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A virtual guide to Albania. Get an overview of Albania's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and its government.

Albania is a republic on the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe that borders the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea in west, Montenegro in north, Serbia (Kosovo) in north east, the Republic of Macedonia in east, and Greece in south east. Albania shares maritime borders with Croatia and Italy.

This page about Albania offers maps, statistics, weather information, and links to sources that provide you with information about this European nation, e.g.: official web sites of Albania, addresses of Albanian embassies, domestic airlines, local news, city- and country guides with travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and much more.

Tirana Albania's Capital
Tirana Albania's Capital © NTOA

Republic of Albania | Shqipëria

Country Profile

Flag of Albania
Flag of Albania

Previously part of the Byzantine and later the Ottoman empires, Albania gained independence in 1912. It became a Stalinist regime under Enver Hoxha after World War II and remained extremely isolationist in policy and outlook until the Communists lost power in 1992.
Albania ended 44 years of xenophobic communist rule and established a multiparty democracy. The transition has proven difficult as corrupt governments have tried to deal with high unemployment, a dilapidated infrastructure, widespread gangsterism, and disruptive political opponents. International observers judged local elections in 2000 to be acceptable and a step toward democratic development, but serious deficiencies remain to be corrected.
Albania joined NATO in April 2009 and is a potential candidate for EU accession. Although Albania's economy continues to grow, the country is still one of the poorest in Europe, hampered by a large informal economy and an inadequate energy and transportation infrastructure.
Where in Europe is Albania?
Official Name:
Republika e Shqiperise
short form: Shqiperia
int'l long form: Republic of Albania
int'l short form: Albania

ISO Country Code: al

Local Time = UTC +1h (in Summer UTC +2)
Actual Time: Sun-Mar-1  07:50

Country Calling Code: +355

Capital City: Tirana (pop. 600 000)

Other Cities: Durres (200 000), Shkoder (81 000), Vlore (72 000, 2005 est.)

Type: Parliamentary republic.
Constitution: Adopted by popular referendum 28 November 1998.
Independence:28 November 1912 (from the Ottoman Empire).

Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea.
Area: 28,748 km² (11,100 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Situated in the southwestern region of the Balkan Peninsula, Albania is predominantly mountainous but flat along its Adriatic Sea coastline.
Highest peak: Maja e Korabit (Golem Korab) 2764 m.

Climate: Mediterranean, Mild temperate--short, soft, wet winters; hot and dry summers.

Nationality: Albanian(s)
Population: 2.8 million (2011 census)
Ethnic groups: Albanian 98.6%, Greeks 1.17%, others 0.23% (Vlachs, Roma, Serbs, Montenegrins, Macedonians, Egyptians, and Bulgarians).
Religions: Muslim (Sunni and Bektashi) 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, and Roman Catholic 10%.
Official Language: Albanian.
Literacy: 86.5%; male: 93.3%, female: 79.5%

Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Wheat, corn, potatoes, vegetables, fruits, sugar beets, grapes; meat, dairy products.

Industries: Food processing, textiles and clothing; lumber, oil, cement, chemicals, mining, basic metals, hydropower.

Currency: Lek (ALL)

Source: Foreign Ministry and Institute of Statistics Albania and others.

Albania in Figures
Albania key statistical data.


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Albania

The President of Albania
Office of the President of Albania.

Albanian Government - Keshilli i Ministrave
Official website of Republic of Albania, Council of Ministers.

Kuvendi i Shqiperisë
The Albanian Parliament.

Ministria i Punëve të Jashtme
Ministry of Foreign Affairs website with general information about Albania.

More official websites
 List of Albania's Ministries and National Agencies

Diplomatic Missions
Diplomatic Representatives of Albania
Address list of Albania Diplomatic Missions abroad.


Political Map of Albania
Map showing Albania and the surrounding countries.
Administrative Map of Albania
Map showing the administrative divisions of Albania.
Google Earth Google Earth Albania
Searchable map/satellite view of Albania.
Google Earth Google Earth Tirana
Searchable map/satellite view of Albania's capital.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.

Instituti Shqiptar i Statistikes
Albanian Institute for Statistics.

Albania in Figures
Albania key statistical data.


News Agencies
Albanian Independent News Agency.

News and newspapers in Albanian
24-ore online.
Albanian daily.
Rilindja Demokratike
Online news.
Albanian daily.

Weekly news magazine online.

Latest News From Kosova/Kosovo.
More Kosova related News and Information.

The national broadcasting company.
Top Albania Radio
Private radio station (in Albanian).


Arts & Culture

Tirana International Film Festival
Official website of the Albanian Film Festival.

National Library of Albania
Biblioteka Kombëtare e Shqipërisë

Albania National Theater
Official website.


Business & Economy

Banka e Shqiperise
The Central Bank of the Republic of Albania.

Albanian Center for International Trade - ACIT
Established by the Institute for Contemporary Studies (ISB) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)

Albanian Airlines
Airline based in Tirana, Albania.

Ada Air
A french-albanian private Airline, provides connections to Bari, Athens and Thessaloniki, It ceased operations in January 2007.

Destination Albania - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Albania, a land of great natural beauty and romantic remoteness.
Places of interest: Korça, Pogradeci, Berat, Durres, Kruja, Gjirokastra, Saranda, Shkodra, Tirana, and Vlora.
More information on accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more you will find in the bookmarks below.

National Tourism Organization Albania
Official website of the organization with comprehensive information about Albania.

Albanian Home Page
Comprehensive Information about Albania and the Albanians.

Hotels in Albania
Find a Hotel in Albania.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


University of Tirana
State University of Tirana, founded October 1957. Albania's first university.

Environment & Nature

Ministria e Mjedisit, Pyjeve dhe Administrimit te Ujerave
The Albanian Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Water Administration.


Albanian History
Albania's History from Origins until the Collapse of Communism, with a history time line.
History of Albania
Wikipedia: Albania's History from Prehistory to Post-Communist Albania.


Albania's first search engine.

Additional Information about Albania

AlertNet Country Profile: Albania

BBC News Country Profile: Albania

Background Notes: Albania

Open Directory Project:

REENIC: Albania

Wikipedia: Albania

The World Factbook -- Albania
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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley

* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.