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Destination Lebanon, a virtual guide to the land of the Cedars. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Lebanon's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, the page contains links to sources which provide you with all the information you need to know about this Mediterranean nation, e.g.: official web sites of Lebanon, addresses of Lebanon and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Lebanon.

 
 

Lebanese Republic | Lubnan

Country Profile



Lebanon Flag
Flag of Lebanon

Background:
Lebanon has made progress toward rebuilding its political institutions since 1991 and the end of the devastating 15-year civil war. Under the Ta'if Accord - the blueprint for national reconciliation - the Lebanese have established a more equitable political system, particularly by giving Muslims a greater say in the political process while institutionalizing sectarian divisions in the government.
Since the end of the war, the Lebanese have conducted several successful elections, most of the militias have been weakened or disbanded, and the Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) have extended central government authority over about two-thirds of the country. Hizballah, a radical Shia organization, retains its weapons.
During Lebanon's civil war, the Arab League legitimized in the Ta'if Accord Syria's troop deployment, numbering about 16,000 based mainly east of Beirut and in the Bekaa Valley. Damascus justifies its continued military presence in Lebanon by citing Beirut's requests and the failure of the Lebanese Government to implement all of the constitutional reforms in the Ta'if Accord. Israel's withdrawal from southern Lebanon in May 2000, however, encouraged some Lebanese groups to demand that Syria withdraw its forces as well. The passage of UNSCR 1559 in early October 2004 - a resolution calling for Syria to withdraw from Lebanon and end its interference in Lebanese affairs - further emboldened Lebanese groups opposed to Syria's presence in Lebanon.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

Lebanon is a member state of the League of Arab States

border countries: Israel, Syria  
 
Where in the Middle East is Lebanon?

Official Name:
Al Jumhuriyah al Lubnaniyah
short form: Lubnan
int'l long form: Lebanese Republic
int'l short form: Lebanon

ISO Country Code: lb

Time:
Local Time = UTC +2h
Summer (DST) UTC +3
Actual Time: Sat-Aug-30  01:23

Country Calling Code: +961

Capital City: Beirut

Other Cities: Tripoli (275 000), Sidon (110 000), Tyre (Soor) (60 000), Zahleh (68 000).

Government:
Type: Parliamentary Republic.
Independence: 22 November 1943.

Geography:
Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria.
Area: 10,452 kmĀ² (4,015 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Narrow coastal plain backed by the Lebanon Mountains, the fertile Bekaa Valley, and the Anti-Lebanon Mountains, which extend to the Syrian border.

Climate: Mediterranean.

People:
Nationality: Lebanese.
Population: 4.2 million (2012 UN est.)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 6 205 (year)
Ethnic groups: Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%.
Religions: Christian (Maronite, Greek Orthodox, Greek Catholic, Roman Catholic, Protestant, Armenian Apostolic, other), Muslim (Sunni, Shi'a, other), and Druze.
Languages: Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian.
Literacy: 87%.

Natural resources: Limestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a water-deficit region, arable land.

Agriculture products: Citrus, grapes, tomatoes, apples, vegetables, potatoes, olives, tobacco; sheep, goats.

Industries: Banking, food processing, jewelry, cement, textiles, mineral and chemical products, wood and furniture products, oil refining, metal fabricating.

Currency: Lebanese Pound (LBP)

Lebanon in Figures
Lebanon key statistical data.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Lebanon

Republic of Lebanon - The Presidential Palace
The Presidency of the Lebanese Republic.

Lebanese Parliament
Official website of the Lebanese Parliament.

Informs.gov.lb
Lebanese Government portal for inforamtion and forms.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Emigrants
Official website of the ministry.

Diplomatic Missions:
Embassy of Lebanon
Washington, D.C.
Lebanese Embassies and Consulates
Address list of Lebanese Diplomatic Missions abroad.
Foreign Embassies and Consulates in Lebanon
Address list of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Lebanon.

Statistics
Central Administration for Statistics
Lebanon in figures.

Lebanon in Figures
Lebanon key statistical data.


Maps
Map of Lebanon
Political map of Lebanon.
Google Earth Google Earth Lebanon
Searchable map and satellite view of Lebanon.
Google Earth Google Earth Beirut
Searchable map and satellite view of Lebanon's capital.

profile Map of Western Asia
Map of Western Asia and the Middle East region.
 

News

Arabic dailies with national and international news.
Al-Anwar
Al-Diyar
Al-Mustaqbal
An-Nahar
Al-Safir

French-language
L'Orient-Le Jour
Lebanon and international daily news.

English-language
The Daily Star - Lebanon
Daily online news.
AL-Hewar
US based weekly magazine for Arab culture and dialogue.

News Agency
Lebanese National News Agency
Official Lebanon news.

TV
LBC
Lebanese Broadcasting Corporation with national and international news (in Arabic)
 

 

Arts & Culture

Baalbeck International Festival
Annual event which takes place in the Roman Acropolis celebrating classical music, dance, theatre, opera, and jazz as well as modern world music.
Beiteddine Art Festival
International Art festival.
Byblos International Festival
A festival of world music in the Byblos Ruins at the city of Jbeil.
Lebanon Links
Lebanese culture web sites.
 

 

Business & Economy

Banque Du Liban
Central Bank of Lebanon.

Beirut Stock Exchange

Chamber of Commerce and Industry
The Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture of Beirut and Mount Lebanon.

Transportation
MEA - Middle East Airlines
Beirut International Airport
 
 

Destination Lebanon - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Lebanon: Mount Lebanon, Beirut, Aanjar, Byblos, Baalbek, Qadisha Valley & Cedars Forest, Lebanon outdoor adventure, historical and cultural tourism, and ecotourism.
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, climbing, diving, tours and much more.


Destination Lebanon
Destination Lebanon, the official visitors guide to outdoor adventure, historical and cultural tourism, and ecotourism in Lebanon.


Travel to Lebanon
Tourism portal with comprehensive inforamtion about Lebanon.

Downtown Beirut
A content rich Beirut portal.

Hotels
Hotels in Lebanon
Find a Hotel in Lebanon.
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Education

American University of Beirut
Major university founded in 1866.
Beirut Arab University (BAU)
A private institution for higher education founded in 1960.
Beirut University
First Distance Learning academic institution in the Middle East.
Haigazian University
Established in 1955 as a liberal arts institution of higher learning.
Lebanese American University
An American institution chartered by the Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York.
Notre Dame University, NDU
Catholic institution of higher education.
University Of Balamand - UOB
Institution of higher learning founded in 1988 by the Antiochian Orthodox Christian Church.
 
 

Environment

Ministry on Environment
Official website of the ministry.
Al-Bia Wal-Tanmia
Environment & Development magazine.
Association for Forest Development and Conservation (AFDC)
The site provides information about projects and activities run by the AFDC and MFDCL.
 
 

History

Lebanon History
Wikipedia: Lebanese History.
 
 

Additional Information on Lebanon

BBC News Country Profile: Lebanon

Open Directory Project: Lebanon

Wikipedia: Lebanon

The World Factbook -- Lebanon
 
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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.