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___ Hong Kong, 香港


Hong Kong's Central and Western District skyline at dawn
Hong Kong's Central and Western District skyline at dawn, viewed from Tsim Sha Tsui, on the opposite side of Victoria Harbour, with the skyscraper of the International Finance Centre, Hong Kong's second highest building in center.
Image: Timon Studler
 

Hong Kong's Regional Flag
Location map of Hong Kong. Where in the world is Hong Kong?
Location map of Hong Kong



Destination Hong Kong, or Xianggang, the "Fragrant Harbor". Formerly a British Crown colony for more than 150 years, Hong Kong is since 1997 a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China, a type of provincial-level administrative divisions.

The sprawling archipelago is located on the Pearl River Delta south of China's Guangdong province, and just south of the Chinese city of Shenzhen.

Hong Kong's area is composed of more than 200 islands, it comprises the New Territories with Kowloon peninsula, the outlying islands of Lantau and Lamma, the islands of Hong Kong, and some smaller islands, as well as some additional areas on the mainland. Hong Kong is a major port city with an outstanding deepwater harbor on the South China Sea.

The autonomous territory covers an area of 1,106 km² (427 sq mi), compared it is 1.5 times the size of Singapore or six times the size of Washington, DC. Hong Kong has a population of more than 7 million inhabitants. Official languages are Chinese (Cantonese) and English. The city is regarded as a cosmopolitan center where 'East meets West' (like Chinese food and Disney Land), it has become one of the world's major financial and manufacturing centers.


Hong Kong Special Administrative Region | Xianggang


Country Profile



Background:
Situated on the south of the Chinese Guangdong (formerly Canton) province, the formerly British Dependent Territory of Hong Kong comprises of Victoria (commonly known as Hong Kong Island), the Kowloon Peninsula, the "New Territories", and 235 outlying islands.

Occupied by the UK in 1841, Hong Kong was formally ceded by China the following year; various adjacent lands were added later in the 19th century. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China on 1 July 1997.
In this agreement, China has promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system will not be imposed on Hong Kong and that Hong Kong will enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the next 50 years.

related countries: China, United Kingdom

 
 
Official Name:
Hong Kong
in Chinese: 香港
conventional long form:
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
conventional short form: Hong Kong
local short form: Xianggang
local long form: Xianggang Tebie Xingzhengqu

Dependency status: special administrative region of China (SAR)

ISO Country Code: hk, HKG

Actual Time: Thu-June-29  20:30
Local Time = UTC +8h

Country Calling Code: +852

Government:
Type: since 1 July 1997 a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China, with its own constitution (the Basic Law).

Geography:
Location: Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China
Area: 1,100 km².; Hong Kong comprises Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, the New Territories, and numerous small islands. Terrain: Hilly to mountainous, with steep slopes and natural harbor.

Climate: Tropical monsoon. Cool and humid in winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and sunny in fall.

People:
Population: 7.4 million (2017)
Ethnic groups: Chinese 95%; other 5%.
Religions: eclectic mixture of local religions 90%, Christian 10% .
Languages: Yue (Cantonese Chinese) and English are official.
Literacy: 92%

Natural resources: Outstanding deepwater harbor.
Agriculture products: Fresh vegetables, poultry, fish, pork.

Industries: Textiles, clothing, tourism, banking, shipping, electronics, plastics, toys, watches, clocks.

Exports - commodities: electrical machinery and appliances, textiles, apparel, footwear, watches and clocks, toys, plastics, precious stones, printed material

Exports - partners: China 53.7%, US 9.5% (2015)

Imports - commodities: raw materials and semi-manufactures, consumer goods, capital goods, foodstuffs, fuel (most is reexported)

Imports - partners: China 49%, Japan 6.4%, Singapore 6.1%, US 5.2%, South Korea 4.3% (2015)

Currency: Hong Kong Dollar (HKD)

Office Block of the Central Government Complex of Hong Kong
Office Block of the Central Government Complex of Hong Kong.
Image: Wing1990hk

Political system
Since 1997 Hong Kong is an autonomous Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China with the status that provides constitutional guarantees for implementing the policy of "one country, two systems" for at least 50 years. Its government system is a kind of limited democracy. Chief of State is the President of P.R. China, the territory's Chief Executive is the head of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the head of the government. He/she is elected by a representative election committee (comprising about 0.16 % of the Hong Kong population) and is appointed by the Central People's Government (China's State Council).


Official Sites of Hong Kong

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Hong Kong SAR Government Information Centre
The official site of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) Government.

Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices (HKETO)
The permanent Representatives of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government (HKSARG) in the United States.

Consular Posts and Officially Recognized Representatives
Address list of consulates and representative offices in Hong Kong.


Statistics
Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong
Hong Kong in statistical figures.

Weather
Hong Kong Observatory
The Official Authority for Hong Kong Weather.


Maps

Map of Hong Kong
Political map of Hong Kong.
Google Earth Google Earth Hong Kong
Searchable map and satellite view of Hong Kong.
Administrative Map of China
Political Map of China's Administrative Divisions.

Map of Southeast Asia
Map of the Southeast Asia region.
profile Map of Asia
Political Map of Asia.
 

News

According to Paris based Reporters Without Borders, the media are finding it more and more difficult to cover sensitive stories about the Hong Kong government and Mainland China, and the need to protect their editorial positions from Beijing’s influence is increasingly noticeable.

__Hong Kong News in English:
Hong Kong Standard
Regional and international news.
South China Morning Post
Hong Kong's leading English Language newspaper.

__Hong Kong News in Chinese
Apple Daily
Regional and international news.
Ming Pao
Regional and international news.
Singtao Times
Regional and international news.
Ta Kung Pao
Regional and international news.

__Radio
RTHK on Internet - The Cyber Station
 

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Arts & Culture


Chinese Customs and Traditions
Glossary of Chinese Customs and Traditions.

Hong Kong Arts Festival
Art events ranging from Chinese Opera to World Music.
DiscoverHongKong - Culture and Heritage
Scratch the surface of Hong Kong's rich culture and heritage, a guide to art and culture of Hong Kong.
Hong Kong Movie DataBase
Ryan LAW's site about Hong Kong Movies.
Hong Kong Museum of Art
Hong Kong Museum of History
Preserves the cultural heritage of Hong Kong.
Hong Kong Philharmonic Orchestra


Sport
Stockholm Challenge Award Asian Traditional Archery Research Network (ATARN)
Hong Kong based information site about traditional archery cultures of Asia.

Wing Chun Kuen
Yip Man Wing Chun Kuen, the Southern Chinese Martial Art Hong Kong style.
 

Bun Festival
Bun Festival Girls, Cheung Chau
© Hong Kong Tourism Board

Hong Kong, Kowloon Nathan Road
Hong Kong Skyline from Tsim Sha Tsui.
© Hong Kong Tourism Board 

Business & Economy

Hong Kong has a free market economy, characterized by low taxation and almost free port trade. It is ranked as the world's freest economy in the Index of Economic Freedom of The Heritage Foundation, but it is highly dependent on international trade and finance. Hong Kong's currency, the Hong Kong Dollar (HKD), is closely linked to the US dollar. Hong Kong's main trading goods are gold, diamonds, jewelry, telephones and broadcasting equipment.

HKEx
Hong Kong Stock Exchange.
Hong Kong Monetary Authority
Responsible for maintaining monetary and banking stability.

Trade and Industry Department
Department for the development of Hong Kong trade and industry.
Hong Kong Convention & Exhibition Centre
Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce
Hong Kong Trade Development Council
Promoting Hong Kong's external trade in goods and services.
Hong Kong Economic and Trade Offices (HKETO)
The permanent Representatives of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government (HKSARG) in the United States.

Hong Kong Yellow Pages

Business News
The Standard
Greater China's Business Newspaper


Transportation
The "Star" Ferry
Hong Kong's passenger ferry service.

Airlines
Cathay Pacific Airways
Hong Kong's major airline, founded in 1946.
Dragonair
Hong Kong based airline serves 30 passenger destinations across Asia.

Airport
Hong Kong International Airport
Chek Lap Kok Airport is Hong Kong's international airport.


 
 


Hong Kong panorama at night
Hong Kong panorama at night.
Image: Joseph Chan

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Destination Hong Kong - Travel and Tour Guides


Discover Hong Kong:
Victoria Harbour (natural harbor between the Central Business District of Hong Kong Island and Kowloon), Star Ferry (plain passenger ferry and a major tourist attraction); Victoria Peak (observation peak for the non plus ultra panorama view of Hong Kong); Temple Street Night Market (hawkers, ladies of the night, fortune-tellers and Chinese opera); Peninsula Hotel (flagship property of The Peninsula Hotels group; oldest hotel in Hong Kong, opened in 1928)

Find accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tours and much more.

Hong Kong Tourism Board

The most comprehensive Hong Kong Guide.

DiscoverHongKong - E-Ticketing
Get tickets for great Hong Kong Events.

Hong Kong Outdoors
A guide to Hong Kong and surroundings.

Hong Kong Picture Archive
Hong Kong Images.
 
Hong Kong Visas
Entry Permit Requirements for the Hong Kong SAR.
Advice to Travellers
Hong Kong customs organization advice for Travellers entering Hong Kong.


 
Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Junk with Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon in background.
Image: ::::=UT=::::

Fire Dragon Dance in Tai Hang
Fire Dragon Dance in Tai Hang
© Hong Kong Tourism Board


Hong Kong University of Science and Technology campus
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology campus on Clear Water Bay Peninsula in Sai Kung District.
Image: HKUST

Education & Research


Stockholm Challenge Award Cyber Learning Centre Plus
A learning portal for government employees, provided by the Civil Service Training and Development Institute (CSTDI).
Chinese University of Hong Kong
With information on faculties, administration and research.
City University of Hong Kong
Internationally recognized as a leading university in the Asia-Pacific region.
Stockholm Challenge Award Education City (HKedCity) e-Learning and SARS
Web-based learning programme to meet the urgent needs of the education community during SARS.
Hong Kong Institute of Education
A leading university-level institution, its mission: optimising each child's potential through the shared joy of learning and teaching.
Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Formerly known as the Hong Kong Polytechnic, the Institution assumed full university status in 1994.
Hong Kong Public Libraries
Enrich knowledge and support lifelong learning.
Hong Kong University of Science & Technology
A research university and the territory's youngest higher learning institution.
University Library, Hong Kong University of Science & Technology

University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong's First University, the oldest tertiary education institution in Hong Kong, founded 1910.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Hong Kong's ecology is mostly affected by the results of climatic changes. The environment, flora and fauna are altered by climatic change, sea level alternation, and human impact like air and water pollution.

Government
Environmental Protection Department
The government department was created in 1986 to co-ordinate and carry out pollution prevention and control activities.
Environment Bureau
Government agency responsible for developing policies in environmental protection, nature conservation and enforcing environmental legislation.

NGOs
Clean Air Network
CAN is focused on the issue of air pollution in Hong Kong.
Clear the Air
CTA's aim is to significantly reduce air pollution in Hong Kong.
Conservancy Association
The organization focuses on the protection of the environment and the conservation of natural and cultural heritage.
Friends of the Earth (Hong Kong)
FoE(HK) is one of Hong Kong's most prominent green groups.
 
 

History


Chinese Dynasties
Timeline of Chinese Imperial and Modern Dynasties.

History of Hong Kong
Wikipedia entry for the History of Hong Kong.


Opium War
Opium Wars
Emperor of China Declares War on Drugs

The Chinese Opium Wars
Wikipedia article about one of the biggest disasters ever hits China.
 
European powers sharing China
European powers sharing China

Search

Hong Kong World Wide Web Database
Index of Hong Kong sites maintained by the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Sources and additional Information on Hong Kong


Amnesty International: Hong Kong

BBC Country Profile: Hong Kong

GlobalEDGE: Hong Kong

The Heritage Foundation: Hong Kong

Human Rights Watch: Hong Kong

OEC: Hong Kong

Reporters Without Borders: Hong Kong

Wikipedia: Hong Kong

The World Factbook -- Hong Kong
 
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Countries in Eastern Asia:
China (PRC) | Japan | North Korea | South Korea | Taiwan (ROC)
Special Administrative Regions of China: Hong Kong | Macau | Tibet
 
 
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