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A virtual guide to the Union of the Comoros, a sovereign island nation in the Indian Ocean east of Mozambique, off the east coast of the African continent and west of the northern tip of Madagascar.
Flag of Comoros
The Comoros consists of the four main islands: Ngazidja (French: Grande Comore), Mwali (French: Mohéli), Nzwani (French: Anjouan) and Maore (French: Mayotte), the contested island of Mayotte is administered by France. Nearest Countries to the Comoros are Mozambique, Tanzania, Madagascar, and the Seychelles.
The combined area of the island group (including Mayotte) is 2,235 km², compared, the island nation is slightly smaller than Luxembourg or also slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Rhode Island.
Comoros has a population of 770,000 (2015). Capital and largest city is Moroni on Grande Comore.
Spoken languages are Comorian (Comorian Swahili, a Bantu language), French, and Arabic.
Union of the Comoros | Union des Comores
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Union des Comores (French)
Udzima wa Komori (Comorian)
short form: Comores
int'l long form: Union of the Comoros
int'l short form: Comoros
Hist. name: Djazaïr Al Qamar (Islands of the Moon)
ISO Country Code: km, com
Local Time = UTC +3h
Actual Time: Tue-May-30 06:25
Country Calling Code: +269
Capital City: Moroni (pop. 60,000)
Other Cities: Mutsamudu (pop. 20,000)
Independence: 6 July 1975 (from France, Mayotte remains under French administration).
Constitution: Adopted by referendum on 23 December 2001.
Location: Southern east Africa, group of islands at the Mozambique Channel which separates Madagascar from the African continent.
Area: 2,171 km² (838 sq. mi.)
Major islands: Grande Comore, Anjouan, Mayotte (administered by France), and Moheli.
Terrain: Volcanic islands, interiors vary from steep mountains to low hills.
Highest point: Le Kartala (an active volcano; 2360 m)
Climate: Tropical marine.
Population: 770,000 (2015)
Ethnic groups: Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava.
Religions: Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2%.
Languages: Shikomor (Comorian, a Swahili-Arabic blend), Arabic, French, Swahili.
Natural resources: Few natural resources.
Agriculture products: Vanilla, ylang-ylang, jasmine, cassis, cloves, perfume essences, copra, coconuts, bananas, cassava (tapioca)
Industries: Tourism, perfume distillation.
Exports partners: India 28.7%, France 17%, Germany 8.7%, Saudi Arabia 7.1%, Singapore 6.6%, Netherlands 6.1%, Mauritius 5.3% (2015)
Imports partners: China 18.9%, Pakistan 16.2%, France 14.7%, UAE 11.3%, India 6.3% (2015)
Currency: Comoran Franc (KMF)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of Comoros
Présidence de l'Union des Comores
Official website of the Presidency of the Union of the Comoros (Site being updated)
Gouvernement Union des Comores
(Site being updated)
Commission de l'Océan Indien
Indian Ocean Commission (COI) is an intergovernmental organization that joins Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, France (for Réunion), and the Seychelles together to encourage cooperation.
Ministère des Relations Extérieures et de la Coopération
Comoros Ministry of External Relations and Cooperation.
Permanent Mission of the Union of the Comoros
Permanent Mission of the Union of the Comoros to the United Nations.
Embassy of the Comoros in Washington DC
Official site of the Embassy of the Comoros to the United States, Canada and Cuba.
Map of Comoros
Political map of Comoros.
Google Earth Comoros
Searchable map and satellite view of Comoros.
Google Earth Moroni
Searchable map and satellite view of Comoros' capital city.
Map of Africa
Political Map of Africa.
Relief Map of Africa
Comoros online weekly news (in French)
Comoros related news (in French)
News and information covering the Mozambique Channel region (in French).
Office de Radio Télévion des Comores (ORTC)
Radio Ocean Indien
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Arts & Culture
Comoros Islands Encyclopedia
The site includes information about arts and culture of the Comoros.
Afro Sufi Roots. Musician from Comoros.
Business & EconomyAnother one of the world's poorest countries. Its economy is hampered by inadequate transportation links, a low educational level of the labor force, and few natural resources. The country is heavy dependent on foreign grants and technical assistance. Agriculture and forestry, accounts for 50% of GDP, it employs 80% of the labor force and provides most of the exports. Main crops are vanilla, cloves, and ylang-ylang (Cananga odorata). Comoros government is struggling to provide basic services, upgrade education and technical training.
Societé Nationale des Postes et Services Financiers
The National Mail and Financial Service enterprise.
African Economic Outlook Comores
African Economic Outlooksummary about Comoros' economy.
Comores Aviation International
Serves destinations on the Comoros archipelago, Dar es Salaam, and Zanzibar (Tanzania).
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Comoros - Travel and Tour Guides
Main islands: Grande Comore (Ngazidja), Anjouan (Nzwani), Mayotte (Maore) and Mohéli (Mwali)
Nature in the Comoros Islands conjures up images of peace: white beaches fringed by coconut palms, multicoloured tropical gardens, myriad shells and fish, including the famous coelacanth which dates back 350 million years, bush babies and sea turtles.
The perfumes of vanilla and cloves mingle with that of ylang-ylang flowers, one of the country's oldest sources of wealth. As well as natural beauty, visitors can also appreciate the islands' history and culture.
Revenue from tourism is jeopardised by poor services for transport, water, electricity and health, and the unstable political climate.
Official website of the Ministry of Tourism with tourist information about the islands.
COMORO ISLANDS Les Comores
The Comoro Islands' Home Page with comprehensive information about the archipelago.
Comores islands - les îles de la lune
Comoros portal site with travel and tourism information.
Comité du Tourisme de Mayotte
Official tourism website of Mayotte.
l'île au Lagon
More Mayotte tourism (in French)
A travel and tourism portal site about Mayotte (in French)
Université des Comores
Official website of the University of the Comoros (UDC) a publicly-owned institution founded in 2003, Moroni (in French; temporarily not online).
Environment & Nature
Web site about that 400 million year old "living fossil" fish, living in the waters around Comoros.
Site of the Centre for Research Conservation and Development.
Le Programme Régional à la Promotion d'une Education pour la Gestion de l'Environnement (ARPEGE)
Indian Ocean Commission program for the environment (in French).
Site of the UN environment development program for the Comoros (in French).
History of Comoros
Wikipedia entry about the History of Comoros.
Sources and additional Information on Comoros
Africa South of the Sahara: Comoros
BBC Country Profile: Comoros
Indian Ocean Commission: Comoros
Open Directory Project: Comoros
The World Factbook -- Comoros
Other Countries of Central Africa
Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa), Congo, Rep. (Brazzaville), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe
Other Countries of Eastern Africa
Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique
Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
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