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___ BahrainA virtual travel guide to Bahrain an island nation in the Middle East, the archipelago consists of the main island Al Bahrayn and some small islands and islets. The island state is situated in the Arabian Gulf, east of Saudi Arabia.
With an area of 741 sq km Bahrain is slightly bigger than Singapore (699 sq km), or 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC.
Read on to get an overview of Bahrain's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Bahrain shares maritime borders with: Iran, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia
Kingdom of Bahrain | Al Bahrayn
Flag of Bahrain
Bahrain's small size and central location among Persian Gulf countries require it to play a delicate balancing act in foreign affairs among its larger neighbors. Facing declining oil reserves, Bahrain has turned to petroleum processing and refining and has transformed itself into an international banking center. The new amir, installed in 1999, has pushed economic and political reforms and has worked to improve relations with the Shi'a community. In February 2001, Bahraini voters approved a referendum on the National Action Charter - the centerpiece of the amir's political liberalization program. In February 2002, Amir HAMAD bin Isa Al Khalifa proclaimed himself king. In October 2002, Bahrainis elected members of the lower house of Bahrain's reconstituted bicameral legislature, the National Assembly.
In 2001, the International Court of Justice awarded the Hawar Islands, long disputed with Qatar, to Bahrain.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
other Gulf States: Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates
Bahrain is a member state of the League of Arab States
Mamlakat al Bahrayn
short form: Al Bahrayn
int'l long form: Kingdom of Bahrain
int'l short form: Bahrain
ISO Country Code: bh
Local Time = UTC +3h
Actual Time: Thu-Dec-12 15:49
Country Calling Code: +973
Capital City: Manama (pop. 148 000)
Other Cities: Al Muharraq
Type: Constitutional hereditary monarchy.
Independence: 15 August 1971 (from the UK).
Location: an archipelago of 33 islands in the Persian Gulf located off the eastern coast of Saudi Arabia.
Area: 741 km² ( 286 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Low desert plain.
Climate: Arid; mild, pleasant winters with maximum temperatures average 20-30C (68-86F); very hot and humid from May-September, with average highs ranging from 30-40 C (86-104 F).
Population: 1,23 million, including 666,000 non-nationals (2010 Census)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 19 748 (year)
Ethnic groups: Bahraini 63%, Asian 19%, other Arab 10%, Iranian 8%.
Religions: 98% Muslim (Shi'a 70%, Sunni 30%), small Christian, Jewish and Hindu communities.
Languages: Arabic (official), English, Farsi, and Urdu are also widely spoken.
Natural resources: Oil, natural gas, fish, pearls.
Agriculture products: Fruit, vegetables; poultry, dairy products; shrimp, fish.
Industries: Petroleum processing and refining, aluminum smelting, iron pelletization, fertilizers, offshore banking, ship repairing; tourism.
Currency: Bahraini Dinar (BHD)
Bahrain in Figures
Bahrain kaey statistical data.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Bahrain Government Homepage.
Embassy of the Kingdom of Bahrain
Washington D.C. - USA
ABahrain Embassies Abroad and Embassies accredited to Bahrain
Llist of Bahrain Embassies abroad and foreign Diplomatic Missions accredited to Bahrain.
Map of Bahrain
Political Map of Bahrain.
Google Earth Map Bahrain
Searchable map and satellite view of Bahrain.
Google Earth Map Manama
Searchable map and satellite view of Bahrain's capital city.
Map of Northern Africa and the Middle East
Political Map of of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East.
Map of Western Asia
Map of South Western Asia and the Middle East region.
Bahrain News Agency
State run news agency.
Bahrain News (Arabic)
Bahrain at Middle East News Online
Bahrain related news.
Gulf Daily News
The voice of Bahrain.
Bahrain Arts Society
Non-profit cultural organization shows some artworks made by Bahrain artists.
Bahrain House of Photography
Site has a gallery of Bahrain photos by Abdulla Alkhan.
Time Out Bahrain
Ministry of Commerce
Official website of the ministry.
Banks and Institutions
Bahrain Monetary Agency
BMA is the central bank and single regulator for the financial services industry in the Kingdom of Bahrain.
Bank of Bahrain & Kuwait
National Bank of Bahrain
Bahrain Stock Exchange
Bahrain Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Official website of the chamber.
Bahrain Convention & Exhibition Bureau
Provides information about Bahrain as well as about trade fairs, exhibitions and events.
Bahrain Promotion & Marketing Board
Has some business information on Bahrain.
Bahrain Yellow Pages
Bahrain Information Portal.
Economic Development Board
A gateway to investment opportunities in Bahrain.
Aluminium Bahrain (ALBA)
Bahrain National Gas Company
Bahrain Yellow Pages
The national airline of the kingdom.
Bahrain International Airport
Supports the economic development of Bahrain.
Bahrain Information Portal.
Durrat Al Bahrain
Bahrain's island cities.
Hotels in Bahrain
Find a Hotel in Bahrain.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Arabian Gulf University
The University for the Arabian Gulf region.
Official website of the university.
University of Bahrain
University of Bahrain page provides also information on Bahrain.
Alreem Environmental Site
Biodiversity, nature and environment in the Gulf region.
Outline of Bahrain's History by Bahrain Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
History of Bahrain
Wikipedia History of Bahrain.
Additional Information on BahrainSearch
Arab web resources
Amnesty International: Bahrain
Amnesty International Reports.
Human Rights Watch: Bahrain
Reporters sans frontières - Bahrain
Report about Press freedom in the country.
BBC News Country Profile: Bahrain
UN Food and Agriculture Organization.
A UK Foreign Office country profile.
Human Rights Watch: Bahrain
Open Directory: Bahrain
UNDP - Human Development Indicators: Bahrain
Worldbank Data: Bahrain
The World Factbook -- Bahrain
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