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Home Earth Continents Asia Palestinian territories: Gaza and the West Bank

 
Jericho seen from the ruins of the old walls
The city of Jericho seen from the ruins of the old walls. The city is located near the Jordan River in the West Bank.
Image: Daniel Case
 

___ Palestinian territories

Palestine Flag
Flag of Palestinian territories
Location map of Palestinian territories within Israel.
Location map of Palestinian territories within Israel.
Destination Palestinian territories, a virtual guide to Gaza Strip and the West Bank, two separate territories within the state of Israel. Gaza, is a small self-governing Palestinian territory on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, that borders Egypt in south west. The West Bank is a landlocked territory surrounded on three sides by Israel, it shares a border across the Jordan River, with Jordan. The territory has a coastline at the Dead Sea in south east.


The West Bank covers an area of 5,655 km², the Gaza Strip 365 km², together the territories are somewhat larger than twice the size of Luxemburg, or slightly smaller than the US state of Delaware.

The Palestinian territories has a population of 1.85 million (Gaza) and 2.7 million Palestinians live in the West Bank, about 371,000 Israeli settlers live in West Bank and approximately 211,640 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem, which is part of the West Bank.

 

Palestinian territories: Gaza Strip and West Banks


Country Profile



Background:
The Israel-PLO Declaration of Principles on Interim Self-Government Arrangements (the DOP), signed in Washington on 13 September 1993, provided for a transitional period not exceeding five years of Palestinian interim self-government in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank.

Under the DOP, Israel agreed to transfer certain powers and responsibilities to the Palestinian Authority, which includes the Palestinian Legislative Council elected in January 1996, as part of the interim self-governing arrangements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.

A transfer of powers and responsibilities for the Gaza Strip and Jericho took place pursuant to the Israel-PLO 4 May 1994 Cairo Agreement on the Gaza Strip and the Jericho Area and in additional areas of the West Bank pursuant to the Israel-PLO 28 September 1995 Interim Agreement, the Israel-PLO 15 January 1997 Protocol Concerning Redeployment in Hebron, the Israel-PLO 23 October 1998 Wye River Memorandum, and the 4 September 1999 Sharm el-Sheikh Agreement.

The DOP provides that Israel will retain responsibility during the transitional period for external security and for internal security and public order of settlements and Israeli citizens. Permanent status is to be determined through direct negotiations, which resumed in September 1999 after a three-year hiatus. An intifadah broke out in September 2000; the resulting widespread violence in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, Israel's military response, and instability in the Palestinian Authority are undermining progress toward a permanent settlement.

In early 2003, the "Quartet" of the US, EU, UN, and Russia presented a roadmap to a final peace settlement by 2005, calling for two states.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

In July 2014, HAMAS and other Gaza-based militant groups engaged in a 51-day conflict with Israel — the third conflict since HAMAS’s takeover in 2007 — culminating in late August with an open-ended truce that continues to hold despite the absence of a negotiated cease-fire and occasional violations by both sides.

Palestinian territories are a member of the League of Arab States

related countries: UK, USA
 

Official Name:
Palestinian territories: Gaza Strip (Qita Ghazzah), West Banks

ISO Country Code: ps

Time:
Actual Time: Sat-Dec-10  20:28
Local Time = UTC +2h
Daylight Saving Time (DST) 1 April - 9 Oktober 2005 (UTC +3).

Country Calling Code: +970

Capital City: claimed East Jerusalem (Al Quds - Bir Salem)

Other Cities: Gaza strip: Gaza City;
West Bank: Bethlehem, Hebron (Al-Khalil), Jericho, Nablus, Nazareth, Ramallah.

Government: Limited civilian jurisdiction by the Palestinian National Authority, the interim administrative organization that nominally governs parts of the Palestinian territories of Gaza strip and West Bank.

Geography:
Location: Middle East
Area: Gaza 360 km², West Bank 5,860 km²
Terrain: Gaza--sand- and dune-covered coastal plain; West Bank--mostly rugged dissected upland, some vegetation in west.

Climate: A Mediterranean climate prevails in Palestine. Summers are hot and dry. Winters are rainy and cold.

People:
Nationality: Palestinian
Population: 4.55 million (2016)
Ethnic Groups: Palestinian Arab, Jewish
Religions: Muslim 75% (predominantly Sunni), Jewish 17%, Christian and other 8%
Languages: Arabic, Hebrew (spoken by Israeli settlers and many Palestinians), English (widely understood)
Literacy: NA

Natural resources: arable land, natural gas.

Agriculture products:
olives, fruit, vegetables, flowers; beef, dairy products.

Industries: generally small family businesses that produce cement, textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs.

Exports partners: Israel, Jordan

Imports partners: Israel, Jordan

Currency: New Israeli Shekel (ILS); Egyptian pound (EGP); Jordanian Dinar (JOD); US Dollar.


Qalandia Checkpoint
Qalandia Checkpoint

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of the Palestinian Authorities

Palestinian Government - Office of the Prime Minister
Official website of the Ministry.

Palestine Ministry Of Information
Provides information on Palestine from the Palestinian point of view.


Palestinian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Official site of the Palestinian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in Arabic).

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Observer Mission of Palestine to the UN
Provides information on issues related to Palestine and the United Nations, information on Palestinian affairs including, historical pieces and documents of the Middle East peace process.


 The Geneva Accord
Text of the "unofficial" peace agreement of the Geneva Initiative drafted by moderate Israeli and Palestinian leaders to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.


Maps
Gaza Strip (1999)
Orthophoto Map of Gaza Strip.
Geopolitical Map of Westbank and Gaza
Geopolitical Map of Gaza
Geopolitical Map of the West Bank

Map of Israel
Detailed Map of Israel, Westbank and Gaza.
Google Earth Google Earth Palestine
Satellite view of Palestine.

Map of Northern Africa and the Middle East
Political Map of of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East.
profile Map of Western Asia
Map of Western Asia and the Middle East region.
 

News

Al-Ayyam
Ramallah-based daily newspaper (in Arabic)
Al Hayat Al Jadedah
Official National Authority Newspaper. (in Arabic)
Al-Quds
Jerusalem-based with largest-circulation (in Arabic)

Palestinian Information Center
The Voice of Palestine. PIC aims to promote awareness about Palestine, the Palestinians and the Palestinian issue.

MEMO Middle East Monitor
MEMO is largely focused on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Palestine News Network
Media network run by Palestinians in the Palestinian Territories.

WAFA - Palestine News Agency
News in Arabic, English, and French.
 

Bookmark/share this page
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Arts & Culture

Baha' Boukhari Web site
A Palestinian cartoonist's work.
Breaking the Ice
Extreme Peace Mission, an Israeli-Palestinian expedition to Antarctica.
Kamilya Jubran
Information and music clips by the Palestinian singer Kamilya Jubran.
Palestinian Association for Cultural Exchange
Palestinian NGO with a mission to promote Palestinian culture.
Paltel Virtual Gallery
Offers a window on contemporary Palestinian art.
The Popular Art Centre (PAC)
A Palestinian NGO, a leading cultural Centre and a forum for local dance groups, musicians and artists.

YES.... Bethlehem is World Heritage
Site about the World Heritage Project in Palestine.
 

Business & Economy


Bank Of Palestine
Palestine's leading bank.

Palestinian Chambers of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture
Umbrella organization of the Palestinian business community, the site provides information about federations and chambers.

Paltrade
The Trade Development Center represents the private sector business of Palestine.
 
 
Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Destination Palestine - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover the Holy Land.

Travel Palestine
Palestine's official tourism website, by the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities.

The Noble Sanctuary
A guide to Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem (Al Quds)


City Guides
Jerusalem
The Municipality of Jerusalem (Israeli site).
Jerusalem Tourism
Official tourism information for Jerusalem (Israeli site).
Al-Bireh Municipality
The city of Al-Bireh.
Bethlehem
A Guide to Bethlehem
Gaza City
The Municipality of Gaza City.
Nablus
The Municipality of Nablus.
Nazareth
The Municipality of Nazareth.

Hotels
The Hotels of Palestine
Hotels at Bethlehem, Gaza, Hebron, Jerusalem and Nablus - The Arab Hotel Association.
 
The Dome
The Noble Sanctuary - Jerusalem

Education

Al-Azhar University of Gaza
Gaza-Srtip - Palestine, founded in 1991.
Al-Quds University
The Arab University in Jerusalem.
An-Najah National University
Popular University at Nablus.
Bethlehem University
A Catholic Christian co-educational institution of higher learning founded in 1973.
Birzeit University
Birzeit University is the first institution of higher education to be established in Palestine.
Center for Palestine Research & Studies (CPRS)
Independent academic "think tank" for Palestinian policy and strategy.
Islamic University of Gaza
Higher education institution in Gaza Palestine, founded 1978.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Palestinian Agricultural Relief Committees
PARC is a leading Palestinian NGO working in the field of rural development, environment protection, and women empowerment.
Palestinian Hydrology Group
PHG is striving, in cooperation with the local communities, to protect and develop water and environmental resources.
PENGON - The Palestinian Environmental NGOs Network
Organization whose role is to serve the Palestinian environment by acting as a coordinating body for the Palestinian environmental organizations located in the Occupied Palestinian Territories.
 
 

History

The Modern History of Palestine
Part of the Encyclopedia of the Palestine Problem.
Palestine Home of History
Country information and Palestine and Israel History, historical documents of Palestinian issues and the Peace process.
 
 

Israeli-Arab Conflict

Stop The Wall
Stop The Wall is the grassroots Palestinian Anti-Apartheid Wall Campaign.

Encyclopedia of the Palestine Problem
More than one thousand pages of documentation about the conflict.

IndyMedia
Indymedia is a collective of independent media ogranizations and hundreds of journalists offering grassroots, non-corporate coverage of major protests.

IPCRI
The only joint Palestinian-Israeli public policy think-tank in the world.

Institute for Palestine Studies
Promoting research, analysis, and documentation on the Arab-Israeli conflict and its peaceful resolution.

Monitoring Israeli Colonizing Activities
Site about Israel's activities in the Palestinian West Bank and Gaza.

The Origin of the Palestine-Israel Conflict
The search for an equitable solution must come to grips with the root cause of the conflict.

Guardian Unlimited (UK) - Special report: Israel & the Middle East
Interactive history of conflict: How the Israelis and Palestinians came to war.
 
West Bank barrier
The Wall, a 640-km (440-mile) West Bank barrier.
© Stop The Wall

Additional Information on Palestine


BBC News: Country Profile: Israel and Palestinian territories

Columbia University -- Middle East Studies -- Palestine

Open Directory: Palestinian Territory

UN Information System on the Question of Palestine
Collection of full-text documents relevant to the question of Palestine and the Arab-Israeli conflict in the Middle East since 1946

Wikipedia: Gaza Strip
Wikipedia: West Bank

The World Factbook -- West Bank
The World Factbook -- Gaza Strip
 
 Support UNICEF

Countries and territories in the Middle East
Bahrain | Cyprus | Egypt | Gaza Strip | Iran | Iraq | Israel | Jordan | Kuwait | Lebanon | Oman |
Qatar | Saudi Arabia | Syria | Turkey | United Arab Emirates | West Bank | Yemen
 
 
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