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___ Australia

Destination Australia, this page is about many aspects of the "unknown southern land". Here you will find comprehensive information about Australia in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and history.
You will have access to newspapers from Australia and you will find extensive travel and tourism information for Australia.


  


Uluru - Ayers Rock, Australia
The Aboriginal sacred site Uluru - Ayers Rock
 

Commonwealth of Australia

Country Profile


Flag of Australia
Flag of Australia
Flag of the Aboriginals
Aboriginal Flag



I understood why Aboriginals choose to paint their land in 'pointillist' dots. The land was dotted. The white dots were spinifex; the blueish dots were eucalyptus, and the lemon-green dots were some other kind of tufty grass.
Bruce Chatwin - The Songlines

Background:
Australia became a commonwealth of the British Empire in 1901. It was able to take advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop its agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. Long-term concerns include pollution, particularly depletion of the ozone layer, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef. A referendum to change Australia's status, from a commonwealth headed by the British monarch to an independent republic, was defeated in 1999.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)


geographically close to: Indonesia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste
related countries: United Kingdom
 
where in the world is Australia?
Official Name:
Commonwealth of Australia
short form: Australia

ISO Country Code: au

Time:
Time Zone: EST (Eastern Standard Time)
Local Time = UTC +10h
Actual Time Canberra: Mon-Sept-22  23:10
DST from, October-March

Country Calling Code: +61

Capital City: Canberra (pop. 347 000)

Other Cities/towns:
Adelaide, Alice Springs, Brisbane (1.6 million) Darwin, Hobart, Melbourne (3.5 million), Sydney (4.2 million), Perth (1.3 million)

Government:
Democratic, federal-state system recognizing British monarch as sovereign.
Constitution: 9 July 1900.
Independence (federation): 1 January 1901.

Geography:
Location: Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean.
Area: 7.7 million km² (3 million sq. mi.); about the size of the 48 contiguous United States.
Terrain: Varied, but generally low-lying.

Climate:
Relatively dry, ranging from temperate in the south to tropical in the north.

People:
Nationality: Australian(s).
Population: 22.9 million (2012)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 31 020 (year)
Ethnic groups: European 92%, Asian 6%, Aboriginal 2%.
Religions: Anglican 20%, Roman Catholic 26%, other Christian 21%, other non-Christian 5%, no religion 15%.
Languages: English (official), Italian 12,4%, Greek 9.2 %, Cantonese 7.9 %, only 51 000 people speaking an Australian Indigenous Language at home.
Literacy: 85%.

Natural resources:
Bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum.

Agriculture products:
Wheat, barley, sugarcane, fruits; cattle, sheep, poultry.

Industries:
Mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, steel.

Exports partners:
Japan 13,9%, USA 6,7%, China 6.4%, New Zealand 5,7%, South Korea 5,7%, UK 5.2%, Taiwan 2.6% (2003)

Imports partners:
USA 15.8%, Japan 12.5%, China 11%, Germany 6.1%, UK 4.2% (2003)

Currency: Australian Dollar (AUD)

(Source: Australia Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and others) 

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Australia

Australian Government
Official website of Australia's Government.

Australian Parliament
The Australian Parliament online.

The Prime Minister of Australia
Prime Minister's web site.

Australian Government Directory
Government Online Directory - Structure, organisations and key people.

Australian Government Information Management Office
AGIMO fosters the efficient and effective use of ICT by Australian Government departments and agencies.



Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT)
Trade performance and global cooperation.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations
Australia's representation to the UN.
Embassy of Australia
Washington D.C. - USA
Australian Missions Abroad
List of Australia's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.
Diplomatic Representation by foreign governments in Canberra
List of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Australia.
Australia Visa
Visas for visitors to Australia.

Statistics
Australian Bureau of Statistics
Australia in Figures.

Weather
Australian Bureau of Meteorology
Weather Down Under.

Australian Territories and States

Australian Capital Territory
The Canberra Region on the web.

Northern Territory
The Northern Territory Government online - Northern Territory information.

New South Wales
The NSW Government Home Page with comprehensive information on NSW.

Queensland
Internet resources provided by the Queensland Government.

Victoria
Victoria's Government Information on Victoria.

South Australia
South Australia Central - Meet South Australia On Line!

Western Australia
The Government of Western Australia.

Tasmania
Tasmania
A comprehensive index to Tasmania and the official entry point for the State Government of Tasmania.
Parliament of Tasmania
Established 1825.


Australia Maps

Administrative Map of Australia
Map showing continental Australia with state borders and capital cities.
Australia Map
Political Map of Australia.
Detailed Australia Map
Map showing mainland Australia with international borders, state boundaries, the national capital Canberra, state capitals, major cities and towns, main roads, railroads and international airports.
Topographic Map of Australia
Topographic map of continental Australia showing the general topographic regions.

Google Earth Google Earth Map Australia
Searchable satellite/map view of Australia.

Google Earth Google Earth Canberra
Searchable map and satellite view of Australia's capital city.

Google Earth Information about with searchable maps/satellite views of Australia's state capital cities:
 Adelaide,  Alice Springs,  Brisbane,  Darwin,  Hobart,  Melbourne,  Sydney,  Perth


Landmarks:
Google Earth Google Earth Sydney Opera House
Annotated map/satellite view of Sydney's world famous Opera House.
Google Earth Google Earth Ayers Rock (Uluru)
Annotated satellite view of Ayers Rock.

profile Oceania Map
Reference map of Australia/Oceania.

External link
 Geoscience Australia
Australia's National Mapping Agency, an online resource for Australia related facts and maps.


 

Australia News

AAP
Australia's National News agency.

Press
The Advertiser/Sunday Mail
Adelaide based daily newspaper.
The Age
Melbourne's daily newspaper.
Australian Financial Review
Business and finances.
Australian News Network
Australian and international news contributed by several Australian newspapers.
The Australian
National Australian newspaper.
Canberra Times
Canberra's Newspaper.
The Courier-Mail
Latest Brisbane and Queensland news.
The Daily Telegraph
Sydney based daily.
Herald Sun
Melbourne based daily newspaper.
The Illawarra Mercury
Wollongong based newspaper with national and international news.
Sydney Morning Herald
Sydneys Newspaper.
The West Australian
A daily based in Perth.

Radio/TV
ABC Online
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
 

 

Arts & Culture

Aboriginal Art Online
Information and shop site for contemporary Aboriginal art.
The Arts Centre
Melbourne cultural centre.
Art Gallery NSW
Site of the Art Gallery of New South Wales.
DesArt
Association of Central Australian Aboriginal Art and Craft Centres.
Didgeridoo Cultural Hub | iDIDJ Australia
Aims to increase public awareness of the rich cultural traditions and significant heritage values of the didgeridoo.
Flanagan, Richard
Tasmanian Autor of "Death of a River Guide" and "Gould's Book of Fish".
Melbourne Theatre Company
Website of the oldest professional theatre company in Australia.
National Gallery of Australia
The art of indigenous Australia as well as Australian and international art.
Sydney Festival
One of Australia's biggest and brightest annual cultural event.
Sydney Opera House
The Sydney Opera House online.

Pop Music
AC/DC
The official AC/DC website featuring AC/DC news, music, videos, photos, fan club info, tour dates and more.
Bee Gees
The official online home of the Bee Gees.
Yothu Yindi
Australian Ethno Pop culture.

Museums
The Australian Museum
Australia's oldest museum, a museum of natural history and anthropology.
National Museum of Australia
Telling the stories of our land, our people and our nation, Canberra.
Museum Victoria
Cultures, histories, nature, science, technology and medicine.
National Gallery of Victoria
Australia’s very first, and largest, art gallery in Melbourne, founded in 1861.
The Powerhouse Museum
Largest museum in Australia - science, technology, decorative arts, design and Australian social history.

AMOL - Australian Museums and Galleries OnLine
A guide to Australia's Museums and galleries.

Sport

Cricket Australia
All about Australian Cricket.
Australian Rugby Union
News, fixtures results and articles.
 
 

Business & Economy

The Australian Securities Exchange
Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) was created by the merger of the Australian Stock Exchange and the Sydney Futures Exchange in July 2006. It is the primary stock exchange group in Australia.

National Australia Bank
National Australia Bank (NAB) is one of the four largest financial institutions in Australia.

RBA - Reserve Bank of Australia
Australia's Central Bank and banknote issuing authority.

Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ACCI)
ACCI the largest and most representative business organisation in Australia.
Australian Trade Commission (AUSTRADE)
The federal government's export and investment facilitation agency.

Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research
Information on Australian industry policies and programs, science and innovation, and resources.

Invest Australia
Invest Australia a National Investment Response Center to help you find out more about Australia.

Yellowpages.com.au
Yellow Pages Australia, Australian Business Directory.

__Products
Australian Made Campaign
Authorises companies to use the green and gold kangaroo logo - Australia's best known symbol for what's Australian made.

__Transportation
Airline
Qantas Airways
Australian's Airline.
Airnorth
Major regional operator in Northern Australia.

Ferry
Spirit of Tasmania
Ferry service between Devonport and Melbourne.

Railroad
Australian Rail Track Corporation
ARTC is an Australian government owned corporation which owns, leases, maintains and controls the majority of main railway lines on Australia's mainland.
Great Southern Railway
GSR operates interstate passenger trains aimed at the tourist market:
The Indian Pacific, (twice-weekly passenger train between Sydney–Adelaide–Perth)
The Ghan, (passenger train between Adelaide–Alice Springs–Darwin)
The Overland, (passenger train between Melbourne and Adelaide)
The Southern Spirit (luxury rail cruise train with various routes)
.
West Coast Railway
Melbourne-Geelong-Warrnambool Rail Passenger Service; defunct in 2004.
 
 

Destination Australia - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Down Under: New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia, Broome.
Accommodation, attractions, festivals and events, and tours.


Australia.com
Country, travel and tourism information on Australia by the Australian Tourist Commission.

New South Wales
Sydney & New South Wales Tourism
The official New South Wales website covers Sydney accommodation, regional accommodation, things to see and do and places to go.

Northern Territory
Central Australian Tourism
Travel and tourism guide to Alice Springs, Uluru, Macdonnells Ranges.
Northern Territory Travel
Travel guide to Aboriginal culture and nature in Australia's Outback.
Tourism NT
Official Northern Territory Tourist Commission site.

Queensland
Queensland Holidays
Official website of Queensland Tourism & Travel.
Queensland Tourism
The official Tourism Queensland Corporate Information.

South Australia
South Australia
South Australian holidays, travel and tourism.
Dive South Australia
Cave diving, shark diving, shipwrecks.
Murraylands
Holidays and vacation in Murraylands.

Tasmania
Discover Tasmania
Discover Tasmania and Hobart Australia Official Travel Guide.

Victoria
Visit Victoria
The official travel and accommodation site for Melbourne Victoria Australia.

Western Australia
Tourism Western Australia
Australia's wild west.
Online WA
A gateway to WA's Information & Services.
Broome
Travel and tourism information on Broome one of the last great-unexplored wilderness areas Australia's.

City Guides

Canberra
National Capital Authority.

Adelaide
Official website of the capital city of South Australia.
Alice Springs
Community Portal site.
Brisbane
Capital of Queensland.
Darwin
Darwin City, capital of Northern Territory.
Hobart
Hobart City, Capital of Tasmania.

Melbourne
The City of Melbourne, Capital of Victoria.
Melbourne
City guide to Australia's second-largest city.

Perth
Capital of Western Australia.

Sydney
The City of Sydney and the greater Sydney area, offers also a Visitors' Guide.
Sydney
Sydney visitors guide.

The Australian Tourism Net
More Australian travel and tourism information.

Guide to Australia
Links library by the Charles Sturt University.

web culture Destination Australia
Lonely Planet's Australia Guide.


Hotels
Hotels in Australia
Find Hotels in Australia.


Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Education

Australian National University
Canberra
Charles Sturt University
EdNA Online
Promotes the benefits of learning, education and training in Australia.
Macquarie University
Australia's Innovative University, Sydney.
University of Adeliade
University of South Australia
University of Tasmania
One of Australia's leading universities.
University of the Sunshine Coast
Sippy Downs near Brisbane, Queensland.
The University of Western Australia

National Library of Australia
Australian Libraries Gateway Site
Information about more than 5,400 Australian libraries.

Science & Research
Australian Institute of Marine Science
Waterworld
culture reference The Nanoworld
Atomic, molecular, cellular and macromolecular scales.
 
 

Environment

Department for Environment and Heritage, South Australia
South Australia's environmental assets and issues.
Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority
With a guide to Western Australia's Gardens and Parks.
Dragon Search
Information about sightings of the unique southern Australian fish - the seadragon.
Ecosustainable Hub
Resources and tools on ecology, environment and sustainability. Facilitating cooperation, networking and ethical developments.
Great Barrier Reef
One of the wonders of the natural world.
Save The Murray
Protect the health of the Murray-Darling Basin.
Tasmania Parks
A guide to Australian World Heritage Areas, National Parks and Reserves.

South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)
The Pacific region's major intergovernmental organisation charged with protecting and managing the environment and natural resources.
 

weedy sea dragon
Weedy Sea Dragon
© dragonsearch.asn.au, Photo: Graeme Collins

History

Australia's History at a Glance
Outline of the History of Australia including further history links.
 
 

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander

Australias First Nations "Koori", which means 'person' or 'people'
 Aboriginal Art & Culture Centre
Site by the Southern Arrernte Aboriginal tribal group.
Aboriginal Australia
History, culture and spirituality of Aboriginal people throughout Australia.
AIATSIS
Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies.
ATSIC
Official website of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission with information on Indigenous programs, activities and issues.
Bush Food and Bush Medicine
Some of the plants used for bush tucker and for bush medicine.
Corringie Settlement
Geodesic domes for the Corringie Community.
Dreamtime Legends
Get in contact with the Aboriginals world view.
Indigenous Australia
Indigenous Australia written by Aboriginal People.
Many Nations, One People
An introduction to Aboriginal culture and society.
National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Education Website
Explore the culture, issues and education of native peoples.
Stories of the Dreaming
Collected stories from the cultures of Indigenous Australians.

News
Koori Mail
Australia's national Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander newspaper (for subscribers only).
Message Stick
Australian Broadcasting Corporation gateway to Indigenous content that the ABC has to offer in Television, Radio and online.
 
 

Search

WebSearch.COM.AU
Australian/New Zealand Search Engine.
Web Wombat
Australian Search Engine.


Additional Information on Australia

BBC News Country Profile: Australia
Governments on the WWW: Australia
Open Directory Project: Australia
Wikipedia: Australia
The World Factbook -- Australia
 
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Top Travel Destinations
Maps of the World
International Airlines
 
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Other Countries in Australia/Oceania:
American Samoa, Fiji, French Polynesia (Tahiti), Marshall Islands, Micronesia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Tonga




Countries of the World: A - C | D - G | H - L | M - P | Q - T | U - Z
Continents: Africa | The Americas | Asia | Australia/Oceania | Europe
 
 

Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.