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___ Comoros

A virtual guide to the Union of the Comoros. This page aims to give you a broad overview of the archipelago's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile this page contains links to sources that will provide you with in-depth information about this African island nation, e.g.: web sites of Comoros, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from the union.

Comoros Archipelago
Comoros Beach Scenery
 

Union of the Comoros | Union des Comores

Country Profile


Flag of Comoros
Flag of Comoros


Background:
Comoros has endured more than 20 coups or attempted coups since gaining independence from France in 1975. In 1997, the islands of Anjouan and Moheli declared independence from Comoros. In 1999, military chief Col. AZALI seized power in a bloodless coup, and helped negotiate the 2000 Fomboni Accords power-sharing agreement in which the federal presidency rotates among the three islands, and each island maintains its own local government. AZALI won the 2002 Presidential election, and each island in the archipelago elected its own president. AZALI stepped down in 2006 and President SAMBI was elected to office. In 2007, BACAR effected Anjouan's de-facto secession from the Union, refusing to step down in favor of fresh Anjouanais elections when Comoros' other islands held legitimate elections in July. The African Union (AU) initially attempted to resolve the political crisis by applying sanctions and a naval blockade on Anjouan, but in March 2008, AU and Comoran soldiers seized the island. The move was generally welcomed by the island's inhabitants.

(Source: World Factbook -- Comoros)


related countries: France


other countries in the region: Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles, Tanzania
 
Where in Africa are the Comoros?

Official Name:
Union des Comores (French)
Udzima wa Komori (Comorian)
short form: Comores
int'l long form: Union of the Comoros
int'l short form: Comoros
Hist. name: Djazaïr Al Qamar (Islands of the Moon)

ISO Country Code: km

Time:
Local Time = UTC +3h
Actual Time: Tue-July-22  10:19

Country Calling Code: +269

Capital City: Moroni (pop. 60,000)

Other Cities: Mutsamudu (pop. 20,000)
Fomboni, Mamoutzou.

Government:
Type: Republic.
Independence: 6 July 1975 (from France, Mayotte remains under French administration).
Constitution: Adopted by referendum on 23 December 2001.

Geography:
Location: Southern east Africa, group of islands at the Mozambique Channel which separates Madagascar from the African continent.
Area: 2,171 km² (838 sq. mi.)
Major islands: Grande Comore, Anjouan, Mayotte (administered by France), and Moheli.
Terrain: Volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills.
Highest point: Le Kartala (an active volcano; 2360 m)

Climate: Tropical marine.

People:
Nationality: Comorian(s).
Population: 800,000
Ethnic groups: Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava.
Religions: Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%.
Languages: Shikomor (Comorian, a Swahili-Arabic blend), Arabic, French, Swahili.
Literacy: 57%.

Natural resources: Few natural resources.

Agriculture products: Vanilla, ylang-ylang, jasmine, cassis, cloves, perfume essences, copra, coconuts, bananas, cassava (tapioca)

Industries: Tourism, perfume distillation.

Exports partners: USA 43.8%, France 18.6%, Singapore 16.5%, Turkey 4.8%, Germany 4.5% (2004)

Imports partners: France 23.5%, South Africa 11%, Kenya 7.5%, UAE 7.2%, Italy 4.9%, Pakistan 4.7%, Mauritius 4.2%, Singapore 4.1% (2004)

Currency: Comoran Franc (KMF)


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Comoros

Présidence de l'Union des Comores
Official website of the Presidency of the Union of the Comoros (in French)

Commission de l'Océan Indien
Indian Ocean Commission (COI) is an intergovernmental organization that joins Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, France (for Réunion), and the Seychelles together to encourage cooperation.

Ministère des Relations Extérieures et de la Coopération
Comoros Ministry of External Relations and Cooperation.

Permanent Mission of the Union of the Comoros
Permanent Mission of the Union of the Comoros to the United Nations.


Maps
Map of Comoros
Political map of Comoros.

Google Earth Google Earth Comoros
Searchable map and satellite view of Comoros.
Google Earth Google Earth Moroni
Searchable map and satellite view of Comoros' capital city.

Map of Africa
Political Map of Africa.
Relief Map of Africa



Banga  
Bangas - traditional Comorian buildings

Comoros News

Al Watwan
Comoros online weekly news (in French)
Comorama Info
Island news (in French)
Comores Info
Comoros related news (in French)
Le Canal
News and information covering the Mozambique Channel region (in French).

Kweli Le Magazine
Monthly political magazin (in French)


Radio/TV

Office de Radio Télévion des Comores ORTC

Radio Ocean Indien
 

 

Arts & Culture

Comoros Islands Encyclopedia
The site includes information about arts and culture of the Comoros.
Holambe Comores
Comoros magazine.
 

 

Business & Economy


Société Nationale des Postes et Télécommunications (SNPT)
The National Mail and Telecommunications enterprise.


Guide d'informations économiques des Comores
Site of a printed professional directory for the Comoros' economy (in French).

Transportation 
Comores Aviation International
Serves destinations on the Comoros archipelago, Dar es Salaam, and Zanzibar (Tanzania).
 
 

Destination Comoros - Travel and Tour Guides

Main islands: Grande Comore (Ngazidja), Anjouan (Nzwani), Mayotte (Maore) and Mohéli (Mwali)


Nature in the Comoros Islands conjures up images
of peace: white beaches fringed by coconut palms,
multicoloured tropical gardens, myriad shells and
fish, including the famous coelacanth which dates
back 350 million years, bush babies and sea turtles.
The perfumes of vanilla and cloves mingle with that
of ylang-ylang flowers, one of the country's oldest
sources of wealth. As well as natural beauty, visitors
can also appreciate the islands' history and culture.

Revenue from tourism is jeopardised by poor services
for transport, water, electricity and health, and
the unstable political climate.


Comores Tourisme
Official website of the Ministry of Tourism with tourist information about the islands.


COMORO ISLANDS Les Comores
The Comoro Islands' Home Page with comprehensive information about the archipelago.

Comores islands - les îles de la lune
Comoros portal site with travel and tourism information.


Mayotte
Comité du Tourisme de Mayotte
Official tourism website of Mayotte.
l'île au Lagon
More Mayotte tourism (in French)
Malango-Mayotte
A travel and tourism portal site about Mayotte (in French)

 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Comoros Woman
Comoros: Woman grinding coconuts

Education

Université des Comores
Official website of the University of the Comoros (UDC) a publicly-owned institution founded in 2003, Moroni (in French; temporarily not online).

 
 

Environment

Coelacanths
Web site about that 400 million year old "living fossil" fish, living in the waters around Comoros.
Moidjio C.R.C.A.D.
Site of the Centre for Research Conservation and Development.
Le Programme Régional à la Promotion d'une Education pour la Gestion de l'Environnement (ARPEGE)
Indian Ocean Commission program for the environment (in French).
PNUD Comores
Site of the UN environment development program for the Comoros (in French).
 
 

History

History of Comoros
Wikipedia entry about the History of Comoros.
 
 

Additional Information on Comoros

Africa South of the Sahara: Comoros
Stanford University.
BBC News Country Profile: Comoros
Mbendi Profile: Comoros
Including economic overviews and directories of companies.
Open Directory Project: Comoros
Wikipedia: Comoros
The World Factbook -- Comoros
 
 

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