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___ Czech Republic

Wallenstein Palace, a Baroque palace in Prague
Wallenstein Palace, the Baroque palace in Prague is currently the home of the Czech Senate.
Image: Martinect
 
 
Flag of Czech Republic
Flag of the
Czech Republic
Location map of the Czech Republic. Where in Europe is Czechia?
Location map of the Czech Republic
 
Destination Czech Republic, also known as Czechia, a landlocked country in Central Europe, it is bordered by Austria, Germany, Poland, and Slovakia.

The Czech Republic covers an area of 78,867 km², making it somewhat smaller than neighboring Austria, and also slightly smaller than the US state of South Carolina.

The country has a population of 10.56 million people (in 2016), capital and largest city is Prague, spoken languages is Czech, a West Slavic language.

The Czech Republic is famous for:
Prague, the historic center of Prague is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Castles, there are several hundreds of castles, chateaus, and mansions in Czechia.
Beer, the original Budweiser is made in the Czech Republic by the Budweiser Budvar Brewery, and home of Pilsner beer is the Czech city of Pilsen (Plzeň). Curd cheese called "syrečky".
Not so famous for Škoda and Tatra autos and Bata shoes.
Most famous people from Czechia are Miloš Forman, Oskar Schindler, Sigmund Freud, Antonin Dvorak, Franz Kafka, Václav Havel, and Gregor Mendel.


Czech Republic | Ceska Republika


Country Profile



Background:
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in central Europe.
Before World War I part of Austria-Hungary, in 1918 the Czechs and neighbouring Slovaks joined together and formed the independent republic of Czechoslovakia. In World War II occupied by the Germans in 1939. After World War II, Czechoslovakia fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a member of the Warsaw Pact.

In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country's leaders to liberalize Communist Party rule and create "socialism with a human face" during the "Prague Spring". With the collapse of Soviet authority in 1989, Czechoslovakia regained its freedom through a peaceful "Velvet Revolution" and became a sovereign state.

On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a "velvet divorce" into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. In 1999 the Czech Republic became a member of the NATO and in 2004 a member of the European Union.

 


Official Name:
Ceska Republika
short form: Cesko
int'l short form: Czechia
int'l long form: Czech Republic
formerly part of Czechoslovakia.

National motto: Pravda vítezí. (Truth prevails)

ISO Country Code: cz, cze

Time
Time Zone: Central European Time (CET)
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Mon-Dec-11  04:57
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)

Country Calling Code: +420

Capital City: Prague (Praha, Prag; pop. 1.2 million; Metro: 1.9 million).

Other Cities:
Brno (400,000), Ostrava (310,000), Plzen, (Pilsen) (172,000)

Government:
Parliamentary Republic.
Independence: The Czech Republic was established 1 January 1993 (former Czechoslovak state established 1918).
Constitution: Signed 16 December 1992.

Geography:
Location: Central Europe, southeast of Germany.
Area: 78,864 km² (30,449 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Bohemia in the west consists of rolling plains, hills, and plateaus surrounded by low mountains; Moravia in the east consists of very hilly country.

Climate: Temperate; mild summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters, west winds prevail.

People:
Nationality: Czech(s).
Population: 10.56 million (2016)
Ethnic groups: Czech (90.4% or 9.25 million); Moravian (more than 380,000 people); Slovak (193,000); Roma (171,000); Silesian ethnicity (11,000 people); Polish (52,000); German (39,000); Ukrainian (22,000) and Vietnamese (18,000).
Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant.
Language: Czech, Slovak.
Literacy: 99.8%.

Natural resources: Coal, coke, kaolin, lignite, magnesite, timber, uranium.
Agriculture products: Wheat, potatoes, sugar beets, hops, fruit; pigs, poultry.
Industries: Metallurgy, machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, glass, armaments.

Exports partners: Germany 32.4%, Slovakia 9%, Poland 5.8%, UK 5.3%, France 5.1%, Austria 4.1% (2015)

Imports partners: Germany 30%, Poland 9%, China 8.3%, Slovakia 6.6%, Netherlands 5%, Austria 4.1% (2015)

Currency: Czech Koruna (CZK)


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Czech Republic


The Government of the Czech Republic
Official site of the Czech Government and Office of the Prime Minister.

The President of the Czech Republic
Office of the President of the Czech Republic.


The Czech Republic
Portal about the Czech Republic.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
MOFA Czech Republic

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of the Czech Republic to the UN in New York
Czech Republic's representation to the United Nations.
The Czech Embassy to the U.S.
Washington D.C.
Czech Missions Abroad
Czech Diplomatic Missions in the World.
Foreign Missions to the Czech Republic
List of foreign Diplomatic Missions in Czechia.

Statistics
Cesky statisticky urad
Czech Statistical Office (CSO)

Weather
Cesky hydrometeorologicky ústav
The Czech Hydrometeorological Institute (CMHI).


Maps
profile Political Map of Czech Republic
Detailed Map of Czechia.

Google Earth Google Earth Czech Republic
Searchable map and satellite view of Czech Republic.
Google Earth Google Earth Prague (Praha)
Searchable map and satellite view of Prague.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.

Castle Lednice, Zámek, Czech Republic
Castle Lednice in Zámek, a village in South Moravia. The castle is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of the Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape.
Image: Marcin Szala 
 

Czech News and Media


CTK News
CTK the national "public law" news agency.

Czech language newspapers
Ceske Noviny
National and international news.
iDNES
The leading Czech daily (in ).

English language newspapers
Prague Daily Monitor
Free source of Czech news in English, also delivered by email.
The Prague Post
Issues and events in the Czech Republic, English-language weekly.
The Prague Tribune
News from the Czech Republic, English-language monthly.

Radio/TV
Czech Television (CT)
Ceska televize, the public service television in the Czech Republic.
 Radio Prague
Radio Praha, the international service of Czech Radio, with news in 6 languages.
 

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Arts & Culture


The Kafka Project
A site dedicated to the work of Franz Kafka.
Guide to Kafka’s Prague
Prague Literary Tour.
Neviditelny Pes
"The Invisible Dog", a daily opinion column (in Czech)

The National Gallery
Czechia's National Gallery. The state-owned art gallery in Prague houses the largest art collection in the country.
The National Library of the Czech Republic
Official website of the library.
State Research Library
The Research Library of South Bohemia in Budejovice.

Music
Trutnov Open Air Music Festival
By now the oldest, one of the biggest and possibly the most well-known Open Air in Czech Republic.
 

Astronomical Clock, Prague, Czech Republic
Astronomical Clock Prague
© Czech Tourist Authority

Prague Castle, Czech Republic
Prague Castle
© Czech Tourist Authority
 

Business & Economy


Ceská Národnì Banka
The CNB is the central bank of the Czech Republic and the supervisor of the Czech financial market.

Prague Stock Exchange
The official website of the stock exchange, PSE is part of the international CEE Stock Exchange Group.

Ministry of Trade and Industry
International trade, legislative and legal issues.

Czechtrade
National Trade Promotion Agency of the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Czech Republic.
CzechInvest
Investment opportunities in the Czech Republic.
Economic Chamber of the Czech Republic
Official website with information about services of the Czech Chamber of Commerce.


__ Czech Products and Brands

_Automotive
Škoda Auto
Czech automobile manufacturer, headquartered in Mladá Boleslav. The car maker is a wholly owned subsidiary of Germany's Volkswagen Group.

_ Beer
Pilsner Urquell
The original pilsner and first pale lager beer.
Staropramen
Second largest brewery in the Czech Republic.

_ Nanofibers
Nafigate
World’s first global nanofiber portal.


__ Transportation

_ Airlines
Czech Airlines
The national carrier of the Czech Republic.

_ Airports
Prag International Airport
Czechia's principal airport.

_ Rail
Czech Railways
Czechia's Rail.
 
 
 
Ještěd Tower on Ještěd mountain, Czech Republic
Ještěd Tower, a 94-metre-tall tower used to transmit television signals built on the top of Ještěd mountain, the highest peak (1,012 m) of the Ještěd-Kozákov Ridge near the city of Liberec. The tower's lowest sections has a hotel and a restaurant.
Image: Zdeněk Fiedler

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Destination Czech Republic - Travel and Tour Guides


Discover Czechia: Contrary to popular belief, there is more than Prague and Prague Castle in this country.
For example Brno, known for its modernist buildings and the Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul, Marienbad (Mariánské Lázně), became a watering place in 1818, Pilsen, more a watering hole, known for specializing in bottom-fermented beer since 1842. And there is Karlštejn Castle, in Central Bohemia, founded in 1348 CE by Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor-elect and King of Bohemia. The Sedlec Ossuary, a Gothic chapel with its garlands of human skulls.
And the country is home to 12 World Heritage Sites (see below).

Find attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards and much more.


The Czech Tourist Authority
The official Czech Republic travel information.

CzechSite
A travel guide for your trip to Prague and Czech Republic.


City Guides
Prague City Administration
The official site of Prague with information about the city in Czech and English.
royal The Prague Castle
In early times the permanent residence of Emperor Rudolf II (ruling 1576 - 1611), now the Office of the Czech President.

Prague Experience
A city guide to Prague's major sights.

Brno
Brno is the second largest city in the Czech Republic.
Mariánské Lázně (Marienbad)
Marienbad - The Famous Western Bohemia Spa Town.
Plzen, (Pilsen)
City of Pilsen, the city is known worldwide for Pilsner beer.

World Heritage Site Historic Centre of Český Krumlov
A town in South Bohemia, situated on the banks of the Vltava river, was built around a 13th-century castle with Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque elements.
World Heritage Site Gardens and Castle at Kroměříž
The Moravian town in the Zlín Region with its Bishop's Palace, a complete and well-preserved example of a European Baroque.
World Heritage Site Historic Centre of Telč
Telč is a town in southern Moravia, famous for its old town built in the late 14th century.
World Heritage Site Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape
Between the 17th and 20th centuries, the ruling dukes of Liechtenstein transformed their domains in southern Moravia into a remarkable landscape with a mix of Baroque, classical and neo-Gothic architecture and gardens created in English romantic style.

 
 
 

Education


Academy of Fine Arts
Prague.
Center for Theoretical Study
The Institute for Advanced Studies at Charles University and the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic.
Charles University
One of the oldest university in central Europe, founded on April 7th. 1348 by Charles IV.
Czech Technical University
Masaryk University
Located in Brno, year created: 1919.
Palacky University
Located in Olomouc, founded in 1573.
Jihočeská univerzita v Českých Budějovicích
The University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice.
Západoceská univerzita v Plzni
The University of West Bohemia is located in Pilsen.
 
 
 

Environment & Nature


Environmental Organizations
Czech Union for Nature Conservation
Largest non-governmental environmental organization in the Czech Republic.
Deti Zeme (Children of the Earth)
NGO; the aim of Children of the Earth is to protect the environment and to strengthen ties between man and the environment.
Nature Conservation Agency of the Czech Republic
Governmental body established by the Ministry of the Environment.

National Parks
Bohemian Switzerland
National park in Northern Bohemia with the Elbe River canyon, the biggest sandstone canyon in Europe.
ČR - Správa Národního parku České Švýcarsko
National Park Czech Switzerland.
Krkonose Mountains National Park
The Czech-Polish Biosphere Reserve Krkonose/Karkonosze.
Podyjí National Park
Official website with information about the national park in the southern Czech Republic.
Sumava
Official website of Sumava National Park and Protected Landscape Area, the country's largest national park.

 
 
 

History


Václav Havel, Hero of the Velvet Revolution
Václav Havel, writer and dramatist, one of the first spokesmen for the Charter 77 human rights movement, a leading figure in the Velvet Revolution of 1989, the last president of the state of Czechoslovakia and the first president of the Czech Republic, died on Sunday, December 18, 2011, at the age of 75.

History OnLine
Czech Republic History - various versions ;-)

The Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia and the crushing of the Prague Spring
Article by Radio Prague about the "international friendly help" of Soviet troops in 1968.

Czech Republic History
Brief history of the Czech Republic.

History of Czechoslovakia
Comprehensive Wikipedia series about the History of Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic.
 
 
 

Search

Czech Dictionary
English - czech, German - czech, French - czech, Spanish - czech

Seznam
Czech Directory (in Czech).
Open Directory: Czech Republic

Sources and additional Information on Czech Republic

BBC Country Profile: Czech Republic

Amnesty International: Czech Republic

EU Member Countries: Czech Republic

FAO: Czech Republic

GlobalEDGE: Czech Republic

The Heritage Foundation: Czech Republic

Human Rights Watch: Czech Republic

OEC: Czech Republic

Reporters Without Borders: Czech Republic

Wikipedia: Czech Republic

World Factbook - Czech Republic
 

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