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___ Oman (عمان‎)

Destination Oman, a virtual travel guide to the Sultanate. Get an overview of Omani art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.
Beside a country profile with facts and figures, this page offers links to sources which provide you with information about this Arab nation, e.g.: official web sites of Oman, addresses of Omani and foreign embassies, domestic airlines, city- and country guides with extensive travel and tourism information on accommodation, tourist attractions, events and more like weather information, maps, statistics and local newspapers from Oman.
Oman's Capital City Muscat © MOI Oman

Sultanate of Oman | Saltanat Uman

Country Profile

Flag of Oman

Flag of Oman

Oman lies at the eastern corner of the Arabian peninsula. Sharjah and Fujairah (UAE) separate the main part of Oman from the northernmost part of the state, a peninsula (Musandam) extending into the Strait of Hormuz.
Historically Omanis were seafarers and traders who dominated regional commodity trading in the Indian Ocean, East Africa and the Arabian Gulf. There were thus a succession of migrations which saw the growth of settlements along some parts of the East African coast.

In 1970, QABOOS bin Said Al Said ousted his father and has ruled as sultan ever since. His extensive modernization program has opened the country to the outside world and has preserved a long-standing political and military relationship with the United Kingdom.
Oman's moderate, independent foreign policy has sought to maintain good relations with all Middle Eastern countries.
(Source: Ministry of Information, Sultanate of Oman and CIA World Factbook)

Oman is a member state of the League of Arab States

border countries: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen

other Gulf States: Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar

related coubtries: Portugal, United Kingdom
Where in the world is Oman?

Official Name:
Saltanat Uman
short form: Arabic: عمان‎ ʻUmān
int'l long form: Sultanate of Oman
int'l short form: Oman
former: Muscat and Oman

ISO Country Code: om

Actual Time: Tue-June-27  10:53
Local Time = UTC +4h

Country Calling Code: +968

Capital City: Muscat (pop. over 400 000)

Other Cities:
Dhofar, Salalah, Nizwa, Sohar, Sur.

Type: Monarchy
Independence: 1650 (expulsion of the Portuguese)
Constitution: On 6 November 1996, Sultan Qaboos issued a royal decree promulgating the Basic Law which, clarifies the royal succession, provides for a prime minister, bars ministers from holding interests in companies doing business with the government, establishes a bicameral legislature, and guarantees basic civil liberties for Omani citizens.
Political parties: None

Location: Middle East, Southeast Arabian Peninsula, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and UAE.
Area: 309,500 km² (119,498 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Central desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south.

Climate: Hot, humid along the coast; hot, dry in the interior; summer monsoon in far south.

Nationality: Noun--Oman. Adjective--Omani
Population: 2.77 million (2010 census)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 16 300 (year)
Ethnic groups: Arab, Baluchi, East African (Zanzabari), South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi)
Religions: Ibadhi Muslim 75%; Sunni Muslim, Shia Muslim, Hindu, Christian.
Languages: Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Swahili, Hindi and Indian dialects.
Literacy: approx. 80% (total population)

Natural resources: Petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas.

Agriculture products: Dates, limes, bananas, alfalfa, vegetables; camels, cattle; fish.

Industries: Crude oil production and refining, natural gas production, construction, cement, copper.

Currency: Rial Omani (OMR)

(Source: Oman Ministry of Information and others)

Oman in Figures
Oman key statistical data.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Oman

State Council - Sultanate of Oman
Site of the Oman state council.

Ministry of Information
Portal site and official source of information on the Sultanate of Oman.

Ministry of National Heritage & Culture
Official site of the ministry for National Heritage & Culture.

Ministry of Commerce and Industry
Official site of the ministry of Commerce and Industry.

Diplomatic Missions
Cultural Office of the Embassy of Oman in Washington DC
Site provides Student Information, University Listings and other information about Education in Oman.
Embassy of The Sultanate of Oman
Oman's embassy London, UK.

Ministry of National Economy
National Statistical Office of Oman.

Oman in Figures
Oman key statistical data.

Oman Meteorological Department
Oman weather conditions and forecasts.


Map of Oman
Political Map of Oman.
Google Earth Google Earth: Oman
Searchable map/satellite view of Oman.
Google Earth Google Earth: Muscat
Searchable map/satellite view of Oman.

profile Map of Western Asia
Map of Western Asia and the Middle East region.
Map of Northern Africa and the Middle East
Political Map of of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East.
profile Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.

Omani River
Omani river landscape © MOI


Local News (Arabic)
Oman Arabic Daily
Oman News (in Arabic)
Oman News Agency (ONA)
Updated daily news in English and Arabic.
Oman Observer
Oman's largest circulated English Newspaper.
Times of Oman
National and Middle East news.

Ministry of Information, Sultanate of Oman sites for TV and Radio
Site for TV, Radio and Radio FM in Arabic and English of Sultanate of Oman.
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Arts & Culture

Museums in Oman
Information about the Oman Museum, National Museum, Omani - French Museum and some other Omani museums.

Traditional handicraft Oman
Ship building, pottery, jewellery and other traditional Omani crafts.

Nasser Mizdawi
Blog of Nasser Mizdawi an Omani businessman who urges Oman as well as other Arab countries to broaden ties to the Western world.

Dance Group
Traditional Dance Group © MOI Oman

Business & Economy

Central Bank of Oman
National Bank of Oman

Oman Chamber of Commerce and Industry

Knowledge Oasis Muscat
Site related to business in Oman.

Oman Air
The Omani Airline.
Wadi in Oman © MOF Oman

Destination Oman - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Oman: Muscat, Buraimi, Dhofar, Ibra, Khasab, Musandam, Nizwa, Salalah, Sohar, Sur, al-Hajar, Jabal al-Akhdar.
Info about accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, climbing, diving, tours and much more.

Welcome to Oman
Comprehensive Oman travel and visitors information by the Ministry of Tourism.

Welcome to Oman (magazine)
With country information by the Directorate General of Tourism.
Arabia Felix
Comprehensive information about Yemen and Oman (German and English)
Explore Oman
A UK based guide to the Sultanat of Oman.

City Guides
The City of Muscat.
Dhofar Municipality.
Nizwa Net
A guide to Oman and the oasis city of Nizwa.

Hotels in Oman
Find a Hotel in Oman.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Dhofar University
Official website of Dhofar University.
Nizwa University
Official website of University Of Nizwa.
Sohar University
Information about the first private university in the Sultanate of Oman.
Sultan Qaboos University - SQU
The first university in Oman, Muscat.
Oman Studies Centre
Documentation and Research on Oman and the Arabian Gulf.

Environment & Nature

Ministry of Regional Municipalities, Environment and Water Resources
The Sultanate is striving for the enhancement of protection of the environment and conservation of its natural resources through control of development projects and preservation of biodiversity and many protection projects such as mangrove cultivation project, wild trees growing project, gazelle tagging project, coastal management projects, preparation of Oman's national conservation strategy and restrictions to visit nature reserves and protection of the environment in general.

Environment Society of Oman
Official website of the Society for the education and the raise of awareness of environmental issues, site provides information about Oman's environment issues and projects.

Oman Environment
Nizwa.NET provides a collection of informative articles about the ecology of the country.


The History of Oman
Brief history of Oman.

History of Oman
Wikipedia: History of Oman.

WWW-VL History Index - Oman History
Index of various resources related to Oman's history.
Old Fort in Oman
Old Fort © MOF Oman


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