to have no privately-owned news media. The news links below are to sites mostly maintained from Eritrean expatriates.
See CPJ - the The Committee to Protect Journalists on press freedom in Eritrea.
Eritrea, which has been led since independence by the highly authoritarian Issaias Afeworki, figures in last place on Reporters Without Borders’ world press freedom index.
"Welcome to the real Eritrean website".
News Asmarino Com
Eritrea News in Tigrinia and English.
Eritrean Community OnLine Network, provides up-to-date Eritrean related news from various sources.
Eritrean News Wire
Site with News Agencies news related to Eritrea.
Latest news from Eritrea provided by the ruling political party, the People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ).
AllAfrica's Eritrea news.
UN humanitarian news and information service with recent news on Eritrea.
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Arts & Culture
The Dutch photographer Anne Alders has captured the everyday life of the nine sections of the Eritrean population.
A Tigrinya woman
© Anne Alders from the Book "eritrean beauty"
Business & EconomyCOMESA - Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
Eritrea is a member state of COMESA, an organisation of free independent sovereign states which have agreed to co-operate in developing their natural and human resources for the good of all their people.
EDF - Eritrean Development Founndation
An independent non-profit humanitarian organization dedicated to supporting economic, social and cultural development in Eritrea.
Invest in Eritrea
A blog about investment activities in Eritera.
Eritrean Airlines is wholly owned by the Government of Eritrea. The airline was restarted under new management in 2011.
Eritrea At A Glance
Eritrea information by the Eritrea Ministry of Tourism.
The Asmarino site provides articles about Eritrea (in English/Tigrigna).
Eritrean beauty - by Anne Alders
The Dutch photographer Anne Alders has travelled across Eritrea on a regular basis.
Very, very informative site about Eritrea by Hans van der Splinter and Mebrat Tzehaie.
Eritrea travel guide and tour guide.
"The objective of Travel Eritrea is to provide all valuable, updated and timely tourist-related information online".
© Anne Alders from the Book "eritrean beauty"
EducationNational Board for Higher Education
Eritrean institution for higher education in the arts,sciences, business and economics, law, education, engineering, agriculture and health science.
Environment & NatureIGAD
The Intergovernmental Authority on Development, a regional grouping of seven Eastern African countries created in 1986 to fight the recurrent and severe droughts and other natural disasters that caused widespread famine, ecological degradation and economic hardship in the Eastern Africa region between 1974 and 1984.
Very brief article on Eritrea's history.
History of Eritrea
Eritrea from early history until now.
Eritrea-Ethiopia Conflict Information Page
Site provides information on the Crisis Between Eritrea and Ethiopia with maps, history, publications.
History of Eritrea
Wikipedia articles about Eritrea and the country's history.
SearchOpen Directory Project: Eritrea
Additional Information on EritreaAfrica south of the sahara: Eritrea
African Studies Center | Eritrea Page
BBC News Country Profile: Eritrea
The World Factbook -- Eritrea
Other Countries of Central Africa
Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa), Congo, Rep. (Brazzaville), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe
Other Countries of Eastern Africa
Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique
Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
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