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___ Oman (عمان)
Image: Ondřej Žváček
Middle East on the south eastern edge of the Arabian Peninsula, bordering the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman, and the Persian Gulf. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen, and it shares maritime borders with Iran and Pakistan.
Flag of Oman
The oldest independent state in the Arab world was a sultanate known as Muscat and Oman until 1970, the country was the most influential power in the region during the 19th century, it controlled Zanzibar and other territories. Since the late 19th century, it has had strong links with Britain.
Oman covers an area of 309,500 km², making it slightly smaller than Poland, or about twice the size of the US state of Georgia.
The country offers a variety of nice topographic features, there are valleys between rugged mountain ranges in north and south, and large stretches of a vast plain of gravel desert laced by wadis with large pools of water in its center. Oman's main cities line up neatly along the coast.
Today the country has a population of of 4.5 million people (in 2017), of whom 55% (2.5 million) are Omanis. Capital and largest city of Oman is Muscat (pop. over 600 000). Spoken language is Arabic (official). The majority of Oman's population is (Sunni) Muslim.
Sultanate of Oman | Saltanat Uman
Oman lies at the eastern corner of the Arabian peninsula. The Emirates of Sharjah and Fujairah (UAE) separate the main part of Oman from the northernmost part of the state, a peninsula (Musandam) extending into the Strait of Hormuz.
Historically Omanis were seafarers and traders who dominated regional commodity trading in the Indian Ocean, East Africa and the Arabian Gulf. There were thus a succession of migrations which saw the growth of settlements along some parts of the East African coast.
In 1970, QABOOS bin Said Al Said ousted his father and has ruled as sultan ever since. His extensive modernization program has opened the country to the outside world and has preserved a long-standing political and military relationship with the United Kingdom.
Oman's moderate, independent foreign policy has sought to maintain good relations with all Middle Eastern countries.
(Source: Ministry of Information, Sultanate of Oman and CIA World Factbook)
Oman is a member state of the League of Arab States
Other Gulf States: Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar
Related countries: Portugal, United Kingdom
short form: Arabic: عمان ʻUmān
int'l long form: Sultanate of Oman
int'l short form: Oman
former: Muscat and Oman
ISO Country Code: om, OMN
Actual Time: Tue-Oct-24 04:09
Local Time = UTC +4h
Country Calling Code: +968
Capital City: Muscat (pop. over 400 000)
Dhofar, Salalah, Nizwa, Sohar, Sur.
Independence: 1650 (expulsion of the Portuguese)
Constitution: On 6 November 1996, Sultan Qaboos issued a royal decree promulgating the Basic Law which, clarifies the royal succession, provides for a prime minister, bars ministers from holding interests in companies doing business with the government, establishes a bicameral legislature, and guarantees basic civil liberties for Omani citizens.
Political parties: None
Location: Middle East, Southeast Arabian Peninsula, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and UAE.
Area: 309,500 km² (119,498 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Central desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south.
Climate: Hot, humid along the coast; hot, dry in the interior; summer monsoon in far south.
Nationality: Noun--Oman. Adjective--Omani
Population: 4,5 million (2017)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 16 300 (year)
Ethnic groups: Arab, Baluchi, East African (Zanzabari), South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi)
Religions: Ibadhi Muslim 75%; Sunni Muslim, Shia Muslim, Hindu, Christian.
Languages: Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Swahili, Hindi and Indian dialects.
Literacy: approx. 80% (total population)
Natural resources: Petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas.
Agriculture products: Dates, limes, bananas, alfalfa, vegetables; camels, cattle; fish.
Industries: Crude oil production and refining, natural gas production, construction, cement, copper.
Exports - commodities: petroleum, reexports, fish, metals, textiles
Exports - partners: China 35.4%, UAE 15.3%, South Korea 6.8%, Saudi Arabia 5.8%, Pakistan 4.2% (2015)
Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, livestock, lubricants
Imports - partners: UAE 29.7%, Japan 10.2%, USA 7.5%, China 6.7%, India 6.3% (2015)
Currency: Rial Omani (OMR)
(Source: Oman Ministry of Information and others)
Oman in Figures
Oman key statistical data.
Image: Edgar El
The government system of Oman is a Sultanate, an Arab monarchy. Chief of state and head of government is the sultan, he serves also as the Prime Minister, the head of the defence and the finance ministries, and is the chairman of the central bank. Judges are nominated by the Supreme Judicial Council and appointed by the sultan.
Official Sites of OmanNote: External links will open in a new browser window.
State Council - Sultanate of Oman
Site of the Oman state council.
Ministry of Information
Portal site and official source of information on the Sultanate of Oman.
Ministry of National Heritage & Culture
Official site of the ministry for National Heritage & Culture.
Ministry of Commerce and Industry
Official site of the ministry of Commerce and Industry.
Cultural Office of the Embassy of Oman in Washington DC
Site provides Student Information, University Listings and other information about Education in Oman.
Embassy of The Sultanate of Oman
Oman's embassy London, UK.
Ministry of National Economy
National Statistical Office of Oman.
Oman in Figures
Oman key statistical data.
Oman Meteorological Department
Oman weather conditions and forecasts.
Map of Oman
Political Map of Oman.
Google Earth: Oman
Searchable map/satellite view of Oman.
Google Earth: Muscat
Searchable map/satellite view of Oman.
Map of Western Asia
Map of Western Asia and the Middle East region.
Map of Northern Africa and the Middle East
Political Map of of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East.
Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.
|Reporters Without Borders, censorship is ubiquitous in this country ruled by Sultan Qabus Ibn Said Al Said for the past 45 years. Freedom House states that the country's ruling on media is one of the most restrictive press and publications laws in the Arab world, ensures that the media remains censored and subdued.
Local News (Arabic)
Oman Arabic Daily
Oman News (in Arabic)
Oman News Agency (ONA)
Updated daily news in English and Arabic.
Oman's largest circulated English Newspaper.
Times of Oman
National and Middle East news.
Ministry of Information, Sultanate of Oman sites for TV and Radio
Site for TV, Radio and Radio FM in Arabic and English of Sultanate of Oman.
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|Arts & Culture
Museums in Oman
Information about the Oman Museum, National Museum, Omani - French Museum and some other Omani museums.
Traditional handicraft Oman
Ship building, pottery, jewellery and other traditional Omani crafts.
Blog of Nasser Mizdawi an Omani businessman who urges Oman as well as other Arab countries to broaden ties to the Western world.
© MOI Oman
Business & Economy
Central Bank of Oman
National Bank of Oman
Muscat Securities Market
Oman's stock exchange.
Oman Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Knowledge Oasis Muscat
Site related to business in Oman.
The Omani Airline.
Wadi in Oman © MOF Oman
Image: Andrew Moore
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Oman - Travel and Tour Guides
Image: Poco y Mucho
Image: Francisco Anzola
Image: © Arab News
Official website of Dhofar University.
Official website of University Of Nizwa.
Information about the first private university in the Sultanate of Oman.
Sultan Qaboos University - SQU
The first university in Oman, Muscat.
Oman Studies Centre
Documentation and Research on Oman and the Arabian Gulf.
Image: Richard Bartz
Environment & Nature
Ministry of Regional Municipalities, Environment and Water Resources
The Sultanate is striving for the enhancement of protection of the environment and conservation of its natural resources through control of development projects and preservation of biodiversity and many protection projects such as mangrove cultivation project, wild trees growing project, gazelle tagging project, coastal management projects, preparation of Oman's national conservation strategy and restrictions to visit nature reserves and protection of the environment in general.
Environment Society of Oman
Official website of the Society for the education and the raise of awareness of environmental issues, site provides information about Oman's environment issues and projects.
Nizwa.NET provides a collection of informative articles about the ecology of the country.
The History of Oman
Brief history of Oman.
History of Oman
Wikipedia: History of Oman.
WWW-VL History Index - Oman History
Index of various resources related to Oman's history.
© MOF Oman
Sources and additional Information on Oman
Amnesty International: Oman
BBC Country Profile: Oman
Freedom House: Oman
The Heritage Foundation: Oman
Human Rights Watch: Oman
Reporters Without Borders: Oman
The World Factbook -- Oman
Other countries and territories in the Middle East
Bahrain | Cyprus | Egypt | Gaza Strip | Iran | Iraq | Israel | Jordan | Kuwait | Lebanon
Qatar | Saudi Arabia | Syria | Turkey | United Arab Emirates | West Bank | Yemen
Major Cities in the Middle East
Abu Dhabi, Aden, Alexandria, Amman, Ankara, Baghdad, Beirut, Cairo, Damascus, Doha, Dubai, Istanbul,
Jerusalem, Kuwait (City), Luxor, Manama, Mecca, Muscat, Nazareth, Nicosia, Port Said, Riyadh, Sana'a,
Sharm El Sheikh, Suez, Tehran, Tel Aviv
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