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Flag of Australia
Australia is situated between the Indian and the Pacific ocean, south of Asia and north of the Antarctic.
With an area of 7,617,930 km² the country is almost (95%) the size of continental USA (without Alaska), it is the sixth largest country in the world, with just 24.1 million inhabitants (in 2016).
Australia shares maritime borders with: East Timor, Indonesia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, and the islands of New Caledonia (a special collectivity of France).
Capital city is Canberra, other major cities are: Adelaide, Alice Springs, Brisbane (1.6 million) Darwin, Hobart, Melbourne (3.5 million), and Perth, largest city is Sydney (4.2 million). Official language is English.
Commonwealth of Australia
Commonwealth of Australia
short form: Australia
ISO Country Code: au
Time Zone: EST (Eastern Standard Time)
Local Time = UTC +10h
Actual Time Canberra: Thu-Mar-23 11:20
DST from, October-March
Country Calling Code: +61
Capital City: Canberra (pop. 347 000)
Adelaide, Alice Springs, Brisbane (1.6 million) Darwin, Hobart, Melbourne (3.5 million), Sydney (4.2 million), Perth (1.3 million)
Democratic, federal-state system recognizing British monarch as sovereign.
Constitution: 9 July 1900.
Independence (federation): 1 January 1901.
Location: Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean.
Area: 7.7 million km² (3 million sq. mi.); about the size of the 48 contiguous United States.
Terrain: Varied, but generally low-lying.
Relatively dry, ranging from temperate in the south to tropical in the north.
Population: 24,13 million (2016)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 31 020 (year)
Ethnic groups: European 92%, Asian 6%, Aboriginal 2%.
Religions: Anglican 20%, Roman Catholic 26%, other Christian 21%, other non-Christian 5%, no religion 15%.
Languages: English (official), Italian 12,4%, Greek 9.2 %, Cantonese 7.9 %, only 51 000 people speaking an Australian Indigenous Language at home.
Bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum.
Wheat, barley, sugarcane, fruits; cattle, sheep, poultry.
Mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, steel.
Exports - commodities: coal, iron ore, gold, meat, wool, alumina, wheat, machinery and transport equipment
Exports partners: China 32.2%, Japan 15.9%, South Korea 7.1%, US 5.4%, India 4.2% (2015)
Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, computers and office machines, telecommunication equipment and parts; crude oil and petroleum products
Imports partners: China 23%, US 11.2%, Japan 7.4%, South Korea 5.5%, Thailand 5.1%, Germany 4.6% (2015)
Currency: Australian Dollar (AUD)
(Source: Australia Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and others)
Australia became a commonwealth of the British Empire in 1901. It was able to take advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop its agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II.
Long-term concerns include pollution, particularly depletion of the ozone layer, and management and conservation of coastal areas, especially the Great Barrier Reef. A referendum to change Australia's status, from a commonwealth headed by the British monarch to an independent republic, was defeated in 1999.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of AustraliaAustralia's political system is both a representative democracy and a constitutional monarchy. Head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, formally represented by a Governor General. The legislative branch of the government of Australia is the bicameral parliament, with a Senate, and a House of Representatives. Head of government and leader of the Cabinet is the Prime Minister.
Official website of Australia's Government.
The Australian Parliament online.
The Prime Minister of Australia
Prime Minister's web site.
Australian Government Directory
Government Online Directory - Structure, organizations and key people.
Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT)
Trade performance and global cooperation.
Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations
Australia's representation to the UN.
Embassy of Australia
Washington D.C. - USA
Australian Missions Abroad
List of Australia's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.
Diplomatic Representation by foreign governments in Canberra
List of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Australia.
Visas for visitors to Australia.
Australian Bureau of Statistics
Australia in Figures.
Australian Bureau of Meteorology
Weather Down Under.
Australian Territories and StatesAustralian Capital Territory
The Canberra Region on the web.
The Northern Territory Government online - Northern Territory information.
New South Wales
The NSW Government Home Page with comprehensive information on NSW.
Internet resources provided by the Queensland Government.
Victoria's Government Information on Victoria.
South Australia Central - Meet South Australia On Line!
The Government of Western Australia.
A comprehensive index to Tasmania and the official entry point for the State Government of Tasmania.
Parliament of Tasmania
Australia MapsAdministrative Map of Australia
Map showing continental Australia with state borders and capital cities.
Political Map of Australia.
Detailed Australia Map
Map showing mainland Australia with international borders, state boundaries, the national capital Canberra, state capitals, major cities and towns, main roads, railroads and international airports.
Topographic Map of Australia
Topographic map of continental Australia showing the general topographic regions.
Google Earth Map Australia
Searchable satellite/map view of Australia.
Google Earth Canberra
Searchable map and satellite view of Australia's capital city.
Information about with searchable maps/satellite views of Australia's state capital cities:
Adelaide, Alice Springs, Brisbane, Darwin, Hobart, Melbourne, Sydney, Perth
Google Earth Sydney Opera House
Annotated map/satellite view of Sydney's world famous Opera House.
Google Earth Ayers Rock (Uluru)
Annotated satellite view of Ayers Rock.
Reference map of Australia/Oceania.
Australia's National Mapping Agency, an online resource for Australia related facts and maps.
Australia's National News agency.
The Advertiser/Sunday Mail
Adelaide based daily newspaper.
Melbourne's daily newspaper.
Australian Financial Review
Business and finances.
Australian News Network
Australian and international news contributed by several Australian newspapers.
National Australian newspaper.
Latest Brisbane and Queensland news.
The Daily Telegraph
Sydney based daily.
Melbourne based daily newspaper.
The Illawarra Mercury
Wollongong based newspaper with national and international news.
Sydney Morning Herald
The West Australian
A daily based in Perth.
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & Culture
Aboriginal Art Online
Information and shop site for contemporary Aboriginal art.
The Arts Centre
Melbourne cultural centre.
Art Gallery NSW
Site of the Art Gallery of New South Wales.
Association of Central Australian Aboriginal Art and Craft Centres.
Didgeridoo Cultural Hub | iDIDJ Australia
Aims to increase public awareness of the rich cultural traditions and significant heritage values of the didgeridoo.
Tasmanian Author of "Death of a River Guide" and "Gould's Book of Fish".
Melbourne Theatre Company
Website of the oldest professional theatre company in Australia.
National Gallery of Australia
The art of indigenous Australia as well as Australian and international art.
One of Australia's biggest and brightest annual cultural event.
Sydney Opera House
The Sydney Opera House online.
The official AC/DC website featuring AC/DC news, music, videos, photos, fan club info, tour dates and more. Listen to AC/DC - Highway to Hell
The official online home of the Bee Gees. Listen to Bee Gees - Stayin' Alive.
Australian Ethno Pop culture. Yothu Yindi lead singer Yunupingu has died in 2013. Listen to Yothu Yindi - Treaty
The Australian Museum
Australia's oldest museum, a museum of natural history and anthropology.
National Museum of Australia
Telling the stories of our land, our people and our nation, Canberra.
Cultures, histories, nature, science, technology and medicine.
National Gallery of Victoria
Australia’s very first, and largest, art gallery in Melbourne, founded in 1861.
The Powerhouse Museum
Largest museum in Australia - science, technology, decorative arts, design and Australian social history.
AMOL - Australian Museums and Galleries Online
A guide to Australia's Museums and galleries.
All about Australian Cricket.
Australian Rugby Union
News, fixtures results and articles.
Image: Thomas Schoch
Business & EconomyThe Australian economy has experienced continuous growth and features low unemployment, contained inflation, very low public debt, and a strong and stable financial system. The services sector is the largest part of the Australian economy, accounting for about 70% of GDP and 75% of jobs. In 2016 Australia was facing a range of growth constraints, principally driven by a sharp fall in global prices of key export commodities. The demand for resources and energy from Asia and especially China has declined.
The Australian Securities Exchange
Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) was created by the merger of the Australian Stock Exchange and the Sydney Futures Exchange in July 2006. It is the primary stock exchange group in Australia.
National Australia Bank
National Australia Bank (NAB) is one of the four largest financial institutions in Australia.
RBA - Reserve Bank of Australia
Australia's Central Bank and banknote issuing authority.
Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ACCI)
ACCI the largest and most representative business organization in Australia.
Australian Trade Commission (AUSTRADE)
The federal government's export and investment facilitation agency.
Department of Innovation, Industry, Science and Research
Information on Australian industry policies and programs, science and innovation, and resources.
Invest Australia a National Investment Response Center to help you find out more about Australia.
Yellow Pages Australia, Australian Business Directory.
Australian Made Campaign
Authorizes companies to use the green and gold kangaroo logo - Australia's best known symbol for what's Australian made.
Major regional operator in Northern Australia.
Spirit of Tasmania
Ferry service between Devonport and Melbourne.
Australian Rail Track Corporation
ARTC is an Australian government owned corporation which owns, leases, maintains and controls the majority of main railway lines on Australia's mainland.
Great Southern Railway
GSR operates interstate passenger trains aimed at the tourist market:
The Indian Pacific, (twice-weekly passenger train between Sydney–Adelaide–Perth)
The Ghan, (passenger train between Adelaide–Alice Springs–Darwin)
The Overland, (passenger train between Melbourne and Adelaide)
West Coast Railway
Melbourne-Geelong-Warrnambool Rail Passenger Service; defunct in 2004.
Destination Australia - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Down Under: New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia, Broome, The Kimberley.
Country, travel and tourism information on Australia by the Australian Tourist Commission.
New South Wales
Sydney & New South Wales Tourism
The official New South Wales website covers Sydney accommodation, regional accommodation, things to see and do and places to go.
Central Australian Tourism
Travel and tourism guide to Alice Springs, Uluru, Macdonnells Ranges.
Northern Territory Travel
Travel guide to Aboriginal culture and nature in Australia's Outback.
Official Northern Territory Tourist Commission site.
Official website of Queensland Tourism & Travel.
The official Tourism Queensland Corporate Information.
South Australian holidays, travel and tourism.
Dive South Australia
Cave diving, shark diving, shipwrecks.
Holidays and vacation in Murraylands.
Discover Tasmania and Hobart Australia Official Travel Guide.
The official travel and accommodation site for Melbourne Victoria Australia.
Tourism Western Australia
Australia's wild west.
A gateway to WA's Information & Services.
Travel and tourism information on Broome one of the last great-unexplored wilderness areas Australia's.
National Capital Authority.
Capital city of South Australia.
Community Portal site.
Capital of Queensland.
Darwin City, capital of Northern Territory.
Hobart City, Capital of Tasmania.
The City of Melbourne, Capital of Victoria.
Capital of Western Australia.
The City of Sydney and the greater Sydney area.
Lonely Planet's Australia Guide.
Image: Sarah Ackerman
Image: Amanda Slater
Image: Richard Mikalsen
|Travel and Tour Consumer Information
EducationAustralian National University
Charles Sturt University
Promotes the benefits of learning, education and training in Australia.
Australia's Innovative University, Sydney.
University of Adeliade
University of South Australia
University of Tasmania
One of Australia's leading universities.
University of the Sunshine Coast
Sippy Downs near Brisbane, Queensland.
The University of Western Australia
National Library of Australia
Australian Libraries Gateway Site
Information about more than 5,400 Australian libraries.
Science & Research
Australian Institute of Marine Science
Atomic, molecular, cellular and macromolecular scales.
Environment & NatureDepartment for Environment and Heritage, South Australia
South Australia's environmental assets and issues.
Botanic Gardens and Parks Authority
With a guide to Western Australia's Gardens and Parks.
Conservation Council SA
The voice for South Australia's environment.
Resources and tools on ecology, environment and sustainability. Facilitating cooperation, networking and ethical developments.
Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority
One of the wonders of the natural world.
Save The Murray
Protect the health of the Murray-Darling Basin.
A guide to Australian World Heritage Areas, National Parks and Reserves.
South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)
The Pacific region's major intergovernmental organisation charged with protecting and managing the environment and natural resources.
- Image: ©Ta-graphy
Australia's History at a Glance
Outline of the History of Australia including further history links.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
Australias First Nations "Koori", which means 'person' or 'people'
Aboriginal Art & Culture Centre
Site by the Southern Arrernte Aboriginal tribal group.
History, culture and spirituality of Aboriginal people throughout Australia.
Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies.
Bush Food and Bush Medicine
Some of the plants used for bush tucker and for bush medicine.
Geodesic domes for the Corringie Community.
Get in contact with the Aboriginals world view.
Indigenous Australia written by Aboriginal People.
Many Nations, One People
An introduction to Aboriginal culture and society.
Australian Indigenous cultural heritage
About Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures.
Stories of the Dreaming
Collected stories from the cultures of Indigenous Australians.
Australia's national Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander newspaper (for subscribers only).
Australian Broadcasting Corporation gateway to Indigenous content that the ABC has to offer in Television, Radio and online.
Australian Search Engine.
Open Directory Project: Australia
Additional Information on Australia
BBC Country Profile: Australia
The Commonwealth: Australia
The World Factbook -- Australia
Countries in Australia/Oceania:
American Samoa | Fiji | French Polynesia (Tahiti) | Marshall Islands | Micronesia
New Zealand | Papua New Guinea | Samoa | Tonga
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