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Iberian Peninsula. Spain is bordered by Andorra, France, Gibraltar (U.K.), Portugal, and Morocco (at the Spanish exclaves of Ceuta and Melilla on the North African coast). Spain has a coastline at the Mediterranean Sea in south east, it shares also maritime borders with Algeria and Italy.
Flag of Spain
The country occupies an area of 505,992 km² making it the fourth largest country in Europe, and the second largest in western Europe. Compared it is twice the size of the United Kingdom, or slightly more than twice the size of the US state of Oregon.
Spain has a population of 46.4million people, capital and largest city is Madrid, spoken language is Spanish.
Kingdom of Spain | Reino de España
In ancient times the Iberian Peninsula at the southwestern tip of Europe has been inhabited by various ethnic groups. Iberian tribes moved into the peninsula at some point during the second millennium B.C. --whether from north Africa or southern Europe-- and spread out over a broad area. During the eighth and ninth centuries B.C. Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, and a significant number of Celtic immigrants from central and northern Europe entered the peninsula. This highly diversified ethnic stocks of the pre-Roman period, constituting the ancestors of the later Spaniards.
Disparate societies and the tribal organisation of the Iberian inhabitants slow down the conquest of "Hispania" by the Romans, lasting from 218 B.C. to 19 B.C.
With the decline of the Roman empire, Suebi, Vandals and Alans took control of parts of Hispania. Followed by the Visigoths, who conquered all of Hispania in the 5th century A.D. and established a kingdom lasting until 711, when it fell to an invasion by Islamic North African Moors. The Reconquista, the struggle among the Christian kingdoms and the Moors lasted until 1492. By 1512, the unification of present-day Spain was complete.
During the 16th century, Spain became the most powerful nation in Europe, due to the immense wealth derived from their possessions in the Americas. The steady decline of Spanish power in Europe began in the end of the 16th century, in the 19th century Spain suffered the loss of most of its colonies.
With the victory of his nationalist forces in 1939, General Francisco Franco ruled a nation exhausted politically and economically, isolated by the Allies.
In 1955 Spain joined the United Nations. 1975 Franco's personally designated heir Prince Juan Carlos assumed the position of king and head of state.
Spain joined NATO in 1982 and became a member of the European Union in 1986.
Reino de España
short form: España
int'l long form: Kingdom of Spain
int'l short form: Spain
ISO Country Code: es
Time Zone: Central European Time (CET)
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Thu-Dec-8 03:01
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)
Country Calling Code: +34
Capital City: Madrid (pop. 5.5 million)
Barcelona (4.9 million), Bilbao (353 950), Malagá (1.3 million), Sevilla (1.8 million), Valencià (2.3 million), Zaragoza (871 000).
Type: Constitutional Monarchy (Juan Carlos I. proclaimed King 22 November 1975).
Constitution: 6 December 1978, effective 29 December 1978.
Location: On the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe, bordering the Bay of Biscay, the Mediterranean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean, and Pyrenees Mountains, southwest of France.
Area: 506.000 km² (194,884 sq. mi.), including the Balearic and Canary Islands
Terrain: High plateaus, lowland areas such as narrow coastal plains, and mountainous regions.
Climate: Temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior, partly cloudy and cool along coast.
Nationality: Noun--Spaniard(s). Adjective--Spanish.
Population: 46.4 million (2015)
Ethnic groups: Distinct ethnic groups within Spain include the Basques, Catalans, and Galicians.
Religion: Predominantly Roman Catholic.
Languages: Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan-Valenciana 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%.
Literacy: 98% (est.)
Natural resources: Coal, lignite, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable land.
Agriculture products: Grain, vegetables, olives, wine grapes, sugar beets, citrus; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish.
Industries: Textiles and apparel (including footwear), food and beverages, metals and metal manufactures, chemicals, shipbuilding, automobiles, machine tools, tourism.
Exports - commodities: machinery, motor vehicles; foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, medicines, other consumer goods.
Exports - partners: France 15.7%, Germany 11%, Italy 7.4%, UK 7.4%, Portugal 7.1%, US 4.5% (2015).
Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, fuels, chemicals, semi-finished goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods, measuring and medical control instruments.
Imports - partners: Germany 14.4%, France 11.7%, China 7.1%, Italy 6.5%, Netherlands 5%, UK 4.9% (2015)
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Spain in Figures
Key statistical data of Spain.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of SpainCasa de S.M. el Rey de España
The Royal Family of Spain.
The Spanish Government (in Spanish).
El Senado de España
The Senate of Spain.
Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores
Ministry of External Affairs (in Spanish).
Misión Permanente de España en Naciones Unidas
The Permanent Mission of Spain to the United Nations.
Embajada de España
Embassy of Spain, Washington D.C.
Spanish Embassies and Consulates
Spain's Embassies and Consulates Abroad.
Instituto Nacional de Estadística
National Statistics Institute.
Instituto Nacional de Meteorología (INM)
National Institute of Meteorology.
Map of Spain
Political Map of Spain.
Administrative Map of Spain
Map of Spain showing Spain's autonomous communities and provinces.
Google Earth Map of Spain
Searchable map and satellite view of Spain.
Google Earth Map of Madrid
Searchable map and satellite view of Spain's capital.
Google Earth Map of Barcelona
Searchable map and satellite view of Spain's second largest city.
Topographic Map of the Iberian Peninsula
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
Image: Jesús García
News from Spain
National and international news (in Spanish).
National and international news (in Spanish).
National and international news (in Spanish).
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & Culture__Arts
Círculo del Arte
Online shop for prints and original artworks of contemporary artists like Antonio Saura, Eduardo Arroyo, Albert Ràfols-Casamada, José Hernández, Manuel Rivera and many others.
Fundación Joan Miró
Site related to the work of Joan Miró.
Fundación Gala-Salvador Dalí
Site related to the work of Salvador Dalí influenced by Gala.
Museo Guggenheim Bilbao
Museum for contemporary and modern art.
Museo del Prado
The Prado Museum - one of the biggest art galleries in the world.
museo PICASSO málaga
A permanent exhibition centre for Picasso's work.
A guide to Spanish arts and artists.
A virtual visit of the Alhambra at Grenada.
Highest Library Institution of Spain and Head of the Spanish Libraries System.
The Spain flamenco magazine.
Guias Oficiales de Granada
The official guide to Granada and the Alhambra.
The Rumba Union
La Unió Rumbera, providing information of the Catalan Rumba and similar styles.
An expanding directory of vintage images of Spain.
Magazine with information on the "fiesta de los toros" (Spanish).
Business & EconomyBanco de España
The Spanish Central Bank.
Bolsa de Madrid
Madrid Stock Exchange.
Cámara de Madrid
Madrid Chamber of Commerce and Industry (in Spanish).
Trade Point Aragon
The Spanish Carrier
Airline based in Palma de Mallorca.
Major airports of Spain are: Madrid Barajas International Airport, Barcelona El Prat International Airport, Palma airport on the Balearic island of Mallorca (Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca), and Málaga Airport (Aeropuerto de Málaga)
Official website of airports of Spain.
Red Nacional de Ferrocarriles Españoles (RENFE)
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
DestiNation Spain :: Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Spain: hotel, accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, tours and much more.
The tourist office of Spain.
Tourist Office of Spain in New York.
Comprehensive travel and tourism information for Spain.
All about Spain
A guide to country and culture.
A guide to tourism and leisure on Cadiz province.
Turismo de la Provincia de Sevilla
A travel and tourism guide to Seville province.
City Guides (official city sites)
The Municipality of Madrid.
The City of Barcelona.
The City of Bilbao.
The City of Sevilla.
The City of Valencia.
Hotels in Spain
Find Hotels in Spain.
EducationUniversidad Autónoma de Madrid
University's home page in Spanish.
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid
Public university, founded in 1989.
Universidad de Málaga
Founded in the late Sixties of the last century.
Universidad de Sevilla
Universidad de Zaragoza
One of the oldest universities in Spain.
Environment & NatureMinisterio de Medio Ambiente
Official website of the Environment Ministry (in Spanish).
Acció Ecologista Agró
Ecological organization in Valencià Country.
Amigos da Terra
Amigos de la Tierra España
The Spanish subsidiary of Friends of the Earth.
National Parks in Spain
Information about Spain's National Parks.
HistoryA History of Spain and Portugal
History of Spain and Portugal from ancient times until the 17th Century.
From early history to modern Spain.
WWW-VL The Spanish History Index
Provides Internet resources on the History of Spain, whether from Spain and abroad, in Spanish, English and other languages.
The Balearic IslandsBaleares
Balearic Islands Government.
Capital City: Palma de Mallorca
Current news from Spain and the Balearics Islands.
Universitat de les Illes Balears
University of the Balearic Islands.
Travel & Tourism information on the Balearic Islands.
Balearic Tourist Guide
Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza & Formentera.
Balearic Group of Ornithology and Defence of Nature.
La guia Internet de les Baleares - Baleares directory (Spanish).
Guia de Formentera
Provides information about everything related to Formentera.
ibiza - spotlight.com
Online version of the Ibiza Spotlight Island Guide.
Mallorca ( Majorca )
Consell de Mallorca
The Mallorca Government (Spanish).
Majorca Daily Bulletin
Up-todate and interesting information about Mallorca.
A touristic travel guide provides informations about the island of Majorca, Balearics.
Mallorca's Touristic server.
Mallorca Web SiteMallorca Links.
Search engine dedicated to Menorca
Information about attractions and amenities of Menorca.
The Canary IslandsGobierno de Canarias
The Canary Government.
Capital cities: Las Palmas on Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz on Tenerife.
Cabildo de El Hierro
The Island Council and El Hierro Office of Tourism offer information on El Hierro
Cabildo de Fuerteventura
The Island Council of Fuerteventura.
Cabildo Insular La Gomera
The Island Council of Gomera provides information on Gomera.
Cabildo de Lanzarote
Lanzarote information (Spanish).
Universidad de La Laguna
Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
The Las Palmas University.
Sistema de Información Turística de Canarias - Tourist information of the Canarys.
Islas Canarias canary-guide.com
Website about the Canary Islands: Tenerife, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, La Gomera, La Palma and El Hierro.
The Canary Islands directory.
Directorio Online de España.
A Spain Search Engine.
They call themself "Spain's leading independent Search Engine & Directory".
Additional Information on SpainBBC News - Country profile: Spain
Open Directory Project: Spain
The World Factbook -- Spain
Other Countries in the Mediterranean:
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