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___ PanamaAvirtual travel guide to Panama. This page aims to give you a broad overview of Panama's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, the page contains links to sources which provide you with all the information you need to know about this Central American nation, e.g.: official web sites of Panama, addresses of Panama and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Panama.
Republic of Panama | República de Panamá
Flag of Panama
With US backing, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903 and promptly signed a treaty with the US allowing for the construction of a canal and US sovereignty over a strip of land on either side of the structure (the Panama Canal Zone). The Panama Canal was built by the US Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914.
On 7 September 1977, an agreement was signed for the complete transfer of the Canal from the US to Panama by the end of 1999. Certain portions of the Zone and increasing responsibility over the Canal were turned over in the intervening years. With US help, dictator Manuel NORIEGA was deposed in 1989. The entire Panama Canal, the area supporting the Canal, and remaining US military bases were turned over to Panama by or on 31 December 1999.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
border countries: Colombia, Costa Rica
related countries: United States, Spain
República de Panamá
short form: Panamá
int'l long form: Republic of Panama
int'l short form: Panama
ISO Country Code: pa
Local Time = UTC -5h
Actual Time: Thu-Jan-29 21:35
Country Calling Code: +507
Capital City: Panama City (830 000)
Colon (140 000), David (100 000).
Type: Constitutional democracy.
Independence: 3 November 1903 (from Colombia).
Constitution: 11 October 1972; amended 1983 and 1994 and reformed in 2004.
Location: Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Colombia and Costa Rica. Panama occupies the southeastern end of the isthmus forming the land bridge between North and South America.
Area: 75,500 km² (29,150 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Mountainous (highest elevation Cerro Volcan, 3,475 m.--11,468 ft.), upland plains; coastal areas.
Climate: tropical maritime; hot, humid, cloudy; prolonged rainy season, short dry season (January to May)
Population: 3.4 million (2010 census)
Annual growth rate: 1.31%.
Ethnic groups: Mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European ancestry) 70%, Amerindian and mixed (West Indian) 14%, Caucasian 10%, Amerindian 6%.
Religions: Roman Catholic 84%, Protestant 15%, other.
Languages: Spanish (official); 14% speak English as their native tongue; various indigenous languages. Many Panamanians are bilingual.
Natural resources: Copper, mahogany forests, shrimp, hydropower.
Agriculture products: Bananas, rice, corn, coffee, sugarcane, vegetables; livestock; shrimp.
Industries: Construction, brewing, cement and other construction materials, sugar milling
Exports partners: USA 12.2%, Nigeria 9.4%, Germany 8.4%, South Korea 8.2%, El Salvador 5.7%, Peru 5.1%, Costa Rica 5.1%, Japan 4.1% (2004)
Imports partners: Japan 32.9%, China 10.6%, USA 9.8%, South Korea 7.2%, Singapore 7.1%, Italy 4.5% (2004)
Currency: Balboa (PAB); US Dollar (USD)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
República de Panamá
The Panama Republic (in Spanish).
Presidencia de la República de Panamá
Presidency of the Republic Panama (in Spanish).
Asamblea Legislativa de Panamá
Legislative Assembly of Panama (in Spanish).
Panama's governmental portal.
Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
Ministry of External Relations (in Spanish).
Embajada de Panamá
Panama Embassy at Peru (in Spanish).
Panama's Diplomatic Missions Abroad
Address list of Panama's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.
Map of Panama
Political Map of Panama.
Administrative Map of Panama
Detailed map showing also the administrative divisions of Panama.
Google Earth Panama
Searchable map and satellite view of Panama.
Google Earth Panama City
Searchable map and satellite view of Panama's capital city.
Google Earth Panama Canal
Searchable map and satellite view of the Panama Canal.
Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean.
National and international news (Spanish)
National news (Spanish)
National news (Spanish)
Panama's English language weekly.
Arte y Cultura en
About Panama's art and culture (in Spanish).
Biblioteca Nacional de Panamá
The National Library of Panama (in Spanish).
Museo de Arte Contemporáneo - Panamá
Modern Art Museum (in Spanish).
Patronato Panamá Viejo
Old Panama City Museum (in Spanish).
Site dedicated to the Panama born writer.
Bolsa de Valores de Panamá
Stock Exchange Panama.
American Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Panama
The official site of the American Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
Camara de Comercio e Industrias
Panama Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
Conventions & Visitors Bureau
Conventions & Visitors Bureau of Panama.
Fundación Libertad Panama
Non-profit organisation promoting classical economic liberalism.
Copa Airlines offers flights throughout the United States and Central America.
The Panama Canal Website.
Destination Panama - Travel and Tour GuidesDiscover Panama: Provinces, Islands and Beaches, The Panama Canal, The Rainforest, Bocas del Toro, Costa Arriba, Colón and the Free Zone, Chiriquí, El Valle, Panama City, Perlas Islands, San Blas, Taboga.
Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.
Instituto Panameño de Turismo
Panama Tourist Board official site about tourism in Panama (in Spanish).
Extensive travel and tourism information on Panama by the Panama Tourims Bureau.
Formerly known as Focus On Panama -, one of the world's first web sites about Panama.
A Virtual Tourism Center.
The Panama Canal Website.
Panama Canal Museum
Preserving the American Era of the Panama Canal.
The Municipality of Panama.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Universidad del Istmo Universidad
Universidad de Panamá
Universidad Santa Maria La Antigua
Bocas del Toro Biological Station
Institute for Tropical Ecology and Conservation
Marine life documentation.
Herps of Panama
An attempt to create a species list of the herpetofauna of Panama.
Historia Patria - Panamá
Page lists reference sites about the history of Panama (in Spanish).
Panamá 500 años de Historia
500 years of Panama's history (in Spanish).
History of Panama
Wikipedia: History of Panama.
Panama's legal resources: laws, lawyers, reviews, procedures, etc.
Enlaces desde Panamá
Guide to Panamanian Websites.
Newsgroup of Panama
Additional Information on PanamaPanama - LANIC
Latin American Network Information Center on Panama
BBC News Country Profile: Panama
Governments on the WWW: Panama
Open Directory Project: Panama
The World Factbook --Panama
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Actually, there are more than five colors,
Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.
|Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.
Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.
But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
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Actually, freedom can not be simulated... or?
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