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___ Ecuador

A virtual travel guide to Ecuador, this page is about many aspects of Ecuador. View official web sites from the country, and find comprehensive information on the nation in its diversity: The Ecuadorian culture, history and geography. Get key information on Ecuador's economy, education, science, environment, population, and government.
You will have access to news from Ecuador and you may visit Ecuadoran cities. Find maps and other tourism information for sightseeing, travel and holidays in Ecuador.


Quito, Ecuador
Quito Ecuador's capital
© Portal de Turismo Quito

Republic of Ecuador | República del Ecuador

Country Profile

Flag of Ecuador
Flag of Ecuador

Advanced indigenous cultures flourished in Ecuador long before the area was conquered by the Inca empire in the 15th century. In 1534, the Spanish arrived and defeated the Inca armies.
The "Republic of the Equator" was one of three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others being Colombia and Venezuela). Between 1904 and 1942, Ecuador lost territories in a series of conflicts with its neighbors. A border war with Peru that flared in 1995 was resolved in 1999.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Colombia, Peru

related countries: Spain, Venezuela
Where in the world is Ecuador?

Official Name:
República del Ecuador
short form: Ecuador
int'l long form: Republic of Ecuador

ISO Country Code: ec

Local Time = UTC -5h
Actual Time: Wed-Jan-18  19:15

Country Calling Code: +593

Capital City: Quito (pop. 1.4 million)

Other Cities:
Cuenca, Guayaquil (largest city in Ecuador)

Independence: 24 May 1822 (from Spain).
Constitution: 10 August 1998.

Location: Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru.
Area: 283,561 kmĀ² (109.483 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Jungle east of the Andes, a rich agricultural coastal plain west of the Andes, high-elevation valleys through the mountainous center of the country and an archipelago of volcanic islands in the Pacific Ocean.

Climate: Varied, mild year-round in the mountain valleys; tropical, hot and humid in coastal and Amazonian jungle lowlands.

Nationality: Ecuadorian(s).
Population: 16.2 million (2015)
Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Indian and Spanish) 65%, Indigenous 25%, Caucasian and others 7%, African 3%.
Religion: Predominantly Roman Catholic (95%), but religious freedom recognized.
Languages: Spanish (official), indigenous languages, especially Quichua, the Ecuadorian dialect of Quechua.
Literacy: 90%

Natural resources: Petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Bananas, coffee, cocoa, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca), plantains, sugarcane; cattle, sheep, pigs, beef, pork, dairy products; balsa wood; fish, shrimp.

Industries: Petroleum, food processing, textiles, wood products, chemicals.

Currency: US Dollar (USD)

Ecuador in numbers
More statistical data for Ecuador.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Ecuador

Presidencia de la República del Ecuador
The Presidency of Ecuador (in Spanish).

Ministerio Relaciones Exteriores del Ecuador
Ministery of Foreign Relations of the Republic of Ecuador.

Diplomatic Missions
Embassy of Ecuador
Washington D.C.
Embassies and Consulates in Ecuador
Address list of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Ecuador.
Diplomatic Missions of Ecuador
Diplomatic Missions of Ecuador Abroad.

Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos
The National Institute of Statistics and Census.

Ecuador in numbers
Key statistic figures Ecuador.


Map of Ecuador
Political Map of Ecuador.
Administrative Map of Ecuador
Map showing Ecuador's administrative divisions.
Google Earth Google Earth Ecuador
Searchable map and satellite view of Ecuador and Galapagos.
Google Earth Google Earth Quito
Searchable map and satellite view of Ecuador's capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Guayaquil
Searchable map and satellite view of Ecuador's largest city.

Map of South America
Reference map of South America.


La Hora
National and international news, Quito (Español).
Hoy Digital
National and international news, Quito (Español).
El Telégrafo
National and international news, Guayaquil (Español).
National and international news, Guayaquil (Español).
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Arts & Culture

Art and Culture of Ecuador, painting, music, the theater, the dance and all the other expressions.

Indigenous Communities in Ecuador
The principal indigenous groups of the Amazon region: Huaoranis and Los Tagaeri, Achuar, Shuar, Cofán, Siona-Secoya, Shiwiar and Záparo.
The principle indigenous groups of the highlands are the Quichua, Cañaris, and Saraguros. In northern Ecuador, live the Awa community. On the Pacific coast, live the Chachis, Cayapas, Tsáchilas, and Huancavilcas.

Confederation of Indigenous Nations of Ecuador (CONAIE).
Confederation of Peoples of Kichua Nationality of Ecuador.
The Saraguros, indigenous Andean people.

The Last Shaman
Joe Seamans, a writer, paid a visit to the Huaorani.
Indigenous Peoples in Ecuador
Site created by Marc Becker, with links to Indigenous Organizations of Ecuador.


 Native Indian - Amazonia
Native Indian - Amazonia © Embassy of Ecuador

Business & Economy

Banco Central del Ecuador
Central Bank Ecuador.
Bolsa de Valores de Quito
Information about the Quito Stock Exchange including daily transaction information, activities, and statistics.

Cámara de Comercio de Quito
Quito Chamber of Commerce
Chambers of Commerce in Ecuador
List of Ecuador Chambers of Commerce.
The majority of products that are offered through The Ethnic Shop are specially handcrafted by communities from different areas in Ecuador.

Línea Aérea del Ecuador, Ecuador's regional carrier.

Indian Market, Ecuador
Indian Market © Embassy of Ecuador

Destination Ecuador - Travel and Tour Guides

Ecuador Travel Information
Ecuador & Galapagos official Travel Information and Travel Guide.
Ministerio de Turismo del Ecuador
Official website of the Ministry of Tourism Ecuador (in Spanish).
Ecuador Travel Reviews
Descriptions of many travel destinations in Ecuador.

Ecuador Country Information
About Ecuador by the Embassy of Ecuador.

More about Quito
With a searchable map/satellite view of Ecuador's capital city.
Portal de Turismo Quito
Official city guide of Quito.
The Municipality of Quito (Español).
Municipalidad de Cuenca de los Andes.
More about Guayaquil
With a searchable map/satellite view of Ecuador's largest city.
Guayaquil City Guide.

Hotel Cafe Cultura
One of the best hotels in Quito.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Universidad Andina Simón Bolívar
Universidad Nacional de Loja
Universidad San Francisco de Quito
Quito, founded in December 1534 (in Spanish).

Environment & Nature

Charles Darwin Foundation
The foundation is dedicated to the conservation of the Galapagos ecosystems. Site with comprehensive information on Galapagos.
Escuela Politécnica Nacional - Instituto Geofísico
Research center for monitoring of active volcanos and tectonic faults in Ecuador (in Spanish).


Archivo Nacional del Ecuador
National Archive of Ecuador (in Spanish).
History of Ecuador
Ecuador's history by Ministry of Tourism of Ecuador.
Chronology of the History of Ecuador
Overview of Ecuador's history.
Cronología de la Historia Resumida del Ecuador
The article on Ecuador's history above in Spanish.
History of Ecuador
History of Ecuador by Wikipedia.

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