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Location map of the Comoros. Where in Africa are the Comoros?
Location map of the Comoros
Flag of Comoros
Flag of Comoros
A virtual guide to the Union of the Comoros, a sovereign archipelago island nation in the Indian Ocean east of Mozambique, off the east coast of the African continent and west of the northern tip of Madagascar.

The Comoros consists of the four main islands: Ngazidja (French: Grande Comore), Mwali (French: Mohéli), Nzwani (French: Anjouan) and Maore (French: Mayotte), the contested island of Mayotte is administered by France. Nearest Countries to the Comoros are Mozambique, Tanzania, Madagascar, and the Seychelles.

The combined area of the island group (including Mayotte) is 2,235 km², compared, the island nation is slightly smaller than Luxembourg or also slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Rhode Island.

Comoros has a population of 770,000 (2015). Capital and largest city is Moroni on Grande Comore.
Spoken languages are Comorian (Comorian Swahili, a Bantu language), French, and Arabic.

This page aims to give you a broad overview of the archipelago's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.


Union of the Comoros | Union des Comores

Country Profile

Comoros has endured more than 20 coups or attempted coups since gaining independence from France in 1975. In 1997, the islands of Anjouan and Moheli declared independence from Comoros. In 1999, military chief Col. AZALI seized power in a bloodless coup, and helped negotiate the 2000 Fomboni Accords power-sharing agreement in which the federal presidency rotates among the three islands, and each island maintains its own local government.

AZALI won the 2002 Presidential election, and each island in the archipelago elected its own president. AZALI stepped down in 2006 and President SAMBI was elected to office. In 2007, BACAR effected Anjouan's de-facto secession from the Union, refusing to step down in favor of fresh Anjouanais elections when Comoros' other islands held legitimate elections in July. The African Union (AU) initially attempted to resolve the political crisis by applying sanctions and a naval blockade on Anjouan, but in March 2008, AU and Comoran soldiers seized the island. The move was generally welcomed by the island's inhabitants.
(Source: World Factbook -- Comoros)

Related countries: France

Official Name:
Union des Comores (French)
Udzima wa Komori (Comorian)
short form: Comores
int'l long form: Union of the Comoros
int'l short form: Comoros
Hist. name: Djazaïr Al Qamar (Islands of the Moon)

ISO Country Code: km

Local Time = UTC +3h
Actual Time: Tue-Oct-25  23:53

Country Calling Code: +269

Capital City: Moroni (pop. 60,000)

Other Cities: Mutsamudu (pop. 20,000)
Fomboni, Mamoutzou.

Type: Republic.
Independence: 6 July 1975 (from France, Mayotte remains under French administration).
Constitution: Adopted by referendum on 23 December 2001.

Location: Southern east Africa, group of islands at the Mozambique Channel which separates Madagascar from the African continent.
Area: 2,171 km² (838 sq. mi.)
Major islands: Grande Comore, Anjouan, Mayotte (administered by France), and Moheli.
Terrain: Volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills.
Highest point: Le Kartala (an active volcano; 2360 m)

Climate: Tropical marine.

Nationality: Comorian(s).
Population: 770,000 (2015)
Ethnic groups: Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava.
Religions: Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%.
Languages: Shikomor (Comorian, a Swahili-Arabic blend), Arabic, French, Swahili.
Literacy: 57%.

Natural resources: Few natural resources.

Agriculture products: Vanilla, ylang-ylang, jasmine, cassis, cloves, perfume essences, copra, coconuts, bananas, cassava (tapioca)

Industries: Tourism, perfume distillation.

Exports partners:India 28.7%, France 17%, Germany 8.7%, Saudi Arabia 7.1%, Singapore 6.6%, Netherlands 6.1%, Mauritius 5.3% (2015)

Imports partners:China 18.9%, Pakistan 16.2%, France 14.7%, UAE 11.3%, India 6.3% (2015)

Currency: Comoran Franc (KMF)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Comoros

Présidence de l'Union des Comores
Official website of the Presidency of the Union of the Comoros (Site being updated)

Gouvernement Union des Comores
(Site being updated)

Commission de l'Océan Indien
Indian Ocean Commission (COI) is an intergovernmental organization that joins Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, France (for Réunion), and the Seychelles together to encourage cooperation.

Ministère des Relations Extérieures et de la Coopération
Comoros Ministry of External Relations and Cooperation.

Permanent Mission of the Union of the Comoros
Permanent Mission of the Union of the Comoros to the United Nations.


Map of Comoros
Political map of Comoros.

Google Earth Google Earth Comoros
Searchable map and satellite view of Comoros.
Google Earth Google Earth Moroni
Searchable map and satellite view of Comoros' capital city.

Map of Africa
Political Map of Africa.
Relief Map of Africa

Bangas - traditional Comorian buildings

Comoros News

Al Watwan
Comoros online weekly news (in French)
Comorama Info
Island news (in French)
Comores Info
Comoros related news (in French)
Le Canal
News and information covering the Mozambique Channel region (in French).

Kweli Le Magazine
Monthly political magazin (in French)


Office de Radio Télévion des Comores (ORTC)

Radio Ocean Indien
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Arts & Culture

Comoros Islands Encyclopedia
The site includes information about arts and culture of the Comoros.
Holambe Comores
Comoros magazine.
Comoros Archipelago
Comoros Beach Scenery

Business & Economy

Société Nationale des Postes et Télécommunications (SNPT)
The National Mail and Telecommunications enterprise.

Guide d'informations économiques des Comores
Site of a printed professional directory for the Comoros' economy (in French).

Comores Aviation International
Serves destinations on the Comoros archipelago, Dar es Salaam, and Zanzibar (Tanzania).

Destination Comoros - Travel and Tour Guides

Main islands: Grande Comore (Ngazidja), Anjouan (Nzwani), Mayotte (Maore) and Mohéli (Mwali)

Nature in the Comoros Islands conjures up images
of peace: white beaches fringed by coconut palms,
multicoloured tropical gardens, myriad shells and
fish, including the famous coelacanth which dates
back 350 million years, bush babies and sea turtles.
The perfumes of vanilla and cloves mingle with that
of ylang-ylang flowers, one of the country's oldest
sources of wealth. As well as natural beauty, visitors
can also appreciate the islands' history and culture.

Revenue from tourism is jeopardised by poor services
for transport, water, electricity and health, and
the unstable political climate.

Comores Tourisme
Official website of the Ministry of Tourism with tourist information about the islands.

The Comoro Islands' Home Page with comprehensive information about the archipelago.

Comores islands - les îles de la lune
Comoros portal site with travel and tourism information.

Comité du Tourisme de Mayotte
Official tourism website of Mayotte.
l'île au Lagon
More Mayotte tourism (in French)
A travel and tourism portal site about Mayotte (in French)


Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Comoros Woman
Comoros: Woman grinding coconuts


Université des Comores
Official website of the University of the Comoros (UDC) a publicly-owned institution founded in 2003, Moroni (in French; temporarily not online).


Environment & Nature

Web site about that 400 million year old "living fossil" fish, living in the waters around Comoros.
Moidjio C.R.C.A.D.
Site of the Centre for Research Conservation and Development.
Le Programme Régional à la Promotion d'une Education pour la Gestion de l'Environnement (ARPEGE)
Indian Ocean Commission program for the environment (in French).
PNUD Comores
Site of the UN environment development program for the Comoros (in French).


History of Comoros
Wikipedia entry about the History of Comoros.

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