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Destination Czech Republic, this page is about many aspects of this central European country. Here you will find comprehensive information about Czechia in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and history.
You will have access to Czech newspapers and you will find travel and tourism information.
Prague Castle, Czech Republic
Prague Castle © Czech Tourist Authority
 

Czech Republic | Ceska Republika

Country Profile


Flag of Czech Republic
Flag of Czech Republic

Background:
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in central Europe.
Before World War I part of Austria-Hungary, in 1918 the Czechs and neighbouring Slovaks joined together and formed the independent republic of Czechoslovakia. In World War II occupied by the Germans in 1939. After World War II, Czechoslovakia fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a member of the Warsaw Pact.
In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize Communist Party rule and create "socialism with a human face" during the "Prague Spring". With the collapse of Soviet authority in 1989, Czechoslovakia regained its freedom through a peaceful "Velvet Revolution" and became a sovereign state.
On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. In 1999 the Czech Republic became a member of the NATO and in 2004 a member of the European Union.


border countries: Austria, Germany, Poland, Slovakia
related countries: Russian Federation
 

where in Europe is Czechia?

Official Name:
Ceska Republika
short form: Cesko
int'l short form: Czechia
int'l long form: Czech Republic
formerly part of Czechoslovakia.

National motto: Pravda vítezí. (Truth prevails)

ISO Country Code: cz

Time
Time Zone: Central European Time (CET)
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Mon-July-28  08:14
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)

Country Calling Code: +420

Capital City: Prague (Praha, Prag; pop. 1.2 million; Metro: 1.9 million).

Other Cities:
Brno (400,000), Ostrava (310,000), Plzen, (Pilsen) (172,000)

Government:
Parliamentary Republic.
Independence: The Czech Republic was established 1 January 1993 (former Czechoslovak state established 1918).
Constitution: Signed 16 December 1992.

Geography:
Location: Central Europe, southeast of Germany.
Area: 78,864 km² (30,449 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country.

Climate: Temperate; mild summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters, west winds prevail.

People:
Nationality: Czech(s).
Population: 10.5 million (2011)
Ethnic groups: Czech (90.4% or 9.25 million); Moravian (more than 380,000 people); Slovak (193,000); Roma (171,000); Silesian ethnicity (11,000 people); Polish (52,000); German (39,000); Ukrainian (22,000) and Vietnamese (18,000).
Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant.
Language: Czech, Slovak.
Literacy: 99.8%.

Natural resources: Coal, coke, kaolin, lignite, magnesite, timber, uranium.
Agriculture products: Wheat, potatoes, sugar beets, hops, fruit; pigs, poultry.
Industries: Metallurgy, machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, glass, armaments.

Exports partners: Germany 33.5%, Slovakia 8.7%, Austria 5.5%, Poland 5.5%, France 5.3%, UK 4.6%, Italy 4.3% (2005)

Imports partners: Germany 30%, Russia 5.7%, Slovakia 5.4%, China 5.1%, Poland 5%, Italy 4.8%, France 4.5%, Netherlands 4% (2005)

Currency: Czech Koruna (CZK)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Czech Republic

The Government of the Czech Republic
Official site of the Czech Government.

The President of the Czech Republic
Office of the President of the Czech Republic.

The Czech Republic
The Czech Republic online.



Ministry of Foreign Affairs
MOFA Czech Republic

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of the Czech Republic to the UN in New York
Czech Republic's representation to the United Nations.
The Czech Embassy to the U.S.
Washington D.C.
Czech Missions Abroad
Czech Diplomatic Missions in the World.
Foreign Missions to the Czech Republic
List of foreign Diplomatic Missions in Czechia.


Statistics
Cesky statisticky urad
Czech Statistical Office (CSO)


Weather
Cesky hydrometeorologicky ústav
The Czech Hydrometeorological Institute (CMHI).


Maps

profile Political Map of Czech Republic
Detailed Map of Czechia.
Above Map of Czech Republic as PDF
(Get Acrobat PDF Reader)

Google Earth Google Earth Czech Republic
Searchable map and satellite view of Czech Republic.
Google Earth Google Earth Prague (Praha)
Searchable map and satellite view of Prague.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.

 

Czech News and Media

CTK News
CTK the national "public law" news agency.

Czech language newspapers
Ceske Noviny
National and international news.
iDNES
The leading Czech daily (in ).

English language newspapers
Prague Daily Monitor
Free source of Czech news in English, also delivered by email.
The Prague Post
Issues and events in the Czech Republic, English-language weekly.
The Prague Tribune
News from the Czech Republic, English-language monthly.

Radio/TV
Czech Television (CT)
Ceska televize, the public service television in the Czech Republic.
 Radio Prague
Radio Praha, the international service of Czech Radio, with news in 6 languages.
 

 

Arts & Culture

The Kafka Project
A site dedicated to the work of Franz Kafka.
Franz Kafka's Prague, A Literary Walking Tour
In and beyond Kafka's Prague.
Neviditelny Pes
"The Invisible Dog", a daily opinion column (in Czech)

The National Gallery
Czechia's National Gallery is located in Prague.
The National Library of the Czech Republic
Official website of the library.
State Research Library
The Research Library in Ceske Budejovice.

Music
Trutnov Open Air Music Festival
By now the oldest, one of the biggest and possibly the most well-known Open Air in Czech Republic.
 
 

Business & Economy

Ceská Národnì Banka
The CNB is the central bank of the Czech Republic and the supervisor of the Czech financial market.

Prague Stock Exchange
The official website of the stock exchange, PSE is part of the international CEE Stock Exchange Group.

Ministry of Trade and Industry
International trade, legislative and legal issues.

Czechtrade
National Trade Promotion Agency of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic.
CzechInvest
Investment opportunities in the Czech Republic.
Economic Chamber of the Czech Republic
Official website with information about services of the Czech Chamber of Commerce.


__ Czech Products and Brands

_ Beer
Pilsner Urquell
The original pilsner and first pale lager beer.
Staropramen
Second largest brewery in the Czech Republic.

_ Nanofibers
Nafigate
World’s first global nanofiber portal.


__ Transportation

_ Airlines
Czech Airlines
The national carrier of the Czech Republic.

_ Airports
Prag International Airport
Czechia's principal airport.

_ Rail
Czech Railways
Czechia's Rail.
 
 

Destination Czech Republic - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Czechia: Prague and Prague Castle, Brno, Marienbad, Pilsen - attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards and much more.


The Czech Tourist Authority
The official Czech Republic travel information.

CzechSite
A travel guide for your trip to Prague and Czech Republic.


City Guides
Prague City Administration
The official site of Prague with information about the city in Czech and English.
royal The Prague Castle
In early times the permanent residence of Emperor Rudolf II (ruling 1576 - 1611), now the Office of the Czech President.

Prague Experience
A city guide to Prague's major sights.

Brno
Brno is the second largest city in the Czech Republic.
Mariánské Lázně (Marienbad)
Marienbad - The Famous Western Bohemia Spa Town.
Plzen, (Pilsen)
City of Pilsen, the city is known worldwide for Pilsner beer.. 

Hotels
Hotels in Czech Republic
Find a Hotel in Czech Republic.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Astronomical Clock, Prague, Czech Republic
Astronomical Clock Prague
© Czech Tourist Authority

Education


Academy of Fine Arts
Prague.
Center for Theoretical Study
The Institute for Advanced Studies at Charles University and the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic.
Charles University
One of the oldest university in central Europe, founded on April 7th. 1348 by Charles IV.
Czech Technical University
Masaryk University
Located in Brno, year created: 1919.
Palacky University
Located in Olomouc, founded in 1573.
Jihočeská univerzita v Českých Budějovicích
The University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice.
Západoceská univerzita v Plzni
The University of West Bohemia is located in Pilsen.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Environmental Organizations
Czech Union for Nature Conservation
Largest non-governmental environmental organization in the Czech Republic.
Deti Zeme (Children of the Earth)
NGO; the aim of Children of the Earth is to protect the environment and to strengthen ties between man and the environment.
Nature Conservation Agency of the Czech Republic
Governmental body established by the Ministry of the Environment.

National Parks
Bohemian Switzerland
National park in Northern Bohemia with the Elbe River canyon, the biggest sandstone canyon in Europe.
ČR - Správa Národního parku České Švýcarsko
National Park Czech Switzerland.
Krkonose Mountains National Park
The Czech-Polish Biosphere Reserve Krkonose/Karkonosze.
Podyjí National Park
Official website with information about the national park in the southern Czech Republic.
Sumava
Official website of Sumava National Park and Protected Landscape Area, the country's largest national park.

 
 

History

Václav Havel, Hero of the Velvet Revolution
Václav Havel, writer and dramatist, one of the first spokesmen for the Charter 77 human rights movement, a leading figure in the Velvet Revolution of 1989, the last president of the state of Czechoslovakia and the first president of the Czech Republic, died on Sunday, December 18, 2011, at the age of 75.

History OnLine
Czech Republic History - various versions ;-)

The Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia and the crushing of the Prague Spring
Article by Radio Prague about the "international friendly help" of Soviet troops in 1968.

History of Czechoslovakia
Comprehensive Wikipedia series about the History of Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic.
 
 

Search

Czech Dictionary
English - czech, German - czech, French - czech, Spanish - czech

Seznam
Czech Directory (in Czech).


Additional Information on Czech Republic

BBC News Country Profile: Czech Republic
Governments on the WWW: Czech Republic
Open Directory: Czech Republic
REENIC: Czech Republic
Russian and East European Network Information Center on Czech Republic.
Wikipedia: Czech Republic
The CIA World Factbook -- Czech Republic
 
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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.