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___ Countries of the Third World



The term Third World was originally coined in times of the Cold War to distinguish those nations that are neither aligned with the West (NATO) nor with the East, the Communist bloc. Today the term is often used to describe the developing countries of Africa, Asia, Latin America and Oceania.
Many poorer nations adopted the term to describe themselves.

Below Third World Countries by various categories:
Third World Countries in terms of Political Rights and Civil Liberties.
Third World Countries in terms of their Gross National Income (GNI)
Third World Countries in Terms of their Human Development
Third World Countries in Terms of Poverty
Third World Countries in Terms of Press Freedom



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Third World Countries in terms of political rights and civil liberties.

The most repressive regimes in the world.
List of countries with the worst records for political rights and civil liberties. Within these countries and territories, state control over daily life is pervasive and wide-ranging, independent organizations and political opposition are banned or suppressed, and fear of retribution for independent thought and action is part of daily life.
According to the Freedom House report Freedom in the World 2007, there are eight countries judged to have the worst records:

Burma (Myanmar), Cuba, Libya, North Korea, Somalia, Sudan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
Also included are two territories, Chechnya (Russian Federation) and Tibet, whose inhabitants suffer intense repression. These states and regions received the Freedom House survey’s lowest rating: 7 for political rights and 7 for civil
liberties.

The report also includes nine further countries near the bottom of Freedom
House's list of the most repressive:
Belarus, China, Cote d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Laos, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Zimbabwe. The territory of Western Sahara (most of the territory is controlled by Morocco) is also included in this group.
While these states scored slightly better than the “worst of the worst,” they offer very limited scope for private discussion while severely suppressing opposition political activity, impeding independent organizing, and censoring or punishing criticism of the state.


(Source: Freedom House Freedom in the World 2007)
See the full report on Freedom House
See also below: Third World Countries in Terms of Press Freedom

 

Third World Countries in Terms of their Gross National Income (GNI)

Countries with the least gross national income based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita in int'l Dollars.
Simplified the GNI PPP is the average annual income earned by a citizen of a country.
That means for example, a citizen of Malawi can spend $ 1.6 a day to make a living,
a citizen of Eritrea $ 2.5, the average US citizen spends $ 114 daily.

Below countries with an average yearly income per capita and year under $ 1000,
poorest nations first.

Rank

Country
 Region
GNI per capita
1 Timor-Leste South-East Asia *400
2 Malawi Eastern Africa 596
3 Somalia Eastern Africa *600
4 Democratic Republic of the Congo Middle Africa 675
5 Tanzania Eastern Africa 720
6 Yemen Middle East 745
7 Burundi Eastern Africa 753
8 Afghanistan Central Asia *800
9 Guinea-Bissau Western Africa 856
10 Ethiopia Eastern Africa 859
11 Niger Western Africa 896
12 Liberia Western Africa *900
13 Sierra Leone Western Africa 901
14 Madagascar Eastern Africa 911
15 Zambia Eastern Africa 911
16 Eritrea Eastern Africa 917

Sources: IMF -- International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database, April 2005
(*) CIA The World Factbook (covers countries not mentioned by the IMF, information may refer to 2004 or earlier.)
Slightly different figures you will find at The World Bank Group


Full list of National Economic Accounts for Countries and Regions around the World
 
 

Third World Countries in Terms of their Human Development

The Human Development Index (HDI) is published annually by the UN.
It measures the average achievements in a country in three basic dimensions of human development:

1. Life Expectancy Index (LEI): Life expectancy at birth (in years); 2. Education Index (EI) Mean years of schooling (in years), and Expected years of schooling (in years), and 3. Income Index (II): Per capita income (PPP $).

Below is the list of countries with a "Low Human Development".

Definitions:
Human Development Index (HDI): A composite index measuring average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development-a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living.

Life expectancy at birth: Number of years a newborn infant could expect to live if prevailing patterns of age-specific mortality rates at the time of birth stay the same throughout the infant's life.

Mean years of schooling: Average number of years of education received by people ages 25 and older, converted from education attainment levels using official durations of each level.
Expected years of schooling: Number of years of schooling that a child of school entrance age can expect to receive if prevailing patterns of age-specific enrolment rates persist throughout the child's life.

Gross national income (GNI) per capita: Aggregate income of an economy generated by its production and its ownership of factors of production, less the incomes paid for the use of factors of production owned by the rest of the world, converted to international dollars using purchasing power parity (PPP) rates, divided by midyear population.

GNI per capita rank minus HDI rank: Difference in rankings by GNI per capita and by the HDI. A negative value means that the country is better ranked by GNI than by the HDI.

Nonincome HDI: Value of the HDI computed from the life expectancy and education indicators only.


Human Development Index - Countries with Low Human Development 2011
HDI rank   Country Human Development Index (HDI)
Life expectancy at birth
Mean years of schooling Expected years of schooling Gross national income (GNI) per capita GNI per capita rank minus HDI Nonincome HDI
                   
142
Solomon Islands 0.510 67.9 4.5 9.1 1,782 10 0.567
143
Kenya 0.509 57.1 7.0 11.0 1,492 15 0.584
144
São Tomé and Príncipe 0.509 64.7 4.2 10.8 1,792 7 0.564
145
Pakistan 0.504 65.4 4.9 6.9 2,550 –7 0.526
146
Bangladesh 0.500 68.9 4.8 8.1 1,529 11 0.566
147
Timor-Leste 0.495 62.5 2.8 11.2 3,005 –14 0.499
148
Angola 0.486 51.1 4.4 9.1 4,874 –38 0.455
149
Myanmar 0.483 65.2 4.0 9.2 1,535 7 0.536
150
Cameroon 0.482 51.6 5.9 10.3 2,031 –4 0.509
151
Madagascar 0.480 66.7 5.2 10.7 824 26 0.605
152
Tanzania 0.466 58.2 5.1 9.1 1,328 10 0.523
153
Papua New Guinea 0.466 62.8 4.3 5.8 2,271 –12 0.475
154
Yemen 0.462 65.5 2.5 8.6 2,213 –11 0.471
155
Senegal 0.459 59.3 4.5 7.5 1,708 –2 0.488
156
Nigeria 0.459 51.9 5.0 8.9 2,069 –12 0.471
157
Nepal 0.458 68.8 3.2 8.8 1,160 8 0.524
158
Haiti 0.454 62.1 4.9 7.6 1,123 12 0.520
159
Mauritania 0.453 58.6 3.7 8.1 1,859 –10 0.472
160
Lesotho 0.450 48.2 5.9 9.9 1,664 –6 0.475
161
Uganda 0.446 54.1 4.7 10.8 1,124 7 0.506
162
Togo 0.435 57.1 5.3 9.6 798 16 0.526
163
Comoros 0.433 61.1 2.8 10.7 1,079 9 0.488
164
Zambia 0.430 49.0 6.5 7.9 1,254 0 0.469
165
Djibouti 0.430 57.9 3.8 5.1 2,335 –25 0.420
166
Rwanda 0.429 55.4 3.3 11.1 1,133 1 0.477
167
Benin 0.427 56.1 3.3 9.2 1,364 –6 0.456
168
Gambia 0.420 58.5 2.8 9.0 1,282 –5 0.450
169
Sudan 0.408 61.5 3.1 4.4 1,894 –21 0.402
170
Côte d'Ivoire 0.400 55.4 3.3 6.3 1,387 –10 0.412
171
Malawi 0.400 54.2 4.2 8.9 753 8 0.470
172
Afghanistan 0.398 48.7 3.3 9.1 1,416 –13 0.407
173
Zimbabwe 0.376 51.4 7.2 9.9 376 n 11 0.529
174
Ethiopia 0.363 59.3 1.5 8.5 971 0 0.383
175
Mali 0.359 51.4 2.0 8.3 1,123 –6 0.366
176
Guinea-Bissau 0.353 48.1 2.3 9.1 994 –3 0.366
177
Eritrea 0.349 61.6 3.4 4.8 536 6 0.421
178
Guinea 0.344 54.1 1.6 8.6 863 –2 0.364
179
Central African Republic 0.343 48.4 3.5 6.6 707 2 0.379
180
Sierra Leone 0.336 47.8 2.9 7.2 737 0 0.365
181
Burkina Faso 0.331 55.4 1.3 6.3 1,141 –15 0.323
182
Liberia 0.329 56.8 3.9 11.0 265 5 0.504
183
Chad 0.328 49.6 1.5 7.2 1,105 –12 0.320
184
Mozambique 0.322 50.2 1.2 9.2 898 –9 0.325
185
Burundi 0.316 50.4 2.7 10.5 368 0 0.412
186
Niger 0.295 54.7 1.4 4.9 641 –4 0.311
187
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0.286 48.4 3.5 8.2 280 –1 0.399


Source: UN Human Development Report 2011

Country List of Human Development Index (HDI)




Third World Countries in Terms of Poverty
The world´s most impoverished countries.

The least developed countries (LDCs) are a group of countries that have been identified by the UN as "least developed".
United Nations used the following three criteria for the identification of the LDCs

1. a low-income estimate of the gross national income (GNI) per capita.

2. their weak human assets and

3. their high degree of economic vulnerability.

There are 50 countries listed in the United Nations comparative analysis of poverty,
34 African countries, 10 Asian countries, 5 Pacific Island Nations and one Caribbean nation.

List of least developed countries (LDCs)
 
 

Third World Countries in Terms of Press Freedom

Reporters Without Borders is publishing annually an index of the countries of the world according to their respect for press freedom.

Below the list of countries, you can call them Third World of Press Freedom, the "black holes" for news where the privately-owned media is not allowed and freedom of expression does not exist. A list of countries right at the bottom of the fourth World Press Freedom Index.
 
# Country Region Score
147 Tunisia Northern Africa 57,50
148 Maldives South-Central Asia 58,50
149 Somalia Eastern Africa 59,00
150 Pakistan South-Central Asia 60,75
151 Bangladesh South-Central Asia 61,25
152 Belarus Eastern Europe 61,33
153 Zimbabwe Eastern Africa 64,25
154 Saudi Arabia Middle East 66,00
155 Lao PDR South-East Asia 66,50
- Uzbekistan South-Central Asia 66,50
157 Iraq Western Asia/ Middle East 67,00
158 Vietnam South-East Asia 73,25
159 China Eastern Asia 83,00
160 Nepal South-Central Asia 86,75
161 Cuba Caribbean 87,00
162 Libya Northern Africa 88,75
163 Myanmar (Burma) South-East Asia 88,83
164 Iran South-Central Asia 89,17
165 Turkmenistan South-Central Asia 93,50
166 Eritrea Eastern Africa 99,75
167 North Korea Eastern Asia 109,00
Source: Reporters Without Borders

Complete Country List of RSF Press Freedom Index 2005
 

Related Categories:
The First, Second and Third World
Countries of the First World
Countries of the Second World
Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs)
Rich and poor countries
Categories of development of countries in the world today.

See also: Country Economies Classification
Compare the purchasing power of countries with low income, middle income and high income.


World Recources 2008
The tables presents some of the data required to build a basic picture of the state of the World in its human, economic, and environmental dimensions.
 Population and Human Well-Being
Table of core indicators on population, health, education, poverty, infant mortality, and HIV/AIDS prevalence by countries.
 Food and Water Recources
The table contains four core indicators: Intensity of Agricultural Inputs, Food Security and Nutrition, Fisheries Production and Water Resources.
 Economics and Trade
Compare countries by core indicators of their Gross Domestic Product (GDP), GDP Distribution by the Sectors Agriculture, Industry and Services, Adjusted Net Savings, Export of Goods and Services, and Financial Flows.
 Institutions and Governance
Shows values of core indicators to evaluate governments and levels of freedom within countries. Compare Freedom Indices of Civil Liberties and Political Rights; Regulatory Barriers, Government Expenditures for Public Health, Public Education and Military; and peoples Access to Information.



 

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